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牛津高中英语模块5 Unit3 Unit 3重点词汇句型及语法总结练习


Unit 3 重点词汇句型及语法总结练习
I. 单元重点单词 请同学们尝试完成以下针对 Module 5 Unit 3 的重点单词的总结。 动词:clone 克隆 praise 表扬,赞扬,表彰 adopt 收养,领养

1. ______ 生产(婴儿) ;接生 succeed 成功 benefit 有利于,使??受益

2. _

_____ 评论,点评,发表观点,发表意见 figure 认为,考虑;计算 3. ______ 举止,行为表现 involve 涉及

4. ______ 总结,下结论;结束 5. ______ 敦促,催促,力劝 6. ______ 征求,寻求;探索,探寻 perform 实施,执行;表演,演出 7. ______ 建造,构建 limit 限制 argue 争辩

名词:announcement 宣告,通告,通知 mankind 人类 1. ______ 突破 2. ______ 意图,目的;企图 anxiety 忧虑,焦虑,不安;渴望 consequence 结果,后果 race 种族 advance 进步;前进 field 领域 beast 兽类,畜生

3. ______ 概念;观念 profession 职业

judgement 判断

alternative 可供选择的办法或事物 4. ______ 服务机构;代理 cost 成本,代价 laboratory 实验室 manager 经理 queen 皇后

5. ______ 大多数,多数 6. ______ 行为,做法 7. ______ 营养

8. ______ 革命 victim 受害者,受难者;牺牲品 carelessness 粗心,疏忽 planet 星球,行星 9. ______ 灾难,灾祸 10. ______ 十年 rate 速度;比率 dam 水坝,堤坝 pest 害虫

agriculture 农业

形容词:normal 正常的,常规的;标准的 1. ______ 不顾一切的,拼命的 immoral 不道德的 *negative 消极的,负面的 2. ______ 严格的,严厉的 3. ______ 谨慎的,小心的 4. ______ 抵抗的,有抵抗力的 developed 发达的 5. ______ 能产的,多产的 acceptable 可接受的 副词: 1. ______ 完全地,彻底地 definitely 肯定地,绝对地 surely 当然,肯定 correct 正确的

seriously 严重地;认真地,严肃地 2. ______ 不断地,无休止地 【Exercises】 A. Use the verbs listed above to complete the following sentences. Change the form where necessary. 1. If you want to succeed in your studies, you will be advised to ______ a more effective approach. 2. With the help of the police, he finally ______ in getting in touch with his parents travelling in London. 3. The host is ______ on the latest news about the relationship between the two

countries. 4. If you keep jogging every day, it will be of great ______ to your health. 5. She always ______ her son before others for his hard work and great achievements in his studies. 6. The judge ______ from the evidence that the accused man was not guilty. 7. The earth’s resources are ______, and people should learn how to use and protect them. B. Use the nouns listed above to complete the following sentences. Change the form where necessary. 1. The airport ______ to the passengers that all flights were cancelled because of bad weather. 2. Many animals in the forest have died as a ______ of the polluted water. 3. We were impressed by his ______ to gain knowledge and decided to do what we could to help him. 4. I can’t decide for you. You’ll have to use your own ______ whether you will study abroad or work in the company. 5. The new drug may help save the lives of cancer ______. 6. The naughty boy didn’t pass the examination because of his ______. C. Use the adjectives and adverbs listed above to complete the following sentences. Change the form where necessary. 1. The ______ temperature of the human body is about 37 degrees centigrade. 2. The situation is becoming ______; we are rapidly running out of money. 3. It is ______ the best film I have seen since I graduated from Nanjing University. 4. The ______ and developing countries should work together to make the world more beautiful. 5. It is ______ of you to make fun of the disabled rather than help them. II. 单元重点短语 请同学们尝试完成以下针对 Module 5 Unit 3 的重点短语的总结。 ★ 介词、名词短语

on the one hand 一方面 on the other hand 另一方面 1. ______ 一般来说,总体而言 2. ______ 供出售,待销售 on a personal note 就个人而言 as a whole 整体看来;作为一个整体 next door 隔壁的,相邻的 the other day 几天前;那天 3. ______ 对某人而言 public relations 公共关系 in advance 提前 in reply to 答复 4. ______ 观点 with the intention of 带着??的目的,为了 up to (数目)多达;直到 on one’s way to doing sth. 正在做某事的过程中 beyond one’s imagination 超出某人的想象 after all 毕竟 【Exercises】 Fill in the blanks with the phrases listed above. Change the form where necessary. 1. You are ______ a child, and you should be responsible for your behaviour. 2. If you travel to a new place, you’d better book a room ______. 3. I came across my old friend ______, whom I haven’t seen since we graduated from college. 4. When asked which city they’d like to visit, most of the teachers are ______ taking a trip to Nanjing. 5. He goes hiking every Sunday ______ improving his health and relaxing himself. ★ 短语动词和动词短语 point out 指出 in favour of 赞同,支持

no longer 不再

1. ______ 义无反顾地进行,努力推进 comment on 对??评论 show respect for 对??表示尊敬 end up 以??告终 use up 用完,耗尽 2. ______ 准备就绪,布置妥当 3. ______ 想出,理解,明白;计算出,演算出 make sense 有意义,讲得通 cut down 砍倒;削减 give up 放弃 interfere with 干扰

urge sb. to do sth. 力劝某人做某事 follow in one’s footsteps 学??的样子 4. ______ 满足??的需要 focus on 以??为焦点,集中于 turn out 结果是,结果证明 【Exercises】 Fill in the blanks with the phrases listed above. Change the form where necessary. 1. He finally ______ after a fruitless morning standing downstairs for his mother’s forgiveness. 2. It’s very kind of you to ______ my mistakes in my project, otherwise I will waste a lot of money and time. 3. With food and drink ______, I had to go to the supermarket to buy some. 4. Though being friends for many years, they ______ as enemies in the end. 5. The weather report said it was going to rain this morning, but it ______ to be sunny. ★ 系表短语 be desperate to do sth. / for sth. 渴望做某事 1. ______ 对??负责 2. ______ 关心,担心 be delighted to do sth. 高兴做某事 be worthy of 值得

3. ______ 对??有害 4. ______ 与??相关 【Exercises】 Fill in the blanks with the phrases listed above. Change the form where necessary. 1. He ______ see his parents and tell them that he had got the highest mark in his class. 2. We ______ hear that the workers trapped in the mine had been all rescued. 3. For his great work and kindness, Mr. Green is a teacher who ______ respect.

III. 单元重点句型 1. The first mammal to be cloned successfully from an adult cell was Dolly the sheep. (P42) 第一个成功由成年动物细胞克隆出来的哺乳动物是一只叫多利的山羊。 [句型总结] 当名词前有序数词,last 或 only 等修饰,常用不定式作后置定语。 [模仿翻译] a. 唯一知道如何制作该器具的人现在生活在广西。 ___________________________________________ b. 考试的时候玛丽总是第一个交卷。 ___________________________________________ 2. Not all the information you gather at school is kept — the undesirable elements are removed. (P47) 你在学校里所收集的信息, 并非所有的都要保留下来——那些不需要的东西可以 被排除。 [句型总结] all / both / every 等与 not 连用时表示部分否定。 [模仿翻译] a. 大家都知道并非所有蚂蚁都出去找食物。 ___________________________________________ b. 毫无疑问,不是每个人都能当英雄。 ___________________________________________

IV. 单元重点语法 本单元的重点语法是 V-ed 形式的用法,以下为相关练习: Multiple Choice. 1. —Can those ______ at the back of the classroom hear me? —No problem. (福建 2008) A. seat B. sit C. seated D. sat

2. To learn English well, we should find opportunities to hear English ______ as much as we can.(江苏 2008) A. speak B. speaking C. spoken D. to speak (辽宁

3. Please remain ______; the winner of the prize will be announced soon. 2008) A. seating B. seated C. to seat D. to be seated

4. We finished the run in less than half the time ______. A. allowing B. to allow C. allowed D. allows

(江西 2008)

5. The trees ______ in the storm have been moved off the road. A. being blown down C. blowing down B. blown down D. to blow down

(湖南 2008)

6. Throughout history, the language ______ by a powerful group spreads across a civilization.(上海 2008 春) A. speaking B. spoken C. to speak D. to be spoken

7. Ideally ______ for Broadway theatres and Fifth Avenue, the New York Park hotel is a favourite with many guests. (上海 2008) A. locating C. having been located B. being located D. located (浙江

8. It is one of the funniest things ______ on the Internet so far this year. 2008) A. finding B. being found C. to find D. found

9. The children went home from the grammar school, their lessons ______ for the

day. (重庆 2007) A. finishing B. finished C. had finished D. were finished

10. “Things ______ never come again!” I couldn’t help talking to myself. (湖南 2007) A. lost B. losing C. to lose D. have lost

参考答案: I. 单元重点单词 动词:1. deliver 3. behave 5. urge 2. comment 4. conclude 6. seek 2. intention 4. agency 6. practice 8. revolution 10. decade 2. strict 4. resistant 2. endlessly 5. productive 7. construct

名词:1. breakthrough 3. concept 5. majority 7. nutrition 9. disaster 形容词: 1. desperate 3. cautious 副词: 1. totally 【Exercises】 A. 1. adopt 3. commenting 5. praises 7. limited B. 1. announced 3. anxiety 5. victims C. 1. normal 3. definitely / surely 5. immoral

2. succeeded 4. benefit 6. concluded

2. consequence 4. judgement 6. carelessness 2. serious 4. developed

II. 单元重点短语 介词、名词短语: 1. in general 3. on one’s part 【Exercises】 1. no longer 3. the other day 2. in advance 4. in favour of 2. for sale 4. point of view

5. with the intention of 短语动词和动词短语: 1. push ahead with 3. figure out 【Exercises】 1. gave up 3. used up 5. turned out 系表短语: 1. be responsible for 2. be concerned about / with / for / over 3. be harmful to 4. be related to 【Exercises】 1. was desperate to 2. were delighted to 3. is worthy of III. 1. a. The only man to know how to make the tool is living in Guangxi. b. Mary is always the first student to turn in her papers during the examination. 2. a. It is known to all that not all the ants go out for food. b. There is no doubt that not everyone can be a hero. IV. 1-5 CCBCB 6-10 BDDBA 2. point out 4. ended up 2. put ... in place 4. meet the needs of


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