当前位置:首页 >> 高中教育 >>

【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 助动词类 第2节 动词的时态和语态 Word版含解析]


1.It was a pity that when we got to the cinema, the movie ______, so we saw only the end of it. A. was finishing B. has just finished C. just finished D. had just finished 【解析】A 句意:很遗憾,当我们到达电

影院时,电影快要结束了,所以我们只看到 结尾部分。根据 so we saw only the end of it 可知电影快要结束了。短暂性动词 finish 常用进 行时表示将来时。 2.—Bob entered for the final English competition. —No wonder. He ______ learning English. A. enjoyed B. enjoys C. has enjoyed D. was enjoying 【解析】B 句意:——鲍勃进入英语竞赛的决赛了。——并不奇怪,他喜欢学英语。 考查一般现在时,表示经常的行为。 3.—Listen!It's raining. —Oh, really? I ______ it at all. A. didn't realize B. don't realize C. haven't realized D. hadn't realized 【解析】A 句意:——听!现在下雨呢。——噢,真的吗?我一点都不知道。根据句 意可知设空格处表示过去的事情,故排除 B、C 两项;D 项表示过去的过去,不合句意,故 被排除。 4.The meeting began two hours ago and because no decision ______, we will continue our discussion tomorrow. A. has made B. had made C. has been made D. had been made 【解析】C 句意:会议是两个小时之前开始的,由于没有做出任何决定,我们明天将 继续讨论。根据句意可知本题考查被动语态,因此排除 A 项和 B 项。D 项 had been made 表 示过去的过去,与语境不符。has been made 现在完成时表示“到目前为止”,符合语境要 求。 5.Can't you see east of the two buildings ______ an old tall tower? A. stand B. is standing C. stands D. are standing 【解析】C 句意:难道你没看见在两栋楼的东面耸立着一座高大的古塔吗?see 后为 宾语从句,该宾语从句采用了倒装形式,且主语是第三人称单数 tower,故排除 A、D 两项; 现在进行时表示“暂时性”,故被排除,故答案为 C 项。 6.—Did you happen to hear the recent news? —Yes, Alice ______ the gold medal in the speech contest, which I find hard to believe. A. wins B. won C. had won D. will win 【解析】B 句意:——你听说最近的新闻了吗?——是的,Alice 在演讲比赛中获得 了金牌,这真让我难以相信。根据句意可知 Alice 获得金牌发生在过去,故排除 A 项和 D 项, 过去完成时表示过去的过去, 而语境中并没有强调获得金牌发生在某个过去发生的动作 之前,故选 B。 7.My train arrives in Chicago at eight o'clock tonight. The plane I would like to take from there ______ by then.

A. would leave B. will have left C. has left D. had left 【解析】B 句意:我的火车今晚 8 点到芝加哥。到那时,我想从那里搭乘的那架飞机 将会已经离开了。by 到……为止;而 eight o'clock tonight 是将来的时刻,所以 by then(=by eight o'clock tonight)与将来完成时连用。 8.—Why do you look so depressed? —I'm in pretty bad shape and I ______ things. A. have forgotten B. am forgetting C. had been forgetting D. was forgetting 【解析】 B 句意: ——为什么你看起来这么沮丧呢?——我的体型不好而且经常忘事。 现在进行时,表示现阶段反复发生的事情。 9.David ______ the test for further study in the USA. Let's have a party to congratulate him. A. passes B. has passed C. has been passing D. had passed 【解析】B 句意:大卫已经通过了能去美国深造的测试。咱们开个派对祝贺一下他。 David 通过测试,因此我们才开派对。据此判断,pass 的动作对现在产生了影响,所以用现 在完成时。 10.—You've got your flat furnished, haven't you? —Yes , I ______ some used furniture and it was a real bargain. A. will buy B. have bought C. had bought D. bought 【解析】D 句意:——你的公寓里摆上家具了,是吗?——是的,我买了一些旧家具, 那真便宜。根据 and 后面的 was 可知设空处需用过去时,故排除 A、B 两项;设空处不表示 “过去的过去”,故排除 C 项。 11.—Jack, do you know anything about Doctor Brown? —I ______ to him for years. I don't see how anyone else could do better. A. went B. will go C. had gone D. have been going 【解析】D 句意:——Jack,你了解布朗医生吗?——我在他那里看病很多年了,我 不知道还会有人比他做得更好。 根据句意可知说话人一直在布朗医生那里看病, 现在完成进 行时表示动作从过去开始发生, 一直持续到现在还未停止, 此处也可指从过去到现在一直如 此,故选择 D 项。 12.My arrival was timed perfectly; it was the second weekend of November, when the world largest wine auction ______. A. held B. was being held C. was held D. was to hold 【解析】B 句意:我的行程时间非常好;正是 11 月的第二个周末,那时正在举行世 界上最大的葡萄酒拍卖会。根据句意可知 B 项正确。 13.My father ______ a bus to his office until the workers have had his car fixed next week. A. has taken B. is taking C. took D. takes 【解析】B 句意:我的爸爸(这段时间)会一直坐公共汽车上班直到下周工人把他的车 修好。根据从句中的关键词 have 和 next week 可以将 C 项排除。A 项表示“到目前为止”, 与句意不符。D 项表示通常情况下的习惯、惯例,与句意不符。B 项表示暂时性,根据句意 可知(到下周的)这几天内(暂时)做公共汽车。

14.—Can I pick you up at 5 o'clock? —Oh, no. You can come a little later. I ______ cooking then. A. will do B. am doing C. would do D. will be doing 【解析】D 句意:——我可以 5 点钟去接你吗?——哦,不。你可以晚点来。那个时 候我正在做饭呢。根据问句中的“5 点”和答句中的“那时”,表示在 5 点钟时我将会正在 做饭,是将来进行时态,所以选 D。 15.—I'll be able to come to see your performance at 8:30 tomorrow evening. —I'm sorry, by then my performance ______ and I ______ reporters in the meeting room. A. will be ended;will meet B. is to end;will meet C. will have ended;will be meeting D. will end;am going to meet 【解析】C 句意:——明天晚上 8:30 我能来看你的演出。——不好意思,到那时我 的演出就会已经结束了, 而我将正在会议室里会见记者。 含有“by+将来时间”的动词应使 用将来完成时态;“将会会见记者”是将来正在做的事,使用将来进行时态,故选择 C 项。 16.—How was the journey? —Tiring! All the seats in the train ______. I stood all the way. A. were occupied B. would be occupied C. would occupy D. had occupied 【解析】A 句意:——你的旅行怎么样啊?——疲惫!火车上所有的座位都被占了。 我站了一路。根据 How was the journey?可知旅行应该是过去的事情,所以座位被占也是发 生在过去,因此用一般过去时;另外“座位被占”应用被动语态。 17.—What are your rules for carryon luggage, Madam? —You ______ only one piece of luggage on the plane, Sir. A. allow B. allowed C. are allowed D. were allowed 【解析】C 句意:——女士,请问你们对随身携带的行李有什么规定吗?——先生, 你只可以(被允许)携带一件行李上飞机。根据语境中的 rules 可知用一般现在时来表述规定、 常规的事情,根据句意可知本题为被动语态,故选择 C。 18.—Do you know anything new about the incident? —A working party ______ to look into the problem. A. was set up B. has been set up C. has been setting up D. is setting up 【解析】B 句意:——对于这起事故你有新的消息吗?——已成立一个工作组来调查 此事了。首先工作组是被成立,故排除 C、D 两项;另外,工作组成立后对现在造成影响, 即工作组在调查此事,应用现在完成时,而不是一般过去时,故选 B。 19.An emergency meeting will be held tomorrow, at which the bill ______ to pass. A. is expected B. will be expected C. expects D. will expect 【解析】A 句意:明天将召开紧急会议,这项议案有望在会上通过。expect 期望,预 料,一般使用结构为 expect sth. to happen/sth. be expected to happen, 根据题意 bill 与 expect 之间是被动关系,expect 的动作是指现在预料明天会上会发生的事,故选 A 项。 20.Although the Eiffel Tower ______ to last for 20 years, it is still standing today. A. has designed B. had designed C. is designed D. was designed 【解析】D 句意:虽然埃菲尔铁塔被设计成使用寿命为 20 年,但是今天它依然矗立

着。 与 today 相对, design 是过去的动作, 所以用一般过去时; 同时, design 与 the Eiffel Tower 之间为被动关系,所以 D 项正确。 21.—Children today find it hard to focus on study. —Exactly, as they ______ so many fun things to do. A. found B. have found C. had found D. will find 【解析】B 句意:——今天的孩子发现集中精力学习很困难。——的确如此,因此他 们发现有很多好玩的事情要做。根据 today 可知谈论的是现在的情况,四个选项中只有 B 项 为现在时。A:叙述过去的情况;C:叙述过去的动作或时间之前就完成的动作;D:表将 来。 22.—John seems happy, ever though his wife left him and he lost his job. —I think he ______ to put on a brave face. A. will try B. has tried C. had tried D. is trying 【解析】 D 句意: ——约翰看上去很快乐, 即使他的妻子离开了他, 并且失业了。 —— 我想他在装出一副勇敢面孔。 根据第一句可知约翰现在看起来很快乐是装出来的, 所以用现 在进行时态。 23.—Why didn't you attend the ceremony yesterday? —Because my cousin came to see me, which I ______. A. didn't expect B. haven't expected C. wasn't expecting D. hadn't expected 【解析】D 句意:——昨天你为什么没参加典礼?——因为我表兄来看我了,这是我 没有想到的。答语中的 came 是过去的动作,而 expect 很显然发生在 came 之前,所以用过 去完成时。 24.—Have you received your new shoes? —Yes. And at the same time I got the jacket I ______. A. had ordered B. ordered C. have ordered D. order 【解析】A 句意:——你收到你的新鞋了吗?——收到了。同时我还收到了我订的夹 克。本题考查动词的时态。根据句意可知 got the jacket 发生在过去,而“订购”这一动作则 发生在 got the ticket 之前,因此用过去完成时。 25.—I'm sorry! I would have taken him to hospital if I had known he was seriously ill. —But ______. A. you didn't B. you hadn't C. he wasn't D. you aren't 【解析】A 句意:——我很抱歉!如果我知道他病得这么厉害,我就会带他去医院啦。 ——可是你没那么做。根据 would have taken 可知,此处为与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,所 以 but 句用一般过去时,you didn't=you didn't know he was seriously ill。 26.Hello, you ______ 7856321. But I'm sorry, right now I'm unable to answer your questions. A. reached B. were reaching C. have reached D. had reached 【解析】C 句意:您好!你已拨通了 7856321,但是,很抱歉,此刻我不能回答您的 问题。根据 I'm sorry 可知,谈论的是现在的情况;根据语境可知“已经拨通”,所以用现 在完成时。 27.My brother is tall with curly hair, wearing a pair of glasses. You ______ him very

easily. A. recognized B. have recognized C. will recognize D. had recognized 【解析】C 句意:我哥哥头发卷曲、戴着眼镜,个子很高。你将很容易就认出他。根 据语境可知 recognize 是将来的动作,故答案为 C 项。A:动作成为过去;B:动作已经完成; D:在过去的某个时间或动作之前就已完成的动作。 28.Over the past 16 years, the population of the Amish ______ to 230,000, with roughly 5 children per family. A. had nearly doubled B. has nearly doubled C. nearly doubled D. has nearly been doubling 【解析】B 句意:Amish 的人口在过去 16 年来,几乎翻倍至 23 万,大约每个家庭有 5 个子女。此句有时间状语 Over the past 16 years,故用现在完成时,排除 A 和 C。此句表 示的是翻倍的结果,而非一直在翻倍,故选择 B 项。


相关文章:
【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 助动词类 第2节 动词的时态和语态 Word版含解析]
【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 助动词类 第2节 动词的时态和语态 Word版含解析]_高中教育_教育专区。【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 ...
【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 助动词类 第2节 动词的时态和语态 Word版含解析
【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 助动词类 第2节 动词的时态和语态 Word版含解析_高中教育_教育专区。【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 ...
【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习对点训练 助动词类 第2节 动词的时态和语态 Word版含解析]
【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习对点训练 助动词类 第2节 动词的时态和语态 Word版含解析]_高中教育_教育专区。【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习对点训练...
【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习对点训练 助动词类 第2节 动词的时态和语态 Word版含解析
第二节 动词的时态和语态 考点一:动词的时态 1.—What makes you a history...英语中的某些动词如 taste,smell,sell,wear,cut 等,可用其一般时 态的主动...
【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 助动词类 第2节 动词的时态和语态 Word版含解析
【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 助动词类 第2节 动词的时态和语态 Word版含解析 隐藏>> 1.It was a pity that when we got to the cinema, ...
【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 语法篇 第2节 代词 Word版含解析]
【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 语法篇 第2节 代词 Word版含解析]_高中教育_教育专区。【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 语法篇 第2节...
2014届高考英语二轮专题复习强化训练:动词的时态和语态
2014 届高考英语二轮专题复习强化训练:动词的时态和语态题型 1 1.(2013· 全国Ⅰ, 24)If we ___ now to protect the environment, we'll live to regret i...
【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 语法篇 第5节 名词与主谓一致 Word版含解析]
【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 语法篇...作修饰语,对谓语 动词的形式无影响,故谓语动词用...它与 serve 之间是主谓关系,要使用主动语态,故空格...
【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 助动词类 第1节 情态动词和虚拟语气 Word版含解析]
【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 助动词类 第1节 情态动词和虚拟语气 Word版含解析]_高中教育_教育专区。【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练...
更多相关标签: