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牛津高中英语模块5 Unit3 Word power


Read the following words and answer the questions with them. able novel agree regular appear respect lead

1. You can’t find your pen. What happened to your pen? (It disappeared.)



2. You want to get the book on the top

shelf, but you are not tall enough. Do you think you will be able to reach the book? (I am unable to do so.) 3. The two groups don’t agree with each other. They argued fiercely. So what is the problem between them called?
(Disagreement.)

4. Many people respect Mr. Li and think he is a good man. He helps people out and is a good citizen and friend. So can you find a word to describe Mr. Li? (respectable) 5. Mr. Wang has published several books. He loves his job writing novels. So what is Mr. Wang’s occupation? (He is a novelist.)

6. You can’t find the order of the numbers in a group of members. So can you find a word to describe the order of the numbers? (It is irregular.) 7. Some ads say that if you take their pills, you’ll be healthy, look younger, become smarter and sleep better. What can you say about these ads? (They are misleading.)

independence depend in ence prefix(前缀) root (词根) suffix(后缀) Prefix: a group of letters that is added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning. Suffix: a letter or a group of letters added to the end of a word to make a different word.

Work in pairs and try to guess what a word means by looking at its prefix.
Prefix Example Meaning against, opposed to not , opposite of

antidisinilimir-

anti-smoking
disappear incorrect illegal immoral irresponsible

not, without

Prefix
prereun-

Example
preview recreate uncertain

Meaning early, before again
not opposite of

Try to guess what a word means by looking at its suffix.
Suffix -able -ful -ist Examples comfortable cheerful scientist Meaning

worthy of, able to be
full of, characterized by someone who does something

Suffix Examples -less hopeless -ment agreement -ness dryness

Meaning without indicate a state or condition

indicate a quality, state or character

Let’s fill in the blanks with what we learned just now. irresponsible uncertain illegal harmful disrespect

I am strongly against cloning humans. I irresponsible think it is (1)___________ for us to do that. People who want to clone human begins

disrespect show their (2)__________ for nature.

They are hardly aware of the harmful (3)________ effects of cloning humans. uncertain It is (4)_________ what a cloned human being would be like. It could turn out to be a monster! In my opinion, tight laws

should be put in place to make cloning
human being (5)_______. illegal

Discussion
Work in groups of four and try to give

more prefixes and suffixes and list
several words as examples.

Prefix
de-

Example
decompose, declassify
maltreatment, malnutrition non-smoker, nonalcoholic, non-profit international, interaction, interrupt telescope, telegram, telecommunication

Meaning
apart, from badly, ill not
between far off

malnonintertele-

Prefix

Example

Meaning

trans- transport, translate, transnational misunderstand, mismislead, misdeed sub- subtitle, subway, submarine over- overeat, overwork, overact

across
wrong under too much

Some other commonly used suffixes
-al -ion

cultural, national, original
invitation, competition, protection hardship, scholarship, relationship freedom, kingdom,

of or concerning action or condition of… state of being, skill condition or state of… of the nature of…

-ship -dom
-ish

childish, selfish

-proof waterproof, fireproof, protect against soundproof -en widen, sharpen, shorten

make or become

-ward eastward, homeward, in the backward direction of -like womanlike, childlike similar to

Organs of the body

Name more parts of your body.
trachea throat stomach

lung
heart liver gallbladder

large intestine

Fill in the blanks with the names of body parts . Think of the body like a school. At the top of the school is the headmaster, known as the _____. This is the organ that controls brain the rest of the organs, just like the headmaster controls the school. After this comes the _____. heart

It is like a teacher. This organ pumps the blood around the body so it can run well. This is similar to the knowledge a teacher gives to students. Next is the _____, which liver is the only one that can regrow itself. It helps to clean the blood. This is like the knowledge students get from teachers. Students always grow with newly found knowledge.

lungs The _____are the organs that use the oxygen we breathe. Think of the oxygen as the life we lead at school. The _______ is stomach very useful as it stores the food we eat until we can digest it properly. This is similar to the learning process. We store the information for later revision, so this organ is like a notebook. The _______are kidneys the organs that remove waste products

from the blood and produce urine.
They are like the cleaners, repairmen and security guards who look after our school. Now you can see how similar our school life is to our body and we can look after then both.

Homework
Revise what we learned in this class and prepare for the checking.


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