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四川省雅安市天全中学2015-2016学年高二上学期第11周周练英语试题


天全中学 2015—2016 学年上期高二第 11 周周考 英 语 试 题
(满分 100 分 班级:
第一节:阅读理解(4*2.5=10 分) A recent study of ancient and modern elephants has come up with the unexpected conclusion that the African e

lephant is divided into two distinct(不同的) species. The discovery was made by researchers at York and Harvard Universities when they were examining the genetic relationship between the ancient woolly mammoth and mastod on to modern elephants—the Asian elephant, African forest elephant, and African savanna elephant. Once they obtained DNA sequences (序列)from two fossils (化石), mammoths and mastodons, the team compared them with DNA from modern elephants. They found to their amazement that modern forest and savanna elephants are as distinct from each other as Asian elephants and mammoths. The scientists used detailed genetic analysis to prove that the African savanna elephant and the African forest elephant have been distinct species for several million years. The divergence of the two species took place around the time of the divergence of Asian elephants and woolly mammoths. This result amazed all the scientists. There has long been debate in the scientific community that the two might be separate species, but this is the most convincing scientific evidence so far that they are indeed different species. Previously, many naturalists believed that African savanna elephants and African forest elephants were two populations of the same species, despite the elephants' significant size differences. The savanna elephant has an average shoulder height of 3.5 metres while the forest elephant has an average shoulder height of 2.5 metres. The savanna elephant weighs between six and seven tons, roughly double the weight of the forest elephant. But the fact that they look so different does not necessarily mean they are different species. However the proof lay in the analysis of the DNA. Alfred Roca, assistant professor in the Department of Animal Sciences at the University of Illinois, said, “We now have to treat the forest and savanna elephants as two different units for conservation purposes. Since 1950, all African elephants have been conserved as one species. Now that we know the forest and savanna elephants are two very distinctive animals, the forest elephant should become a bigger priority

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(优先) for conservation purposes.” 1.One of the fossils studied by the researchers is that of ________ A.the Asian elephant C.the savanna elephant A.evolution C.separation ________. A.DNA C.weight B.height D.population B.the forest elephant D.the mastodon elephant B.exhibition D.examination

2.The underlined word “divergence”in Paragraph 4 means “________ ”.

3 . The researchers' conclusion was based on a study of the African elephant's

4.What are Alfred Roca's words mainly about? A.The conservation of African elephants. B.The purpose of studying African elephants. C.The way to divide African elephants into two units. D.The reason for the distinction of African elephants. 5.Which of the following can be the best title for the passage? A.Naturalists' Beliefs about Elephants B.Amazing Experiments about Elephants C.An Unexpected Finding about Elephants D.A Long Scientific Debate about Elephants 第二节:完形填空(20*3=60 分) My sister, Cathy, who lives in Vancouver, sent me a package full of Christmas gifts. She told me that she had __1__ it in advance to make sure it would arrive at my house weeks before the __2__.Christmas was drawing near,but no package arrived. Cathy checked the tracking number every __3__ with Canada Post,and every evening she would call me to __4__ if there was any sign of it on our end. The __5__ always started with questions about the package,but twenty minutes later we would still be __6__.We talked about our family,such as parents,our kids and __7__.Of course we also talked about our jobs. We had never made so much __8__for each other!The talk always took us back to the hours we spent together in our childhood. By Christmas Eve we finally had to __9__ the fact that the package was __10__lost.On Christmas morning,Cathy got on the phone with everyone in my __11__ and told them what she had sent. Later on,after a big family Christmas

dinner,I had forgotten all about the __12__ package when there was a knock on the door. Who could it be at such a time?As I __13__ the door,a man was standing there. “I __14__this is yours, ” he said, hold ing a package. Just then I __15__ that it had been delivered to the wrong address, “I just got home from vacation, ”he explained, “__16__ I wanted you to have this in time to open for Christmas.” I thanked this __17__stranger for taking so much trouble to __18__ this gift to us on Christmas Day,and __19__ thanked God that the package had been lost in the first place. The real gift of that holiday season was the new _ _20__ to my sister who lives far away from us. It seemed that my sister was just by my side now. 1.A. booked 3.A. year 4.A. find out 5.A. complaint 6.A. kidding 7.A. gifts 8.A. food 9.A. accept 10.A. nearly 11.A. restaurant 12.A. terrible 13.A. opened 14.A. understand 15.A. expected 16.A. because 17.A. generous 18.A. show 19.A. silently 20.A. distance B.decorated B.month B.take out B.discussion B.arguing B.husbands B.money B.ignore B.suddenly B.house B.missing B.locked B.forget B.dreamed B.but B.honest B.present B .carefully B.guide C.mailed C.deadline C.week C.figure out C.conversation C.chatting C.secrets C.achievement C.consider C.mostly C.office C.big C.left C.know C.realized C.or C.polite C.return C.gently C.recognition D.listed D.party D.morning D.pick out D.quarrel D.scolding D.clothing D.time D.study D.simply D.class D.outstanding D.watched D.believe D.remembered D.so D.kind D.offer D.actually D.closeness 2.A. appointment B.holiday

第三节:语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 1 5 分) Considering the number of trees on our planet, there is good news and bad news. The good news is that there are seven times thought. Until a few years ago, scientists 2 1 (many) trees on Earth than we (suggest) that the world had around

400 billion trees. However, a new study trees for every person Human 4 (exist) today. 5

3

(conduct) by Yale University

indicates that there are around three trillion trees. That means there are more than 420 The bad news is that thousands of years ago, the earth had around six trillion trees. activity has cut in half number of trees on the planet. A good 6 (be) one giant forest. Now much 7 (respond) for the loss of 9 (strong) the study example of this is the fact that Europe used three trillion trees shows 10 8

of it is farmland, fields, cities and towns. People are

the past several thousand years. Humans are destroying

around 15 billion more trees every year. Scientists warn worldwide.

much more effort is needed if we are to refresh healthy forests

第四节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 1 5 分) 下面短文中共有 10 处语言错误,请在错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单 词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不给分。

It can be seen, more and more people own mobile phones in China now. At the end of 2002, there were 20 millions mobile phone users. By 2005 a number reached up to 30 million. People have found mobile phones convenience. They can get in touch to each other whenever and wherever they like. There’re different functions to meeting different needs, such as surf the Internet. However, it may bring us some trouble. For an example, the radiation from the phone may do harm our health. In spite of this, the number of people having mobile phones are increasing steadily.

天全中学 2015—2016 学年上期高二第 11 周周考 英语参考答案
第一节:阅读理解(4*2.5=10 分)

本文讲述了一项新的科学发现:通过对非洲森林大象和非洲草原大象 DNA 的鉴 定,科学家们得出结论:它们是两种不同的物种。我们要保护这些珍稀动物。 1. 答案:D。细节理解题。由第 3 段第一句话“...two fossils,mammoths and mastodons...”可知 D 项正确。 2. 答案:C。词义猜测题。科学家门一直在证明非洲森林大象和非洲草原大象 是两种不同的物种,他们之间的分歧使科学家们大为惊讶。 3. 答案: A。 细节理解题。 由倒数第二段最后一句话 “However the proof lay in the analysis of the DNA”可知。 4. 答案:A。推理判断题。由文章最后一段“...for conservation purposes”可知 A 项正确。 5. 答案:C。主旨大意题。全文讲述了关于非洲大象的一项意外的发现。 第二节:完形填空(20*3=60 分) 36.C 从上文提到的“sent me a package”可知,姐姐给作者邮寄了(mailed)一个 包裹,故选 C 项。 37.B 根据下文中的“Christmas was drawing near”可知,礼物应在圣诞节假期之 前到来,故用 holiday。 38.D 根据该空后的“and every evening”可知,姐姐每天早晨(morning)都要查一 下包裹的跟踪号。 39. A 根据句中的“if there was any sign of it”可知,姐姐每晚都给作者打电话, 了解(find out)是否收到礼物了。take out “取出”,figure out “弄明白”,pick out “精 心挑选”,都不符合语境。 40 . C 根据下文 “We talked about our family” 可知,作者和姐姐之间的谈话 (conversatio n)总是从询问包裹开始。 41.C 根据下文“We talked about...”和“Of course we also talked about our jobs.”可 知,二十分钟后作者和姐姐仍然在闲谈(chatting)。 42.B 根据上文“We talked about our family”可知她们谈论自己的家人,而选项 中只有 husbands 属于家庭成员,由此可得出答案为 B 项。 43.D 作者和姐姐以前从来没有花那么多时间(time)交流。 44 . A 到了圣诞节前夕她们不得不接受 (accept) 这个事实。 ignore “ 忽视 ” , co nsider “考虑”,study “研究”,都不符合语境。 45. D 时间过去这么久了, 还没收到包裹, 因此作者认为那包裹根本就是丢了。 simply 表示“简直,根本”,符合语境。 46.B 姐姐和 作者家(house)里的每个成员都逐一通电话,所以选 B 项。 47.B 从上下文可知,这里应用 missing,指那个丢失了的包裹,所以选 B 项。 48.A 根据句中的“a man was standing there”可知,作者开了门,故用 opened。 49.D 根据 51 空后的“I wanted you to have this in time”可知,那个人确信包裹 是作者的,所以用 believe,选 D 项。[来源:学|科|网 Z|X|X|K] 50.C 作者看到那个人手中的包裹后意识到(realized)自己的包裹被投递到了错 误的地址,所以选 C 项。

51.B 从语境可知,这里是转折关系。尽管他刚刚度假回来,但他想将包裹早 日归还给主人,所以用 but。 52. D 那个人不辞辛劳地给作者送包裹,说明他是一个好心肠的人,所以用 kind。 53.C 这个包裹本来属于作者,因此应该是归还给作者,选 return。show “展 示”,present“赠予”,offer “提供”,都不符合语境。 54.A 作者默默地(silently)感谢上帝。 55.D 正因为包裹没有被准时送达,作者才和姐姐有那么 多的时间交流,拉近 了她们之间的距离, 所以用 closeness。 distance“距离”, guide“指导”, recognition“认 知”,都不符合语境。

第三节:语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 1 5 分) 四、语法填空 1. more 2. suggested 3. conducted 4. existing 5. the 6. to be 7. responsible 8. over 9. strongly 10. how 第四节: 短文改错 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 1 5 分)
【知识点】短文改错记叙文 【思路点拨】 注意固定句型的应用,名词的单数形式,固定搭配及主谓一致。 【答案解析】

1. It→As 正如我们看见的,现在中国越来越多的人拥有手机。这里是非限制 性定语从句,用 As 引导。 2. millions→million 到 2002 年底,有 2 千万的手机用户。数词后面加 million 3.a→the 到 2005 年, 这个数字到了 3 千万。 这里是特指“手机用户的数量”, a→the 4.convenience→convenient 人们发现手机很方便,使用 find + 宾语 + 形容词: convenience→convenient 5. to ---with get in touch with sb ,与某人取得联系。 6. meeting→meet 有不同的功能满足不同的需求。这里是不定式做目的状语 7. surf→surfing such as 后面接动名词: surf→surfing 8.去掉 an For example“例如”:去掉 an 9.our 前加 to 手机的辐射会对我们的健康造成伤害。Do harm to“对…造成伤害”, our 前加 to 10.are→is 拥有手机的人的数量还在稳定上升。主语是 the number of…,谓语是 单数:are→is

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