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【学能培优】甘肃省部分普通中学2016高考英语新课标学能培优特训试题(九)


【学能培优】 甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能培优特训试题 (九)
【全国优秀高中英语名师】

甘肃庆阳 刘克炜

注意:本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。满分120分。考试时间100分钟。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分:阅读理解( 共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A We were moving to a new state after my husband had been out of work for many months and we had no money. In fact, we had to borrow money to reach our destination town. Anyway, it was my husband, two boys aged four and two, and myself, seven months pregnant (怀孕), in an old Volvo station wagon. We had been driving for two days in the middle of winter (that car’s heater didn’t work), and we had taken a route that was very desolate. There was nothing around for miles-no cars, buildings or signs of civilization. Suddenly, our car started losing power and the gauges(汽油表) went all out of order. We saw a light in the distance and managed to roll to a stop in front of this property that looked like a small simple house. Our cell phones had not gotten reception for many miles, and it was freezing outside, so I didn’t know if we were going to make it out of this situation alive. My husband got out of the car to see if there was something he could do to get us rolling again, but it was not looking good. A short while later, a man came out of the house and spoke with my husband a bit before inviting us all into his home. He and his wife took us in, fed us, and made us feel at home as we struggled to find some way to get to our destination, which was still a few hours’ drive away. We were able to call a friend and get a ride, leavi ng our broken car behind, but not before the couple gave us food and water for our journey. One week later, this dear sweet couple pulled our car all the way to our place and refused to take anything in return, except for us to pay it forward-and we have, and will continue to do it forever. 1. We can learn from the text that the family________. A. had a hopeless future B. was in financial difficulty C. suffered from a company crash D. wanted to turn to their relatives for help 2. The underlined word “ desolate” probably mean________. A. deserted B. advanced C. smooth D. muddy 3. Knowing that the wagon had broken down, the author________. A. called her friend several miles away for help B. stopped the car in front of a simple service station C. was afraid that they couldn’t overcome the difficulty D. encouraged her husband and children to be confident 4. We can learn from the text that the family___________. A. got out of their financial difficulty B. met with more troubles after that C. came back to thank the couple who had helped them D. followed the couple’s example in return for their help B Electric cars are dirty.In fact, not only are they dirty, they might even be more dirty than their gasoline-powered cousins. People in California love to talk about “zero-emissions(排放)vehicles,” but people in California seem to be clueless about where electricity comes from.Power plants mostly use fire to make it.Aside from the few folks who have their roofs covered with solar cells, we get our electricity from generators(发电机) .Generators are fueled by something — usually coal, oil, but also by heat generated in nuclear power plants . There are a few wind farms and geothermal(地热的)plants as well, but by far we get electricity mainly by burning something. In other words, those “zero-emissions” cars are likely coal-burning cars.It's just because the coal is burned somewhere else , so it looks clean.It is not.It’s as if the California greens are covering their eyes—“If I can’ t see it, it’ s not happening.” Gasoline is an unbelievably efficient way to power a vehicle; a gallon of gas has a lot of energy in it. But when you take that gas (or another fuel) and first use it to make electricity, you waste a nice part of that energy, mostly in the form of wasted heat—at the generator, through the transmission lines, etc.

A gallon of gas may propel your car 25 miles.But the electricity you get from that gallon of gas won't get you nearly as far — so electric cars burn more fuel than gas-powered ones. If our electricity came mostly from nukes, or geothermal, or hydro, or solar, or wind, then an electric car truly would be clean . But for political, technical, and economic reasons, we don’t use much of those energy sources. In addition, electric cars’ batteries which are poisonous for a long time will eventually end up in a landfill (垃 圾)and finally, when cars are the polluters, the pollution is spread across all the roads .When it’s a power plant, though, all the junk is in one place.Nature is very good at cleaning up when things are not too concentrated, but it takes a lot longer when all the garbage is in one spot. 5. What is the main idea of the passage? A. Electric cars are not clean at all B. Electric cars are better than gasoline-powered ones C. People have doubts about electric cars’ batteries D. Gasoline is an effective way to power a vehicle 6. The underlined words “ be clueless” mean___________ A. know nothing B. have confidence C. feel excited D. be pleased 7. The electricity we get from a gallon of gas may make our car run ________ A. not less than 25 miles B. as far as 50 miles C. as far as 25 miles D. not more than 25 miles 8. According to the passage, electric cars__________ A. are more environmentally friendly B. burn more fuel than gas-powered ones C. are very good at cleaning up D. are poisonous for a long time C Suleman Dawood School of Business "Become a part of the community dedicated to excellence and knowledge creation." Lahore University of Management Science is a premier institution known for its academy excellence. It offers a diverse range of undergraduate, graduate and doctoral programs in the areas of management, computer science, computer engineering, economics, law and social science. ?Suleman Dawood School of Business (SDSB) of the University is recognized as one of the most prestigious ( 有 声望的) business schools in the region. SDSB offers programs at the graduate (MBA, EMBA) and the undergraduate (BSc Accounting and Finance) levels and also offers executive education( 执行教育). The school is now ready to launch a world-class PhD programme. Faculty (全体员工)Positions With a record major sponsorship, SDSB is embarking on (着手) a major expansion and is looking for highly competent faculty members committed to student development and research. Both permanent and visiting faculty positions are available at the Professor, Associate Professor and Assistant Professor levels. Candidates with a PhD from a reputed university and a track record of academic excellence will be preferred. Subject Areas ?Accounting ?Information Systems and E-business ?Finance ?Strategy ?Markegy ?Marketing ?Supply Chain Management ?Production and Operations Why Join LUMS ?Opportunity for professional growth and development ?State-of-the-art teaching and research facilities ?Connections with other centers of academic excellence abroad ?Opportunity to help shape the future of education and research in the region ?High quality student intake ?An institute committed to merit and excellence ?Faculty recruited(征募) from the finest universities of the world ?Culture of openness ?Competitive remuneration (报酬) package ?Excellence on-campus housing facilities for faculty members

Applicants should forward their letter of interest and detailed curriculum vitae (个人简历) with a passport size photograph to the following address; Convenor, SDSB Faculty Search Committee Suleman Dawood School of Business Lahore University of Management Science, Opposite Sector U, D.H.A. Lahore, Pakistan Email: sdsbfacultyiobs@lums.edu.pk URL: www. lums. edu. pk 9. From the text, we can learn that_ . A. SDSB is known for its academic excellence B. SDSB is one of the schools in LUMS C. LUMS is one of the most famous business schools in the region D. SDSB offers a diverse range of programs in the areas of management 10. Why does SDSB need faculty members? A. The school needs permanent and visiting faculty positions. B. The faculty is recruited from the finest universities of the world . C. The school needs state-of-the-art teaching and research facilities. D. The school is making an expansion thanks to some major sponsorship . 11. If you joined LUMS, you would____ . A. study Supply Chain Management B. have high quality teacher intake C. have the opportunity for professional growth and development D. get a PhD from a reputed university D From bankers to factory staff, employees in the West face a cold prospect of losing their jobs as a global recession(衰退) starts to bite. For colleagues in the East, the pain is more likely to come through a pay cut. Human resource experts say cultural differences explain why Asian companies try harder to preserve jobs in difficult times, which will prevent unemployment and may help Asian economies survive at a time of slowing exports. The East Asian attitude may also make it easier for companies to recover quickly from the economic downturn since they will not need to rehire or train new staff, but build up a more loyal and devoted group. "In the Confucian mindset(儒家思想), the right thing to do is to share the burden, which is the sense of collective responsibility. While in the West, it's more about individual survival," said Michael Benoliel, associate professor of organizational behavior at Singapore Management University (SMU). In contrast, local Western companies from General Motors to Goldman Sachs plan to lay off workers by the thousands, but at the Asian units of Western multinationals or western units of Asian groups, job cuts will probably be less severe. Japan's jobless rate was 4 percent in September, up from 3.8 percent in January, while Hong Kong's was flat at 3.4 percent. But US unemployment is expected to have jumped to 6.3 percent last month from below 5 percent in January. Experts say that while there are noticeable differences in labor practices in East and West, the gap will narrow as more firms become more multinational and competition forces firms to adopt the best practices of rivals(对手) from abroad. 12. The underlined word "prospect" in the first paragraph most probably means _________. A. future B. scene C. weather D. place 13. Compared with job cuts, pay cuts can bring the following benefits EXCEPT that _________. A. it's helpful to the economy recovery B. it can form a team working harder and more loyally C. it will keep the experienced and skilled workers D. it costs the company less money to survive 14. According to Michael Benoliel, the Confucian mindset focuses on _________. A. human rights B. personal profits C. sharing responsibility D. individual survival 15. The passage mainly tells us ________. A. the difficulties all the companies around the world will meet with today B. the different labor solutions of Asian and Western in global recession C. the ways to cut down the cost of the companies in economic downturn D. the cultural differences between Eastern and Western world at present

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 There are all sorts of good sensible reasons to avoid getting angry. Not only does it make us feel bad, it also makes us do stupid things without noticing the risks and it can be self-destructive ( 毁坏性的). ___ 16____ But like all emotions, anger has its purposes, which can be used for good effects. Anger is a motivating force. In fact anger itself is a kind of positive energy and a powerful motivating force. ___17 When we see something as beneficial, we want it more when we are angry. So, when used right, constructive anger can make us feel strong and powerful and help push us on to get what we want. 18 It may sound like a strange thing to say, but angry people have something in common with happy people. That's because both tend to expect favorable results. By comparison those experiencing more fear are more pessimistic (悲观的) about the future and expect further terrors. Anger can benefit relationships. Society tells us anger is dangerous and we should hide it .The problem is that when we hide our anger, our partner doesn't know he's done something wrong. And so he keeps doing it. 19 The expression of anger, if reasonable and aimed at finding a solution, can actually benefit and strengthen relationships. Anger provides self-understanding. Anger can also provide understanding into ourselves, if we allow it. Getting angry leads to a positive outcome. Anger help discover our own faults. If we can notice when we get angry and why, then we can learn what to do to improve our lives. 20 A. And that doesn't do our relationship any good. B. Anger can turn us on and thus push on towards our goals in the face of problems and barriers. C. Anger reduces violence. D. Angry people are more optimistic. E. Most of us treat our anger as though it's unreasonable, unshowable and unmentionable. F. That's because it's a very strong social signal that a situation needs to be solved. G. Anger can encourage self-change. 首发 第二部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I know that it's hard to devote enough time to class and to social efforts. But, I wanted to succeed in both. I knew this would be a 21 but didn't realize how much until classes began. I 22 on well with the other girls who lived in my dorm. Often, ____23___ finishing my homework before it was 24 to hand in, I went upstairs and had ice cream with my neighbor. I 25 finished it the next day between classes. But I knew it wasn't very good and the 26 I received showed my lack of 27 . I realized that I needed to find some sort of 28 . So, the next day I created a 29 that would 30 my time up between going to class, doing homework, and relaxing. It seemed like a good idea, 31 I was only able to 32 it for a few days. A schedule like that had too much 33 . So I tried another plan. This one 34 lists and common sense. Each week I made a list of 35 I had to get done during that week and by which day I had to have it done. Then, 36 the list of things I had to get done, I made a list of things I could do if I had the time. This is the 37 I have used since then. Now, I have started my senior year and I feel time is 38 . Scheduling my time has become more challenging, but I continue to do it. My cousins, who are now in college, tell me that there are a lot of books to read by yourself and many different things to do, with various people and organizations. So I'm __39 that I've learned to balance things and it has helped 40 me for what is to come after graduation. 21. A. disaster B. trouble C. challenge D. competition 22. A. kept B. got C. took D. caught 23. A. as well as B. in order to C. not only D. instead of 24. A. point B. late C. ready D. time 25. A. seldom B. always C. hardly D. never 26. A. grade B. rank C. degree D. title 27. A. intelligence B. confidence C. exercise D. effort 28. A. change B. skill C. balance D. improvement 29. A. form B. method C. timetable D. system

30. A. average B. divide C. arrange D. organize 31. A. and B. but C. so D. then 32. A. accept B. collect C. follow D. insist 33. A. influence B. pressure C. question D. doubt 34. A. provided B. needed C. formed D. included 35. A. everything B. something C. nothing D. anything 36. A. among B. under C. from D. with 37. A. method B. skill C. experience D. way 38. A. important B. valuable C. limited D. up 39. A. convinced B. glad C. sure D. ungrateful 40. A. prepare B. enable C. practise D. equip 第二节 语法填空(共 10 个小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Sean: What a fine day! Oh, I can spend all my free time 41 (read) on this balcony on a fine day like this. I like it. Jean: The balcony is very beautiful, but I don’t like the fact that it 42 (face) north. Sean: Why? What’s wrong with its facing north? Jean: You don’t know that 43 the balcony faces north, it will get cool in the summer, but too cold in the winter. Sean: You don’t have to worry about that. We have the 44 (center) heating system in winter, don’t we? Jean: Yes, we do. The best houses face south, anyway. In that case, we will enjoy the cool wind in the summer and the warm sunshine in the winter. Sean: Oh, darling, I’m sorry, 45 we don’t have enough money for such a house. Jean: Well, forger 46 . I was just talking. The nice environment of this apartment is good for our children. I am satisfied with it. Sean: Thanks. And it’s convenient 47 you to go to work and go shopping. Jean: You’re right. To our children, it’s also close to their school. That’s really ___48 (satisfy). Sean: I’m most 49 (attract) by the price. You know it costs the least in Beijing. Jean: The least? Are you sure? Do you know the developer? Sean: I know little about the developer but I am sure this is the 50 (cheap) building here. 第 II 卷 (非选择题,共 35 分) 第三部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。每处错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下写出该加的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处, 多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Water is very important to us, without that there would be no life. We couldn’t live if we didn’t have water. Therefore, some people don’t turn the tap off at once after using it. Some people don’t realize they wash them in the shower too long. Some even throw away bottles full in water. As middle school students, we should make great efforts to save water. On one hand, every single person’s save water is significance. On other hand, we can use some water we just used to watering plants. We shouldn’t leave the lap running for while we brush our tooth. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是李华, 是高三某班班长。 为了丰富同学们的课外生活, 班级准备成立一个自行车俱乐部(cycling club)。请你根据下面的提示,用英语写一则口头通知。通知如下: 1.每周训练一次,由体育老师辅导,安排在每周三下午第三节的课外活动时间; 2.注意事项:器材自备;活动免费。 3. 到班长那里报名。 注意:1. 可适当增加细节以使行文连贯; 2. 词数 100 左右。

【学能培优】 甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能培优特训试题 (九)
参考答案 二、阅读理解 1-4 BACD 5-8 AADB 9-11 BDC 31-35 BCBDA 43. if 48. satisfying 12-15 ADCB 16-20 EBDAG 三、完型填空 21-25 CBDDB 四、语法填空 41.reading 46. it 五、短文改错 Water is very important to us, without that there would be no life. We couldn’t live if we didn’t have 42. faces 47. for 44. central 49. attracted 45. but 50. cheapest 26-30 ADCCB 36-40 BACBA

which
water. Therefore, some people don’t turn the tap off at once after using it. Some people don’t realize they wash

However themselves

them in the shower too long. Some even throw away bottles full in water. As middle school students, we should

of
make great efforts to save water. On one hand, every single person’s save water is ∧ significance. On ∧ other

saving

of

the teeth

water

hand, we can use some water we just used to watering plants. We shouldn’t leave the lap running for while we brush our tooth. 六、书面表达 One possible version: Attention, please, everyone. Ever since we entered Senior 3, we’ve burdened ourselves with a lot of work. To make ourselves enjoy a colorful life out of our daily study, we’ve decided to found a cycling club and organize some activities. We plan to offer basic training once a week, which will be instructed by our PE teacher. It will fall on the third period in the afternoon, when students are having after-class activities. It is desired that you take time to join our club, as it is a great way to keep fit and a good chance to relax ourselves. What needs to be specifically noted is that the activity is free of charge, but you should bring your bicycle along. Those who have interest can go to the monitor and sign up. That’s all. Thank you.


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