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上外英语综合教程第1册第2版 Unit1、2、3、4、5 答案

Key to Unit 1

Never Say Goodbye

Page5 Text comprehension 1. Decide which of the following best states the author’s purpose of writing. C 2. Judge, according to the text, whether the following statements are true or false. 1—5 T T T F F 3. Answer the following questions 1. What made the author’s grandpa cry sadly? The mere thought of his son’s death in that terrible war in Italy made him cry. 2. How long had Grandpa’s son been in the war? Three months. 3. What is the implication of the author’s grandpa’s words ―Never say goodbye‖? They mean ―Never give in to sadness‖. 4. What did Grandpa ask the author to do even if he and his friends had to part? He asked him to always remember the joy and happiness of the times when he first said hello to his friends. 5. What caused the author to return to the old house? His grandpa was gravely ill. 6. Why do you think the author’s grandpa smiled at him during his last moments? His grandpa must have felt greatly relieved when he realized that the author had finally found out the essence of his words. 4. Explain in your own words the following sentences. 1. Our big old house had seen the joys and sorrows of four generations of our family. 2. I planted these roses a long time ago – before your mother was born. 3. Many son left home to fight against fascists. 4. Take the first friendly greeting and always keep it deep in your heart. Page 6—9 Vocabulary I. Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words. 1. When I was ten I suddenly found myself faced with the anguish of moving from the only home. 2. …they all share the same characteristic: sadness. 3. …in that place in your heart where summer is an everlasting season. 4. Don’t ever let yourself overcome by the sadness and the loneliness of that word. 5. Take that special hello and keep it in your mind and don’t ever forget it. II. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form. a. instead 2. Confronted with 3. lock away 4. welled up 5. summon 6. brief 7. stared 8.whispering 9. evil 10. give in III. Choose a word or phrase that best completes each of the following sentences. 1—4 D B B B 5 – 8 AD BC

IV. Fill in each blank with one of the two words from each pair in its appropriate form and note the difference in meaning between them. 1. shudder & shake a. shaking b. shuddered c. shaking d. shuddered 2. answer & reply 1. answer b. reply c. reply d. answered 3. common & general a. general b. general c. general; common d. common 4. small & tiny a. small b. tiny c. tiny d. small 5. Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used. IV. anguish: pain, grief, sorrow, agony V. softly: loudly, harshly, roughly VI. sadness: sorrow, grief, dismay VII. conspicuously: inconspicuously, unnoticeably VIII. tiny: small, little IX. part: meet, gather X. gravely: seriously, severely, hopelessly XI. brief: lengthy, long 6. Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given capitalized word in brackets. 1.industrial 2. description 3. suspicion 4.assistant 5. unemployed 6. proof 7.examination 8. Farther Page 10—12 Grammar I. Complete the following sentences using the simple past, past progressive or past perfect. a. were bathing; were looking; were playing b. was sitting; was reading c. was leaving; was; arrived; learned; had left; found; had used d. were playing; heard; hid; took e. was cycling; stepped; was going; managed; didn’t hit f. gave; thanked; said; had enjoyed; knew; had not read; were g. had played; reached; entered h. was running; struck II. Complete the following passage with the proper form of the verbs given. left; spent; had been travelling; appeared; was; were crossing; could; arrived; was sleeping; stopped; came; were getting; was; had not arrived; would be III. Correct the errors, where found, in the following sentences. 1. talked → was talking 2. √ 3. had remembered → remembered

4. was working → had been working 5. had resigned → resigned 6. √ 7. √ 8. √ IV. Fill in each blank with the proper form of the verb in brackets. 1. take 2. to play 3. lifted 4. barking 5. played 6. to say 7. beaten 8.bite; slither 9. drop 10. lying V. Rewrite the following sentences according to the example. 1. Poor as/though he was, he was honest. 2. Terrible as/though the storm, we continued our journey. 3. Hard as/though he tried, he was unable to make much progress. 4. Tired as/though I was, I went on working. 5. Much as I would like to help you, I’m afraid I’m simply too busy at the moment. 6. Much as I admired him as a writer, I do not like him as a man. 7. Strong as/though he was, Tom couldn’t lift it. 8. Bravely as/though they fought, they had no chance of winning. Page 13 Translation 1. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. a) 我十岁那年,突然要搬家,从我唯一知道的家搬走,心中痛苦万分. b) 我们似乎有许多不同的方式说再见,但它们都有一个共同之处, 那就是令 人感到悲哀. c) 有一天,一场可怕的战争爆发了,我的儿子,就像许许多多的儿子, 离乡背 井与极大的邪恶战斗去了. d) 我在自己的心灵深处搜寻那些构成我们友谊的特殊感情. 2. Translate the following sentences into English, using the words and phrases given in brackets. 1. He has prepared answers to the questions that he expects to confront during the interview. 2. His sad story touched us so deeply that we nearly cried. 3. The two of them are walking hand in hand along the riverbank, chatting and laughing. 4. When he heard the exciting news, tears of joy welled up in his eyes. 5. People from Shanghai can understand Suzhou dialect with ease, for Shanghai dialect and Suzhou dialect have much in common. 6. Henry and his wife are looking into the possibility of buying a new house within three years. 7. He finally gave in to his daughter’s repeated requests to further her education abroad. 8. We locked all our valuables away before we went on holiday. 9. Although we have parted from each other, I hope that we’ll remain good friends and that we will care for and help each other just as we did in the past. 10. At that critical moment, the army commander summoned all the officers to work

out new strategies and tactics which would make it possible to conquer the enemy.
Integrated skills I. Dictation Throughout history / the basic unit of almost every human society / has been the family. / Members of the family live together / under the same roof. / They share the economic burdens of life / as well as its joys. / The family head usually has considerable influence / in arranging marriages, / selecting careers / and determining all important moves and purchases / by any member of the family. / Particularly in conditions / where society or the state / does not give aid / and the responsibilities of the family are greater, / this large group / provides better protection / in times of economic or other emergency. II. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Fill in each blank in the passage below with ONE word you think appropriate. later push what puzzled custom because hosts visitor table however


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

Listening Gifts and Cultures Narrator: In many countries, people give special gifts at certain times. Sometimes the customs seem unusual. For example, in Australia, a birthday cake for a 21-year-old is often shaped like a key. It means the person is an adult and can come home at any time. In parts of Africa, people give a cow as a wedding present, because they believe that a cow can bring good luck to the newly-weds. Before Korean students take university entrance tests, their friends give them sticky rice candy for luck. The friends hope that the students will pass the test and "stick to" the university. The following short conversations will tell you about different customs in China, Argentina, Switzerland, Italy and Japan. Number 1: China Woman: Did I tell you I'm going to China? Man: China? Great. Woman: Yes. I'm going to Shanghai on business. I have to buy some gifts. Man: Good idea. What are you going to take? Woman: I was thinking of bringing some handkerchiefs. They're colorful, beautiful? also lightweight. I don't want to carry anything heavy. Man: Ah, I don't think you should give handkerchiefs. They aren't a good gift in Chinese culture. Woman: Why not? Man: A handkerchief is a symbol of saying goodbye. Woman: Saying goodbye? Man: Yeah, like when you're going away ... and people are crying, so they need a handkerchief. Actually, I've heard that one of the best things to give is a dinner -- not a present, but a big dinner. It's good for business. Number 2: Argentina Woman: This is interesting. Did you know that in Argentina you should never give clothing unless you know the person really well? Man: Don't give clothing? Why not? Woman: Clothing -- even things like ties -- are too personal. Only good friends give them. Man: Huh? I never thought of a tie as being personal ... just uncomfortable. What should you bring? Woman: I don't know. Maybe something for the house. Number 3: Switzerland Man: We're meeting Mr. Mertz and his wife for dinner. Maybe I should take flowers or something ... Yeah, I'll pick up some red roses. Woman: You'd better not give them roses. In Switzerland, they could be a symbol of love and romance. Man: Oh, I didn't know that. Woman: I think candy or chocolate might be better. Number 4: Italy Woman: I'd like some flowers. Uh ... those. About ten, I guess. Man: Ma'am, I don't think you should give ten flowers. In Italy, even numbers -- 2, 4, 6, and


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

so on -- are bad luck. Woman: Even numbers are bad luck? OK, I'll take nine flowers then. Number 5: Japan Woman: May I help you? Man: I'm going to stay with a family in Japan. I need to get something for them. Woman: Pen sets are always a good gift. Man: Oh, that's a good idea. Let's see ... There are sets with a pen and pencil ... and bigger sets with four pens. Woman: You said you're going to Japan? Man: Yeah. Woman: Don't give a set of four pens -- in fact, don't give four of anything. Man: Why not? Woman: The Japanese word for "four" sounds like the word for "death." It's bad luck. Man: Thanks for telling me. I'll take the pen and pencil set. Woman: Good choice. These sets make very good gifts. After all, pens write in any language! Man: Uh ... yeah. Right.

Key Unit 2 The Fun They Had Text Comprehension
I. A II. 1. T 2. F 3. T 4. F 5. T III. IV. 1. Her mother asked the County Inspector to come over. 2. The mechanical teacher worked out the mark very quickly. 3. Tommy looked at Margie with an air which suggested he knew far better about school than others. 4. A teacher has to make necessary changes about what to teach and how to teach so as to meet the needs of different pupils.

I. 1. have finished reading 2. by looking from behind his shoulder 3. is capable of providing 4. asked the Country Inspector to come over 5. disassembled the machine / mechanic teacher

上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

6. didn’t like / want to II. 1. in no time 6. adjusting III. 1. D

2. crinkly 7. tuck

3. scornful 4. neighbourhood 8. nonchalantly 9. punched

5. awfully 10. fit

2. A

3. B

4. B

5. A

6. C

7. C

8. B

IV 1. a. funny b. interesting c. interesting d. funny Funny is a very informal word, focusing mainly on whatever results in laughter because of oddness, abnormality, or inappropriateness. Interesting refers to something that that attracts people’s attention, usually because it is exciting, unusual and deserves their observation and study. 2. a. silent b. silent c. still d. still Still, suggests an unruffled or tranquil state, and often refers to a moment of calm between periods of noise and movement, and during this moment there is no sign of activity. Silent simply means becoming speechless or being without noise; it does not necessarily suggest serenity or motionlessness. 3. a. dispute b. arguing c. disputing d. arguing Dispute is often used as a transitive verb, meaning to say that something is incorrect or untrue, to fight passionately for control or ownership of something. Argue usually refers to a reasoned presentation of views or to a heated exchange of opinion; very often when used intransitively, it is followed by prepositions like ―with,‖ ―for/against,‖ ―about‖ etc. 4. a. usual b. usual c. Regular d. regular Usual is applied to whatever recurs frequently and steadily, referring to natural happenings as well as to occurrences based on the customs of the community or the habits of an individual, while regular emphasizes a conformity to the established or natural order of things, referring to events that happen often, or events that have equal amounts of time between them, so that they happen at the same time, for example, each day or each week. V. 1. Synonym: actual, genuine, true 2. Antonym: moving, movable, mobile, restless 3. Synonym: rough, coarse, uneven 4. Antonym: like, love, enjoy 5. Synonym: disdainful, contemptuous 6. Antonym: inferior, subordinate, secondary

上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

7. Synonym: indifferently, coldly, coolly, casually, offhandedly 8. Antonym: irregular, uncertain, random VI. 1. pointless 5. apologetic

2. reproduction 6. disobedience

3. unreliable 4. generosity 7. employer…employees 8. encouragement

I. 1. the, the 5. the 9. a, a, a II. 1. /, /, / 5. /, / 9. the, / III. 1. light 5. president 9. coffee IV. 1. / 5. the 2. a 6. /, the 10. a, a, a 3. a, a, / 7. The, the, / 4. a 8. the, the

2. / 6. The 10. /

3. 7.

the, / the

4. 8.

the, / the, the

2. a noise 3. very good weather 6. The vegetables 7. war 10. poetry

4. bad luck 8. All the books

2. the 6. /

3. / 7. /

4. the 8. the

V. 1. A Briton falls to his death on the Matterhorn. 2. An Olympic silver medalist dies in a crash. 3. Callaghan recalls the British Ambassador from Chile. 4. The army ends the chaos in the capital. 5. A college student wins the first prize.

I. 1. 玛吉的爷爷曾经说过,小时候他的爷爷告诉他,过去故事都是印刷在纸上的。
2. 他们翻阅那些旧得发黄、皱巴巴的书页。阅读那些一动不动的单词真是好玩极了,那些 词并没用像我们平时看到的那样在屏幕上滚动。 3. 这个机器老师一直在接二连三地让她做地理测验,但她越做越糟糕。结果她的母亲伤心 地摇摇头,请来了县视察员。


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

4. 玛吉希望他无法将机器重新组装起来,但他还是成功了。过了个把小时,机器又好了, 硕大的黑色机器,奇丑无比,有个大大的屏幕,所有的课程和问题全都显示在上面。

II. 1. Yesterday a government delegation headed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs arrived in South Africa and began a three-day friendly visit to the country.. 2. It is awfully funny to look at these caricatures which satirize social ills. 3. Computers are one of the most useful teaching aids, for all your lessons as well as all the questions asked and all the answers provided can be shown on a screen. 4. Zhang Li’s mother fell ill suddenly the day before yesterday; he sent for a doctor immediately. 5. He failed in the college entrance examination last year, but he did not feel disappointed. Instead, he continued to study hard, passed the examination successfully and became a student in a famous university this year. 6. There are many English words that this middle school student cannot pronounce correctly. 7. In this era of information explosion, we have to make constant efforts to renew our knowledge. Only thus can we become adjusted to the requirements of our work. 8. With his shirt tucked into the top of his trousers and a leather bag tucked under his arm, the boy looked just like a boss. 9. Although she is only eight years old, the little girl is already very good at calculating fractions. No wonder her parents feel proud of her. 10. All the neighborhood have heard of the news, but you haven’t. Don’t you think it is strange?

Exercises for Integrated Skills
II. 1. fun 6. who 2. game 7. at 3. watch 8. radio 4. millions 9. value 5. popular 10. amusement

1. It is reported that graduate students’ salaries are not as high as expected and some cannot earn as much as university students. 2. Although/Though/While it is easy to do a good deed once, it is difficult to do good deeds all one’s life. 3. Einstein is famous for E=mc? Edison is famous for the invention of the light bulb. ; 4. All over the country, people sell products over the Internet. These people are making impressive profits.

上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

5. Americans shake hands when they meet each other while the Japanese bow. 6. Mother’s Day is always on a Sunday. Thanksgiving is always on a Thursday. 7. My bicycle broke down, so I need to buy a new one. 8. Formal courses at the graduate level are now being taken by many elderly citizens. Some schools even offer them special programs. 9. While time often erases bad memories, one of my best friends never forgets anything; she even remembers things that happened over five years ago. 10. I don’t know whether I should take a part-time job. I am too confused to decide.

Key to Unit 3
Text comprehension

XII. Explain in your own words the following sentences.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. A gracious manner adds great splendour to your image. I dare say the note my guest sent me didn't take long to write. The simple phrase "Excuse me" made most of your irritation disappear. Being punctual has always been considered a virtue, both in the past and at present; it has not become outdated. You shouldn't accept the other person's presence without thinking of how much it means to you. Good manners can be communicated from one person to another.


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words.
become different from what it should be like displaying gratitude by waving a hand or nodding the head; move out onto the main road be of great significance who receives the thank-you remark produce a far-reaching effect practice good manners

II. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form.
2. 3. 4. Punctuality routine infectious 5. 6. 7. bet terrific board 8. valued 9. count 10. cherishes 11. irritations


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

III. Choose a word or phrase that best completes each of the following sentences. 1—4 D A B B 5 – 8 CADA IV. Fill in each blank with one of the two words from each pair in its appropriate form and note the difference in meaning between them.
7. (To praise someone or something is to express approval for their achievements or qualities; compliment often applies to praise given insincerely as an empty formality or as a self-interested gesture, as well as to a genuine admiration, and this word often appears in the structure "compliment somebody on something.") a. praised b. compliment c. praise d. complimented (Enjoy is to find pleasure and satisfaction in doing something, and often appears in the structure of "enjoy oneself," meaning "take pleasure in a situation one is in." Appreciate means "be thankful or grateful for something," as well as "like or value something for its good qualities.") appreciated j. enjoyed k. enjoying l. appreciated (The differences between these two words can be very subtle. While precious emphasizes the fact that something is valuable, rare and important, and should not be wasted, lost or used badly, priceless refers to something that is worth a lot of money, or that cannot be calculated in monetary terms.) a. priceless b. priceless c. precious d. precious


i. 9.

10. (Notice suggests the taking in, almost by chance, of a small detail that may yet be important to some larger pattern. It can also be used in the imperative as a call to attend to some small detail that might otherwise be overlooked. See is a general word to suggest an accidental or deliberate viewing of an occurrence and it carries few connotations beyond those the context may give it.) b. see c.Notice d. see e.noticed

5. 6. 7. 8.

Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used.
9. nice (courteous, polite, friendly) 10. leisurely (relaxed, idle, unoccupied, lazy) 11. annoyance (vexation, displeasure, dissatisfaction) 12. promptness (timekeeping, reliability)

thanks (recognition) activeness (liveliness, briskness, eagerness) fashionable (graceful, elegant) selfish (mean, ungenerous)

XIV. Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given capitalized word in brackets.
7. 8. unfriendly boyhood 9. understanding 10. reception 11. disappearance 12. decision 13. differing 14. elevated


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

II. Complete the sentences using the "as…as" construction or the comparatives of the adjectives given. 1. older than 5. more exciting than 9. more selective 2. more interested 6. as complicated 10. nicer 3. as crowded as 7. easier than 11. as unlucky as 4. as pale as 8. as expensive as 12. more difficult III. Complete the sentences using a comparative form. 3. stronger 7. happier 4. more noisy 8. younger 5. more expensive 9. more often 6. more difficult 10. further

11. more exciting 12. louder

IV. Use superlatives or comparatives of the adjectives given to complete the sentences. 9. more comfortable (The comparative form is used because two chairs are being compared.) 10. the funniest (When a noun is postmodified by a relative clause or a prepositional phrase, a superlative is used to premodify it.) 11. the worst (When the superlative of an adjective is used, don't forget to use the definite article before it. ) 12. more serious 13. the most popular 14. quieter 15. the most beautiful 16. healthier (Note the comparative form of "healthy" is "healthier".) 17. the least honorable (Here comparison to a minimum degree is used.) 18. less…challenging…least challenging V. Correct the errors, where found, in the following sentences. 5. older ("Elder" cannot be used as a complement but "older" can. "Than him" is also grammatically permissible.) 6. oldest ("Eldest" cannot be used to premodify nonpersonal objects.) 7. √ (Both "older" and "elder" can be used to talk about a person.) 8. √ ("Further" can be used to refer to distance, just as "farther".) 9. further ("Further" can also mean "more" or "additional," but "farther" refers to distance only.) 10. a more (Pay attention to the word order here.) 11. better(Only two reports are being compared, so the comparative should be used.) 12. √ ("A/an + singular noun" can be used after the adjective in the "as…as" construction.)

Translation I. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 1. I see such a difference in New York City, for example, from when I first moved here more


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

than 20 years ago: people rushing into elevators without giving those inside a chance to get off first, never saying "Thank you" when others hold a door open for them, or "Please" when they want a coworker to hand them something, never giving a wave or nod of appreciation when another motorist lets them pull out into traffic. 譬如,我在纽约就看到这样的差别, 与我 20 多年前刚搬来时大不相同了:人们蜂拥走进电 梯,却没有让电梯里面的人先出来;别人为他们开门时,从来不说“谢谢” ;需要同事给他 们递东西时,从来不说“请” ;当其他开车人为他们让道时,也从不挥手或点头表示谢意。 2. Haven't you noticed that the kindest, most generous people seem to keep getting prettier? 难道你没有注意到那些最和蔼、最慷慨的人似乎越来越漂亮吗? 3. The note was lovely enough, but even lovelier was the fact that the guest had also included a recipe for a dish I'd complimented her on at an earlier gathering. 那封短信已经够可爱的了,然而更加可爱的是这位客人还在信中附上了一道小菜的制作方 法,那是在前一次聚会时我对她大加赞赏的一道菜。 11. Being on time for lunch dates shows the person we're meeting that we value his or her precious time as much as we do our own. 准时赴约和他人共进午餐是向对方表示:我们珍惜自己的时间,也同样珍惜他/她的时间。 II. Translate the following sentences into English. 1. 对不起,我迟到了,我刚才在开会脱不开身。(get away) I am sorry I am late, but I was at a meeting and couldn't get away. 2. 在 音 乐 会 上 , 歌 手 唱 完每 一 首 美 妙 动 听 的 歌 曲时 , 观 众 便 高 声 喝 彩 表示 赞 赏 。 (appreciation) At the concert, whenever a singer finished singing a beautiful song, the audience would burst into loud cheers to show their appreciation. 3. 她是个穿着时髦的人,对饮食很少讲究。(stylish) She is always wearing stylish clothes, but she seldom cares about what she eats or drinks. 4. 护士告诉我医生奇迹般地治好了你的心脏病。(do wonders for) The nurse told me that the doctors had done wonders for your heart disease. 5. 主席颁奖时赞美获奖者为人类作出了巨大贡献。(compliment) When awarding the prize, the chairman complimented the winner on his great contribution to mankind. 6. 这个问题许多年来使专家们迷惑不解。(bother) This problem has bothered the experts for many years. 7. 警察到达后,示威的人群逐渐散开了。(melt away) The crowd of demonstrators melted away when the police arrived. 8. 既然准时是个好习惯,我们应该十分注意准时,努力养成这种好习惯。(punctuality) Since punctuality is such a good habit, we should pay close attention to it and make every effort to cultivate it. 9. 老人疼爱那女孩,就好像她是自己的女儿一样。(cherish) The old man cherishes that girl, as if she were his own daughter. 10. 这只是例行的体格检查,没有什么好担心的。(routine) It is just a routine physical checkup, nothing to get worried about. Integrated skills


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

I. Dictation Mother's Day is celebrated / on the second Sunday in May. / On this occasion, / Mother usually receives greeting cards and gifts / from her husband and children. / For most mothers, / the rarest and best gift / is a day of rest. / Often, / families honor Mother / by taking her out for dinner. / In some households / the husband and children / take over meal preparations / so that Mom can spend a whole day / away from the kitchen. / Serving her breakfast in bed / is another family ritual. / Later in the day, / parents may take their children / to visit their grandparents. / Flowers are an important part of the day. / Mothers are often given corsages / for the occasion, / particularly if they are elderly. II. Fill in each blank in the passage below with ONE word you think appropriate. 1. difficult 4. By 7. turn 10. likely 2. If 5. avoid 8. easy 3. invitation 6. enables 9. But Writing Fill in the blanks with appropriate coordinating conjunctions. 1. or 2. and 3. but 4. nor 5. yet/but…and 6. but 7. or 8. so 9. but 10. for…and


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

Listening Greetings Around the World There are many ways to greet people. Number 1: A bow Man: Around the world, there are many different ways to greet people. Bowing is the traditional way of greeting in Northeast Asian countries like Korea and Japan. In Japan, when you bow, you don't look directly at the other person's eyes. But in Korea it's important to see the other person's face when you bow. In both countries, people bow to show respect. Traditionally, Japanese bows where the left hand covers the right hand are more polite than when the right hand covers the left. This is because, in the days when people used swords, the right hand was used for fighting. The left hand covering the right symbolizes one's stopping one's own stronger hand. Some companies such as airlines still teach their employees to bow in this way. Number 2: A hug Woman: When good friends meet in Russia, they often hug each other. This is true for both women and men. Russia isn't the only place where friends hug. In Brazil, for example, friends also hug each other in greeting. In Brazil, the hug is called an abra?o. Number 3: The salaam Man: The salaam is a greeting from the Middle East. It is used in Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and some other Arab countries. It is most popular with older, more traditional people. To give a salaam, first touch your heart, then your forehead. Then your hand moves up, away from your head. When people use this greeting, they say, "Peace be with you." Number 4: The namaste or wai Woman: People in India and in Thailand use a different kind of greeting. It is called namaste in India. In Thailand, it is called wai. The hands are put high on the chest, and you bow slightly. This hand gesture looks similar to the gesture many cultures use for prayer. It grows out of a cultural tradition of acknowledging the goodness in the person one is greeting. Though it is a way of greeting, it also means "Thank you" and "I'm sorry." Number 5: A strong, short handshake Man: You all know how to shake hands. This is common in many countries. But it isn't always done the same way. In the United States and Canada, for example, people usually give a strong, short handshake. It's short but rather firm. Number 6: A softer, longer handshake Woman: In many other countries, people also shake hands. But they do it differently from in the United States and Canada. In Mexico and in Egypt, for example, many people -- especially men -shake hands. Mexican and Egyptian handshakes usually last a little longer. The handshake is softer -- not as strong.

Key to Unit 4

上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

Text comprehension

IV. Explain in your own words the following sentences.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. David and I felt so young and healthy that we couldn't believe we would fall victim to any disease before the word AIDS appeared in my life. We didn't spend as much time together as before. I asked him face to face to explain why we were not friends any more. I couldn't go away from him when he needed me badly. I was unable to control any more the strong emotions which I had been trying to hold back until this moment.


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words.
having a very enjoyable and exciting time disconnected and refused to take my phone call go away from or refuse to be with didn't give up, still taking him to be my best friend as before experience so much pain and stress endure all the pain and sorrow by myself

II. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form.
1. 2. 3. 4. invincible stress confront keep up 5. 6. 7. 8. marking blame pushing aside emotional 9. positive 10. recognized

III. Choose a word or phrase that best completes each of the following sentences. 1-4 B C A C 5-8 D D D A IV. Fill in each blank with one of the two words from each pair in its appropriate form and note the differences in meaning between them.
1. (Careless is used when people do not pay enough attention to what they are doing, so they make mistakes, or cause harm or damage, while carefree refers to a person or a period of time that does not involve any problems, worries, or responsibilities.) a. carefree c. careless b. careless d. carefree 2. (Both words can refer to suffering from a disease or a health problem. In this sense, sick can often be used as attributive in front of a noun. When ill is used as attributive, it often refers to something harmful or unpleasant. Sick can also mean "going to vomit," so it can be confusing to say "I'm sick." Sick is sometimes used to talk about a dislike from too much of something.) a. sick c. ill b. sick d. ill 3. (Disease refers to any kind of bad health or is an illness that affects people, animals or plants.


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

It does not have any implications as to whether the sickness is acute or chronic, mild or harsh, or long or short in duration. Plague specifically refers to a very infectious disease that spreads quickly over a wide area and kills large numbers of people.) a. disease c. disease b. plague d. plague 4. (Keep, among its many different uses, can mean "cause something or somebody to continue to do something," or "have without the need of returning." Maintain means "continue to have something and do not let it stop or grow weaker," or "keep something in good condition by regularly checking it and repairing it when necessary.") a. keep c. maintain b. keep d. maintain

V. Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. tighten (intensify, enhance) unhappy (wretched, miserable, cheerless) quickly (rapidly, swiftly) negative (doubtful, pessimistic, uncertain) benefit (profit, advantage) gain (increase, gather) cautious (alert, watchful) beginning (start, commencement)

VI. Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given capitalized word in brackets.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. unfavourable organisation worthless imperfect strengthening ashamed gratitude youth

Grammar I. Put in any, each, every, some or one of their compounds.
1. every (We use ―each‖ when we talk about people or things as individuals and we use ―every‖ when we think of them as a group.) 2. everything 3. anywhere (―Anywhere‖ in an affirmative sentence means ―in any place; no matter where‖) 4. everyday 5. somehow; anything 6. anyone; someone


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

7. some 8. somewhere

II. Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words.
(The nouns in the underlined parts are all normally uncountable, but they are used as countable nouns here.) 1. a kind of seriousness 2. a kind of devotion 3. people that cause joy 4. the water of the stated river 5. a kind of zeal 6. many kinds of tea 7. something that distracted 8. something that made him disappointed

III. Choose the best answer.
1-4 C C B C 5-8 DACB

IV. Insert suitable prepositions in the following sentences.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. in since behind in; by in ("Deal in" means "buy and sell.") to; for by; for; by; in/under; of by; of; in; around to; in; with; on; in under ("Under the weather" means "slightly unwell or in low spirits.")

V. Correct the errors, where found, in the following sentences.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. √ (We use "between" when we talk about comparisons.) above → over (We use "over," not "above," when we say that something covers something else and is in contact with it.) under → below (We use "below" when one thing is not directly under the other.) through → across √ ("Over the hill" means "too old.") on → in √ in → at



Translate the following sentences into Chinese.
We were in different classes, so we didn't hang out as much.


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

我们分在不同的班级,所以就不再那么经常厮混在一起了。 2. People looked at him as if he had a plague, and our friends from school wanted nothing to do with him. 人们看他的眼神,就好像他得了瘟疫,学校里的那些朋友都不想与他交往。 3. I was being treated this way because teenagers are not used to dealing with situations like this, and don't know how to react. 我遭到这样的待遇, 是因为十几岁的孩子们还不习惯处理这样的情况, 也不知道怎么应 对。 4. Towards the end of May he became so sick that the hospital staff had a bubble around him, so he wouldn't catch our bad germs. 快到五月底时,他病情加重,医生用个透明的塑料罩子把他给围了起来,以防他受到我 们身上有害细菌的侵害。

II. Translate the following sentences into English.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 这是为增强我们的竞争能力所作的尝试。(strengthen) It is an attempt made to strengthen our competitive ability. 这个地区的警察知道那些小偷经常出没于哪些地方。(hang out) The police in this district know where the thieves hang out. 这些签署的协议将冲破对自由贸易设置的所有障碍。(break down) The agreements signed will break down all the barriers to free trade. 那是一种非常困难的局势,但他应付得很成功。(handle) It was a very difficult situation, but he handled it very successfully. 他是我最好的朋友。既然他需要我的帮助,我可不能对他置之不理。(turn one's back on) He is my best friend. I just can't turn my back on him now that he needs my help. 只要你努力工作,你迟早一定会获得成功,实现自己的抱负。(sooner or later) So long as you work hard, you are bound to succeed and realize your ambition sooner or

later. 7. 虽然他讨厌这工作,但他决心坚持干下去,因为他需要钱来养家。(stick it out) Although he hates the job, yet he is determined to stick it out because he needs the money to support his family. 8. 那位癌症病人对疾病始终抱乐观的态度,坚持与疾病作斗争,最后终于战胜了癌症。 (keep an attitude) That cancer patient kept an optimistic attitude towards his disease, persisted in combating it, and conquered it in the end. 9. 这所大学拥有教职工 2 000 多人,其中包括 150 名左右教授和 500 余名副教授。(have a staff) This university has a staff of more than 2,000, including about 150 professors and over 500 associate professors. 10. 举办这场音乐会是为了纪念这位作曲家逝世 75 周年。(mark) The concert was held to mark the 75th anniversary of the composer’s death. Integrated skills



One of the world's most deadly health problems / is spreading to new places. / The problem is


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

heart disease / and it is affecting more and more people / in developing nations. / For years / heart disease has been the number one cause of death / in most industrial nations. / The disease has claimed more lives / than cancer or accidents. / Now the WHO has warned that / heart disease is increasing rapidly / in almost every developing nation. / Why is this happening? / One reason is that / people in developing nations / are living longer. / Another reason is that / many people have changed the way they live. / They now eat more fat and salt / and fewer fruits and vegetables.

II. Fill in each blank in the passage below with ONE word you think appropriate.
1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) spread out return cure likely unfortunate about tend because how



上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

Combine the following sentences with appropriate correlative conjunctions.
1. Violence as a way of achieving racial justice is impractical. Violence as a way of achieving racial justice is immoral, too. Violence as a way of achieving racial justice is both impractical and immoral. 2. Those who would give up essential liberty to purchase a little temporary safety do not deserve liberty. Those who would give up essential liberty to purchase a little temporary safety do not deserve safety, either. Those who would give up essential liberty to purchase a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety. 3. The man of knowledge must be able to love his enemies. The man of knowledge must be able to hate his friends. The man of knowledge must be able to not only love his enemies but also to hate his friends. 4. Education is not the filling of a pail. Education is the lighting of a fire. Education is not the filling of a pail but the lighting of a fire. 5. You can decide to stay in the shallow end of the pool. You can decide to go out in the ocean. You can decide to either stay in the shallow end of the pool or go out in the ocean. 6. That you win this race doesn't matter. That you lose this race doesn't matter, either. Whether you win or lose this race doesn't matter. 7. The one who criticizes you more is not your enemy. The one who criticizes you more is your friend. The one who criticizes you more is not your enemy but your friend. 8. You can wait for the opportunities to come. You can find opportunities yourself. You can either wait for the opportunities to come or find opportunities yourself. 9. Bureaucrats write memos because they appear to be busy when they are writing. Bureaucrats write memos because the memos, once written, immediately become proof that they were busy. Bureaucrats write memos both because they appear to be busy when they are writing and because the memos, once written, immediately become proof that they were busy. 10. Don't underestimate the power to change yourself. Don't overestimate your power to change others. Neither underestimate the power to change yourself nor overestimate your power to change others.

Telephone Messages Patient 1 NAME Robert ADDRESS Flat 6; 208 TEL.NO. 2266071 PROBLEM High temperature; large spots ACTION TAKEN phone back Patient 2 NAME James ADDRESS 17 London Road TEL.NO. 8595249


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案


Broken arm sister's May 16; Drive Heart attack an ambulance

Key to Unit 5
Text comprehension

12. Explain in your own words the following sentences.
1.Integrity means having one's own norms and rules of judging what is right and what is wrong, which one should not give up for immediate personal advantages. 2.Integrity is rare at present. 3. explanation was given for how all instruments and material were used and located during an An operation. 4.When you are right, you should insist. 5.Unavoidably they will do everything possible to keep their looks and status. Vocabulary

13. Explain the underlined part in each sentence in your own words.
b. c. d. e. f. g. that is current difficult to find or obtain make an effort to attain Insist on / Stick to ; despite / when faced with Always recognize and praise rightly others' achievement behave in a way that is natural or normal

14. Fill in the blank in each sentence with a word or phrase taken from the box in its appropriate form.
11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. appointed politically account for succumbed to ensured instinctively tough object challenge seductive


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

III. Choose a word or phrase that best completes each of the following sentences. 1—4 DABC 5 – 8 BACA IV. Fill in each blank with one of the two words from each pair in its appropriate form and note the difference in meaning between them.
13. (Morality means the rightness or pureness of behaviour; ethics refers to (the study of) questions about what is morally right and wrong.) a) Morality b) morality c) ethics d) ethics 14. (Demand commonly suggests a speaker in authority who bluntly insists upon being obeyed and does not intend to be contradicted, while ask means "call on somebody for an answer; request information; invite.") a. demands b. asked c. asking d. demanded 3. (Genuine emphasizes the fact of not being spurious, adulterated, imitated or counterfeit, while real refers to physically existent things.) 19. real 20. genuine 21. real 22. genuine 4. (Preserve emphasizes keeping something that is valuable exactly as it is, without change and even without using it at all. Save suggests rescuing something with a sense of great urgency.) a. Preserve b.preserve b. save c. save

13. Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. truthful (upright, frank) outer (external, exterior) rare (uncommon, scant) fire (sack, dismiss) resolutely (determinedly, unyieldingly) fearless (dauntless, brave, bold) unpleasant (disagreeable) unfashionable (old-fashioned, outdated)

14. Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given capitalized word in brackets.
1. inexperienced 2. rightful 3. impoliteness 4. handful 5. heady 6 . straightening 7 . sleepy 8 . beggar

Grammar 9. Explain the functions of the following imperative sentences.
15. Giving instruction


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

Expressing a wish Making a suggestion Giving an order Giving an order and expressing anger Inviting Warning Forbidding

10. Rewrite the following sentences using the imperative
1. Take a break. 2. Let's not stay here any longer. 3. Stop criticizing others. 4. Have another biscuit, please. 5. In this play you be the princess and I be the witch. (Here "you" and "I" are explicit subjects of the imperative sentence.) 6. Go and buy yourself a new pair of shoes. 7. Don't you ever be late again! / Never be late again! 8. Let us never forget the brave men and women who made the ultimate sacrifice.

III. Add a question tag to the following sentences.
1. will/can/can't you (After a positive imperative, the question tag can be "will/would/can/can't/won't you?" "Won't" is used to invite, "will/would/can/can't" are used to tell people to do things. "Would" is less forceful than "will" and much less common. ) 2. will/won't you 3. will you (After a negative imperative, the question tag is "will you?") 4. shall we ("Shall we" occurs especially in suggestions opening with "Let's.") 5. will/could/can you 6. will/won't/can't you 7. will you 8. shall we

IV.Arrange the following sentences according to the degree of politeness.
3, 5, 4 , 8 , 7 , 2, 1, 6 V. Complete the following sentences with the words or phrases in the box. 1. another ("Another" can be either a determiner or a pronoun. As a determiner, it is used before a singular noun.) 2. another 3. others ("Others" is a pronoun which means "other ones.")


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

4. other 5. another ("Doing another" is an elliptical structure. With the elliptic items recovered, it reads: doing is another thing.) 6. the other ("The other" is definite in reference.) 7. the others 8. another; others ("Another" is a pronoun here, referring to "another brother.")

Translation I. Translate the following sentences into Chinese.
1. 人的一生就像被刚降下的雪覆盖的田野,无论在哪儿走过都会留下自己的足迹。 2 . 他们本能地明白:为人正直就意味着具有个人道德和伦理的标准,那就是决不迁就权宜 之计,也不为眼前的形势所左右。 3. 那些缺乏真正的根本价值观的人依赖于外因——自己的长相或地位——以获得良好的 自我感觉。 4. 为人正直就意味着凡事都因其正确而为之,并非仅仅是为了赶时髦或趋炎附势。

II. Translate the following sentences into English.
1. That psychiatrist, who had talked about his patients in public, was charged with violating professional ethics. 2. Hanging on the walls of the classroom are some famous sayings, which inspire and urge people to exert themselves. 3. All kinds of commodities are available. Nothing is in short supply. 4. We all trust the president of the board of directors, who is a man of absolute integrity. 5. Before we vote for him, we want to know what he stands for. 6. The defendant couldn't account for the fact that the money was found in his house. 7 . When I saw that he was right, I had to back down. 8. She has been appointed sales manager, for she is both clever and diligent. 9. One of the biggest challenges faced by the present government is that of creating more jobs. 10 . The enemy succumbed soon after our soldiers stormed its stronghold.

Integrated skills 11. Dictation
In order to learn to be one’s true self, / it is necessary to obtain a wide and extensive knowledge / of what has been said and done in the world; / critically to inquire into it; / carefully to consider it; / clearly to analyze it; / and earnestly to carry it out. It matters not what you learn, / but when you once learn a thing, / you must never give it up / until you have thoroughly understood it. / It matters not what you try to think of, / but when you once try to think of a thing, / you must never give it up / until you have done it thoroughly and well. If another man succeeds by one effort, / you will use a hundred efforts. / If another man succeeds by ten efforts, / you will use a thousand.


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案

II. Fill in each blank in the passage below with ONE word you think appropriate.
XV. how XVI. based XVII. leads XVIII. chose XIX. discoveries XX. responses XXI. what(ever) XXII. state XXIII. direct XXIV. Because

Writing Combine the following sentences with appropriate subordinating conjunctions and delete unnecessary words.
VI. Although commercials are necessary for business, they can be annoying to the public. VII. Health is above wealth because the latter cannot give so much happiness as the former. VIII. The manager wrote down the name of the new software for fear that he should/would forget it. (The subjunctive mood is necessary after "for fear that.") IX. He still won the game even though he had broken his wrist. X. My teacher seems to have a ready-made answer, no matter when / whenever / every time I ask him. XI. No matter how / However much money you are making, you will never be able to buy your time back. XII. One can not learn a foreign language well unless he studies hard. XIII. The lecturer raised his voice so that / in order that we could hear him clearly. (Purpose) Or: The lecturer raised his voice so that we heard him clearly. (Result) XIV. People do not know the value of health until they lose it. XV. Just as one cannot judge a person by his appearance, so one cannot judge a book by its cover.

Listening Bosses or workers 11. Listen carefully. Complete the following chart with information about Caroline and George. Caroline George
Position in the firm Deal with Problem Personnel Manager People Everything she deals with is secondhand. Sales Manager Facts and figures He just sits there in his comfortable office with three telephones, but he can make or break a man just by looking at a sales chart.


上海外语教育出版社《综合教程》1 课本练习参考答案


Be one of the workers.

Go out on the road and try to get orders from people.

12. Listen again and answer the following questions.
12. There are too many bosses and too few workers. 13. So long as there's a good relationship between the managers and the workers the firm will prosper. 14. She thinks every boss should spend at least three months every year working on the factory floor, subject to the same rules and discipline as all the other workers. 15. In practice, she'd be of no use because she hasn't got any practical skills.


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