【学能培优】甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能培优特训试题（三 十）
注意：本试卷分第Ⅰ卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）两部分。满分120分。考试时间100分钟。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分：阅读理解( 共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30
分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A Summer school is something a kid will never forget. For some, it’s a way to advance past their classmates. For most, summer school is a requirement in order to graduate with their classmates. I can remember being forced into taking a summer school course. It was not the school that forced me into this awkward situation, it was my mother. I was a 16-year-old kid in a new school. My school did not offer summer courses so I had to take my course at an alternative school in the city. It was an experience I will never forget. I was not concerned with making friends. I was there to get credit for a course that I should have received for the previous semester. It was my doing that landed me in the situation and it was important that I understood this. The fees were lowest but the experience was amazing. I enjoyed it so muc h that I didn’t miss a day. The course was from Monday to Friday for an entire month. I passed the course with an A. I was thrown into an awkward situation and actually enjoyed it. My friends didn’t even know I took the course. Most of them were still sleeping by the time my course ended each day. Awkward situations are so important for personal growth. This situation made me feel more independent. I made friends. I finally understood what sacrifice and hard work were all about. While attending college, I remembered how much I enjoyed summer school and I chose to take summer school in my first three years of college. Some kids get pushed too much but some don't get pushed enough. I was never pushed enough. Enable your children to struggle for success. If your child needs summer school you explain to them why it’s important. Some parents are surprised by the situation and may want to be more involved in their children's education. Follow through and follow up. 21. Most students go to the summer school in order to A. find good jobs graduation B. become top students in their class C. have a chance to make more friends D. graduate successfully on time 22. Which of the following was NOT the benefit got by the author through attending summer school? A. It helped him get rid of bad habits. B. It helped him make new friends. C. It helped him understand what sacrifice and hard work were. D. It increased his independence. 23. What does the author think of summer school? A. He thinks it is awkward. B. He thinks it is significant. C. He doesn't think it is suitable. D. He thinks nothing of it. B Europe is home to a variety of cultural treasures. Lonely Planet, the world’s largest travel guide publisher, has offered pairs of cities for culturehungry but timepoor travelers. London and Paris It takes you about two hours to travel from London to Paris by Eurostar, a highspeed railway service. The two capital cities have been competing in fashion, art and nightlife for decades－but each secretly looks up to the other. No one can doubt the grand and impressive beauty of Paris' Louvre Museum, but if you want to save money, you cannot skip the British Museum free to visit. Compared with London, Paris has more outdoor attractions such as the beautiful green walkway La Promenade Plantee. In Paris, you'll see diners linger over red wine. While in London, you can try some afternoon tea, eat fish and chips or salted cake. Vienna and Bratislava Austrian capital Vienna and Slovakia city Bratislava are an hour apart by train. But since they are linked by the Danube River, the best way to travel is by ship. A tour of the two cities is the perfect way to experience everything
from 17th century’s Habsburg dynasty splendor to sci?fi restaurants. Vienna is famous for Mozart and imperial palaces. You can appreciate the perfect blending of architecture and nature in the grand Schonbrunn Palace, and reward yourself with a cup of Vienna coffee, which has made its way to the world's cultural heritage list. Bratislava is best known for its fine dining－the remarkable UFO restaurant. You can enjoy a meatladen dinner here in an amazing setting. 24. What’s the relationship between London and Paris according to the text? A. They help each other. B. They attack each other. C. They admire each other. D. They don't like each other. 25. What are the advantages of Paris mentioned in the article? a. The Louvre Museum b. Free access to museums c. More outdoor attractions d. Better wines and perfumes A. ac B. cd C. acd D. bcd 26. Which of the cities should you choose if you are interested in scifi restaurants? A. London. B. Paris. C. Glasgow. D. Bratislava. 27. Lonely Planet recommends these two pairs of cities because ________. A. they are not expensive to visit B. they are best known to the world C. they are always enemies between each other D. they are close but different in many aspects C It may surprise bookworms, but apparently masterpieces such as Jane Eyre are lacking in something — sound effects. An electronic-book firm is adding background noises and music to the works of Charlotte Bronte, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and William Shakespeare in the hope of attracting younger readers. In one example, a description of rain lashing against a window in a Sherlock Holmes story will be ―enhanced‖ with matching noises. The first multimedia e-books — with sounds to accompany novels — will be available this Friday in the UK. The Booktrack releases are available to iPad users, with other tablet computer versions to follow. The concept is already in use in the U.S., where the classics come with added sound effects. Readers for example can hear the china cups chinking in Mr. Darcy’s garden as they read Pride And Prejudice. A story by Booker Prize winner Salman Rushdie will be released later in the year with a specially crafted orchestral score. Rushdie’s story In The South will be released with a soundtrack provided by the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra. The Power Of Six by Pittacus Lore, a novel for young adults, is one of the first to be tested with a soundtrack which builds in suspense in keeping with the plot. It works by timing the speed of each reader and the software measures the ―turning‖ of a page and moves the music or sounds along accordingly. It has been created by Booktrack which synchronizes (使同步) music to each novel. It is funded by Peter Thiel, a co-founder of PayPal. Mr. Thiel said, ―It’s always exciting to witness the creation of a new form of media. The technology promises to captivate readers in a different way.‖ However, they have been greeted with horror by traditionalists, who say the technology takes away the pleasure of having one’s imagination stimulated by a story. They also raise the prospect (预期) of having to ask an overly eager reader to turn their book down. David Nicholls, whose bestseller One Day was recently turned into a film starring Anne Hathaway, said, ―This sounds like the opposite of reading. It would be a distraction.‖ 28. What’s the purpose of the electronic-book firm adding sound effects to masterpieces? A. To add some creative factors to the e-books. B. To arouse interest of the readers. C. To satisfy the readers’ great need. D. To promote the technology progress. 29. Where was the idea that sounds are added to accompany novels first put forward? A. Britain. B. Australia. C. New Zealand. D. America. 30. The following should be done to make a soundtrack work, EXCEPT _________. A. measuring how long each reader spends in reading B. increasing the volume of the music or sounds C. making out the reading speed D. changing the music or sounds with pages turned 31. What’s Mr. Thiel’ attitude to the future of the new form of media? A. Doubtful. B. Indifferent. C. Hopeful. D. Pessimistic. D I heard many parents complaining that their teenage children are rebelling. I wish it were so. At your age you ought to be growing away from your parents. You should be learning to stand on your own two feet. But take a good look at the present rebellion. It seems that teenagers are taking the same way of showing that they disagree
with their parents. Instead of striking out boldly on their own, most of them are clutching ( 紧握) at one another’s hands for reassurance. They claim they want to dress as they please. But they all wear the same clothes. They set off in new directions in music. But somehow they all end up huddled ( 聚在一起) round listening to the same record. Their reason for thinking or acting in thus-and-such a way is that the crowd is doing it. They have come out of their cocoon (蚕茧) into a larger cocoon. It has become harder and harder for a teenager to stand up against the popularity wave and to go his or her own way. Industry has firmly carved out a teenage market. These days every teenager can learn from the advertisements what a teenager should have and be. And many of today’s parents have come to award high marks for the popularity of their children. All this adds up to a great barrier for the teenager who wants to find his or her own path. But the barrier is worth climbing over. The path is worth following. You may want to listen to classical music instead of going to a party. You may want to collect rocks when everyone else is collecting records. You may have some thoughts that you don’t care to share at once with your classmates. Well, go to it. Find yourself. Be yourself. Popularity will come – with the people who respect you for who you are. That is the only kind of popularity that really counts. 32. In this passage, the author wants to tell _______. A. teenagers to try to pursue their real selves B. readers to try to be popular with people around C. parents to try to control and guide their children D. people to try to understand and respect each other 33. The author disapproves of rebelling teenagers _______. A. growing away from their parents B. following the popularity trend C. walking a new way on their own D. turning to their friends for help 34. The phrase ―larger cocoon‖ at the end of the second paragraph refers to _______. A. the distractive and variable society B. the dazzling music world C. the parental care and love D. the popularity wave in the society 35. What does the author think of advertisements? A. Convincing. B. Instructive. C. Influential. D. Authoritative. 第二节 ( 共 5 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 15 分) 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 When we’re young children, many of us seem to have little trouble making new friends. 36 . As adults, we tend to become more guarded with new people and have less time to devote to friendships. Consequently, most of us find it much harder to make new friends. If you’ve never experienced a close friendship, even as a child, you may find it even harder. But we all need and want good friends, even those of us who may sometimes pretend otherwise. The need for friends is instinctual (本能的). Our survival used to depend on having friends to hunt and find food with, to help us build shelter and keep our families safe. 37 They add meaning to life. They help you enjoy the good times and overcome the difficult ones. While strong relationships with friends can be a huge source of fun and pleasure, they are also important for your physical and emotional health. Good friends can： ● 38 Even if it’s just having someone to share your problems with, friends can help you cope with serious illness, the loss of a job or loved one, the breakup of a relationship, or any other challenge in life. ● Help you to reach your goals. Whether you’re trying to get fit, give up smoking, or otherwise improve your life, encouragement from a friend can really boost your willpower. 39 ● Improve your mood. Happiness can be infectious. 40 ● Reduce stress and depression. Having an active social life can benefit your immune system and help reduce isolation, a major factor for depression. A. Friendships take time to form and even more time to deepen. B. Provide support when you're going through tough times. C. But as we age, friendships grow and develop differently. D. Spending time with positive friends can be happy. E. Yet they are less important nowadays. F. It also increases your chances of success.
G. Today，good friends are just as important. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 55 分） 第一节 完形填空 ( 共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项 (A、B、C 和 D) 中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 My grandmother was always encouraging me to set goals and work hard to achieve them. She would tell me not to be a follower and not to set 41 on what I could achieve. She 42 believed that there were no limits that you could 43 whatever you wanted. I would never forget the following story that she once told me： A farmer won first 44 at the country fair for his huge radish (小萝卜) that was the exact shape and 45 of a milk bottle. Many were 46 as to how the farmer was able to grow this radish that was the exact shape of a milk bottle. 47 one gentleman went up to the farmer and asked the question. The farmer replied, ― It was 48 .I got the seed growing and then I put it into the milk bottle. It had 49 else to go.‖ You can use this story as an analogy (比喻) to life－our lives are 50 by the kind of surroundings we place ourselves in, the people that we allow to 51 us, and the goals we give ourselves. If we only 52 and take no action, then we get no further. But if we 53 , set a goal and take action, then our life takes a 54 shape. Goals and actions can help us accomplish more in a year than what some people will accomplish in a lifetime. To prove this 55 , read the biographies of 56 people and you will see that goals and actions 57 played a big role in their success. Remember the 58 of Mary Kay Ash, who said, ―Don’t limit yourself. Many people limit themselves to what they think they can do. You can go 59 your mind lets you. Whatever you believe, remember, you can achieve.‖ In summary, don’t put yourself in a bottle; in other words, move out of what is 60 and secure if you want to move forward. 41. A. expectations B. rules C. limits D. lines 42. A. truly B. naturally C. tightly D. partly 43. A. win B. grasp C. realize D. achieve 44. A. remark B. prize C. position D. award 45. A. size B. length C. weight D. height 46. A. doubtful B. worried C. anxious D. curious 47. A. Immediately B. Gradually C. Finally D. Actually 48. A. strange B. easy C. funny D. secret 49. A. nowhere B. everywhere C. somewhere D. anywhere 50. A. shaped B. formed C. controlled D. improved 51. A. understand B. help C. influence D. contact 52. A. dream B. refuse C. doubt D. change 53. A. struggle B. insist C. continue D. plan 54. A. beautiful B. different C. solid D. clear 55. A. theory B. lesson C. point D. evidence 56. A. successful B. brave C. friendly D. careful 57. A. as usual B. above all C. at all D. in fact 58. A. example B. wisdom C. statement D. speech 59. A. as if B. in case C. as far as D. as long as 60. A. comfortable B. valuable C. ordinary D. boring 第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 55 分） 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内 单词的正确形式。 To whom it may concern: I’ve learned that an art exhibition is 61 (hold) and that you’re collecting suggestions on its location. I’ m writing this letter to share with you 62 （I）opinions. In my opinion, it is 63 (advisable) to hold the art exhibition in Shanghai Museum than in community libraries. My reasons are as 64 (follow).
On one hand, it is more convenient for people to get to Shanghai Museum which 65 (locate) in the center of the city. And the museum is much more spacious than community libraries, 66 provides visitors 67 a more comfortable environment for appreciating art. On the other hand, as a well-known museum, Shanghai Museum is more 68 (profession) and experienced in holding art exhibitions. Its professional security guards and advanced facilities can better protect those famous paintings from 69 (damage) or stolen. Therefore, I suggest the exhibition 70 (hold) in the museum. Wang Min 第四部分 写作 ( 共两节，满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错 ( 共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错 误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I am writing to ask for whether you are able to do me a favor. I want to have a pen pal, hopefully a girl in the early twenties, and with interests similarly to mine. In my mind, he is someone interesting in traveling, swimming, and playing table tennis. Beside, it will be better for her to have a pet dog as I have been keeping one at home for some time. With such pen pal, I hope I can share with her my experiences in traveling, taking care of pets, or whichever we have in common. I believed I will improve my English by doing so and learning more about her country. I am looking forward to hearing from you soon. 第二节 书面表达 ( 满分 25 分) 假如你是李华，一名刚刚进入高三的学生。2014 年高考在即，面对压力，想和父母说说心里话，请你 用英文在你的博客上以书信的形式表达出来。内容要点如下： 对父母的感谢 感谢他们倾注关爱，关心鼓励 知心话 1. 和他们多交流，使自己保持良好状态 对父母的希望 2. 创造条件，给自己提供实时帮助 学习打算 考生自拟（至少写两点） 注意： 1. 短文须包括以上所有内容要点。 2. 词数 100 左右；开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 Dear Mom and Dad, The annual college entrance examination is around the corner. On this special occasion, how I wish I could have a heart-to-heart talk with you.
Yours ever Li Hua
【学能培优】甘肃省部分普通中学 2016 高考英语新课标学能培优特训试题（三 十）
参考答案 II. 阅读理解： (A ) 21-23 DAB ( B) 24-27 CADD ( C) 28-31 BDBC (D) 32-35 ABDC 7 选 5 36-40 CGBFD III. 完形填空：41-60 CADBA DCBAA CADBC ADBCA 非选择题部分： 语法新题型填空： 61. to be held 62. my 63. more advisable 64. follows 65. is located 66. which 67.with 68. professional 69. being damaged 70. be held / should be held 短文改错 1. 去掉 for 2. the –her 3. similarly—similar 4. he—she 5. interesting—interested 6. Beside—Besides 7. such 后加 a
8. Whichever—whatever 9. believed—believe 10. learning--learn 书面表达 Dear Mom and Dad, The annual college entrance examination is around the corner. On this special occasion, how I wish I could have a heart-to-heart talk with you. To begin with, I am grateful to all the love, care and encouragement you have given me all these years. Meanwhile, it is my sincere hope that you can spare more time to communicate with me. In this way, I can always be in a good state in the coming year. Besides, I also hope that you can create necessary conditions, thus providing me with timely help. For my part, I am determined to concentrate more time and energy on my study and, if any problem arises, turn to my teachers immediately. What’s more, i will pay special attention to maths where I used to score low. After all, a balanced development is essential in the college entrance examination. Yours ever Li Hua