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2012高考英语全国各地完形填空试题及答案解析


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2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(山东卷)
第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳 选项,并在答题卡将该项涂黑。 Whenever we hear about “the homeless,”, most of us think of the Developing world. But the 36 is that homelessness is everywhere. For example, how many of us would expect to see people living on the streets of a 37 country like Germany? Kurt Muller and his wife Rita have spent eleven years making 38 for the homeless of Berlin, Germany’s capital. They first 39 one long hot summer when most Germans were 40 on holiday. Kurt and his wife stayed at home, made sandwiches, 41 a table in the street and gave food to the homeless. The Mullers soon realized that food and clothing weren’t 42 . “What these people also need is warmth and 43 ,” says Rita. The Mullers didn’t 44 to give their phone number to the street people and told them to phone anytime. Rita 45 there was somebody at home to answer the phone and their home was always 46 to anyone who couldn’t face another night on the street. The couple were soon 47 all their time and money, so Kurt visited food and clothing companies to 48 donations. Today, over thirty companies 49 donate food and other goods to the cause and volunteers help to 50 them to the homeless. The public also give clothes and money and a shoe producer 51 new shoes. Kurt and Rita receive no 52 for their hard work. “ We feel like parents,” says Rita, “and parents shouldn’t 53 money for helping their children. The love we get on the streets is our salary.” Though Rita admits she often gets 54 . She says she will continue with her work because she likes the feeling of having made a 55 in the world. 36. A. result B. truth C. reason D. idea 37. A. traditional B. developing C. typical D. wealthy 38. A. preparations B. houses C. meals D. suggestions 39. A. began B. met C. called D. left 40. A. asleep B. alone C. across D. away 41. A. brought up B. set up C. put aside D. gave away 42. A. enough B. necessary C. helpful D. expensive 43. A. fame B. freedom C. courage D. caring 44. A. hesitate B. agree C. pretend D. intend 45. A. make sense B. found out C. make sure D. worked out 46. A. open B. crowded C. noisy D. near 47. A. costing B. wasting C. taking D. spending 48. A. pay for B. ask for C. look into D. carry out 49. A. completely B. calmly C. regularly D. roughly 50. A. advertise B. sell C. deliver D. lend 51. A. donates B. produces C. designs D. collects 52. A. permission B. payment C. direction D. support 53. A. borrow B. raise C. save D. expect 54. A. surprised B. excited C. tired D. amused

55. A. profit

B. difference

C. decision

D. rule

完形填空 【语篇解读】这是一篇记叙文,叙述的是一对德国夫妇为了帮助无家可归的人所付出的努力,并 借主人公之口表达了作者的感受:给予爱,也收获爱,这非常有意义。 36.【答案】B 【命题透视】名词词义辨析。考查学生的词汇量与词汇运用能力。 【试题解析】 前面的 but 表转折, 句意为: 但是事实上无家可归的到处都有。 句型 the truth is that… 意为“事实上??”。 37.【答案】D 【命题透视】逻辑关系。考查学生对上下文的理解或对文化、常识的理解和运用能力。 【试题解析】根据上文,此处表达的是“一个像德国这么富有的国家” ,与前文的 for example 和 后面的 like Germany 一致。 38.【答案】C 【命题透视】逻辑关系。考查学生对上下文的理解或对文化、常识的理解和运用能力。 【试题解析】根据后文,此句句意为:他们为德国首都柏林的无家可归者做饭已经十一年了。 39. 【答案】A 【命题透视】动词词义辨析。考查学生的词汇量与词汇运用能力。 【试题解析】由上句,此处意为:他们从一个漫长而炎热的夏天开始。上句提到他们为无家可归 者提供食物有十一年了,所以此处应该表达何时开始。其他选项中,met 是“遇到” ;left 是“离 开” ;called 是“打电话;叫” ;都不符合句意。 40.【答案】D 【命题透视】逻辑关系和副词词义辨析。考查学生词汇的理解和对上下文的理解或对文化、常识 的理解和运用能力。 【试题解析】根据后面的 Kurt and his wife stayed at home,此处是用大多数德国人与 Kurt 夫妇作 一对比,句意为:他们从一个漫长而炎热的夏天开始,此时大多数德国人都外出度假了。 41.【答案】B 【命题透视】动词短语词义辨析。考查学生的词汇量与词汇运用能力。 【试题解析】句意为:Kurt 和他的妻子呆在家里做三明治,他们在街上布置好桌子,给无家可归 者提供食物。动词短语 set up 意为“安装;布置;临时搭起” ,符合句意;其他选项中,put aside 是“储存;撇开” ;bring up 意为“提出;抚养” ;gave away 是“无偿赠送;暴露”之意,都不符 合句意。 42.【答案】A 【命题透视】逻辑关系。考查学生对上下文的理解或对文化、常识的理解和运用能力。 【试题解析】由后句中的 what people also need?可知,此处应该表达的是“穆勒夫妇意识到只 有食物和衣服并不够” ,用 enough。 43.【答案】D 【命题透视】名词词义辨析。考查学生的词汇量与词汇运用能力。 【试题解析】句意为:他们也需要温暖和关怀。名词 caring 意为“关心;关怀” ,符合句意。其 他选项中,fame 是“名誉;名声” ;freedom 是“自由” ;courage 是“勇气” ,都不符合句意。 44.【答案】A 【命题透视】逻辑关系。考查学生对上下文的理解或对文化、常识的理解和运用能力。 【试题解析】由后文中的 somebody at home to answer the phone 可知,穆勒夫妇很愿意把电话号 码给那些街上的需要帮助的人, 因此此处表示 “很愿意; 毫不犹豫地” 之意, 可以用 didn’t hesitate to 表示;选项 B 和 D 的意义与后文矛盾;pretend 是“假装”之意,不符合句意。

45.【答案】C 【命题透视】逻辑关系。考查学生对上下文的理解或对文化、常识的理解和运用能力。 【试题解析】承接上句而来,前面说到穆勒夫妇把电话号码给街上的人,因此此处应是:Rita 确 定家里有人随时接电话,make sure 意为“确定” ,符合句意。make sense 意为“有道理” ;find out 是“找出;查明” ;work out 是“算出;制定” ,都不符合句意。 46.【答案】A 【命题透视】逻辑关系。考查学生对上下文的理解或对文化、常识的理解和运用能力。 【试题解析】由上句,此处意为:她家对那些不能在街上再呆一夜的人是敞开着的。Be open to 意为“对某人是敞开的;对??开放” 。 47.【答案】D 【命题透视】动词词义辨析。考查学生的词汇量与词汇运用能力。 【试题解析】句意为:穆勒夫妇马上就要花完他们的时间和金钱了。此处用动词过去进行时表示 过去将要发生的动作。选项中,waste 的词意不符合句意;cost 意为“花费” ,但主语不能是 sb; take 也可表示“花费” ,但其主语一般是 sth.或形式主语 it。 48.【答案】B 【命题透视】动词短语词义辨析。考查学生的词汇量与词汇运用能力。 【试题解析】承接上句而来。句意为:因此 Kurt 去了几家食品厂和服装厂请求捐赠。动词短语 ask for 意为“请求” ,符合句意。其他选项中,pay for 是“支付” ;look into 是“调查” carry out ; 意为“贯彻;执行” ,都不符合句意。 49. 【答案】C 【命题透视】副词词义辨析。考查学生的词汇量与词汇运用能力。 【试题解析】 句意为: 如今, 三十多家公司经常为他们的事业捐赠食品和其他物品。 副词 regularly 意为“经常性的” ;符合句意。其他选项中,completely 是“完全地;完整地” ;calmly 意为“平 静地;镇定地” ;roughly 是“粗略地;粗暴地”之意,都不符合句意。 50.【答案】C 【命题透视】动词词义辨析。考查学生的词汇量与词汇运用能力。 【试题解析】顺接上句而来。句意为:志愿者帮助向无家可归者分发这些食品物品。动词 deliver 意为“传送;递送” ,符合句意。其他选项中,advertise 是“作广告” ;lend 是“借” ;sell 是“卖” , 都不符合句意。 51.【答案】A 【命题透视】逻辑关系。考查学生对上下文的理解或对文化、常识的理解和运用能力。 【试题解析】上文提到很多公司为无家可归者捐赠,此处表达的应该是:公众也给衣服和钱,而 且一家制鞋商捐赠新鞋。动词 donate 意为“捐赠” ,符合句意;其他选项中,produce 是“生产” ; design 是“设计” ;collect 意为“收集” ,都不符合句意。 52.【答案】B 【命题透视】逻辑关系。考查学生对上下文的理解或对文化、常识的理解和运用能力。 【试题解析】由后文,此处意为“穆勒夫妇没有因为他们的工作而得到报酬” ,payment 是“报酬; 付款”之意,符合句意。其他选项中,permission 是“允许;许可” ;direction 是“方向” ;support 是“支持” ,都不符合句意。 53.【答案】D 【命题透视】动词词义辨析。考查学生的词汇量与词汇运用能力。 【试题解析】句意为:我们感觉就像父母,父母是不应该因为帮助孩子而期望得到金钱的。动词 expect 意为“期望;期待” ,符合句意;其他选项中,borrow 是“借” ;raise 是“募集” ;have 是 “拥有” ,都不符合句意。

54.【答案】C 【命题透视】逻辑关系。考查学生对上下文的理解或对文化、常识的理解和运用能力。 【试题解析】这是一个表示让步的句子,句意为:尽管 Rita 承认有时感到累,但她说她会继续这 工作,因为她喜欢这种让世界变得不同的感觉。 55.【答案】B 【命题透视】名词词义辨析。考查学生的词汇量与词汇运用能力。 【试题解析】由上一空的解析,此处应该表达的意思是“对世界有意义;让世界不同” ,应该用 短语 make a difference 表达。

2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖南卷) 英 语

Part Ⅱ
Section B (18 marks) Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A. B. C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. "What's it like to have a gap between your teeth?" a girl asked me one day. Nobody had ever _. 36 _ before. My hand unconsciously rose to cover my mouth. But, as she looked at me, sincerely waiting for__ 37__, 1 realized she was not trying to be rude. "I never think about it," I truthfully replied. She nodded and turned away. I was left wondering if people _38__ me and saw only gappy teeth. Later that day at home, I began to __39 __ my teeth again. I felt upset. I thought my life would be somehow better if my teeth were not gappy. How I wanted the perfect teeth that everyone else seemed to have! Of course, Mom 40 everything. She has lived her entire life with gappy teeth, and tried to convince me that there was nothing to __41__. When I refused to listen, she told me I could get the surgery to close the gap if it was that important. "Let's be 42__, though," she said. "If everyone got surgeries to become pretty, everyone would be exactly the same. There is beauty in differences." Her __43__ made me consider my teeth seriously. The thought of losing my gap was more terrible than the reality that people were going to notice it. I realized how important it was to me. It is part of my 44 _. Nowadays many people do ridiculous things to realize their dream of "perfection." The__45_ is that no one is perfect. When all potential for ugliness is removed, so is all of the potential for 46__. So if that girl ever asked about my teeth 47___, I would truthfully answer. "You know? It's really cute." 36. A. faced B. guessed C. asked D. imagined 37. A. an offer B. an answer C. a suggestion D. a result 38. A heard of B. thought of C. talked about D. looked at 39. A. consider B. brush C. cover D. appreciate 40. A. admitted B. noticed C. controlled D. changed 41. A. worry about B. put off C. give up D. wipe out 42. A. friendly B. lovely C. honest D. helpful 43. A. words B. jokes C. dreams D. acts 44. A. ability B. decision C. goal D. identity 45. A. possibility B. purpose C. truth D. choice 46. A. courage B. wisdom C. kindness D. beauty 47. A. once B. again C. too D. instead

36. C. 以前没人问及过上述问题. 37. B. 等着我的回答 38. D. 是不是人们看我的时候就看到我的缺牙呢. 39. A. 回到家再次考虑我的缺牙问题. 答案 B 意为 “刷”, C “覆盖”, D “感激,欣赏”. 40. B. 母亲自然注意到所发生的一切. 答案 A 意为 “承认”; C “控制”; D “改变”. 41. A. 没有什么可担心. 答案 B 意为 “推迟”; C “放弃”. D “消灭”. 42. C. 不过我们还是诚实点吧 (言下之意就是不要做手术来掩盖真实面目以到达所谓的完美). 43. A. 母亲的话让我认真地考虑起我的牙齿来. 44. D. 这是我特征的一部分. 答案 A “能力”; B “决定”; C “目标”. 45. C. 事实上没有人是完美的. 答案 A “可能性”. B “目的”; D “选择”. 46. D. 所有丑陋的东西都去掉的时候,所有美好的东西也随之东流. 答案 A 意为 “勇气”; B “明智”; C “善良\帮助”。 47. B. 所以,如果哪位女孩再问我牙齿的事情,… Section C(12 marks) Directions: Complete the following passage by filling in each blank with one word that best fits the context. Keeping in touch with our friends is an important part of friendship. This does not mean that __48__ have to write or call our friends every day. It does mean, however, that we __49__ care enough about our friends to find out how they are doing from time to time. People have different habits about keeping in touch with others. Some like to call their friends, sometimes many times __50__ day. Others prefer to e-mail their friends. Still __51__ prefer writing letters so that they can include photos or interesting articles __52__ the envelopes along with their letters. Some even write postcards while they are on vacation __53__ send them to friends. Every kind of communication is important. It is __54__ important what kind of call we make or letter we send. __55__ is important is that we let others know we care about them. 48. we。对应于 our 49. should。我们对朋友应该表示足够的关怀。 50. a. 有时候一天打电话多次。注意:every\each\per day 是 “每一天” ,不合语境。 51. others。还有一些…. 52. in.信封内可以附带寄些照片等。 53. and。连接两个谓语动词:write postcards …and send them to friends. 54. not. 55. What.引导主语从句,what 在主语从句中做主语。承上句:打何种电话,寄何种信件不重要, 重要的是我们要让对方知道我们在乎他们。

2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(浙江卷) 英语
第二节 完形填空 "Just sign here, sir," the deliveryman said as he handed Oscar Reyna a package. The package consisted of a long, narrow box 21 wrapped in brown paper. 22 the box, 23 he

Oscar saw an umbrella inside — a very old one with a beautifully carved wooden handle. had not seen it in more than 20 years, he recognized it Oscar was 16 when he first saw the 25 24 .

umbrella. He had gone to a concert with his 26 ,

grandparents. As they were leaving, h noticed an umbrella on an empty seat, impressed by its Oscar felt a strong desire to find its Oscar 28 27 .

the manager to look in the record of advance ticket sales. Just as he thought, a 29 Oscar had found the umbrella. The name was Mrs. Katie O'Brien. 30 on their way home. He rang the

name matched the seat

Oscar talked his grandparents into going by Mrs. O'Brien's

bell, the door opened, and an elderly woman appeared. "May I 31 you?" she asked. "I'd like to return it if it's yours," Oscar said, long been wished for. "Why, yes! It's mine," replied Mrs. O'Brien with a 34 smile and shining eyes. "It was given to 32 the umbrella as if presenting a 33 that had

me by my father years ago. Thank you so much for returning it. May I offer you a reward for your __35_ ?" "No, ma'am," he said, "My grandmother says that a good deed is its own reward. " "Well, that's 36 what my father used to say. What is your name, young man?"

Years later Oscar was staring at the finely carved handle of the umbrella as he remembered Mrs. O'Brien. It was in perfect condition, considering how As if 38 37 it was. Why had it arrived here today? 39 this umbrella as

, a note fell from the paper. It reads: Mrs. O'Brien wanted to 40 . gesture long ago. B. carefully B. Seizing B. When C. roughly C. Observing C. Since D. casually D. Searching D. Although

a present for a kind, 21. A. strictly 22. A. Opening 23. A. After

24. A. clearly 25. A. average 26. A. beauty 27. A. designer 28. A. convinced 29. A. until 30. A. family 31. A. invite 32. A. putting up 33. A. chance 34. A. wide 35. A. patience 36. A. obviously 37. A. old 38. A. in contrast 39. A. possess 40. A. attractive

B. fully B. unusual B. shape B. seller B. forced B. before B. theater B. help B. turning out B. fact B. confident B. kindness B. naturally B. rare B. in return B. accept B. significant

C. immediately C. plain C. origin C. user C. encouraged C. which C. house C. bother C. picking up C. gift C. proud C. courage C. exactly C. precious C. in exchange C. carry C. unselfish

D. suddenly D. typical D. history D. owner D. advised D. where D. neighborhood D. know D. holding out D. result D. shy D. determination D. probably D. nice D. in answer D. value D. sympathetic

【考点】日常生活类—记叙文 【文章大意】本文记叙了一个人拾金不昧,捡到别人的伞之后专程还给失主,很多年之后又收到 的失主赠送伞的故事,启迪我们:善有善报这样一个朴实的真理和美德。 21.【答案】B 【考点】副词词义辨析 【试题解析】与 a very old one with a beautifully carved wooden handle.相呼应,可知答案B,仔细 地,符合文意。 22.【答案】A 【考点】动词词义辨析 【试题解析】与之后 the box ,Oscar saw an umbrella inside 相呼应,可知答案A,打开,符合文 意。 23.【答案】D 【考点】连词词义辨析

【试题解析】根据 had not seen it 和 recognize 的对比关系,可知答案 D,尽管,表示让步关系, 符合文意。 24.【答案】C 【考点】动词词义辨析 【试题解析】与 26 空前的 impressed by 相呼应,可知答案 C,立刻、马上,符合文意。 25.【答案】B 【考点】形容词词义辨析 【试题解析】与 26 空前的 impressed by 相呼应,可知这边伞很是不寻常(unusual) ,故答案 B 符 合文意。Average 普通的;plain 平凡的;typical 典型的,均不符合语境,故排除。 26.【答案】A 【考点】名词词义辨析 【试题解析】与上文 23 空 a very old one with a beautifully carved wooden handle.和下句 Years later Oscar was staring at the finely carved handle of the umbrella 相呼应,可知答案 A,对伞的美印象深 刻,符合文意。 27.【答案】D 【考点】名词词义辨析 【试题解析】与 32 空前"I'd like to return it if it's yours,"相呼应,可知 Oscar 特别想找到伞的主人, 故答案D符合文意。 28.【答案】A 【考点】动词词义辨析 【试题解析】根据句意:Oscar 使经理确信(convince) ,符合文意。Force 强迫;encourage 鼓励; advise 建议,均不符合语境, 故排除。 29.【答案】D 【考点】连词词义辨析 【试题解析】where 引导定义从句,在从句中做地点状语,修饰 先行词 the seat. 30.【答案】C 【考点】名词词义辨析 【试题解析】与下句 He rang the bell, the door opened,相呼应,可知答案 C 符合文意。 31.【答案】B 【考点】动词词义辨析

【试题解析】根据常识,可知本句的意思是:我可以 帮你吗?故答案 B 符合文意。 32.【答案】D 【考点】动词词义辨析 【试题解析】与之后的 as if presenting 相呼应, 故答案 D, 提供,符合文意。 Put up 张贴;turn out 结果证明是;pick up 捡起、接人,均不符合语境, 故排除。 33.【答案】C 【考点】名词词义辨析 【试题解析】与之后的 that had long been wished for 相呼应,可知答案 C,礼物,符合文意。 34.【答案】A 【考点】形容词词义辨析 【试题解析】与 and shinning eyes 相呼应,可知答案 A,灿烂的微笑,符合文意。 35.【答案】B 【考点】名词词义辨析 【试题解析】与 40 空前的 for a kind…相呼应,可知此处答案 B 符合文意。 36.【答案】C 【考点】副词词义辨析 【试题解析】根据句意:哦,这也是(exactly,确切地)我父亲过去经常这样讲的。 Obviously 明显地;naturally 自然地;probably 可能地,均不符合语境, 故排除。 37.【答案】A 【考点】形容词词义辨析 【试题解析】根据 31 空前 an elderly woman 和 37 空前 years later 提示,可知此处 Oscar 在纳闷这 把伞究竟有多少年的历史,故答案 A 符合文意。 38.【答案】D 【考点】介词短语词义辨析 【试题解析】根据 37 空及之后的 Why had it arrived here today?这两个问题困扰着 Oscar,由此可 以推断答案 D,好像是为了回答(in answer)这些疑问,符合文意。 in contrast 对比;in return 作为回报;in exchange 作为交换,均不符合语境, 故排除。 39.【答案】B 【考点】动词词义辨析 【试题解析】根据句意:Mrs O’Brien 想让你接受(accept, 乐意接受)这把伞。 Possess 拥有;

carry 携带;value 珍视,均不符合文意,故排除。 40.【答案】C 【考点】形容词词义辨析 【试题解析】与 32 空前"I'd like to return it if it's yours," Oscar said,相呼应,可知多年前 Oscar 把伞 物归原主是一种无私的行为,故答案 C 符合文意。 【难度】一般 【长难句解析】 they were leaving, he noticed an umbrella on an empty seat, impressed by its beauty. As 当他们正准备离开是,他注意一个空位是有一把伞,它的美给他留下了深刻的印象。Impressed, 过去分词做状语,与句子主语 he 逻辑上构成被动关系。

2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖北卷)

第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入 空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

I tend to accept any idea put forward by experts on TV. One day, a sociologist proposed that the 31 society has been consuming modern humans little by little. For 32 hurried to a bicycle

fear that I would become a victim of the consumer society, I shop in my neighborhood. 33

the shopkeeper Mr. Johnson was selling me the bicycle, 34 have done. Life has become hopelessly 36 things: fresh air, sunshine and

he said, “This is the best thing you

35 . A bicycle is simple, and it brings to you

exercise.” I agreed. Happy as a child, I got on the bicycle and headed out onto the streets. After some time, I vehicle could let me really go? Since I hated to be 41 , I went back to Mr. Johnson and asked him to 43 42 an 37 39 at the other end of the town. I was 38 that this simple 40 did I

long distances in a fairly short time. But how

odometer (里程表) on my bicycle. He agreed, but speedometer (速度计) is like a 44

, “An odometer without a

without a knife.” I admitted he was right and in a 45 to the handlebars of my bicycle. “What

few minutes, the two devices (装置) were

about a horn?” he then asked. “Look, this horn is no larger than a matchbox and has many 46 .” Attracted by these functions, I bought the horn. “You can’t leave the back part with buttons feel 50 49 48 47 ,” noted Mr. Johnson. He fixed a metal box

the seat, and said, “Is there anything better than this oven when you

on your way? I can give you a special discount.” I was not strong enough to

the offer. “I congratulate you once more; this is the best thing you could have done,” said Mr.

Johnson in the end.

31. A. adult 32. A. eventually 33. A. Although 34. A. would 35. A. boring 36. A. natural 37. A. gave up 38. A. amazed 39. A. march 40. A. far 41. A. unreliable 42. A. fix 43. A. swore 44. A. pencil 45. A. distributed 46. A. shapes 47. A. loose 48. A. beside 49. A. sick 50. A. consider

B. human B. immediately B. Because B. should B. complicated B. mysterious B. broke down B. amused B. drive B. long B. impractical B. check B. added B. fork B. converted B. sizes B. blank B. before B. hungry B. withdraw

C. consumer C. reluctantly C. As C. must C. stressful C. complex C. calmed down C. confused C. cover C. fast C. unprepared C. repair C. replied C. box C. applied C. functions C. bare C. below C. hot C. make

D. bachelor D. gratefully D. Unless D. could D. tough D. unique D. ended up D. concerned D. measure D. deep D. inaccurate D. lay D. concluded D. cake D. attached D. models D. incomplete D. behind D. thirsty D. resist

第二节:完形填空。 【文章大意】本文为记叙文,讲述了我接受了社会学家在电视节目中提出的消费观点,担心成为 现代消费社会的受害者,便去邻家商店买了自行车。老板推荐了自行车上的多种装置,甚至烤炉, 我无法拒绝,一一购买。实际上我仍然是现代消费社会的受害者。 31.C【命题立意】考查名词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】 根据本句中的 “consuming” 和下句中的 “consumer society” 可知, 答案为 C。 “consumer society”意为“消费社会”。A 项意为“成人”,B 项意为“人类”,D 项意为“单身”,都与 语境和文章主题不符。 32.B【命题立意】考查副词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据本句中的“hurried”,结合语境可知,我立即赶到邻家的自行车商店,B 项意 为“立即”,符合语境;A 项意为“最后,终于”,C 项意为“不情愿地”,D 项意为“感激地”, 都与语境不符。 33.C【命题立意】考查连词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据语境可知,当老板在卖自行车给我的时候说??,C 项意为“当??时候”,

符合句意,故 C 项正确。A 项意为“尽管”,B 项意为“因为”,D 项意为“除非”,都与句意 不符。 34.D【命题立意】考查情态动词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据语境可知,该句意为:这是你所能做到的最好的事。could have done 意为“能 够做到的??”,与语境相符,故 D 项正确。A 项意为“愿意”,B 项意为“应当”,C 项意为 “必须”,都与语境不符。 35.B【命题立意】考查形容词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据下句中的“A bicycle is simple…”,结合语境可知,该句意在表达:生活是很 复杂的,而自行车是简单的。B 项意为“复杂的”,符合句意;A 项意为“令人厌烦的”,C 项 意为“有压力的”,D 项意为“艰苦的”,都与语境不符。 36.A【命题立意】考查形容词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据本句中的“fresh air, sunshine and exercise”可知,这些都是“自然的”,A 项意 为“自然的”,符合句意;B 项意为“神秘的”,C 项意为“复杂的”,D 项意为“独一无二的”, 都与语境不符。 37.D【命题立意】考查动词短语辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】该句意为: 一段时间之后,我抵达小镇的另一头。 项意为“以??而告终, D 结束”, 符合句意。A 项意为“放弃”,B 项意为“抛锚”,C 项意为“平静下来”,都与语意不符。 38. A【命题立意】考查形容词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据语境可知,对于这中简单工具的作用,我感到很惊奇。A 项意为“惊奇的”, B 项意为“愉快的”,C 项意为“困惑的,不解的”,D 项意为“关注的”,都与语意不符。 39. C【命题立意】考查动词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据语境可知,该句意为:??这种简单的工具在如此之短的时间内能够让我经过 如此长的路程??,cover long distances 意为“经过漫长的路程”,故 C 项正确。A 项意为“行 军”,B 项意为“驾驶”,D 项意为“测量”,都与语境不符。 40. A【命题立意】考查形容词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据第二段第一句中“ an odometer”可知,我安装了里程表,是想知道我实际上行 了多远,A 项意为“远的”,符合句意,故 A 项正确。B 项意为“长的”,C 项意为“快的”, D 项意为“深的”,都与语意不符。 41. D【命题立意】考查形容词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据语境可知,我在自行车上装里程表,是因为我想知道精确的里程。D 项意为“不 准确的”,与 hated 连用,符合语意,故 D 项正确;A 项意为“不可靠的”,B 项意为“不适用 的”,C 项意为“没有准备的”,都与语意不符。 42. A【命题立意】考查动词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据语境可知,该句意为:我回去找 Johnson 先生在自行车上安装了一个里程表。A 项意为“安装”,符合句意。B 项意为“检查”,C 项意为“修理”,D 项意为“放置”,都与 语意不符。 43. B【命题立意】考查动词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据该句中的“but”结合语境可知,他有补充说了些话,B 项意为“补充,增加”, 符合语意;A 项意为“发誓”,C 项意为“回答”,D 项意为“总结”,都与语意不符。 44. B【命题立意】考查名词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】该句意为:有里程表没有速度计,就如有刀却无叉。B 项意为“叉”,符合句意。 45. D【命题立意】考查动词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据语境可知,这两种装置被绑在手把上,D 项意为“绑上,系上”,符合句意。 A 项意为“贡献”,B 项意为“转换”,C 项意为“申请”,都与语意不符。

46. C【命题立意】考查名词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据下句中的“attracted by these functions”可知,这种喇叭小功能却多。C 项意为 “功能”,符合句意。 47. C【命题立意】考查形容词词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据语境可知,该句意为:你不能让后座部位空着。C 项意为“空的,无遮蔽的”, 符合语意。A 项意为“松散的”,B 项意为“空白的”,D 项意为“未完成的”,都与语境不符。 48. D【命题立意】考查介词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据常理可知,自行车的后座当然在自行车座位的后面。D 项意为“在??后面”, 故 D 项正确。 49. B【命题立意】考查形容词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据本句中的“oven”可知,老板意在推销烤箱,理由是在回家的路上可能饥饿。B 项意为“饥饿的”,符合句意。 50. D【命题立意】考查动词辨析。难度中等。 【解题思路】根据最后一段可知,老板推销成功,故我无法拒绝他的推销。D 项意为“抵抗,拒 绝”,符合语意。A 项意为“考虑”,B 项意为“收回”,C 项意为“使??”,都与语意不符。

2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(安徽卷) 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 When I settled in Chicago,my new city seemed so big and unfriendly, Then I had a 36 problem and had to go to hospital for a 37 examination. It seemed a small 38 compared to the one I was about to face ,but things started to go 39 right from the beginning , Not having a car or 40 the city, I was depending on a couple of buses to get me from A to B, 41 I’d left myself plenty of time, soon it was 42 I was going to be late, as I had mistakenly boarded a bus that was taking me in the 43 direction. I 44 the bus and stood on the pavement not knowing what to do, I look into the eyes of a 45 who was trying to get past me, 46 instead of moving on ,she stopped to ask if I was 47 , After I explained my 48 to her, she pointed to a bus stop across the street , where a bus would take me back into the city to my 49 . Sitting there waiting , I felt 50 that someone had been willing to help . 51 , hearing a horn (喇叭) nearby, I looked up to see a car with my new friend 52 at me to get in, She had returned to offer me a 53 to the hospital. Such unexpected 54 from a passer-by was a lovely gift to receive, As I climbed out of the car at the hospital and turned to thank her, she smiled and told me not to lose 55 ,for all things are possible. 36. A. physical B. traveling C. social D.housing A 后面说 不得不去医院 37. A. scientific B.final C.previous D. Thorough D A 表示科学检查 B 表示最终检查 C 表示“以前的” 表示“全面的” ,D 38. A. chance B. challenge C. success D.error 与后面的 face 相匹配 39. A. wrong B. easy C. fast D. Ahead 与前面的 go 构成词组,表示出错了。 40. A. leaving B. visiting C. knowing D. Appreciating 没有自己的车,不了解这所城市,后面走错路是必然 41. A. Although B. Since C. Unless D. Once 虽然留了足够的时间 42. A. strange B. necessary C. obvious D. Important 很明显要迟到了,暗示后面的 appointment. 43. A. same B. right C. general D. opposite 方向反了,后面的 back into the city 就是暗示 44. A. looked at B. waited for C. got off D. ran into 下车,然后站在人行道上 pavement 45. A. driver B. friend C. stranger D. Gentleman 满眼都是陌生人 46. A. Especially B. Surprisingly C. Probably D. Normally 事情从此转机了,所以是 surprising 了。 47. A. nervous B. excited C. OK D. Dangerous 此情此景问一句“Are you OK?是自然地 48. A. idea B. motivation C. excuse D. Situation 只有解释自己的种种境况了。 49. A. appointment B. apartment C. direction D. Station

和医生的预约
50. A. afraid B.grateful C. certain 终于遇到好人了,当然只有感激了 51. A. Thus B.Then C. Perhaps 连接词 52. A. staring B. laughing C. waving C 是正确的,see 就是暗示 53. A. lift B. suggestion C. bike D. Disappointed D. Surely D. Shouting D. Guidebook

搭便车 54. A. results B. news C. kindness D. Appearance 又是询问,又是开车相送,那是相当的善意了。 55. A. power B. faith C. touch D. Support 文章教导我们:世界上还是好人多 这是一篇记述文,格调当然是健康向上的。文章有两条线,第一是事情发展,第二是作者 心里变化。 首先是关键词 unfriendly, 接下来都是麻烦事了。传统选法 5 个 A、5 个 B、5 个 C、5 个 D 的法则失效了。

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2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试英语试题解析
第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)
请阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36-55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项的标号涂黑。 I became a gardener when I was twelve. My early__36___of gardening may not have originate from my love for nature. It was to _37__my parents. At that time, we had a big yard in which a beautiful maple tree stood. But my mother often looked with __38___at this work of natural art. Those golden leaves seemed like tons of rubbish her, “something else to __39__!”Seeing the neighbors busy with gardening, my father ever thought it a waste of time. At that age, I always did something__40___to whatever my parents did! If gardening were something they found__41__, I would plant a garden! I planted some lily(百合花)seeds in the yard. But they failed to _42___.I continued to sunflower seeds and roses, Wild __43__joy,I found the first rose bloom(开花).One by one, the flowers bloomed their heads off.__44___, I was touched by this land of wonder. ___45__, my parents showed no interest in my garden. My father even__46___at me because found it was __47__to move around my garden to the driveway. To my mother’s __48__,I put her vase my real roses which, in her eyes, were simply weeds__49__flowers. Regardless of their __50__, I kept on planting my garden and _51__to enjoy the pleasure gardening. Plants make such good companions: they breathe, they bloom, they___52__to care and love. It has been many years since I made my first garden out of my desire to __53___my parent .Today I become known as Mrs. Greenthumbs, teaching gardening and hosting a gardening show which makes my parents feel very__54_.And now I could say it is my affection for___55__they makes me a real gardener. 36. A. memory 37. A. please 38. A. doubt 39. A. collect up 40. A. equal 41. A. painful 42. A. come up 43. A. to 44. A. Luckily B. dream B. change B. appreciation B. care about B. similar B. valuable B. break out B. with B. Cheerfully C. intention C. help C. surprise C. clean up C. superior C. upsetting C. hold on C. in C. Regularly D. design D. annoy D. excitement D. come in D. opposite D. interesting D. get through D. by D. Eventually

45. A. 46. A. 47. A. 48. A. 49. A. 50. A. 51. A. 52. A. 53. A. 54. A. 55. A.

Instead shouted convenient sadness other than dislike decided devote defeat proud freedom

B. However C. Therefore D Besides B. laughed C. glanced D. jumped B. troublesome C. enjoyable D. dangerous B. displeasure C. delight D. relief B. more than C. rather than D. less than B. encouragement C. threat D. suggestion B. stopped C. continued D. struggled B. turn C. respond D. lead B. satisfy C. respect D. challenge B. comfortable C. strange D. disappointed B. life C. growth D. nature

【考点】记叙文 【文章大意】作者小时候出于反叛心理,在院子里种花,结果最终喜欢了园艺,后来作者在这方 面做出了成绩,成为一名真正的园艺师,使当初持反对意见的父母为之倍感自豪。 36.【考点】名词词义辨析 【答案】C 【解析】作者早期从事园艺的意图并非源于对大自然的热爱。C 选项为意图、打算之意,符合语 境。因此,正确答案为 C 选项。 【难度】一般 37.【考点】动词词义辨析 【答案】 D 【解析】根据下文可知,作者从事园艺只是给父母添烦恼。D 选项是惹恼、使生气、使烦恼之意, 符合文意。因此,正确答案为 D 选项。 【难度】一般 38.【考点】名词词义辨析 【答案】A 【解析】根据下文可知,可知作者的母亲以怀疑地目光看着大自然的杰作。由此可知,A 选项符 合文意。因此,正确答案为 A 选项。 【难度】容易 39.【考点】动词短语辨析 【答案】C 【解析】作者的父亲认为清扫院内的树叶是浪费时间,难道没有别的东西需要清扫吗?在四个选项 中,C 表示“清理,打扫” ,符合文意。因此,正确答案为 C 选项。 【难度】一般 40.【考点】形容词词义辨析 【答案】D 【解析】作者小时候有一种反叛的心理,总是按照父母相反的去做。A 表示“相等的,相当的, 均等的” 表示“相似的,类似的” 表示“较高的,上级的” 表示“相反的,对立的,对 ;B ;C ;D

面的” 。由此可知,D 选项符合文意。因此,正确答案为 D 选项。 【难度】容易 41.【考点】形容词词义辨析 【答案】C 【解析】由于作者有反叛心理,作者想到如果园艺是父母感到烦恼的事,就种植一个花园。在选 项中,C 选项表示令人烦恼之意,符合语境。因此,正确答案为 C 选项。 【难度】容易 42.【考点】动词短语辨析 【答案】A 【解析】作者在院子里种了百合花种子,但是没有发芽。A 表示“发芽,走进,上楼” 表示“爆 ;B 发,发生” 表示“不挂断,等—会” 表示“接通,完成” ;C ;D 。因此,正确答案为 A 选项。 【难度】一般 43.【考点】介词用法 【答案】B 【解析】 作者高兴地发现第一束玫瑰花开花了。 with joy 为常用短语, 表示高兴地之意, 符合语境。 因此,正确答案为 B 选项。 【难度】一般 44.【考点】副词词义辨析 【答案】D 【解析】朵朵鲜花竞相绽放,最终,作者被眼前的景象所感动。由此可知,D 选项符合语境。因 此,正确答案为 D 选项。 【难度】容易 45.【考点】副词用法辨析 【答案】B 【解析】然而,作者的父母对作者的花园不感兴趣。空白处表示的是一种转折的语气,B 选项符 合语境。因此,正确答案为 B 选项。 【难度】容易 46.【考点】动词词义辨析 【答案】A 【解析】作者的父亲甚至对作者大声叫嚷。由此可知,A 选项符合语境。因此,正确答案为 A 选 项。 【难度】一般 47.【考点】形容词词义辨析 【答案】B 【解析】作者的父亲觉得花挡住了车道,令他烦恼不已。B 选项有令人烦恼之意,符合文意。因

此,正确答案为 B 选项。 【难度】一般 48.【考点】名词词义辨析 【答案】B 【解析】作者把自己的真玫瑰花放进母亲的花瓶里,使她感觉不愉快。to one’s displeasure 为常用 短语,而且意思符合语境。因此,正确答案为 B 选项。 【难度】一般 49.【考点】短语用法辨析 【答案】C 【解析】在作者母亲的眼里,那些只是杂草而不是鲜花。C 选项是而不之意,符合文意。因此, 正确答案为 C 选项。 【难度】一般 50.【考点】名词词义辨析 【答案】A 【解析】尽管作者的父母不喜欢作者的所作所为,但是作者一直坚持自己的做法。由此可知,A 选项符合语境。因此,正确答案为 A 选项。 【难度】容易 51.【考点】动词词义辨析 【答案】C 【解析】作者继续享受园艺的快乐。在四个选项中,C 选项是继续之意,符合文意。因此,正确 答案为 C 选项。 【难度】一般 52.【考点】动词词义辨析 【答案】C 【解析】植物成为作者的好伙伴,他们呼吸,他们开花。他们对作者的呵护和爱有回应。respond to 为常用短语,是“对??反应, 响应”之意。因此,正确答案为 C 选项。 【难度】一般 53.【考点】动词词义辨析 【答案】D 【解析】根据上文,由于具有反叛心理,作者种植花园是出于挑战父母。A 表示“战胜,击败” ; B 表示“使满意,使高兴,使满足” 表示“尊敬,敬重,尊重” 表示“向??挑战,怀疑, ;C ;D 反对” 。由此可知,D 选项与文意相符。因此,正确答案为 D 选项。 【难度】一般 54.【考点】形容词词义辨析 【答案】A

【解析】现在作者已经成为一名著名的园艺师,使其父母为之自豪。在四个选项中,A 选项的词 义符合文意。因此,正确答案为 A 选项。 【难度】 55.【考点】名词词义辨析 【答案】D 【解析】作者认为是自己对大自然的钟爱使自己最终成为一名真正的园艺师。由此可知,D 选项 符合文意。因此,正确答案为 D 选项。 【难度】容易

福建省 2012 年高考英语试卷答案及解析
第二节:完形填空 第二节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I often read of incidents of misunderstanding or conflict. I ’m left 36 . Why do these people create mistrust and problems, especially with those from other 37 ? I was growing up in Kuala Lumpur in the early 1960s, 38 children from different races and religions played and studied 39 in harmony. At that time my family lived a stone s 40 from Ismail’s. And no one was bothered that Ismail was a Malay Muslim and Iwas an Indian Hindu——we just 41 our differences. Perhaps, our elders had not filled our heads with unnecessary advice,well 42 or otherwise. We were nine when we became friends. During the school holidays, we'd 43 the countryside on our bicycles, hoping to 44 the unexpected. At times Ismail would accompany my family as we made a rare shopping trip to town. We would be glad of his 45 . When I was twelve, my family moved to Johor. Ismail s family later returned to their village, and I 46 touch with him. One spring afternoon in 1983, I stopped a taxi in Kuala Lumpur. I 47 my destination. The driver acknowledged my 48 but did not move off. Instead, he looked 49 at me. “Raddar?" he said, using my childhood nickname( 绰 号 ). I was astonished at being so 50 addressed ( 称 呼 ). Unexpectedly! It was Ismail! Even after two 51 we still recognized each other. Grasping his shoulder, I felt a true affection, something 52 to describe. If we can allow our children to be 53 without prejudice, they'll build friendships with people, regardless of race or religion, who will be 54 their side through' thick and thin. On such friendships are societies built and 55 we can truly be, as William Shakespeare once wrote, 44we happy few, we band of brothers". 36. A. interested B. pleased C. puzzled D. excited 37. A. parties B. cities C. villages D. races 38. A. why B. which C. how D. when 39. A. together B. around C. alone D. apart 40. A. drop B. throw C. move D. roll 41. A. refused B. made C. sought D. accepted 42. A. paid B. meant C. preserved D. treated 43. A. explore B. search C. discover D. desert 44. A. get through B. deal with C. come across D. take away 45. A. arrival B. choice C. effort D. company 46.A. lost B. gained C. developed D. missed 47.A. stated B. ordered C. decided D. chose 48.A. attempts B. instructions C. opinions D. arrangements 49.A. anxiously B. carelessly C. disappointedly D. fixedly 50.A.familiarly B. strangely C. fully D. coldly 51.A.departures B. months C. years D. decades 52.A.possible B. funny C. hard D. clear

53.A.them 54.A. from 55.A. still

B. themselves B. by B. otherwise

C. us C. with C. then

D. ourselves D. against D. instead

【考点】夹叙夹议文——友谊 【文章大意】本文通过作者和儿时的伙伴虽然信奉的宗教不同但是彼此非常要好,分别多年后再 次巧遇使双方激动不已。作者通过自己的经历告诉我们要排除种族歧视,同甘共苦,创建和谐社 会。最后一段点出文章主旨大意。 36. 【答案】C 【考点】考查形容词辨析 【试题解析】根据下文的作者的疑问“为什么这些人有那些不信任和问题呢?”可知作者感到非 常困惑,选择 puzzled。 37. 【答案】D 【考点】考查名词辨析 【试题解析】 根据最后一段第一句中出现的 without prejudice “没有种族歧视” 和下文的 regardless of race or religion“不管种族和宗教” ,可推知本空选择 D 项。 38. 【答案】D 【考点】考查连词词义辨析 【试题解析】本句是个定语从句,先行词指的是 20 世纪 60 年代的时候,所以用 when。 39. 【答案】A 【考点】考查上下文逻辑搭配 【试题解析】那个时候我们来自不同种族的孩子们一起(together)玩,一起学习,相处融洽。 40. 【答案】B 【考点】考查固定短语辨析 【试题解析】a stone’s throw 近在咫尺,本句指的是我家当时离 Ismail 的家很近。 41. 【答案】D 【考点】考查动词辨析以及上下文的逻辑关系 【试题解析】differences 指的是上文提到的 Ismail 是个穆斯林教,并且我是印度教,根据下文的 解释可知我们接受(accept)彼此的信奉的宗教的不同。 42. 【答案】B 【考点】考查上下文的逻辑关系 【试题解析】well meant“善意的”是个固定短语,本句指的是我们的老人没有用那些不必要的 建议或善意的建议还是其他的方面来充满我们的大脑。 43. 【答案】A 【考点】考查固定搭配 【试题解析】选择 explore“探索,考查”来形容当时作者和他的伙伴童真无邪的心理觉得一切都 很新鲜,骑着自行车来“探索”乡下未知的事物。 44. 【答案】C 【考点】考查动词短语辨析 【试题解析】 由于没去过乡下, 再说是骑着自行车当然是想遇到一些没遇到过的事情, come across “偶然中遇到” 。 45. 【答案】D 【考点】考查名词辨析 【试题解析】根据上文的 accompany“陪同”可知答案为 company, “有他的陪伴我感到很高兴” 。 46. 【答案】 A

【考点】考查动词短语搭配以及逻辑关系辨析 【试题解析】根据下文 Unexpectedly! It was Ismail!可推知自从各自搬家后他们两个失去了(lost) 联系 47. 【答案】 A 【考点】考查动词词义辨析 【试题解析】我叫了一个出租车并说明(state)了我的目的地 48. 【答案】 B 【考点】考查名词词义辨析 【试题解析】这个司机告知我他获悉我到达的方向(instructions) 49. 【答案】D 【考点】考查副词词义辨析 【试题解析】由于是多年之后好朋友见面当然是 Ismail 应该是目不转睛地盯着我,选择 fixedly 表 示不相信自己的眼睛,直盯盯的看着我, 50. 【答案】 A 【考点】考查副词词义辨析 【试题解析】根据上文的 childhood nickname,可知是熟悉的称呼 familiarly,选择可知作者在异 地有人叫他儿时的绰号感到非常震惊 51. 【答案】D 【考点】考查上下文逻辑关系 【试题解析】根据本段第一句时间是 in 1983 和第二段第一句 20 世纪 60 年代可推知事情过了 20 多年,选择 decade“十年” 。 52. 【答案】C 【考点】考查形容词辨析 【试题解析】根据语境和本句中的 a true affection,可知当时作者的心情是难以(hard)形容。 53. 【答案】B 【考点】考查代词的逻辑代指 【试题解析】选择 themselves 指的是我们孩子们他们自己。 54. 【答案】 B 【考点】考查介词辨析 【试题解析】by one’s side through thick and thin“和某人同甘共苦,共同支持” 。 55. 【答案】C 【考点】考查副词的辨析 【试题解析】社会被建立在这样的友谊之上,那么(then)我们如莎士比亚所写的亚那样真正能 为“一支兄弟的队伍” 。 【难度】中等 【长难句解析】 At times Ismail would accompany my family as we made a rare shopping trip to town. 伊斯梅尔有时会伴随着我的家人去城里我进行并不经常进行的购物之旅。 本句中的 would 是过去常常的意思,at times“时常,不时地” ,as 引导的句子是时间状语从句

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项 A、B、 C 和 D 中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Body language is the quiet, secret and most powerful language of all! It speaks 36 than words. According to specialists, our bodies send out more 37 than we realize. In fact, non-verbal 38 , And body language is

communication(非言语交际) takes up about 50% of what we really particularly 39

when we attempt to communicate across cultures(文化). Indeed, what is called 40 41 a part of us that it's actually often unnoticed. And misunderstandings , different societies treat the contact(接触) 42 between people differently.

body language is so

occur as a result of it.

Northern Europeans usually do not like having 43 even with friends, certainly not with 44

. People from Latin American countries, 45 , touch each 46 , it may look like a Latino is 47 a Norwegian 48 . The Norwegian,

other quite a lot. Therefore, it's possible that in

all over the room. The Latino, trying to express friendship, will keep moving very probably seeing this as pushiness, will keep 50 _. Clearly, a great deal is go ing on when people 51 themselves. And when parties are from 52 whatever the situation, the best 55 _. 54 49

- which the Latino will in return regard as

. And only a part of it is in the words 53 . But

cultures, there's a strong possibility of

is to obey the Golden Rule: treat others as you would like to be

【考点定位】考查名词词义辨析及语境理解。 38. A. hope 【答案】D 【解析】实际上,非语言交际占据了约50%我们真正想表达的意思。此处 hope 希望;receive 接收;discover 发现;mean 表达意思。 【考点定位】考查动词词义辨析及语境理解。 39. A. immediate B. misleading C. important D. difficult B. receive C. discover D. mean

40. A. well 【答案】C

B. far

C. much

D. long

【解析】身势语是被我们事实上常常忽视的很大的一部分。 【考点定位】考查形容词的用法。 41. A. For example B. Thus C. However D. In short

【答案】A 【解析】文章以拉丁美洲人和挪威人为例,说明不同的社会群体对待距离的态度是不同的。 【考点定位】考查副词词义。 42. A. trade B. distance C. connections D. greetings

43. A. eye 【答案】C

B. verbal

C. bodily

D. telephone

【解析】北欧人通常不喜欢身体的接触,即使是朋友,当然更不用说陌生人。此处 eye 眼睛,眼 神;verbal 言辞的; bodily 身体的;telephone 电话。 【考点定位】考查语境理解。 44. A. strangers 【答案】A 【解析】北欧人通常不喜欢身体的接触,即使是朋友,当然更不用说陌生人。此处 strangers 陌生 人;relatives 亲戚;neighbours 邻居;enemies 敌人。 【考点定位】考查名词词义。 45. A. in other words 【答案】B 【解析】此处 on the other hand 意为:然而,在另一方面。然而,拉丁美洲国家的人们相互接触 的就很多。 【考点定位】考查插入语的含义及语境理解。 46. A. trouble 【答案】B 【解析】在对话过程中,拉丁人跟在挪威人满屋子转是可能的。此处 trouble 麻烦;conversation 对话; silence 沉默;experiment 实验。 【考点定位】考查名词词义辨析。 B. conversation C. silence D. experiment B. on the other hand C. in a similar way D. by all means B. relatives C. neighbours D. enemies

50. A. weakness 【答案】D

B. carelessness

C. friendliness

D. coldness

【解析】拉丁人反过来认为他们很冷淡。此处 weakness 虚弱; carelessness 粗心;friendliness 友 谊;coldness 冷淡。 【考点定位】考查名词词义。 51. A. talk 【答案】A 【解析】很显然,当人们谈话时,许多东西都在进行。 【考点定位】考查动词词义辨析。 52. A. dif ferent 【答案】A 【解析】当我们的伙伴来自于不同的文化背景时,误解的可能性就会很大。 【考点定位】考查形容词词义。 B. European C. Latino D. rich B. travel C. laugh D. think

2012年全国英语高考(新课标卷)试题分析二:完形填空
关于完形填空,同样不出预料的难度未变。某种程度上来说。还稍微简单了一点点,也许是 因为它不再是故事类的文章,而是近似科普类,所以行文和语言内部逻辑关系上都更加紧密了。 上下语境分析要远重于知识点的考察,接近于考察语言理解和运用能力的本质。36、48--50 四个 空稍难;28、44、47三个空难度中等,其余13个较为容易。好在48-50题是一连串的场景,只要能 理解句子意思,就能连贯正确。平均得分23---27。 36. B Actions speak louder than words “事实胜于雄辩”根据空前的 speak 和这个成语可以 判断正选是 B louder。难。 37. D 我们的肢体可以传递更多的信息(message/information) 。 38. D 非语言类交流在表达我们真正的用意(mean)时,占大约50%。中。 39. C 当我们跨文化交流时,肢体语言尤其重要(important) 。 40. C 肢体语言是如此(so)大量(much)的一部分,以至于(that)我们经常未能注意到。中。 41. A 空格后有逗号,例子单一,因此我们选定 for example。 42. B 不同文化之间,对待在交流中彼此的距离(distance)是不同的。 43. C 在北欧国家即使是朋友之间,他们也不喜欢身体上的 (bodily)接触。 更别说陌生 (stranger) 人了。 44. A 见43。中。 45. B 从另一方面说 (on the other hand) 拉丁美洲的碰触彼此非常的多, 因此在交谈 (conversation) 中,很可能出现一个拉美人满屋子追着(following)一个挪威人这样的情境。 46. B 见45 47. D 见45,中。 48. A 拉美人为了表达友谊,会持续拉近(closer)距离。难。 49. C 挪威人认为这样很粗鲁或是一种逼迫。将会一直退后(backing away) ,拉美人反而会认为 这是一种冷淡(coldness) 。难。 50. D 见49.难。 51. A 诸如此类的事在交谈(talk)中,不断发生。 52. A 当人们来自不同(different)文化时,很可能产生误解(misunderstanding) 53. C 见52. 54. D 最好的建议(advice)就是以你自己想要别人怎么对待(treated)你的方式去对待别人(己 所不欲,勿施于人) 。 55. B 见54.


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