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2014届高考英语 短文改错第一轮训练题1


2014 高考英语短文改错一轮训练(1)及答案
17—1 命题趋势分析

一.短文改错的主要特点 1. 内容大都是学生身边或社会生活中常见的话题。 以记叙文为主, 有时也有说明文或应用文。 2.内容相对独立、完整。命题的总原则是整篇理解、分行解题。 3.语言简单易懂,没有生僻的词汇或繁难的句法结构;短文的词数为 120 左右。 4.考查要点覆盖面广,

分布合理。涉及词法、句法、行文逻辑等三个方面。 二.短文改错的常见类型 纵观近几年高考题中的短文改错, 不难看出,其错误形式基本上为:错词占 6 行左右; 正 确占 1 行; 多词和缺词一般占 3 行左右。错误类型主要涉及动词、名词、形容词、副词、冠 词、代词、介词、连词、主谓一致、固定结构等语法知识。其中, 动词时态、语态、非谓语 动词等是考查重点。 ***************************************************************结束 短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 (2012·唐山三模) Online shopping is increasing popular among people in recent years. Some people liked to buy goods online. And I don’t like it, because online shopping is less reliable than the traditional sale. Firstly, some dishonest merchant offer consumers to false information online. Secondly, consumers can’t feel the items that is usually presented by means of pictures. This means the items delivering may differ from which consumers expect. As a result, they may risk returning the items at our own expense. Thirdly, the items might be damaged during delivery.
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In word, online shopping isn’t reliable at all.

答案解析******短文改错

Online shopping is increasing increasingly

popular among people in recent years. Some

people liked to buy goods online. And I don’t like it, because online shopping is less like But

reliable than the traditional sale. Firstly, some dishonest merchant offer consumers to merchants false information online. Secondly, consumers can’t feel the items that is are presented by means of pictures. This means the items delivering may differ from delivered[ usually

which consumers expect. As a result, they may risk returning the items at what their

our

own

expense. Thirdly, the items might be damaged during delivery. In ∧ word, online shopping isn’t reliable at all. a **********************************************************结束

Passage 11 It’s easy to go downhill than to climb uphill:so it’s 1.____ easier to fall into bad habits than into good one 2.____ Bad habits don’t come suddenly.It come little by 3.____ little.Schoolboys first picks up a little in school and on 4.____
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the streets.When they cannot write their homework, they 5.____ copy from their schoolmate.If they see bigger boys 6.____ smoking, they also want learn to smoke.When they 7.____ get bigger, the habits become stronger or 8.____ stronger, so that they can not longer get rid of 9.____ them.What necessary it is that we get rid of the bad 10.____ habits in the beginning!

【参考答案】Key 11 1.Easy--easier 2.(one)-ones 3.It--They 4.picks-pick 8.or--and

5.right 6.Schoolmate-schoolmates 7.to learn 9.not--no 10.What-How

******************************************************结束 *****************************************************结束

Passage 12 Fred and I haven’t many in common. I sometimes wonder why we were friends at all. Fred is always busy make things. Everything he makes is so perfect that I sometime feel envy at his skill. My trouble is that I’m one of those lazy people. Outside my work at the office, the only thing which interests me is listening to the music. I have a 1. __________ 2. __________ 3. __________ 4. __________ 5. ________ 6. __________ 7. __________

big collection of records but all day long the 8. __________ only thing I can think is when I’m going to 9. __________ get home listen to a new piece. 10. __________

【参考答案】Key 12
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1) many--much

2) were--are

3) make -- making 4) sometime--sometimes 8) but -- and

5) right 6) which – that 7)去掉 the 9) think 后加 about10) listen 前加 to

**************************************************结束 *****************************************************结束 2.(2011·全国 II)短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在答 题卡该行右边横线上画一个勾(J) ;如有错误(每行只有一个错误) ,则按下列情况改正: 此行多一个词:在答题卡短文上把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在答题卡该行右边横线 上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。 此行缺一个词:在答题卡短文的缺词处加一个漏字符号(八) ,并在答题卡该行右边横线 上写出该加的词。 此行错一个词:在答题卡短文错的词下划一横线,并在答题卡该行右边横线上写出改正 后的词。注意:原行没有错的不要改。 Dear George, It's been a week after we left your family and we are now back home. Thank you very much for showing them around your city and providing us for the wonderful meals. After we said goodbye to you, we went to Washington D.C., where we stayed for three days. My brother was so much fond of the museums there that he begged my parents to staying another couple of day. However, my father had to return to work on Monday so we fly back last Saturday afternoon. It was really a nice experience. If you'd like to make trip to our city some day, I will be better than happy to be your guide. Yours, Mike 76._______ 77.______ 78._______ 79._______ 80._______ 81.________ 82.________ 83.________ 84._______ 85._______

【参考答案】 76.after---since 77.them---us 78.for---with
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79.正确

80.去掉 much 81.staying---stay 84.trip 前 a 85.better----more

82.day----days 83.fly---flew

**************************************************************结束

Ⅲ. 短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Li Mei, With the mid-term exam come, you must get prepared for them. I think that you need is a right study method. What we all know, there are three stage in study—preview, study in class and review, among which review was the most important. You should first make a review plan, then stick on it. I follow my review plan strictly and have made a progress in my study. It turns out to be good enough. Of course, there are more than one way to review. So long as you review regular, I’m sure you can find more ways to study well. If you have any question about subjects, ask me I’ll be glad to help you. We may meet in our school library every Friday afternoon. Yours, Li Hua

答案解析******短文改错[ Dear Li Mei, With the mid-term exam come, you must get prepared for them. I think that coming it what

you need is a right study method. What we all know, there are three stage in
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As

stages

study—preview, study in class and review, among which review was the most is important. You should first make a review plan, then stick on it. I follow my review plan strictly and have made a progress in my study. It turns out to be good enough. Of course, there are more than one way to review. So long as you review regular , I’m is sure you can find more ways to study well. If you have any question about subjects, ask me ∧ I’ll be glad to help you. We and may meet in our school library every Friday afternoon. Yours, Li Hua regularly

************************************************************结束

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