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定语从句重点和难点解析(三)


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定语从句重点和难点解析(三)
八、the way 后可接 how 引导的定语从句吗 That is ______ the boy spoke to the teacher. A. how which 此题应选 A。容易误选 B。误认为 the way(表方式)后应接 how 引导的定语从句(因为 how 可 用来表方式)。 其实考生只要回忆一下我们学过的关系副词便知道: 在现代英语中关系副词只有 when(表时间), where(表地点), why(表原因)等几个, 根本没有 how 这个关系副词, 所以它自然就不能引导定语 从句。要表示类似本题的意思, 可用以下句型: 那就是他说话的样子。 正:That’s how he spoke. (表语从句) 正:That’s the way he spoke. 正:That’s the way (that) he spoke. 正:That’s the way (in which) he spoke. 误:That’s the way how he spoke. 我不喜欢他那样笑她。 正:I don’t like the way he laughs at her. 正:I don’t like the way(that) he laughs at her. 正:I don’t like the way (in which) he laughs at her. 误:I don’t like the way how he laughs at her. 他同我们说话的方式值得怀疑。 B. the way how C. that D.

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正:The way he spoke to us was suspicious. 正:The way (that) he spoke to us was suspicious. 正:The way (in which) he spoke to us was suspicious. 误:The way how he spoke to us was suspicious.

九、whose 可以指物吗 I saw some trees ______ leaves were black with disease. A. its D. the 此题应选 B。容易误选 A。许多考生认为, 关系代词 whose 和 who, whom 一样, 只能指人, 不 能指物。 事实上, 用作关系代词的 whose 与 who, whom 不一样, 它不仅可以指人也可以指物(用作定 语): There are some students whose questions I can’t answer. 有些学生的问题我不能回答。 Can you see the mountain whose top is covered with snow? 你看得见山顶上覆盖着雪的 那座山吗? Here is a word whose meaning escapes me. 这里有一个词, 我一下想不起它是什么意思了。 当先行词为物时, 其后引导定语从句的 whose+n. 也可换成 the+n. +of which / of which +the+n. : 窗户破了的那座房子是空的。 正:The house whose windows are broken is empty. 正:The house the windows of which are broken is empty. B. whose C. his

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正:The house of which the windows are broken is empty. 但是如果 whose 所修饰的名词中心词之前有数词或其它限定词 , 则不用 whose, 而用 of which: There I saw a large table, two legs of which were broken. 在那里我看见有一张大桌子, 其 中有两条腿断了。

十、不要在定语从句使用与关系代词同义的人称代词 —This is the book that I have read ______ dozens of times. —But I have never read ______. A. it, × ×, × 此题应选 B。容易误选 C。本题第二句填代词 it, 这容易理解。而第一句不能填 it, 则是考生很 容易忽视的。显然第一句中的 that I have read dozens of times 是修饰 the book 的定语从 句, 此句中的动词 read 不能再接用 it 作宾语, 因为它已有宾语 that(也可省略)。 在做有关定语从句的试题时, 考生千万不要在定语从句中重复使用与关系词(或先行词)指代相同 的人称代词: 我们昨晚看的电影很精彩。 误:The film we saw it last night was wonderful. 正:The film we saw last night was wonderful. 刚才同你讲话的那个人是谁? 误:Who’s the man you just talked to him? 正:Who’s the man you just talked to? B. ×, it C. it, it D.

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你昨天借给我的书很有趣。 误:The book you lent it me yesterday was very interesting. 正:The book you lent me yesterday was very interesting. 他就是去年死了妻子的那个人。 误:He is the man whose his wife died last year. 正:He is the man whose wife died last year.

十一、要分清是定语从句还是其它从句 —Is this room ______ he lived in last year? —Is this the room ______ he lived in last year? A. that, that B. the one, the one C. that, the one D. the one, that

此题应选 D。容易误选 A。为了便于分析, 我们先将以上两句还原成陈述句(注意 is 的位置): (1) This room is _____ he lived in last year. (2) This is the room ____he lived in last year. 第 1)句填 the one, 用作表语, 其后的 (that) he lived in last year 是用以修饰 the one 的定语 从句。此句若直接填 that, 则不是定语从句(因为没有先行词), 而是表语从句。 但是由于引导表语从句的 that 不能充当句了成分, 而其后的介词 in 又缺宾语, 所以导致错误。 第 2)句填 that, 它是关系代词, 用以引导定语从句(he lived in last year)修饰 the room。 请做以下类例试题: (1) —Is this the book _____ you want to buy? —Is this book _____ you want to buy? A. that, that B. the one, the one

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C. that, the one

D. the one, that

(2) —Is this room ___ he lived in 5 years ago? —Is this the room ___ he lived in 5 years ago? A. that, that C. that, the one 答案:1. C 2. D B. the one, the one D. the one, that


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