阳东广雅中学 2015-2016 学年第一学期高二年级期中考试试卷 英 语
第一部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Everyone needs friends. We all
like to feel close to someone. It is nice to have a friend to talk, laugh and do things with. Surely, there are times when we need to be alone. We don't always want people around. But we would feel lonely if we never had a friend. No two people are the same. Sometimes friends don't get along well, which doesn't mean that they no longer like each other. Most of the time they will go on being friends. Sometimes friends move away, then we feel very sad. We miss them much, but we can call them and write to them. Maybe we would never see them again, and we can make new friends. It is surprising to find out how much we like new people when we get to know them. Families sometimes name their children after a close friend. Many places are named after men and women, if they are friendly to people in a town. Some libraries are named this way. So are some schools. We think of these people when we go to these places. There's more good news for people, if they have friends. These people live longer than those people if those don't have friends. Why? It could be that they are happier. Being happy helps you stay well. Or it could be just knowing that someone cares, if someone cares about you, you take better care of yourself. 1. Which of the following is what the writer doesn't say in the passage? A. People are happy when their friends leave them. B. People may never see their friends after their friends move away. C. People can know their friends in different ways. D. People like their friends very much if they get to know them. 2. Which of the following is the most probable place people name after friendly people? A. A house. B. A room. C. A library. D. A village. 3. If people have friends, they would live longer, because __________. A. they feel happier and healthier B. they get a lot of help from their friends C. they take better care of themselves D. both A and C 4. This passage tells us __________. A. that people are all friends B. that people need friends C. how to get to know friends D. how to name a place
Many animals recognize their food because they see it . So do humans. When you see an apple or a piece of chocolate you know that these are things you can eat. You can also use other senses(感 官) when you choose your food. You may like it because it smells good or because it tastes good. You may dislike some types of food because they do not look, smell or taste very nice. Different animals use different senses to find and choose their food. A few animals depend on only one of their senses, while most animals use more than one sense. Although there are many different types of food, some animals spend their lives eating only one type. The giant panda e ats only one particular type of bamboo. Other animals eat only one type of food even when given the choice. A kind of white butterfly will stay on the leaves of a cabbage, even though there are plenty of other vegetables in the garden. However, most animals have a more varied diet. The bear eats fruits and fish. The fox eats small animals, birds and fruits. The diet of these animals will be different depending on the season. Humans have a very varied diet. We often eat food because we like it and not because it is good for us. In countries such as France and Britain, people eat foods with too much sugar. This makes them overweight, which is bad for their health. Eating too much red meat and animal products, such as butter, can also be bad for the health. Choosing the right food, therefore, has become an area of study in modern life. 5. We can infer from the text that humans and animals ________. A. depend on one sense in choosing food B. are not satisfied with their food C. choose food in similar ways D. eat entirely different food 6. Which of the following eats only one type of food? A. The white butterfly. B. The small bird. C. The bear. D. The fox. 7. We can learn from the last paragraph that _________. A. food is chosen for a good reason B. French and British food is good C. some people have few choices of food D. some people care little about healthy diet 8. Which of the following statements is true? A. Animals often use senses to eat their food. B. Most animals have a more varied diet. C. All animals spend their lives eating one type of food. D. The diet of birds and fox will be the same depending on the season. C About 97% of the world’s water is salty and is found in our oceans and seas. But, as we can’t drink seawater, how can it be important? Every part of our seas and oc eans contains an amazing number of animals and fish that live at different ocean depths. Most of the different species(物种) of animals and fish depend on simple plants for their food. These simple plants called algae (海藻) drift near the surface of the ocean and use sunlight to turn carbon dioxide and water into food and oxygen. In fact, algae produce over half of the oxygen people breathe. How important seawater is! Each plant or animal in our seas and oceans is an important link in a food chain(链条). The algae are eaten in large amounts by microscopic animals, which are in turn consumed by larger animals. These food chains are delicately balanced. The bad news about the food chains in the oceans is that they are under threat because of man.
People once thought that the oceans were so big that it didn’t matter if we dumped rubbish into them or caught huge quantities of fish and whales for food. But we now know this is not true and fish stocks in the oceans have started to drop. Thankfully, the world is taking steps to protect the future of our oceans by introducing international agreements to protect marine habitats. Most countries have introduced fishing restrictions(限制) to protect fish stocks(库存) in the oceans and new techniques are being pioneered to cope with pollution. Finally, the importance of protecting oceans is being made known to more people. This is just the beginning of a long process to protect the oceans for our future. We depend on the oceans for fish which are an important part of the human diet. How important seawater is! 9. Which of the following is the proper order of the food chain? A. small animals→algae→microscopic animals→large animals→man B. algae→microscopic animals→large animals→larger animals→man C. small animals→algae→large animals→microscopic animals→man D. microscopic animals→algae→large animals →larger animals→man 10. People used to think that the rubbish thrown into the sea ________. A. wouldn’t harm the fish in the sea C. would be broken down in the sea B. would change the balance of the food chain D. wouldn’t do much harm to the sea
11. From the passage, we learn that _________. A. most fish and sea animals live at the surface of the seas B. it is very difficult to break the balance of a food chain C. excessive(过量的) fishing has caused the decrease in fish stock D. it won’t be long before the problems concerning oceans will be solved 12. What would be the best title of the passage? A. The importance of sea water. C. How to protect food chains. B. Life in the oceans. D. How to deal with seawater pollution. D Now, we know that if we do not get enough vitamins, we are at risk of developing a number of diseases. As a result, vitamin supplements（补品） ，though expensive, are popular with people who worry that they are not getting enough vitamins from the foods they eat. But contrary to what many people think, medical experts have found little evidence that most supplements do anything to improve health or protect against disease. In fact, medical experts warn that taking too many of some vitamins can be harmful. For example, too much vitamin E can cause bleeding. People should discuss what vitamins they take with their doctors, as some vitamins can produce harmful side effects when mixed with medicines. Experts, however, do say that sometimes vitamins can help prevent disease. People who know they lack a particular vitamin should take vitamin supplements. Some older adults, for example, may not have enough vitamin B-twelve. This is because, as people get older, their body loses its ability to
take it from foods. Also, people who spend much time inside may need some extra vitamin D as the skin makes this vitamin from sunlight. Different vitamins are found in different foods. Vitamin A is found in fish liver oil. It also is in the yellow part of eggs. Sweet potatoes, carrots and other darkly colored fruits and vegetables contain substances that the body can change into vitamin A. Vitamin B-twelve is found in green leafy vegetables and other foods, like fruits. Vitamin K can be found in pork products. In fact, for most people, a balanced diet can ensure enough of the vitamins our bodies need. So, it is important for us to eat a mixture of foods every day to ensure that we get enough vitamins our bodies need. 13. What is probably talked about before this passage? A. How many vitamins a person’s body needs. B. How many vitamins some foods contain. C. The benefits that vitamins bring to our health. D. What people should do to stay healthy. 14. Vitamin supplements are popular with people because ________. A. people mistakenly think that they are good for their health B. they contain more vitamins than the foods people eat C. food does not provide enough vitamins people need D. people fear that a lack of vitamins will lead to disease 15. What would be the best title of the passage? A. Getting enough vitamins through a balanced diet. B. Vitamin supplements do harm to our health. C. Vitamins are important to our health. D. Lacking vitamins can cause many diseases. 第二节 （共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Building Trust in a Relationship Again Trust is a learned behavior that we gain from past experiences, 16 .___________ That is a risk. But you can’t be successful when there’s a lack of trust in a relationship that results from an action where the wrongdoer takes no responsibility to fix the mistake. Unfortunately, we’ve all been victims of betrayal. Whether we’ve been suffer from, lied to , misled, or cheated on, there are different levels of losing trust. Sometimes people simply can’t trust anymore, 17. __________ It’s understandable, but if you’re willing to build trust in a relationship again, we have some steps you can take to get you there.
◆18. ___________ having confidence in yourself will help you make better choices because you can see what the best outcome would be for your well-being. ? ◆19. ___________ If you’ve been betrayed, you are the victim of your circumstance. But there’s a difference between being a victim and living with a “victim mentality”. At some point in all of our lives, we’ll have our trust tested or violated.
? ◆ You didn’t lose “everything”. Once trust is lost, what is left? Instead of looking at the
situation from this hopeless angle, look at everything you still have and be thankful for all of the good in your life. 20. ______________instead, it’s a healthy way to work through the experience to allow room for positive growth and forgiveness. A. Learn to really trust yourself. B. It is putting confidence in someone. C. Stop regarding yourself as the victim. D. Remember that you can expect the best in return. E. They’ve been too badly hurt and they can’t bear to let it happen again. F. This knowledge carries over in their attitude toward their future relationships. G. Seeing the positive side of things doesn’t mean you’re ignoring what happened.
第二部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A very tired traveler came to the bank of a river. There was no 21 . It was winter, and the surface of the river was covered with 22 . It was getting dark, and he 23 to reach the other side while there was enoug h 24 . On the other hand, he worried a lot, not sure whether the ice would 25 his weight. Eventually, he got down on his knees and began very 26 to crawl （爬） across the surface of the ice 27 hesitating （犹豫） for a long time. He hoped that by distributing （分散） the 28 of his body, the ice would be unlikely to 29 under the load. After he made his 30 and painful journey about behind him. Out of the dusk, there halfway across the river, he suddenly heard the sound of 31
came a 4-horse load of coal driven by a man singing happily 32 he went his happy way. Here was the traveler, fearfully crawling his way on his hands and knees. And there, as if whisked (挥动) along by the winter’s wind, went the 33 , his horses, his sled , and the heavy load of coal over the 34 river!
The story shows how many of us 35 life. Some people crawl through life for fear of thin ice. Their 36 is not strong enough to 47 them up. Still there are those who sing as they go. Their faith is 38 . When we face the river of 39 , we don’t have to fear, nor do we crawl through life. With determination, courage and optimism, we can happily make our way to the other 40 successfully. 21. A. bridge 22. A. snow 23. A. agreed 24. A. light 25. A. admit 26. A. quickly 27. A. in 28. A. weight 29. A. shake 30. A. brave 31. A. laughing 32. A. before 33. A. manager 34. A. similar 35. A. go through 36. A. dream 37. A. give 38. A. unshakable 39. A. mistakes 40. A. state B. water B. ice B. helped B. time B. control B. happily B. after B. shape B. fall B. strange B. water B. as B. visitor B. same B. come across B. feeling B. make B. simple B. difficulties B. part C. road C. smoke C. wanted C. power C. lose C. cautiously C. by C. height C. break C. joyful C. wind C. for C. driver C. deep C. fight against C. talent C. hold C. true C. questions C. land D. station D. air D. managed D. strength D. support D. freely D. at D. direction D. move D. slow D. singing D. but D. passenger D. clear D. talk about D. faith D. use D. Unavoidable(不可避免的) D. changes D. side
第二节 语法填空（ 共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，共 15 分） An example to follow Zengzi (505--435), a Chinese philosopher and student of Confucius, (41)________(believe) to be the author of Daxue (Great Learning). One day, as Zengzi’s wife set off for the market , her little son insisted on going with , (42)_________(make) a tearful scene. “Stay at home,” she said to the boy, “When I come back, I (43)________(kill) the pig for you to eat.” When she got back from the market, Zengzi was prepared to catch the pig and kill it. His wife stopped him, I was only kidding(开玩笑) to (44) _______ when I said that. “Children can’t be humored (45)________ this way,” he replied. “They have little (46)_________(understand). They learn from their parents and listen to (47)________they say. To lie to him is to teach him to lie to (48)__________. Her son will not trust her any more (49)___ _____ a mother lies to him. This is not
a way to teach (50)________ child.” With that Zengzi went to kill the pig and then cooked it for his son.
第三部分 写作 （共两节 满分 35） 第一节 短文改错（10 分） （请在答卷上做题） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（ ? ） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（ ）划掉。
修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2、只允许修改 10 处，多着（从第 11 处起）不计分。 When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy ther e. Now I am living in a city, but I miss my home in countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are green. Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted. Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out . We must found ways to protect your environment. If we fail to do so, we’ll live to regret it . 第二节 书面表达 （２５分） 假设你是李华，你们班很多同学不重视英语学习，你的英语老师希望你在班里进行一次 演讲，呼吁同学们要重视英语学习。请根据以下要点写一篇 100 词左右的演讲稿（首句已经 给出，不计入总词数） ： 一、英语在当今世界中扮演着越来越重要的角色： 1. 英语在全世界范围内被广泛使用。很多国家都以英语为官方语言，另有很多人把英语 当作第二语言或外语。 2. 英语是获取信息的重要工具。如果你不懂英语，你就不可能更多地了解外面的世界或 获得更多的知识。 3. 在国际性会议中，英语也是使用频率最高的官方语言。英语讲得不好，就不能正确地 表达思想，也就不能向世界介绍中国。 二、学习英语的方法： 1．尤其要重视词汇的学习：有足够的词汇量才能看懂文章； 2．每天坚持阅读，熟能生巧(practice makes perfect)。 My fellow classmates, it is very important to learn English well.－－－
基础题（满分 30 分）
I 单词拼写：根据提示，写出单词的正确形式，有的已给出首字母。(10x1 分=10 分) 51. We should bravely face all kinds of ___________________(挑战) in life. 52. From the above analysis, we can draw a ________________(结论) that only in this way can we learn English well. 53. He is quite willing to c_______________ (捐献) his lucky money to the Red Cross. 54. The picture has _______________ (吸引) my great attention to his gift.. 55. If it is _______________(方便) to you, please pay a usual visit to her. 56. It’s very important to adjust to the _______________ (surround) if you come to a new school. 57. His words left a deep _______________(impress) on me. 58. The reason why the classroom is clean is that he ____________(打扫) it up just now. 59. Only if you c_________________(全神贯注) on your study can you make great progress. 60. I completely ________________(赞成) of your plan because it’s very perfect. II. 用所给短语的适当形式填空（10x1 分=10 分） put forward; speed up ; to one’s delight; be exposed to; take the place of; consist of ; break away from; leave out; depend on sb to do; accuse sb of 61. ___________________, our football team defeated theirs by three to one. 62. He _______________ many valuable suggestions at the meeting. 63. It’s necessary to ________________ your pace(步伐) , otherwise you will fall behind. 64. You will get injured if you _____________________ the sun for a too long time. 65. It’s bad to ________________ our parents _______ live. 66. When copying an important paper, don’t _______________ any words. 67. A football team __________________ 11 players. 68. You must _____________________ your bad habits as soon as possible. 69. He was ______________________ stealing a car. 70. In the future the principles of ecology will _____________________ the present ways to dispose of the rubbish. III. 根据提示，完成下列句子，一空一词。 （20x0.5 分=10 分) 71. 看来粗心是这次车祸的罪魁祸首。 _______ ____________ that carelessness was ________ _____________ for this car accident. 72. 真可惜，你没有看到那个精彩的场景。 It is ______ pity _______ you ___________ sight ________ the wonderful scene. 73. 为何不告知我事实的真相？
Why not _____________ me ________ the truth of the fact? 74. 只有刻苦学习，你才能取得成功。 __________ ___________ you study hard __________ ___________ achieve success. 75. 起初，这篇文章难以理解。 _________ first the text was difficult to ______________. 76. 老师要求我们在课堂上做好笔记。 Teachers demand that we _____________ ______________ notes carefully in class. 77. 每当我拿起这本书，我就想起我的童年。 ___________ ___________ I take up the book, I always think of my childhood.
阳东广雅中学 2015～2016 学年第一学期高二年级期中考试答卷 英 语
题 得 语法填空 41______________ 42 _____________ 43 ______________ 44 ____________ 45 ___________ 46______________ 47 _____________ 48 ______________ 49 ____________ 50 ___________ 号 分 语法填空 单 词 短 语 句 子 短文改错 作 文 总 分
单词拼写 51_______________ 52 ____________ 53 _______________ 54 ____________ 55 ___________ 56 _______________57 ____________ 58 _______________ 59 ____________60 ___________ 短语填空 61 _________________________________ 62
____________________________________ 63 _________________________________ 65 _________________________________ 67 _________________________________ 69 _________________________________ 完成句子 71 ______________; _______________ ;_______________ ;_______________ 72 ______________;________________; _______________; _______________ 73 ______________; _______________ 74 ______________; _______________; _______________; _______________ 75 ______________; _______________ 76 ______________; _______________ 77 ______________; _______________ 64 ____________________________________ 66 ____________________________________ 68 ____________________________________ 70 ____________________________________
第一节 短文改错 When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. Now I am living in a city ,but I miss my home in countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are green. Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted. Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out . We must found ways to protect your environment. If we fail to do so ,we’ll live to regret it . 第二节 书面表达 （２５分） My fellow classmates, it is very important to learn English well.
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阳东广雅中学 2015-2016 学年第一学期期中考试 高二年级英语试题答案
阅读：1--4 ACDB 5--8 CADB 9--12 BDCA 13--15 CDA 16--20 BGACE 完形：ABCAD CBACD DBCBA DCABD 语填：41. is believed 42. making 43. will/shall kill 44.him 45. in 46. understanding 47. what 48. others 49. if 50. a 短文改错 1. think→thought 5. 删掉 been 9. found →find 作文 My fellow classmates, it is very important to learn English well. This is because English is playing a more and more important part in today’s world. Firstly, English is widely used throughout the world as an official language and many people speak it as their second language or a foreign language. Secondly, English is an important tool to get information. If you don’t understand English, it is impossible for you to know more about the outside world or gain more knowledge. Last but not least, at international conferences, English is also used most frequently. Without good English, you can’t express your ideas correctly or introduce China to the outside world. Believe it or not, there is no such language more important than English, and we can not live well without English. To learn English well, a large vocabulary makes it possible to understand many articles. In addition, we should stick to reading every day because practice makes perfect. 2. in^country →+the 6.seriously →serious 10. your →our / the . 3. or →and 4.on →with
7. airs →air 8. Much →many