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省略句 讲义 导学案


省略句 莎士比亚曾经说过:Brevity is the soul of wit. (言以简为贵)。为了使话说得简明扼要,英 语句子中某个单词、 短语甚至从句或主句都可以省去。 这种省去句子某些成分而保持句子意 思不变的现象,称为省略(ellipsis)。 一、 省略的目的 A. 避免重复,减少累赘。B. 连接紧密,结构紧凑 C.强调重点,突出信息。 1.Mike said that he would come to school to see me the next day, but he didn't come to school to see me the next day. 2. Have you told him that ? I have not told him that yet. 二 简单句中的省略 1. Just wait a moment, please. 2. Are you ready? Yes, I am ready. 3. Would you like more beer 4.Would you mind if I used your telephone ? I do not mind at all. 5.What exciting news it is! 6. Is there anything wrong? 三. 并列句中的省略 1. My father is a doctor and my mother is a nurse. 2. I study at college and my sister studies at high school. 3. I asked him to see the film, but he didn't want to see the film. 4. Some books are to be tasted, others are to be swallowed, and some few are to be chewed and digested. 考点 1. 用 so,not 代替上文提到过的一部分或整个句子 1. Will the patient recover? I’m afraid ____. I’m afraid ______. 2. Will David be coming to the party? I expect ____. I 3. Do you have to work late tonight? I hope ________ . I 4.She must be busy now? 我不这样认为。 这种用法常见的有: Why so? Is that so? He said so? 注意:肯定式用 so 代替上文的语义,否定式常用“I don’t suppose/ believe / think so”。也可 用 I believe not . I think not. 而,expect ,guess ,hope, be afraid,则用“I hope / am afraid (1).—Do you think it’s going to rain over the weekend? —________. A. I believe not 考点 2 B.I don’t believe it C.I believe not so D. .I don’t believe so ”。 If ____, she can not go with us.

5.Do you think he will pass the exam?

在定语从句和名词性从句中的省略。 The way _____ you answered the questions was admirable. The man_____I saw is called Smith I believe _____ you can make a difference. 1)He suggested that the classroom _____ (clean)

I don’t like the way________ he speaks to his mother. A.which B.in that C.× D.on which 2)You can only be sure of you have at present; you cannot be sure of something you might get in the future. A.that,what B.what,\ C.which,that D.\,that 3). He suggested that the work _____ at once. A.be done B.should do C.could do D.does 考点 3 情景对话中的省略 1. —Have you finished your first paper? — . Just half of it. How about you? A. Not at all B. Not likely C. Not a bit D. Not yet 2. —You are confident about the job interview, aren’t you? — . I’m well prepared and feel I’ve got everything they need. A. Sure, I am B. It’s hard to say C. I hope so D. Well, maybe 3—What should I do with this passage?? — the main idea of each paragraph. A. Finding out? B. Found out? C. Find out? D. To find out? 考点 4 状语从句中的省略 1. While he was eating , he read a newspaper. 2. Though he was told many times, he just went on. 3. Please correct the mistakes, if there are any. 4. You can help them to it if it is necessary. 1). Every evening after dinner, if not from work, I will spend some time walking my dog. A. being tired B. tiring C. tired D. to be tired 2). —Have you got any particular plans for the coming holiday? —Yes. , I’m going to visit some homes for the old in the city. (2008 安徽) A. If ever B. If busy C. If anything D. If possible 3.)If________ the same treatment again, he’s sure to get well. A. giving B. give C. given D. being given

4)Children must be taught to act with good manners when________. A. speaking to B. spoken to C. are speaking D. poken of

5)________ green, the door might look more beautiful. A. You painted B. If painted C. To paint D. Have it painted 考点 5 动词不定式符号 to 的省略及不定式的省略 (1)使役动词let, make, have及感官动词see, watch , hear, notice, observe, feel. Look at, listen to 等后面作宾语补足的不定式要省去to, 但在被动句时应加上to The director had her assistant some hot dogs for the meeting. A. picked up B. picks up C. pick up D. picking up (2)有时为了避免重复,表达相同意思的不定式符号to后的内容常承前省略,而只是保 持不定式的符号 to. 常见的有三种情况: 情况 1 1)— You should have thanked her before you left.

— I meant ________, but when I was leaving I couldn’t find her anywhere. A. to do B. to C. doing D. doing it 2)—Aren’t you the manager? —No,and I________. A.don’t want to B.don’t want to be C.don’t want be D.don’t want 3)—Will you go home tomorrow evening? —No,I am going to a lecture,or at least I am planning________. A.so B.to C.it D.that 4).The traditional goal of science is to discover how things are, not how they ought ____. A. to B. to be C. be D. have been mean, try, want, afford, decide, refuse, wish, like, need, would like, would love , like, love, care, hope, wish, expect, forget, prefer, refuse, oblige(强迫),advice, persuade, agree, remember, manage等。等后面接不定式作宾语时,省略作宾语的不定式。只保留不定式符号 to , 但 如果该宾语是动词 be 或完成时态的不定式时,则须在 to 后加上be 或 have He didn't come, but he ought to. Alice is not what she used to . 情况 2 1)The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him ________. A. not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not to 2)I wonder why you won't do it as _____. It's the third time you have done so. A. told to B. be told C. told you D. you told tell, warn, order, advise, ask, expect, ask, force, persuade, wish, allow, permit等。 等动词后接不定 式作宾补时常省略不定式的宾语补足语。 3)---Could you go shopping with me? ---- I am glad to. I am glad. --I'll be away on a business trip. Could you mind looking after my cat? --Not at all. I'd be happy to. I’d be happy. 系动词(be)+ adj , 常见的形容词有:afraid, ready, glad, happy, willing, eager, anxious, ready 1---I hope the children won’t touch the dog. ----I’ve warned them ____. A. not B. not to C. not touch D. not do 2. —You should have thanked her before you left. — I meant _____, but when I was leaving I couldn’t find her anywhere A. to thank B. to C. / D. thanking There is nothing to do except ___ till it stops raining. A. to wait B. waiting C. wait D. waits 改错 1. — Did you get a ticket? — No, I meant to do., but there weren't any left. 2. You can go and play football if you want. 3.The students want to enter the lab, but the monitor advises them not to do . 4. — Could you go shopping with me? — I'm glad 5. — Are you a doctor? — No, but I used to . 6. We get on pretty well. Better than we used to 7. You ought to have finished your work. I know I ought to.

8. Our hometown is no longer what it used to. 9. When I in trouble, I always turn to her for help. 10. Tom picked up a coin in the road and handed one to a policeman. 11.When comparing with the size of the whole earth, the biggest ocean doesn’t seem big at all. 12 .The goods were ordered last month haven’t arrived yet. 1.The pianos in the other shop will be ________but ________. A.cheaper; not as better B.more cheap; not as better C.cheaper; not as good D.more cheap; not as good 2.He spoke English well indeed, but of course not ________ a native speaker. A.as fluent as B.more fluent than C.so fluently as D.much fluently than 3.— What's the matter with Della? — Well, her parents wouldn't allow her to go to the party, but she still ________. A.hopes to B.hopes so C.hopes not D.hopes for 4.— What do you think made the girl so glad? — ________ a beautiful necklace. A.As she received B.Receiving C.Received D.Because of receiving 5.— Where did you get to know her? — It was on the farm ________ we worked. A.that B.there C.which D.where 6.— Jack bought a new mobile phone the other day. — ________? That's his third one in just one month. A.Had he B.Did he C.Does he D.Has he 7.— Have you been to the Great Wall? — ________, it might have been during my early childhood. A.If any B.If ever C.If once D.If not 8.— How are you getting on with your work? — Oh, I'm sorry. Things aren't going so well as________. A.plans B.planning C.planned D.to plan 9.— You should have thanked the hostess before leaving. — I meant ________. But I couldn't find her when I was leaving. A.to do B.to C.doing D.doing so 10.— Are you a volunteer now? — No, but I ________. I worked for the City Sports Meeting last year. A.used to B.used to be C.used to do D.was used to 11.—What should I do with this passage? —______the main idea of each paragraph.(2005 重庆卷) A. Finding out B. Found out C. Find out D. To find out (1)“What made her so happy?” “______her son passed driving test.” A. That B. 不填 C. Since D. For (2)“What were you trying to prove to the police?”“_______I was last night.” A. Where B. When C. That D. What 11. The research is so designed that once______nothing can be done to change it.

A. begins B. having begun C. beginning D. begun 12. If ______carefully , the experiment will be successful. A. do B. does C. done D. doing 13. If you are planning to spend your money having fun this week, better_____it—you’ve got some big bills coming. A. forget B. forgot C. forgetting D. to forget 14、—_______ I am caught smoking again?? —You are sure to be punished. ? A. What for B. What if? C. If only D. Only if? 15、—Did they stay up last night?? —They _______, for the light in their dormitory was on until very late.? A. must? B. must stay? C. must have stayed? D. must have? 16、They will keep the library open until 9:00 p.m. _______.? A. when necessary B. if is necessary? C. if it necessary D. if necessarily? 17、—Does your parents have the intention to send you to study abroad?? —Yes, they intend _______ .? A. / B. to? C. so D. that ? 18、The research is so designed that once nothing can be done to change it.? A.begins B.having begun? C.beginning? D.begun? 19、Mr.Brown was much disappointed to see the washing machine he had had went wrong again. A.it B.it repaired? C.repaired D.to be repaired? 20、—Will it snow any more? —_______. We have had enough this year. A. I hope so B. I hope not C. I think so D. I think not 21、________, I guess, and you can make it. A.If you make more efforts B.Making more efforts C.A bit more efforts D.To have made more efforts 22、 If I am admitted by a famous college this summer,my parents will take me to Hong Kong and Macao.If ,they . A.not;won’t B.no;don’t C.not;haven't D.no;didn’t 23、Girls used to take fewer advanced math courses than boys but now they are taking just ________. A.as much B.so much C.as many D.so many

21. I am sorry. I can’t remember _______ exact place of the murder. I can only tell you that it happened in _______ store which sold fruits then. A. an, a B. the, a C. an, the D. the, the 22. He told me that the flat _______ of three rooms, with a bathroom. A. consisted B. consisting C. being consisted D. was consisted 23. The manager told us that the telegram asked for a(an) _______ reply. A. complex B. enthusiastic C. instant D. sceptical 24. Having come to study in England, Wang Li had difficulty ________ the new

environment. A. referring to B. devoting to C. adapting to D. turning to 25. Did you attend the meeting ______yesterday? A. to be held B. having been held C. held D. being held 26. The little girl, _____at the examination results, stood there without saying a word. A. disappointed B. disappointing C. disappoint D. disappointment 27. The mayor has _______ to pick you up at the airport. A. arranged a car B. arranged a car for you C. made a car arrangement D. arranged for a car 28. The group of research workers are said to ________ to the dangerous nuclear radiation while they carried out their rescue task. A. be exposed B. have been exposed C. exposed D. be exposing 29. ________ a reply, he decided to write again. A. Not receiving B. Receiving not C. Not having received D. Having not received 30. The professor spoke so fast during the lecture that we couldn’t _______ what he said. A. turn out B. make out C. carry out D. leave 31. She spoke very confidently because she wanted to make a great ______ on her employer at the first time. A. influence B. pressure C. impression D. effect 32. Why are you doing that? If I _______ you, I’d stop. A. had been B. hadn’t been C. were D. were not 33. He made a mistake, but then he corrected the situation ______ it got worse. A. until B. when C. before D. as 34. They gave each competitor a number; but they ______ number 13 as no one wanted to have it. A. left behind B. left off C. left out D. retained 35. — What’s the capital of Bhutan? —______Let’s go online and find it out. A. You bet! B. Give me a break! C. Guess what! D. You've got me there My friends and I had just finished lunch at a hotel when it started to pour heavily. When it became lighter, I decided to brave the _36__ to get my car, which was parked at my office three streets away. My friends __37__ that I shouldn't go, __38__ I was seven months pregnant(怀孕的) then. I told them that I'd be very__39__. One of them wanted to come with me but I __40__ that she should stay with another friend who needed __41__with her baby. I walked out of the hotel and started making my __42__to the car. At the traffic junction (交叉路口), a car __43__and the passenger got off with an umbrella. __44__I knew what was happening, he walked right beside me and told me he'd accompany me to my __45__. I was very embarrassed and __46__, but he was very persistent (坚持的). During our walk, he kept telling me to walk __47__, as the ground was wet. When we got to the car park, I thanked him and we __48__. I did not get his name and may not even __49__ him now. Did he purposely stop for me? I'll never know. So how did I pay it __50__? I was at home when I __51__ two Indian construction workers walking in the heavy rain. They were probably on their way to the construction site near my home, which was a long walk. I went out and__52__ them an umbrella. The two men were wet through. They were __53__by my gesture, and I told them they should take the umbrella and keep it.

They were very __54__ and like me, probably wondered why a stranger was __55__such kindness. 36.A. money B.rain C.raincoat D. bag 37.A. guessed B.argued C.complained D.promised 38.A. if B.though C.unless D.because 39.A. cheerful B.careful C.hopeful D.regretful 40.A. insisted B.learned C.begged D.worried 41.A. food B.advice C. help D.shelter 42.A. call B.way C.change D.choice 43.A. stopped B.left C.started D.disappeared 44.A. When B.Since C.Before D.For 45.A. home B.station C.destination D.hotel 46.A. declined B.agreed C.smiled D.cried 47.A. quickly B.slowly C.heavily D.gracefully 48.A. waited B.ran C.rested D. parted 49.A. like B.spot C.recognize D. thank 50.A. up B.forward C.off D.out 51.A. imagined B.noticed C.invited D.heard 52.A. made B.bought C. passed D.sold 53.A. disturbed B.surprised C.encouraged D.impressed 54.A. scared B.sad C.grateful D.anxious 55.A. offering B.repaying C.accepting D.appreciating Life is never smooth. It’s full of ups and downs, some hard times, some glad moments, and sometimes just nothing. So everyone should balance and accept all the ups and downs in life .For this, a person must think positively, which gives a person energy, motivation, power and patience to live each day. Positive thinking means you decide to be happy even though facing problems. This makes you confident so that you can live happily. When you ask for positive and good things to occur in your life, you are thinking positively. Positive thinking is nothing but channelizing(疏导) your energies in one positive direction so that the things you wish for are attracted towards you. If you wish for something from your heart and work towards achieving it, sooner or later, you’ll get it. To make your life better, you have to train yourself to think positively in any situation. You can design some positive thinking affirmations(断言) for the things you desire in life. For example, if you want success in life, then a positive affirmation for success could be “I’m going to be successful because I’m working hard for it”. You must call out, write, or remember positive affirmations at least a couple of times throughout the day and you’ll see your life changing for better. You can form a combination between positive affirmations and imagination. For example, if you wish for a happy family, imagine that you’re happily playing with your kids and spouse(配 偶)with your parents looking at you all with satisfaction. It’ll immediately make you feel good. You can also repeat the affirmations every morning before going out and you would certainly feel positive. However, you must link your positive affirmations to actual daily actions, and they’ll surely come true. Title: Positive thinking (76) _________ ●Help someone balance and accept all the ups and downs in life. ●Keep a person(77) , motivated, powerful and patient to live each day.

_ Meanings

●Make a person keep happy though in (78) . ●Bring confidence. ●Asking for the occurrence of positive and good things in your life. ●Channelizing your energies positively to (79) your desired things towards you. Think like “I’m going to be successful (80) positive affirmations. because I’m working hard for it” if you want success. Call out, write or remember positive affirmations (81) times a day. (83) positive affirmations with imagination. Repeat the affirmations before (85) Imaging the (84) in which you have fun playing with your family if you wish for a happy family. home every morning.

(82)______

Take actual actions daily while thinking positively.


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