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【成才之路】2014-2015学年高中英语必修四(十二省区)强化练习:unit 4 Section 1]


Unit 4
Ⅰ.用所给词的适当形式填空

Section Ⅰ

1.The government made a ________(state) that H7N9 could not spread from person to person. 2.He gave a sign ________(represent)victory and all of us felt excited. 3.________(association) with the bomb in the town center, he was arrested by the police. 4.The child was ________(curiosity)about what had happened. 5.Troops have been sent to ________(defence)the borders. 6.She went on working after ________(greet)me. 7.It is true that he is ________(approach)the end but he has been living a memorable life. 8.The ________(misunderstand)between them led to the failure of their friendship. 9.His writing is quite good while his ________(speak) English is rather bad. 10.All the ________(flight)were delayed due to bad weather. 答 案 : 1.statement 2.representing 3.Associated 4.curious 5.defend 6.greeting

7.approaching 8.misunderstanding Ⅱ.选择适当的短语填空

9.spoken 10.flights

Associated with;represent;in general;defend oneself against;be curious to;greet with;be likely to;land on 1 . Listening more to each other, helping and learning from each other, a friendship ________________ be formed. 2.________________ know the reason drove him to carry out the further research. 3.Having ________ Tom ________ a nod, she worked again. 4.Some think that students should be trained to________________________ some attacks. 5.________________speeding, he was fined yesterday. 6. ________________, the northerners are keen on dumplings while the southerners are fond of rice. 7.The first man ________________ the moon came from America. 8.This organization which ________________ the people of this area is popular. 答案: 1.is likely to 5.Associated with 2.Being curious to 3.greeted; with 4.defend themselves against

6.In general 7.to land on

8.represents

Ⅲ.语法单项填空 1.I changed my approach________ learning English this term and did a good job in the final examination. 答案:to approach 作”方法”用时,与 to 搭配。 2.John was likely ________(win) the 200meter race, but he fell to the ground and missed the

chance. 答案:to win 句意:约翰很可能赢得 200 米比赛,但他摔在地上错过了机会。be likely to do sth.“很可能做某事”,其主语可以是人也可以是物。 3.________ general, her work has been good, but this essay is not what we have been expecting. 答案: In 句意:总的说来,她的作品不错,不过这篇文章不是我们想象的那样。 in

general“一般而言,总的来说”。 4.Wise teachers know it' s impossible for all the students to learn all the subjects well because ________ of them are not fit for them. 答案:all 考查部分否定。句意:聪明的老师都会知道要求所有的学生学好全部课程是

不可能的,因为并非所有的科目都适合他们。not 与 all 连用表示部分否定。 5.You must ________(understand) what I said because I didn't expect you to do so. 答案:have misunderstood 考查动词词义。句意:没想到你会这么做,你一定是误解了

我的话。misunderstand“误解”,符合句意。 6. A healthy life is frequently thought to be associated________ the open countryside and green food. 答案: with 句意:人们通常把健康的生活与广阔的乡村和绿色食品联系起来 。 be

associated with“与……联系在一起”,与句意相符。 7.—Tom's still angry with me. —You are to blame. How dare you call him a liar! He's the last person ________(lie). 答案:to lie 句意:——汤姆还生我的气呢。——这都怪你,你怎么能称他说谎者呢!

他是最不可能说谎的。sb.be to blame“某人对(过错,罪行)负责”;名词前有序数词、the last 等词修饰时,该名词后接不定式。 8.This job, if ________(do) according to the instructions, will be finished ahead of time. 答案:done 句意:这份工作如果按说明来做,将能提前完成。这是一个省略句,原句应 为 This job, if it is done...。 this job 与 do 之间为逻辑上的动宾关系, 故用过去分词 done 表被动。 9.________(represent) his school, he attended the English speech contest and won first prize. 答案:Representing 考查非谓语动词。句意:他代表学校参加了英语口语竞赛并获得了

一等奖。动词“represent”与句子主语之间为主动关系。 10.Smoking is one of the ________(majority) causes of cancer, killing millions of people each year. 答案:major 句意:吸烟是患癌症的主要原因之一,每年能伤害数以百万计的人。major 主要的。 Ⅳ.阅读理解 (2014· 浙江,B 篇)Here is some mustknow information from a handbook on how people

behave in doing business in some countries. In Brazil Brazilians are warm and friendly. They often stand close when talking and it is common for them to touch the person on the shoulder. People often greet each other (particularly women) with light cheek kisses. Schedules tend to be flexible, with business meetings sometimes starting later than planned. But to be safe, be on time. Meals can stretch for hours—there's no such thing as rushing a meal in Brazil. Lunches also can start in the mid to late afternoon. Brazilians are social, preferring facetoface communication over mails or phone calls. In Singapore Singaporeans shake hands when they meet and often also greet each other with a small, polite bow. Business cards should be offered and received with two hands. Arriving late is considered disrespectful. So be on time. Efficiency(效率) is the goal, so meetings and dealings often are fastpaced. Singaporeans are direct in their discussions, even when the subject is about money. Rank is important and authority is respected. This determines both people interact in meetings. For example, people avoid disagreeing outright with someone with a higher rank. In the United Arab Emirates In the UAE, status is important, so the most senior or oldest should be greeted first with their titles. The handshake seems to be longer than elsewhere. So, do not pull away the handshake. Women should cover themselves when it comes to dress. Men also tend to be covered from neck to elbows(肘部) and down to the knees. People do not avoid entertaining in their homes, but they also hold business meals at restaurants. Touching or passing food or eating with your left hand is to be avoided. When meetings are onetoone, if your host offers you coffee, you should refuse. It might seem odd, but it is a cultural tradition. Coffee should only be accepted if it is always set out or presented. In Switzerland The Swiss tend to be formal and address each other by last name. They also are respectful of private lives. You should be careful not to ask about personal topics. Punctuality (守时) is vital, something that comes from a deep respect for others' time. Arrive at any meeting or event a few minutes early to be safe. They also have clear structure in their companies. Higherups make the final decisions, even if others might disagree. Neat, clean dress is expected. The Swiss follow formal table manners. They also keep their hands visible at the table and their elbows off the table. It is polite to finish the food on your plate. 文章大意:本文是应用文。常言道,入乡随俗,入国问禁。因为文化不同,不同的国家 有不同的礼仪,本文讲述了做生意时容易出错的几个国家。 1.The passage is mainly about ________. A.communication types B.the workplace atmosphere

C.customs and social manners D.living conditions and standards 答案:C 主旨大意题。从文章开始的主旨句“...on how people behave in doing business in some countries”可以知道,本文讲述的是在一些国家做生意时要注意的风俗习惯。A 项有一定 干扰性,从 communication types 看,A 项说的是交流类型,因此不合适。 2.Why do Singaporeans avoid arguing with their boss? A.They put efficiency in the first place. B.They dislike facetoface communication. C.They want to finish meetings as quickly as possible. D.They are supposed to obey the person of a higher rank. 答案:D 细节理解题。从原文“In Singapore”部分的“For example, people avoid disagreeing outright with someone of a higher rank”可以知道,新加坡人不与老板争吵,是因为他们避免与 比自己职位高的人出现分歧。 3.In the UAE, when should you refuse the coffee if it is offered? A.When greeting seniors. B.When meeting the host alone. C.When attending a presentation. D.When dining with business partners. 答案:B 细节理解题。由原文中“In the United Arab Emirates”部分中的“When meetings are onetoone, if your host offers you coffee, you should refuse”可以知道,在阿联酋,如果你单 独与主人见面,应该拒绝喝咖啡。本题是直接细节题,误选其他选项,是因为对原文细节理 解的偏差。 4.In which country do people care about where to put their hands at the dinner table? A.In Brazil. B.In Singapore. C.In the United Arab Emirate. D.In Switzerland. 答案:D 细节理解题。从“In Switzerland”部分的倒数第三句话“They also keep their hands visible at the table and their elbows off the table”可以知道,在瑞士,人们要把手放到桌子上。 Ⅴ.完形填空 Reading body language correctly is important not only at work but also in private life. John had made a date and was__1__excited about it that he told all his friends.__2__, the date did not turn up because he hadn't read the body language__3__when he made the date. He was__4__, especially because everyone had known about it. He felt everyone was__5__at him.

Have you ever__6__the body language of others? If you have, then you will have a deep understanding of how John__7__. Then wouldn't it be wonderful to know how to__8__embarrassment in the future or__9__still, become the confident person you want to be? In the past I always__10__on my intuition(直觉)to tell me if things did not seem right.__11__is wrong with using intuition, and it helps, too. But to have a recognized system where you can__12__people's thoughts and actions is more brilliant. It will make your life much__13__once you know how to read body language in all areas of your life. You'll find yourself make better__14__about people or work and__15__better at what you choose to do. You will learn what to pay__16__to and how to__17__to the given signs. Of course, it will__18__a lot of practice to be able to recognise the moves and__19__. Sometimes you even need to__20__in front of the bathroom mirror. But that's all what you need to do. 1.A.very C.so B.quite D.much

答案: C 句意: 约翰要约会了, 他很兴奋, 所以就告诉了所有的朋友。 so...that...“如此…… 以至于”,为固定用法。 2.A.But C.Besides B.However D.So

答案:B 其后句意为转折关系。其后用逗号与主句隔开,故用 however,而 but 后通常 不跟逗号。 3.A.truly C.properly B.really D.hardly

答案:C 根据这句话的因果关系“因为约翰没有正确地理解手势语而导致约会的流产” 故选 properly“正确地”。truly“真实地”;really“真的”;hardly“几乎不”。 4.A.amusing C.embarrassing 答案:D B.amused D.embarrassed

根 据 下 一 段 中 的 “Then wouldn't it be wonderful to know how

to__8__embarrassment in the future”的提示,可知选 D 项“窘迫的”。 5.A.laughing C.shouting B.smiling D.looking

答案:A 句意:大家都知道约翰要约会了,结果却没有,所以他觉得大家都在嘲笑他。 laugh at“嘲笑”,符合语境。smile at“对……笑”;shout at“对……大叫”;look at“看”。 6.A.misunderstood C.explained B.understood D.considered

答案:A 根据上一个例子可知,约翰是被“误解”的,misunderstand“误解,误会”。

7.A.considered C.commented 答案:D

B.thought D.felt

根据上文最后一句“He felt everyone was__5__at him”可以断定是了解约翰的

“感觉”。consider“考虑”;think“思考”;comment“评论”。 8.A.refuse C.avoid B.admit D.accept

答案:C 前文中提到约翰很尴尬,所以此处应为“懂得以后如何‘避免’尴尬不是更好 吗?”refuse“拒绝”;admit“承认”;accept“接受”。 9.A.better C.worse B.good D.bad

答案:A become the confident person you want to be“变为想成为的自信的人”是比避免 尴尬更好的事,暗含比较。 10.A.looked C.lived B.depended D.fed

答案:B 句意:过去如果发现有什么不对,我总是“依赖”直觉来判断。depend on“依 赖”,符合句意。look on“旁观,观看”;live on“靠……生活”;feed on“以……为食”。 11.A.Anything C.Something B.Everything D.Nothing

答案:D 根据下一句 and it helps, too“这也会有帮助”可知,使用直觉是没有什么不对 的。 12.A.seize C.avoid B.take D.read

答案:D 句意:如果你具备系统的手势语知识会更棒,因为手势语可以使你“弄懂”人 们的想法和行为。read 在此处为“理解”。 13.A.easy C.hard B.easier D.harder

答案:B 根据后文“You'll find yourself make better__14__about people or work and...”可排 除 C 和 D 项;根据其前的 much,不能修饰形容词,却可以修饰形容词比较级,故选 B。 14.A.decisions C.designs B.plans D.promises

答案:A 根据上文可知,如果一个人对手势语很熟悉的话,就会对人或工作看得更透, 所以会做出更好的“决定”。decision“决定”,符合语境。plan“计划”;design“设计”; promise“诺言”。 15.A.explore B.solve

C.perform

D.approach

答案:C 句意:对你所做的选择会“表现”更好。perform“表演,表现”;explore“探 索”;solve“解决”;approach“接近”。 16.A.attention C.expression B.anger D.association

答案: A pay attention to“注意……”, 为固定搭配。 anger“怒气”; expression“表达”; association“联想”,则均不能与介词 to 搭配。 17.A.answer C.reply B.react D.whisper

答案:B 句意:如何对特定的手势语作出反应。react to“对……作出反应”,符合句意。 reply to“答复……”;whisper to“对……耳语”;answer 不需接 to。 18.A.do C.take B.make D.put

答案:C 要辨认这些手势语则“需要”大量的练习。 19.A.messes C.realities 答案: D B.technology D.gestures

move and gesture“动作和手势”。 mess“脏或乱的状态”; technology“技术”;

reality“现实”,均与上文不搭配。 20.A.practice C.sit B.stand D.smile

答案:A 根据上一句的“it will__18__a lot of practice”可知,在镜子前“练习”。 Ⅵ.短文改错 When Jack bowed to someone, he always did much too quickly. You needn't wait any longer after he finished nod his head. So he was blamed for no manner. One day a warmhearted man has taught him,“When you bow to somebody next time, you can count January, February, March, until December. Then you could lift your body up. Thus the ceremony will be very perfect.” The next day, he met his uncle. He did as the men told.The bow was too long that it made his uncle escape away soon with a surprising look. When Jack looked down, he found his uncle gone. So he asked the passersby, “In what month did he go away?” 答案: When Jack bowed to someone, he always did ∧ much too quickly. You needn't wait any
it

longer after he finished nod his head. So he was blamed for no manner. One day a warmhearted
nodding manners

man has \ taught him,“When you bow to somebody next time,you can count January, February, March, until December. Then you could lift your body up. Thus the ceremony will be very
So

perfect.” The next day, he met his uncle. He did as the men told.The bow was too long that it made his
man so

uncle escape away soon with a surprising look. When Jack looked down,he found his uncle gone.
surprised which up

So he asked the passersby,“In what month did he go away?”


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