杜桥中学 2015 学年第一学期高三年级第三次月考 英语 试 题
命题：叶玉青 审题：金伟萍 满分 120 分，考试时间 120 分钟 第一部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节 单项选择（共 20 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 10 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. ---Is there anything e
lse to discuss? ---___________, I guess. A. Not at all B. No, that’s all C. Yes, I’m sure D. Yes, of course 2. Being able to afford _____ drink would be ________ comfort in those tough times. A. the; the B. a; a C. a; / D. /; a 3. Peter had intended to take a job in business, but _________ that plan after the unpleasant experience in Canada in 2010. A. abandoned B. had abandoned C. abandon D. will abandon 4. Her _________ for writing was a desire for women to get the right to higher education. A. talent B. qualification C. technique D. motivation 5. Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others, ________, of course, made all the others upset. A. who B. what C. which D. that 6. I make $2,000 a wee. 60 surely won’t make ________ difference to me. A. that a big B. a that big C. that big a D. big a that 7. It will be a big help if you go to the store and get what we need for dinner. _______, I’ll set the table. A. In the meanwhile B. As a result C. On the whole D. In fact 8. Eye doctors recommend that a child’s first eye exam _________ at the age of 6 months old. A. was B. be C. were D. is 9. George returned after the war, only ________ that his wife had left him. A. telling B. being told C. told D. to be told 10. The timetable has to be _________ to meet the bad weather. A. adjusted B. adapted C. produced D. refounded 11.This machine is very easy _______. Anybody can learn to use it in a few minutes. A. to operate B. operating C. to be operated D. operated 12. Thanks for your directions to the house; we wouldn’t have found it ________. A. nowhere B. however C. otherwise D. instead 13. --- Thank God you’re safe! --- I stepped back, just ________ to avoid the racing car. A. in case B. in time C. in need D. in vain 14. Creating an atmosphere _______ employees feel part of a team is a big challenge. A. as B. whose C. that D. where 15. My uncle hasn’t been able to quit smoking, but at least he has _______. A. cut out B. cut down C cut up D. cut off
16. We promise ______ attends the party a chance to have a photo taken with the movie star. A. who B. whom C. whoever D. whomever 17. ---I hear you won the first prize in the English contest last week. --- That was the second time I ________ the prize. A. had got B. got C. get D. have got 18. It was the middle of the night _______ my father woke me up and told me to watch the football match. A. that B. as C. which D. when 19. Try ______ she might, she couldn’t get the door open. A. if B. when C. although D. as 20. ---Do you think their table tennis team will win the first place at the coming Asian Games? --- __________. Ours is much stronger than theirs. A. Of course B. It depends C. By no means D. Don’t mention it 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 21-40 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最 佳选项，并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 I tend to accept any idea put forward by experts on TV. One day, a sociologist proposed that the 21 society has been consuming modern humans little by little. For fear that I would become a victim of the consumer society, I 22 hurried to a bicycle shop in my neighborhood. 23 the shopkeeper Mr. Johnson was selling me the bicycle, he said, “This is the best thing you 24 have done. Life has become hopelessly 25 . A bicycle is simple, and it brings to you 26 things: fresh air, sunshine and exercise.” I agreed. Happy as a child, I got on the bicycle and headed out onto the streets. After some time, I 27 at the other end of the town. I was 28 that this simple vehicle could let me 29 long distances in a fairly short time. But how 30 did I really go? Since I hated to be 31 , I went back to Mr. Johnson and asked him to 32 an odometer (里程表) on my bicycle. He agreed, but 33 , “An odometer without a speedometer (速度计) is like a 34 without a knife.” I admitted he was right and in a few minutes, the two devices (装置) were 35 to the handlebars of my bicycle. “What about a horn?” he then asked. “Look, this horn is no larger than a matchbox and has many 36 .” Attracted by these functions, I bought the horn. “You can?t leave the back part 37 ,” noted Mr. Johnson. He fixed a metal box with buttons 38 the seat, and said, “Is there anything better than this oven when you feel 39 on your way? I can give you a special discount.” I was not strong enough to 40 the offer. “I congratulate you once more; this is the best thing you could have done,” said Mr. Johnson in the end. 21. A. adult B. human C. consumer D. bachelor 22. A. eventually B. immediately C. reluctantly D. gratefully 23. A. Although B. Because C. As D. Unless 24. A. would B. should C. must D. could 25. A. boring B. complicated C. stressful D. tough 26. A. natural B. mysterious C. complex D. unique 27. A. gave up B. broke down C. calmed down D. ended up 28. A. amazed B. amused C. confused D. concerned
29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.
A. march A. far A. unreliable A. fix A. swore A. pencil A. distributed A. shapes A. loose A. beside A. sick A. consider
B. drive B. long B. impractical B. check B. added B. fork B. converted B. sizes B. blank B. before B. hungry B. withdraw
C. cover C. fast C. unprepared C. repair C. replied C. box C. applied C. functions C. bare C. below C. hot C. make
D. measure D. deep D. inaccurate D. lay D. concluded D. cake D. attached D. models D. incomplete D. behind D. thirsty D. resist
第二部分 阅读理解（第一节 20 小题，第二节 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 50 分） 第一节 阅读下列材料，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。
Planning a visit to the UK? Here we help with ways to cut your costs. AVOID BIG EVENTS Big sporting events, concerts and exhibitions can increase the cost of accommodation and make it harder to find a room. A standard double room at the Thistle Brighton on the final Friday of the Brighton Comedy Festival (19 Oct.) cost ?169.15 at Booking.com. A week later, the same room cost ?118.15. If you can be flexible and want to know dates to avoid—or you’re looking for a big event to pass your time—check out sites such as Whatsonwhen.com, which allow you to search for events in the UK by city, date and category. STAYAWAY FROM THE STATION If traveling to your destination by train, you may want to find a good base close to the station, but you could end up paying more for the sake of convenience at the start of your holiday. Don’t be too choosy about the part of town you stay in. Booking two months in advance, the cheapest room at Travelodge’s Central Euston hotel in London for Saturday 22 September was ?95.95. A room just a tube journey away at its Covent Garden hotel was ?75.75. And at Farringdon, a double room cost just ?62.95. LOOK AFTER YOURSELF Really central hotels in cities such as London, Edinburgh and Cardiff can cost a fortune, especially at weekends and during big events. As an alternative consider checking into a self-catering flat with its own kitchen. Often these flats are hidden away on the top floors of city centre buildings. A great example is the historic O’Neill Flat on Edinburgh’s Royal Mile, available for ?420 for five days in late September, with room for four adults. GET ON A BIKE London’s ‘Boris bikes’ have attracted the most attention, but other cities also have similar programmes that let you rent a bicycle and explore at your own pace, saving you on public transport or car parking costs. Among the smaller cities with their own programmes are Newcastle (casual members pay around ?1.50 for two hours) and Cardiff (free for up to 30 minutes, or ?5 per day). (358 words)
41. The Brighton Comedy Festival is mentioned mainly to show big events may __________. A. help travelers pass time B. attract lots of travelers to the UK C. allow travelers to make flexible plans D.cause travelers to pay more for accommodation 42. “Farringdon” in Paragraph 5 is most probably __________. A. a hotel away from the train station B. the tube line to Covent Garden C. an ideal holiday destination D. the name of a travel agency 43. The passage shows that the O’Neill Flat __________. A. lies on the ground floor B. is located in central London C. provides cooking facilities for tourists D. costs over ?100 on average per day in late September 44. Cardiff ’s program allows a free bike for a maximum period of __________. A. half an hour B. one hour C. one hour and a half D. two hours 45. The main purpose of the passage is __________. A. to tell visitors how to book in advance B. to supply visitors with hotel information C. to show visitors the importance of self-help D. to offer visitors some money-saving tips B Imagination and fantasy can play an important role in achieving the things we fear. Children know this very well. Fred Epstein , in his book If I Make It to Five, tells a story he heard from one of friends about Tom, a four-year-old boy with a cancer in his back bone. He came through several operations and a lot of pain by mastering his imagination. Tom loved to pretend, and he particularly loved to play superheroes, Dr Epstein explained that it was actually a brilliant way for his young mind to handle the terrifying and painful life he led. The day before his third trip to the operating room, Tom was terribly afraid.” Maybe I could go as Superman,” he whispered to his mom. Hearing this, the mother hesitated for a while. She had avoided buying the expensive costume(戏装)，finally she agreed. The next day Tom appeared as the powerful Superman, showing off through the hospital halls and coolly waving his hand to the people greeting him along the way. And Tom, with the strength of his fantasy, successfully made it through the operation. The power of imagination need not be reserved for children only. we all have the power to use our fantasies to attempt things we never thought possible to go through those things that seem impossible, and to achieve what we never believed we could, Just as Dr. Epstein puts it ,”If you can dream it, you can do it” It doesn?t mean that you should dress as a superhero for you next job interview. But, next time you are texted in a way that seems impossible, imagine what it would take to overcome it .Become the person you need to become to win over your challenge and do it in your mind first. So, let your imagination run wild, and dare to dream. 46. What do we know about Tom? A. He was seriously ill B. He was a dishonest boy.
C. He was crazy about magic 47. What can be inferred about Tom?s mother? A. She was a rich lady C. She wanted Tom to be a superhero 48. When Tom went for the third operation, he A. pretended to be painful C. appeared in poor spirits 49. In the last paragraph, you are advised A. to go through some difficult tests C. to become a powerful person in your mind 50. What is the purpose of the passage? A. To tell us an interesting story. C. To advise us to care about children.
D. He was Dr. Epstein?s patient B. She refused Tom?s request D. She wanted to get Tom through the pain . B. acted like a superhero D. argued with his mother . B. to wake up from your wild dreams D. to wear expensive clothes for job interviews B. To help us make right decisions. D. To encourage us to use our imagination
Women are friendly. But men are more competitive. Why? Researchers have found it's all down to the hormone oxytocin (荷尔蒙催生素). Although known as the love hormone, it affects the sexes differently. “Women tend to be social in their behavior. They often share with others. But men tend to be competitive. They are trying to improve their social status,”said Professor Ryan. Generally, people believe that the hormone oxytocin is let out in our body in various social situations and our body creates a large amount of it during positive social interactions (互动) such as falling in love or giving birth.But in a previous experiment Professor Ryan found that the hormone is also let out in our body during negative social interactions such as envy.Further researches showed that in men the hormone oxytocin improves the ability to recognize competitive relationships, but in women it raises the ability to recognize friendship. Professor Ryan's recent experiment used 62 men and women aged 20 to 37. Half of the participants received oxytocin. The other half received placebo (安慰剂). After a week, the two groups switched with participants. They went through the same procedure with the other material. Following each treatment, they were shown some video pictures with different social interactions. Then they were asked to analyze the relationships by answering some questions. The questions were about telling friendship from competition. And their answers should be based on gestures, body language and facial expressions. The results indicated that, after treatment with oxytocin, men's ability to correctly recognize competitive relationships improved, but in women it was the ability to correctly recognize friendship that got better. Professor Ryan thus concluded: "Our experiment proves that the hormone oxytocin can raise people's abilities to better distinguish different social interactions. And the behavior differences between men and women are caused by biological factors (因素) that are mainly hormonal." 51. What causes men and women to behave differently according to the text? A. Placebo. B. Oxytocin. C. The gesture. D. The social status. 52. What can we learn from Professor Ryan's previous experiment? A. Oxytocin affects our behavior in a different way. B. Our body lets out oxytocin when we are deep in love. C. Our body produces oxytocin when we feel unhappy about others' success.
D. Oxytocin improves our abilities to understand people's behavior differences. 53. Why did Professor Ryan conduct the recent experiment? A. To test the effect of oxytocin on the ability to recognize social interactions. B. To know the differences between friendship and competition. C. To know people's different abilities to answer questions. D. To test people's understanding of body language. 54. The author develops the text by______. A. explaining people's behaviors B. describing his own experiences C. distinguishing sexual differences D. discussing research experiments D August 1990，Boston Dear Maya Shao-ming, To me, June 6,1990 is a special day. My long-awaited dream came true the minute your father cried, "A girl!" You are more than just a second child, more than just a girl to match our boy. You, little daughter, are the link to our female line, the legacy of another woman's pain and sacrifice 31 years ago. Let me tell you about your Chinese grandmother. Somewhere in Hong Kong, in the late fifties, a young waitress found herself pregnant (怀孕) by a cook, probably a co-worker at her restaurant. She carried the baby to term, suffered to give it birth, and kept the little girl for the first three months of her life. I like to think that my mother—your grandmother—loved me and fought to raise me on her own, but that the daily struggle was too hard. Worn down by the demands of the new baby and perhaps the constant threat of starvation, she made the painful decision to give away her girl so that both of us might have a chance for a better life. More likely, I was dropped at the orphanage (孤儿院) steps or somewhere else. I will probably never know the truth. Having a baby in her unmarried state would have brought shame on the family in China, so she probably kept my existence a secret. Once I was out of her life, it was as if I had never been born. And so you and your brother and I are the missing leaves on a family tree. Do they ever wonder if we exist? Before I was two, I was adopted by an Anglo couple. Fed three square meals a day, I grew like a wild weed and grasped all the opportunities they had to offer—books, music, education, church life and community activities. In a family of blue-eyed blonds, though, I stood out like a sore thumb. Whether from jealousy or fear of someone who looked so different, my older brothers sometimes teased(嘲 笑)me about my unpleasing skin, or made fun of my clumsy walk. Moody and impatient, burdened by fears that none of us realized resulted from my early years of need, I was not an easy child to love. My mother and I conflicted countless times over the years, but gradually came to see one another as real human beings with faults and talents, and as women of strength in our own right. Lacking a mirror image in the mother who raised me, I had to seek my identity as a woman on my own. The Asian American community has helped me regain my double identity. But part of me will always be missing: my beginnings, my personal history, all the delicate details that give a person her origin. Nevertheless, someone gave me a lucky name "Siu Wai." "Siu" means "little," and “Wai” means "clever." Therefore, my baby name was "Clever little one." Who chose those words? Who cared enough to note my arrival in the world? I lost my Chinese name for 18 years. It was Americanized for convenience to "Sue." But like an ill-fitting coat, it made me uncomfortable. I hated the name. But even more, I hated being Chinese. It
took many years to become proud of my Asian origin and work up the courage to take back my birth-name. That, plus a little knowledge of classroom Cantonese, is all the Chinese culture I have to offer you. Not white, certainly, but not really Asian, I try to pave the way between the two worlds and bridge the gap for you. Your name, "Shao-ming," is very much like mine—"Shao" means "little." And "ming" is "bright," as in a shining sun or moon. Whose lives will you brighten, little Maya? Your past is more complete than mine, and each day I cradle you in your babyhood, generously giving you the loving care I lacked for my first two years. When I pat you, I comfort the lost baby inside me who still cries for her mother. Sweet Maya, it doesn't matter what you "become" later on. You have already fulfilled my wildest dreams. I love you, Mommy 55. Why is June 6. 1990 a special day for Mommy? A. Her dream of being a mother came true. B. She found her origin from her Chinese mother. C. She wrote the letter to her daughter. D. Her female line was well linked. 56. How does Mommy feel about her being given away? A. It is bitter and disappointing. B. It is painful but understandable. C. She feels sorry but sympathetic. D. She feels hurt and angry. 57. What does "I stood out like a sore thumb" in Paragraph 5 mean? A. I walked clumsily out of pains. B. I was not easy to love due to jealousy. C. I was impatient out of fear. D. I looked different from others. 58. What can be inferred from Mommy's Anglo family life? A. She used to experience an identity crisis. B. She fought against her American identity. C. She forgot the pains of her early years. D. She kept her love for Asia from childhood. 59. Why did Mommy name her daughter "Shao-ming?" A. To match her own birth-name. B. To brighten the lives of the family. C. To identify her with Chinese origin. D. To justify her pride in Chinese cultare. 60. By "Your past is more complete than mine," Mommy means . A. her past was completed earlier than Shao-ming's B. Shao-ming has got motherly care and a sense of roots C. her mother didn't comfort her the way she did Shao-ming D. her past was spent brokenly, first in Asia, then in the US 第二节 下面文章中有 5 处（第 61~65 题）需要添加小标题，请从以下选项中选出符合各段意 思的小标题，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑,选项中一项为多余选项. A. Slow Down Your Life B. Escape Now and Then C. Separate Your Actions D. Allow Yourself to Be Weak E. Relieve Pressure by Firmly Saying " No" F. Stop Expecting Everything to Be Perfect How to Simplify Your Life
Less is more. This is why we say: reduce things by half instead of doubling them, get rid of junk instead of piling it up, relax instead of stressing, slow down instead of speeding up. Apply these principles in your everyday life in a conscious way. You will then find yourself well along on your journey to simplification. 61. ____ When you concentrate on one task, you find you have energy that you didn't even know you had. Just imagine: you are at a fair and you have to carry two heavy pigs over 100 yards. If you keep grabbing one and then the other, it will take forever, because one of them will keep slipping out from under your arm and running off. But if you tie one pig in a place, pick up the other, gather all your strength and make a dash for the finish line, pause for a moment, run bock and get the other one, and with great determination, carry the second pig to the finish line, then you can be sure of success. 62. ______ The pressure at work is on the increase in all occupations. In the modem nuclear family, the expectations that formerly would have been shared among all the relatives are now concentrated on the individual partner. If you have the feeling that 24 hours per day are not enough for nil the things you need to do, then it’s not because the day has too few hours, but because you have too many activities. A simple fact that overloaded people often tend to forget. The solution is equally simple; refuse to accept so many work assignments in your private life or your working life. 63. ____ “I can handle stress” is regarded as a positive statement in the world of work. People who can handle stress are given more and more to cope with — until one day they break. Pay careful attention to the signs that tell you that you arc under more stress than you can cope with. These signals came from various areas of life. You become ill, or your work efficiency decreases. If you have any of these symptoms, change your life goals and decrease your tolerance of stress. Say quite openly, "I can't manage that. " 64. ____ "If only I were slimmer, more beautiful, richer, more clever, then I would be happier. " This is a dream that makes a lot of people ill, depressed, and unhappy. Life has its flaws, defects, comets, and edges. Only those who accept this reality can lead a really full life. Of course there are activities in which errors are dangerous; driving a car, crossing the road. But life doesn't consist entirely of these things. In among them there is a lot of room for small and large mistakes. 65. ____ Successful people all have their own places where they can withdraw in order to work. Find out which places improve your creativity. For me it's the train. When I know that I'm going to be traveling for four hours without phone calls and people knocking on my door, I find my mind is free and I can read or write complex articles. There can be problems working on the train, of course: if the person sitting opposite you keeps talking away, or if train trips make you tired (some people fall asleep after a few miles). 笫三部分写作（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（﹨）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线（___） ，并在该词下面写出修改的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Last Sunday morning, when I was having a walk in the park near my home, I came across a crew make a new film with one of my favourite actor. I didn’ t have my camera with me at that time, but I rushed back home to get it. Unfortunately, by the time I got back, they have finished the scene and actor couldn’t be seen everywhere. I was really disappointing and about to leave when he walked out a building. He was right there in the front of me! I couldn’t believe my luck--not only did I had my photo taken with him, but he signed her name on my shirt! 第二节 书面表达（满分 30 分） 你校正在进行“英语读书周”活动。该活动要求学生摘录名言佳句（quote）并相互交流，以 下是某同学的句子： “Your future depends on many things, but mostly on you.”请按下列要求用 英语写一篇 100~120 个词的短文： 1. 针对摘录句中的观点谈谈你的看法 2. 举例说明理由 注意： 短文的开头已给出（不计词数） 。 In the English Reading Week, one of my classmates recommended a quote to us, which goes like this: "Your future depends on many things, but mostly on you. "
一、单项填空（共 20 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 10 分） 1-5 BBADC 6-10 CABDA 11-15 ACBDB 16-20 CADDC 二、完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满 20 分） 21-25 CBCDB 26-30 ADACA 31-35 DABBD 36-40 CCCBD 三、阅读理解（共 15 小题,每小题 2 分，满分 50 分） 41-45 DACAD 46-50 ADBCD 51-54 BCAD 55-60 DBDACB 61-65 CEDFB 四、短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 5 分） make - making actor-actors but-so/and have-had everywhere-anywhere disappointing-disappointed walked out 后面加 of in the front of 把 the 去掉 had-have her-his 五、书面表达 （满分 30 分） One possible version: In the English Reading Week, one of my classmates recommended a quote to us, which goes like this; "Your future depends on many things, but mostly on you. " I can't agree more with this view. It's true that our future is determined by many things, such as opportunities and help from others, but our own attitude, determination, and hard work play a more important role. In other words, we are the master of our own future. Take Abraham Lincoln, for example. He was born in a poor family, and only received a limited education in his childhood. Yet through his painstaking efforts, he changed not only his own fate but also the 'history of America. Even to this day. Lincoln is regarded as one of the most inspiring figures in the world. Therefore, I firmly believe that our future is in our own hands.