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2016医学考博英语写作常用词汇


一、2016 医学考博英语写作常用词汇: 医学考博英语写作必记词汇分类(1) 1 、医生 ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ ⑥ doctor, medical worker physician 内科医生 surgeon 外科医生 doctor in charge 主治医生 intern 实习医生 resident doctor 住院医生

(13) health checkup 健康普查 (14) diagnosing and treating 诊断和治疗 (15) consult the doctor(v) 咨询 ; 4 、医疗体制 (1 )healthcare system 医疗体制 (2 )medical disputes 医疗纠纷 (3 )medical accident 医疗事故 (4 )the relationship between doctors and patients 医患关系 (5 )medical insurance system 医疗保险体 系 (6 )medical aid fund 医疗救助基金 5 、医德 (1 )medical ethics 医德 (2 )patient-oriented 以病人为核心 (3 )humanistic 人道主义的 (4 )compassionate 富于同情性的 (5 )considerate 体贴周到的 (6 )resolute 果断的 (7 )service quality 服务质量 (8 )to give top priority to the lives and health of people 6 、病人 (1 (2 (3 (4 )patient )the sick )the invalid )sufferer

2 、医院 ① hospital The specialized hospital 专科医院 The general hospital 普通医院 The community hospital 社区医院 The public hospital 公立医院 The private hospital 私立医院 ② clinc 门诊 Conventional clinic treatment 普通门诊 ③ ward 病房 ④ medical team 医疗队 3、 医疗手段 (1) drug therapy 药物治疗 (2) medical treatment 医疗 (3) medical instruments 医疗器械 (4) diagnose (v) 诊断 (n) diagnosis (5) prevent (v) 预防 (6) sterilize (v) 消毒 | (7) administrate a drug 给药 (8) prevent and treat disease (v) 预防 和治疗疾病 (9) TCM 中医 r> (10) chemotherapy 化 疗 (11) medical service 医疗服务 (12) complain of (v) 主述

医学考博英语写作必记词汇分类(2) 必知疾病名称 1 、患病的表达方式 ⑴ suffer from (v )受…苦;患…病 (2) contract (v )感染 (3) people with some disease 患病人群 (4)the people susceptible to some disease 易感某种疾病的人

2 、必知疾病名称 heart disease 心脏病 hypertension 高血压 kidney problem 肾病 stroke 休克 the blood pressure 血压 diabetes 糖尿病 obesity 肥胖 terminal illness 绝症 incurable illness 不治之症 cancer 癌症 tumor 肿瘤 cancer of early stage 癌症晚期 emergency case 急症 servious illness 重症 the difficult and complicated cases 疑难 病 short breath 短气 syndrome 综合症 complications 并发症 process 病程 bone loss 骨质疏松 short-sighted (adj) 近视 3 、其他相关词汇 outbreak and spending break out (v) 疾病的爆发 spread (v) 疾病的扩散 the incidence of common diseases 常见 病发生率 taboo 禁忌 speed up blood circulation (v) improve the cardiac functions (v) side effects 副反应 complain of 主述 4 、传染病专题 (1) 感染源 virus 病 毒 bacteria 细 菌 pest 害 虫 channel and media 传染途径及媒介 (2 )传染疾病

some disease epidemic 传 染 性 疾 病 plague 鼠疫 influenza (简)flu 流感 infection contagion 传染病 infectious diseases 传染病 AIDS 艾滋病 SARS (3) 传染 epidemic (a) 流行的,传染的 block the channel (v) disseminate 传播 cross infection 交叉感染 5 、疾病名称 Illness:病;疾病 Sickness:疾病,呕吐;弊病 Disease;弊病;疾病 Ailment:小病;不安 Suffering:苦难;苦楚 6 、疾病的转归 (1 )疾病的恢复 recover recovery:痊愈;复原 recuperate:恢复健康 resume vt. 恢复 recruit vi. 恢复健康; vt.使…恢复健康 reinstate vt. 使健康 (2) 疾病的恶化 deteriorate vi. vt aggravate vt. exasperate vt. make worse vt. worsen vi. vt 医学考博英语写作必记词汇分类(3) 药物 1 、药物名称

medicine:药 drug:药,麻醉药 remedy:补救,治疗 medicinal herbs:药草,草药 powder:粉,粉末 tablet:药片 pill:n.药丸,口服避孕药; vt. 把…制成丸剂;使服用药丸; vi. 做成药丸;服药丸

subhealth 亚健康 psychological benefits 心理健康 psychological problem 心理问题 psychological consultation 心理咨询 psychological obstacles 心理障碍 mental obstacles 心理障碍 psychological massage 心理按摩 psychology 心理学/ 心理 psychotherapy 心理治疗 psychological expert 心理专家 2 、相关词汇

2 、相关词汇 questionnaire drug therapy: 药物治疗 side effects: 副反应 drug abuse: 药物滥用 drugstore: 药房 over the counter: 非处方药 drug allergy; 药物过敏 drug poisoning: 药物中毒 prescription: 处方 expenses for medicine: 药费 charges for medicine:药品划价 drug rebate :药品回扣 3 、药物用法 开药 : prescribe some medicine for some diseases write out a proscription 服药 take a medicine 治?的疾病 a remedy for some diseases 医学考博英语写作必记词汇分类(4) 心理疾病 1 、心理学专业词汇 3 、情绪词汇 overcome:vt. 克服;胜过 vi. 克服;得 胜 disappoint:vt. 使失望 disappointed:adj. 失望的,沮丧的;受 挫折的 shy ,adj. 害羞的;畏缩的,胆怯的 flush:n. 激动;面红;旺盛; vt. 发红,使发亮;使激动 vi. 发红,脸红;被冲洗 adj. 丰足的,洋溢的;挥霍的 frustration:挫折 failure:失败 willpower:毅力;意志力 optimism:乐观 optimistical:乐天的,乐观的 be sensitive to:对…敏感 nervous:紧张的,神经的 tensional:张力的,紧张的 sad agony pessimism pessimistic:悲伤, 愤怒,悲观,悲观主义的 confident confidence:自信 stress pressure n. 压力;紧张; vt. 使紧张;加压力于; depress vt. 压抑;使沮丧;使萧条 depressed:v. 使沮丧; depression:n. 沮丧;忧愁 depressive:adj. 抑郁的;压抑的

4 、疲劳相关词汇 fatigue tire (v) weariness (n) tired(a) exhausted(a) fatigued (a) weary(a.v) 医学考博英语写作必记词汇分类(5) 肥胖与营养 1 、营养物质 nutrient 营养素 protein 蛋白质 fat 脂肪 glucose 葡萄糖 vitamin 维生素 sugar 糖类 heat calories quantity of heat 热量 carbohydrate 碳水化合物 soft drink beverage 软饮料 cholesterol 胆固醇 2 、营养与饮食 a well-balanced diet::均衡饮食 nutrition 营养 nutritional 营养的

二、精简医学考博写作常用核心词汇 1.下降、减少: reduction, decrease, decline, diminution, drop,descend,go / come down,fall; 上升、增加: rise; go up; ascend;increase; 2.禽流感 H1N1 flu bird flu/avian flu; 食品安全 food safety;

3.公共卫生突发事件: public health emergencies; 应急反应: immediate response to; 4.关注民生: concern(focus on, pay attention to) people’s livelihood/well-being; 5.城乡卫生体系: urban-rural medical and health system 6.预防保健: Disease Prevention and Health care 服务体系: service system; 7.讲究卫生: pay attention to hygiene; 个人和环境卫生: personal and environmental hygiene 8. 清淡的: lite; 蛋白添加饮食: protein-complemented diet; 9. 预防的措施: preventive initiatives=preventive measures 10.人畜共患: zoonosis = anthropozoonosis. 人 兽 共 患 病 11.虫媒: insect pollination; 虫媒传染病: insect-borne /arthropod-borne infectious disease; 12.肾病综合征: nephrotic/renal syndrome; 13. 流行性出血热: epidemic hemorrhagic fever; 14.爆发流行: break out, explode; an epidemic outbreak of explosion 15.传染: infect/infection/infectious,communicate/c ommunicable, contagion/ contagious, transmission/transmittable;

communicable 可传达的, 会传染的, 爱说话的[医] 有 传染性的; communicative a. 健谈的, 爱说话的, 交际的 16.传播途径: route of transmission, bird flu transmits by air/wind;person to person transmission 17.传播,散布: diffuse,prevalence,spread,transmit, disseminate,propagate/ propagation 18.污染: pollution/ pollute , contamination/contaminate 19.福祉: well-being, happiness; 20.衰老: grow old; aging; consenescence; senility; senile 21. 每况愈下: from bad to worse ; 相 似 的 : akin to=similar to;脓的,化脓的: Purulent 22.脂肪肝: fatty liver; 血压: hypertension 23.肠癌: Cancer of Rectum and Colon;亚健康: sub-health 24.过劳死: karoshi; death from overwork 25.长期以来: for a long time ; over the years 26.养生: preserve one's health; nourishing of life; keep in good health 27.分类: be divided into = fall into three categories = be grouped according to their origin, into three classes. = be categorized according to/be roughly classified into three kinds. 28.基本职责 =basic/ fundamental/essential/elementary duties/responsibilities/obligations;

基本原则 fundamental principle/ rule, basic rule or principle; 29.morals,morality,ethics 均含“道德” 之意。morals 多用于实践方面,指按习惯或 社会公认的道德标准, 尤指男女之间关系的 道德。morality 指符合道德标准的行为,或 用道德标准衡量某事, 既指社会的又指个人 的道德。ethics 多用于伦理方面,指符合于 伦理学中所指的好的行为, 常指公平正真地 对人对事的品德。 30.民众: the (general) public,the masses of the people,the common people; 合作者 co-worker; collaborator; copartner; coagent; 31.死亡人数: death toll,deaths,the number of people killed in/dying from The death toll is expected to rise. The death toll continues to rise. There have been more deaths from drowning. How much is the death toll? 死亡人数是 多少? 32.归结为: boil down to;come down to; 归因为/归功于: be attributable to、 be attributed to、 ascribe or attribute? to、 owe?to; 归咎于: lay or put the blame on sb、blame?on、 ascribe or attribute? to、impute? to。 33.大规模: on a large scale,extensive,large-scale, massive; 大规模流行: large-scale transmission , become a pandemic,massive attack/outbreak 34.表面上: on the surface, apparently, ostensibly, superficial, seemingly; 因果关系:

cause-and-effect relationship, causal relationship/relations; 孤立现象: an isolated phenomenon; 复杂的: complicated , complex , sophisticated , intricate; 极端复杂性: extreme/exceeding complexity/complicacy。 35.低保: basic living allowances/subsistence allowances; 养老保险: endowment insurance; 退 休 养 老 金 :retirement pension ; Health Care Reform 医疗改革 36.激烈运动: strenuous exercise;vigorous activity; 37.月经期: menstrual period 38.生活的节奏: the tempo/the pace of life; a life of quick /fast pace 39.婴幼儿保健: the infant health care 40.安乐死: euthanasia; 41.得绝症的: terminally ill; 42.临终关怀 =Hospice Care=end-of-life care 濒临死亡的病人: dying patients,terminally ill patients, incurable patient 43.Secondhand Smoking , also called “ involuntary smoking ” or “ passive smoking”. 三、医学考博英语写作总结 1.原则与要求: 考博英语不直译原文,抓主要论点,果 断舍弃次要内容, 突出新点, 论点清晰,主要 写中长句子! !2-5 个长句!不写或少写短

句! !一般真题范例在 10-15 句左右。 2.现场写作技巧: ①划线,划出实质性,实词性句子。② 翻译标题,有标题就译,没有标题不能加。 ③末尾重复标题,首尾呼应。


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