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Book2 Unit1第四学时


◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆

Cultural relics

第四学时

Grammar

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆
限制性与非限制性定语从句的区别 一、意义上

限制性定语从句

与主句的意义关系紧凑,对先行词起限制 或修饰的作用。缺少了定语从句会影响句子语义的完整,甚至 引起误解。 非限制性定语从句与主句的意义关系相对松散,常用于补 充主句的内容和信息,去掉从句后不影响句子语义的完整。
二、功能上

限制性定语从句一般修饰先行词。非限制性定语从句可修 饰先行词或整个主句。先行词为专有名词时无需进行限制,一 般用非限制性定语从句。
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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆

三、结构上 1.限制性定语从句没有停顿,主、从句之间不用逗 号分开。非限制性定语从句主、从句之间多用逗号分开。 2.限制性定语从句的关系词若为从句的宾语,经常 可以省略,但非限制性定语从句的关系词很少能省略。 3.that不能引导非限制性定语从句。

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆
对比: (1)Professor Wang has a son,who works in Beijing. 王教授有一个儿子,在北京工作。(从句为非限制 性定语从句,隐含意义为:王教授只有一个儿子。)

(2)Professor Wang has a son who works in Beijing.
王教授有个在北京工作的儿子。(从句为限制性定 语从句,隐含意义为:王教授也许还有在别处工作的儿 子。)

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆
(3)Tom doesn't like to ask questions which /that make his parents angry.

汤姆不喜欢问让父母生气的问题。(从句为限制性定 语从句,修饰先行词questions。)
(4)Tom doesn't like to ask questions,which makes his parents angry. 汤姆不喜欢提问题,这让他的父母生气。(从句为非 限制性定语从句,补充说明主句的情况,关系代词只能用 which,不能用that。)

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆
◆ 典例剖析 定语从句可以分为限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从 句。下面结合考例谈谈学习运用非限制性定语从句时应注 意的几个问题: 一、that不能用来引导非限制性定语从句。如:

Lucy heard the terrible noise,______brought her heart into her mouth.
A.it B.which C.this D.that

解析:后半句为非限制性定语从句,尽管先行词noise 属于事物,也不能用that而要用which来引导。which指代 noise,在从句中作主语。 答案:B 金品质?高追求 我们让你更放心!

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆
二、除which外,还可用when,where,whose,whom 等引导非限制性定语从句,且各自的用法及差异与它们用在 限制性定语从句时相同。如:

Next month,when you'll spend your summer holidays in your hometown,is approaching.下个月即将来临,届时你们 将在家乡度暑假。(关系副词when指代表示时间的名词next month,并作从句的状语。)
She is going to live in Macao,where she has some close friends.她要到澳门去居住,在那里她有几个密友。 (关系副 词where指代表示地点的名词Macao,并在从句中作状语。)

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆
Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase, ________was very reasonable.

A.which price
C.its price

B.the price of which
D.the price of whose

解析:whose在从句中作表示所属关系的定语,既可 指代人,也可指代物。指物时,常可转换为of which;指 人时常可转换为of whom。 答案:B

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆
In the office I never seem to have time until after 5∶30 pm,________many people have gone home.

A.whose time
C.on which

B.that
D.by which time

解析:先行词5∶30 pm与time之间是一种同位关系,
可用which来作定语替代。从句中的完成状态,常与by短 语连用。故选D。 答案:D

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆

三、在非限制性定语从句中作宾语的关系代词不能省 略。如: He was eager to go to the hospital to see his stepmother, whom he loved as his own mother. 他迫切地想到医院去看望他的继母,他把继母当自己 的亲妈妈一样爱戴。 四、非限制性定语从句的关系代词which,既可以指 代前面的先行词,也可以指代前面整句的含义。如:

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆
Carol said the work would be done by October, ________personally I doubt very much.

A.it
C.when

B.that
D.which

解析:表示时间的名词October,用“我个人非常怀疑” 来修饰,意思不通。应该修饰整个主句, 表示对“Carol说 在十月前能做好这项工作”怀疑。故选D。 答案:D

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆ 五、引导非限制性定语从句时as和which的差异:从句 置于句首时,非限制性定语从句只能用as引导,而置于句末 时,两者都可以使用。 如:
________is known to everybody,the moon travels around the earth once every month. A.It C.That B.As D.What

解析:逗号表明句子的前半部分为非限制性定语从句。

答案:B

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆
一、用适当的关系代词填空。 1.Some of the roads were flooded,________ made our journey more difficult.

2.He has smoothly entered a key middle school, ________ makes his parents very happy.
3.Mr. King,________ legs were badly hurt,was quickly taken to hospital. 4.He said he had no bike,________ was not true. 1.which 2.which 3.whose 4.which

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆
5.We shall make a decision about Ms King,________ story I have just told you. 6.He made the same mistakes again,______made his parents very angry. 7.Yesterday I bought a dictionary,________ cost me more than 100 yuan.

8.Mr.Smith,________ gave a talk several months ago, will come again.
9.My uncle has come back from abroad,________ I haven't met for a long time. 5.whose 6.which 7.which 8.who 9.whom

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆ 二、单项选择
1.The sun rises in the east and sets in the west, ________is known to everybody.

A.which

B.this

C.that D.such 解析:which 引导非限制性定语从句,并在从句中 作主语。 答案:A 2.The story turned out to be untrue,________surprised us very much. ( D ) A.this C.what 金品质?高追求 B.that D.which 我们让你更放心!

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆
3.Issac Newton,________schooling was unsuccessful, became a very famous inventor. A.who B.whose C.whom D.which 解析:whose在从句中作 schooling的定语。 答案:B 4.We are talking about a problem_____ the importance has been realized. A.of which B.which C.that D.whose 解析:the importance of which(the problem)表示“问题 的重要性”。 答案:A 金品质?高追求 我们让你更放心!

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆
5.He will have to wait until next month,________ everything has been ready. ( C )

A.which
C.when

B.where
D.by what

6.He's got himself into a dangerous situation_____ he was likely to lose his life. ( C ) A.at which C.where B.why D.while

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆ 7.The shop assistant was very rude to the customer, ________of course,made the latter very angry. ( C )
A.who C.which B.whom D.what

8.I'll never forget the day_______ we spent in the mountainous village.

A.that
C.on which

B.when
D.while

解析:先行词虽然是表示时间的 day,由于从句的动 词是spend,关系词就该用that/which作从句的宾语。

答案:A
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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆
9.I'll never forget the day______ we traveled in snowy mountains. A.that C.on which B.when D.while

解析:先行词是表示时间的day, 从句的动词 travel是 不及物动词,关系词用when作从句的状语。 答案:B 10.The ruler______ he drew the lines was stolen. ( A ) A.with which C.to whom 金品质?高追求 B.by which D.that 我们让你更放心!

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆
三、完成下列句子 1.______________(众所周知),the moon travels around the earth. 2.John was admitted to Oxford University, ______________(这令他的父母十分自豪). 3.Beijing,______________(中国的首都),hosted the 2008 Olympic Games. 4.On my birthday Mum gave me a book, _____________________(这是我期盼已久的书). 5.When he was a little child,his family moved to a quiet town by the sea,_________________(他后来发现这是 个对他的发展很好的地方). 金品质?高追求 我们让你更放心!

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆

1.As is known to all 2.which made his parents very proud

3.which is the capital city of China/the capital city of China
4.to which I've been looking forward 5.which he later found a good place for his development

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆
四、语法填空 Most countries have one building or structure of great importance,__1__best represents (代表) that country. There is Angkor Wat in Cambodia,the Eiffel Tower in France and the Forbidden City in China. The monument__2__ may be seen as representing America best is the Statue of Liberty.__3__,there is another giant structure__4__ is as important. That is the group of faces carved into Mount Rushmore. In 1923,the historian Duane Robinson first had the idea to create a monument to American history. He found a sculptor__5__would take on the job,Gutzon Borglum. The two men decided to make a memorial for great American presidents. Borglum chose four presidents from the past__6__he wanted to carve—George Washington,Thomas Jefforson,Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt. 金品质?高追求 我们让你更放心!

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆

Work began in 1927,__7__Borglum was already 60 years old. He died__8__this great work was completed and it was his son__9__carried on and finally finished it. However, there is no doubt__10__Borglum would have been proud of his work. 1.which 2.that/which 3.However 4.that/which 5.who/that 6.whom/who/that

7.when 8.before

9.that/who 10.that

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◆英语?必修2?(配人教版)◆





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