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2011广州一模英语试题和标准答案


广州市普通高中2011年第一次模拟考试
本试卷共 8 页,满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项:1.选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦 干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。 2.非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应位置上;如需 改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无 效。 3.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。 Ⅰ. 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 The ups and downs of life may seem unpredictable. But scientists know there are clear 1 that almost all people share. Even if you’ve passed your ―best‖, you still have other 2 years to come. Certain important high-points come later in life. When are you 3 ? From 18 to 25, according to I.Q. scores; but you’re wiser and more 4 with increasing age. At around 30, metal abilities begin to decline, 5 your ability to do maths. But your ability to complete other tasks 6 . For example, your vocabulary increases over time. At 60, your brain 7 almost four times as much information as it did at age 21. Because of this, some psychologists suggest that ―maturity quotients‖ (M.Q.) be used to measure intelligence for 8 . When are you happiest? You have the best 9 sense of yourself from 15 to 24, when you feel energetic all the time. The best professional sense is from 40 to 49. Before age 24, we believe that our happiest years are yet to 10 , but when we are over 30, we believe that they’re behind us. After age 30, we’re more 11 and don’t view happiness as a goal in itself. If we maintain our health, achieve professional and emotional goals, then 12 , we feel, will follow. When are you most creative? Generally between 30 and 39, but it 13 with different professions. The high-points in areas such as science and economics come 14 — most Nobel prize winners did their top research in their 20’s and 30’s — but for people who keep an active mind, there is no upper age 15 . 1.A.plans B.lives C.patterns D.predictions 2.A.good B.stranger C.interesting D.difficult 3.A.best B.smartest C.most mature D.most skilled 4.A.powerful B.energetic C.experienced D.satisfied 5.A.generally B.specially . C.mainly D.particularly 6.A.climbs B.stops C.matters D.works 7.A.recognizes B.posseses C.communicates D.receives 8.A.babies B.teenagers C.adults D.elders 9.A.mental B.emotional C.physical D.personal 10.A.come B.last C.remember D.disappear 11.A.confident B.realistic C.hopeful D.grateful 12.A.wealth B.sharpness C.wisdom D.happiness 13.A.agrees B.varies C.goes D.ends 14.A.early B.naturally C.unexpectedly D.recently 15.A.demand B.reason C.choice D.limit 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确 形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16~25 的相应位置上.

The Black Country is about 10 miles from Birmingham. It’s made up of four districts: Dudley, Walsall, Sandwell, and
Wolvehampton. Historically, it was famous for industry, which explains 16 the area is called the Black Country. It got its name during the industrial revolution, 17 factory pollution turned the local skies black and coal dust from the mines made the soil the same color. Dudley, which is 18 (probable) the heart of the Black Country, has a history 19 ( date) back over 1,000 years, and its famous castle has been there 20 about the 8th century. People from Black Country are very friendly. 21 their local dialect, which comes from the old ―Middle English‖, can be very difficult to understand. I still remember taking 22 visiting friend from Canada to a local Black Country pub for lunch. 23 the waitress could even finish describing the menu, my friend looked at me with his eyebrows 24 (raise). When I asked what he wanted to order, he just shook his head in disbelief and asked if the waitress whom I 25 (speak) to just now was naturally speaking English. Ⅱ 阅读 (共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题两分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A
It was about 11:15 pm on the passenger ship California. The night was freezing cold and the water was filled with ice from the North Pole, making it difficult for the ship to sail on . In the radio room, operator Cyril Evans listened to the radio-talk between a nearby passenger ship and the telegraph station on the Canadian island of Newfoundland. Evans interrupted it and said, ―We’re stopped and surrounded by ice. Be careful as you pass through these waters.‖ The radio operator on the nearby ship replied, ―I’m too busy to talk now. I have many messages to send to the telegraph station. ‖ Twenty minutes later, as he turned off his radio and went to bed, Evans could still hear the ship sending its passengers’ telegrams. Earlier in the evening the California’s captain, Stanley Lord, had seen another ship approaching. It looked about the size of his own, but attempts to contact the ship failed. It lay dark and mysterious about 10 miles away. At 12:40 am there appeared a sudden flash of light just over the mystery ship. Captain Lord, thinking the ship might need help, ordered his officers to signal the ship by lamp. There was no reply. Three more rockets then exploded, none appeared to go higher than halfway up the mast of the mystery ship. Then at about 2:00 am it turned and slipped into the darkness. In the light of the sawn there was no mystery ship, but 20 miles away was the scene of a great disaster. Unfortunately, the mystery ship had stopped directly in front of the California, preventing people on board from seeing clearly. If this ship had not been there, Captain Lord would have recognized that the rockets were SOS rockets that came not from the mystery ship but from a more distant ship which the California could not see. If Cyril Evans had kept his radio on for just 30 minutes more he would have heard SOS signals coming from that distant ship he spoke with the night before. That ship was the Titanic which was sinking fast, leaving 1,500 of its passengers dead. It was April 14,1912. 26.From whose point of view is the story told? A. People on the Titanic. B. People on the California. C. People at telegraph station. D. People on Newfoundland. 27.Why were the rockets really fired? A. To celebrate the journey. B. To signal for help. C. To contact the Titanic. D. To warn other ships. 28.What is the main function of the last paragraph of this passage? A. It shows how unlucky the Titanic was. B. It describes how the Titanic sank. C. It indicates that the people on the California were careless. D. It lists how many people died in the disaster. 29.How many ships are mentioned in the passage? A. One B. Two C. Three D. Four.

30.From the passage we know that ________________. A. the rockets were fired from the mystery ship B. Cyril Evans went to bed earlier than usual that night C. the Titanic started sinking at dawn the next day D. the Titanic sent out many telegrams that night

B
Critical thinking is an important skill that can increase students’ ability to learn in any situation. This can be applied to traditional education, or directly in a career related role. Many teachers find it such a valuable skill that they give their students a critical thinking question every day. Developing this ability can mean the difference between ―just passing a course‖ and ―understanding the material well enough‖ so that what students learn from it will follow them throughout their life. Some characteristics of a critical thinker that teacher should encourage are: -asking questions as a reaction to something read or discussed; -determining the ―deeper meaning‖ of particular passage or topic; -providing input and opinions to topics as a direct result of analysis and research; and -reasoning in an effort to develop an argument of your own opinion. It is important for a student to understand more than definition(定义). One way to truly understand an idea is to have hands-on practice, and to apply concepts learned in a textbook. Such ―mini-examples‖ will interest a student and improve their understanding of a topic. This is how life-long skills can be developed. Teachers that use critical thinking practices in the classroom can ―go above and beyond‖ by asking questions that promote a greater comprehension of the material. Instructors should be able to challenge students and create an environment where they are analyzing material and gaining a better understanding. This will make the classroom move in a direction for learning. It can also help students to stay interested in the course material, as they always have a new concept to consider. At the same time, students benefit greatly from developing critical thinking skills. When learned early on, these skills can be used throughout their college education. Students can understand how to consider a topic, analyse it, and discuss it from different points of view. These are skills that will benefit them when they are part of the workforce as well. 31.Critical thinking can best be described as___________________. A. a system to improve people’s memory B. a method to expand people’s knowledge C. a way to increase people’s ability to understand D. a process to make people more critical of others 32.The underlined word ―it‖ in Paragraph 1 refers to ___________________. A. the ability B. the difference C. the course D. the material 33.According to the passage, a critical thinker should___________________. A. ask questions before reading the material B. be able to develop their own opinions C. predict the deeper meaning of a topic D. do more analysis and research 34.The author thinks ―mini-examples‖ are useful because they ______________. A. assist students to better remember definitions B. give students hands-on practice C. help to keep students interested D. help students develop concepts 35.Who are the intended readers of the passage? A. Teachers. B. Parents. C. Examines. D. Headmasters.

C

We all remember seeing hitchhikers, standing by the side of the road, thumbing, sticking out, waiting for a lift. But it is getting rare nowadays. What killed hitchhiking? Safety is often mentioned as a reason. Movies about murderous hitchhikers and real-life crime have put many drivers off picking up hitchhikers. That no single women picked me up on my journey to Manchester no doubt reflects the safety fear: a large, strangely dressed man is seen as dangerous. But the reason may be more complex: hitchhiking happens where people don’t have cars and transport services are poor. Plenty of people still hitchhike in Poland and Romania. Perhaps the rising level of car ownership in the UK means the few people lift hitchhiking are usually considered strange. Why can’t they afford cars? Why can’t they take the coach or the train? Three-quarters of the UK population have access to a car; many of the remainder will be quite old. The potential hitchhiking population is therefore small. Yet my trip proves it’s still possible to hitchhike. The people who picks me up were very interesting-lawyer, retired surgeon, tank commander, carpenter, man who live in an isolated farmhouse and a couple living up in the mountains. My conclusion is that only really interesting people are mad enough to pick up fat blokes in red, spotted scarves. Most just wanted to do someone a good turn; a few said they were so surprised to see a hitchhiker that they couldn’t help stopping. The future of hitchhiking most likely lies with car-sharing organized over the Internet, via sites such as hitchhikers. org. But for now, you can still stick your thumb out(actually, I didn’t do much of that, preferring just to hold up my destination sign) and people-wonderful, caring, sharing, unafraid people-will stop. In the UK, with its cheap coaches and reasonable rail service, I don’t think I’ll make a habit of it. But having enjoyed it so much, I’m ready now to do a big trip across Europe and beyond. In the 1970s a female friend of my wife’s hitchhiked to India. How wonderful it would be to have another go, though Afghanistan might be a challenge. I wish I’d got that tank commander’s mobile number. 36.The author tried to hitchhike but was rejected by single women drivers because _________________. A. they were not heading towards Manchester B. they thought most hitchhikers were dangerous C. hitchhiking had been handed and they didn’t want to break the law D. he was a strong man in strange clothes who seemed dangerous 37.Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A. Movies have discouraged people from hitchhiking B. Car ownership levels are lower in Romania than in the UK. C. 25% of UK people don’t have access to cars. D. Increased car ownership has reduced the need for hitchhiking. 38.The ―fat blokes in red, spotted scarves‖ in Paragraph 3 most likely means_______________ . A. murderous hitchhikers B. friendly and talkative hitchhikers C. typical hitchhikers D. strange hitchhikers like the author 39.According to the author, future hitchhikers are more likely to___________________. A. visit websites and find people to share cars with B. stand by roads with their thumbs sticking out C. stick out signs with their destinations written on D. wait for some kind people to pick them up 40.From the last paragraph, we know that the author_______________________. A. frequently hitchhikes in Britain B. plans to hitchhike across Europe C. thinks public transport is safer for travel D. is going to contact the tank commander

D

He says the problem with teachers is, ―What will a kid learn from someone who chose to become a teacher?‖ He reminds the other dinner guests that it’s true what they say about teachers: Those who can do; those who can’t teach. I decide to bite my tongue instead of biting his and stop myself from reminding the other dinner guests that it’s also true what they say about lawyers—that they make money from the misfortune of others. ―I mean, you’re a teacher, Taylor,‖ he says to me. ―Be honest. What do you make?‖ I wish he hadn’t asked me to be honest, because now I have to teach him a lesson. You want to know what I make? I make kids work harder than they ever thought they could. I can make a C+ feel like a great achievement - and an A feel like a failure. How dare you waste my time with anything less than your very best? I make parents tremble in fear when I call them: I hope I haven’t called at a bad time, I just wanted to talk to you about something Billy said today. Billy said, ―Leave the kid alone. I still cry sometimes, don’t you?‖ And it was the bravest act I have ever seen. I make parents see their children for who they are and what they can be. You want to know what I make? I make kids wonder. I make them question. I make them criticize. I make them think. I make them apologies and mean it. I make them write, write, write. And then I make them read. I teach them to solve math problems that they once thought impossible. I make them understand that if you have brains then you follow your heart and if someone ever tries to judge you by what you make, you teach them a lesson. Let me make this simple for you, so you know what I say is true; I make a great difference! What about you? 41.What do we know about the man that the author is speaking to? A. He is respectful to teachers. B. He is in the author’s home. C. He is actually a lawyer. D. He dislikes lawyers. 42.The underlined phrase ―bite my tongue‖ in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ____________. A. say something which is wrong B. speak out honestly but carelessly C. keep silent about myself D. stop myself saying what I really think 43.The author called Billy’s parents to ____________. A. let them tremble in fear B. ask why Billy cried that day C. praise what Billy did that day D. advise them to leave Billy alone 44.What is the tone of the passage? A. Angry and proud. B. Upset and disappointed. C. Humorous and light-hearted. D. Cheerful and positive. 45.What’s the best title of this passage? A. An Argument between Two Guests B. What Teachers Make C. Requirements of a Good Teacher D. A Dinner Conversation

第二节:信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 请阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息,请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项字母涂黑。 首先请阅读以下植物的介绍: Tiarella—A solid plant reaching 40-80 cms that requires very rich, wet A. soil with a lot of shade to grow healthily. Has attractive white to pink flowers throughout the year.

Lantana—A fast-growing plant that develops best in full sun with dry B. but rich soil. Grows about 60 – 90cms tall. Bright, colourful globe-shaped flowers that appear in winter.

Russian Sage—It has grey leaves and purple flowers which come out in C. mid-summer. Grows 1 – 1.5 metres tall and prefers full sun and dry soil. Can cope well in poor soil.

Soapwort—A plant that grows 10 -25 cms tall. Prefers a full sun site. It D. can handle poor soil but will not survive well when conditions are wet over the winter months. Flowers in spring.

Wishbone Flower—Suitable for both indoors and outdoors. It grows up E. to 15 cms tall and has flowers that range in colour from pink to purple. Prefers a dry, cool, shady site as summer heat will cause it to decline. Japanese Painted Fern—Attractive non-flowering plant that grows well F. in either rich or poor soil. Prefers shade and soil that will not dry out—as this will cause its leaves to die quickly. Grows 2 -4 metres tall so needs a large area to maintain its health. 请阅读以下购买者的信息,然后匹配购买者与所需要的植物。 46. Bill has a garden with many trees providing lots of shade for his family. The soil is wet but poor so Bill has found it difficult to get plants to grow there. 47. Spyros has a small, sunny back garden. The soil is very dry and is also of very poor quality. He wants a plant that will brighten his garden in spring. 48. Tran has just moved into a new flat which has a small balcony and wants to grow some flowers to add color. But the balcony gets little sunshine or direct rain and is quite cool. 49. Mario has a small back garden with little sunlight. It still gets plenty of rain and the soil is very rich. He would like a plant that will be able to provide him with color throughout the year. 50. Ravi has a back garden which is open, giving it lots of sunshine but unfortunately the soil is of poor quality. He wants some plants that will provide color during the dry summer time.

Ⅲ 写作 (共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 基础写作 (共 1 小题;满分 15 分)

学校英语论坛针对目前城市交通拥堵、污染严重的问题进行了“治堵方案大家谈”的讨论。 以下是讨论概要。 治堵方案 大家谈

少开私家车;多 人共乘一辆小车

政府完善公共交 通以方便市民

修建绿道(green lanes), 鼓励骑自行车

好处: 省钱、 省时、 节能、环保
[写作内容] 请根据以上概要写一篇短文,包括以下内容: 1. 存在的问题; 2. 解决的方案; 3. 方案的好处。 [写作要求] 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章连贯。

第二节 读写任务(共 1 小题,满分 25 分)

阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. This is Li Hua from Senior Three. I’m here today to share with you a good lesson from an overseas Chinese student living in Germany. It is a true story. After years of hard work, this Chinese student graduated with amazing academic achievements. Everyone thought he was going to get a good job easily and have a bright future. But to his disappointment, he was going to get a good job easily and have a bright future. But to his disappointment, he was not even allowed the chance for an interview! The third time he was turned down, he couldn’t help telephoning the company to ask why they didn’t want him. The answer was simple, ―We don’t hire dishonest people in Germany.‖ What was wrong you might wonder? The truth is, shortly after he arrived in Germany, this clever student found that it was easy to skip buying subway tickets. So, to save money, he often went without a ticket. As a result, he had been caught without a ticket in the subway three times. Fro this story, we learn that we may get short-term benefits by dishonest means, but the truth will come out sooner or later and the cost is high. So remember: honesty is the best policy. That’s all for my speech. Thank you! 【写作内容】 1. 以约 30 个词概括这篇演讲稿的主要内容; 2. 然后以约 120 个词写一篇读后感,说明“诚信的重要性” ,内容包括: (1)你读后的感受; (2)以你或他人的经历说明; (3)谈谈你从中悟出的道理。 【写作要求】 1. 在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事, 也可以参照阅读材料的内容, 但不得直接引用原文中的句子; 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。


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