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安徽省江淮名校2015届高三第二次联考英语试题 Word版含解析


本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。全卷满分 150 分,考试 时间:120 分钟。考生务必将答案答在答题卷上,在试卷上作答无效。考试结束后只交 答题卷。 第 I 卷(选择题共 115 分) 第二部分英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节单项填空(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选 项涂黑。 21. ____ people from all walks of life are working hard to create ____new Hefei. A. /; the B. The; the C. /; a D. The; a

22. The____of hanging clothes across the street is a common sight in many parts of the city. A. routine B. procedure C. reference D. practice

23. --What bad luck! I had a cut in salary yesterday. --____. I warned you not to be late again and again but you ignored it. A. You asked for it B. Never mind C. Take it easy D. By all means

24. What he had done ____ a lot about his honesty. A. spoke B. told C. talked D. said

25. --The concert won’t start till seven. Why____ so early? --You know I don' t want to be at the traffic there. It’s terrible during the rush hour. A. are you leaving C. were you leaving B. do you leave D. had you left

26. --Silly me! I forgot the color of my luggage. --What about A. the one over there? B. one C. that D. those

27. I lost the key to my dormitory. Could you ____ for the night? A. put me up B. take me up C. set me up D. bring me up

28. --Why do you look so upset, Linda? --There are so many troublesome problems____. A. remaining settled C. remained to settle B. remaining to be settled D. remained to be settled

29. The old man, for Anhui. A. whose

life had been very hard, donated his possessions to poor villages in

B. whom

C. which

D. that

30. But for the fact that I A. had had/would go C. had/would have gone

an unexpected visitor, I _____to the lecture. B. had/must go D. had had/must have gone

31. The man has been in____ doctors describe as a vegetative(植物的) state for six years. A. what B. which C. that D. how

32. --When shall we start the reconstruction of the old buildings? --Not until by the local government. B. our program will be approved D. our program has been approved

A. will our program be approved C. has our program been approved

33. I told them not everybody could pass the test, ____? A. could he B. didn’t I C. didn’t you D. could they

34. She couldn’t find her son A. when

she had dropped him off. B. until C. although D. where

35. --Did you like your trip to Xi’an during the Summer vacation? --____. It was too hot and there was too much traffic. A. Not a little C. Not really B. Don’t mention it D. Not exactly

第二节完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后面各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 With time flying, people become aged. Then many people even in their middle age often start to notice that their memory and mental clarity are not what they used to be. We suddenly can’t remember 36 we put the keys just a moment ago, or an old friend’s name, or the name of an old band we used to love. As the brain 38 37 , we refer to these occurrences as "senior moments". effect on our

seemingly innocent, this loss of mental focus can potentially have a(n) 39 40 well-being.

social and

Neuroscientists,experts who study the nervous system, are increasingly showing that there’s actually a lot that can be done. It 41 out that the brain needs exercise in much the same way can significantly improve our basic cognitive(认知)

our muscles do, and the right mental 42 43 . Thinking is basically a ability to 45

44 of making connections in the brain. To a certain extent, our 46 ,

in making the connections that drive intelligence is inherited(继承).

because these connections are made through effort and practice, scientists believe that intelligence can expand and wave 47 mental effort. 48 and developed the first "brain training 49 their mental sharpness.

Now, a new Web-based company has taken a step

program" designed to actually help people improve and

The Web-based program 50 you to systematically improve your memory and attention skills. The program keeps a(n) 51 of your progress and provides detailed feedback(反馈) 52 performance and improvement. Most importantly, it 53 play to 54 your

changes and improves the games you

up the strengths you are developing-much like a(n) 55 exercise routine which

requires you to increase resistance and vary your muscle use.

【小题 1】A. where 【小题 2】A. improves 【小题 3】A. If 【小题 4】A. irregular 【小题 5】A. personal 【小题 6】A. turns 【小题 7】A. connection 【小题 8】A. style 【小题 9】A. steps 【小题 10】A. insist 【小题 11】A. Therefore 【小题 12】A. according to 【小题 13】A. back 【小题 14】A. regain 【小题 15】A. suggests 【小题 16】A. hold 【小题 17】A. to 【小题 18】A. irregularly 【小题 19】A. carry 【小题 20】A. risky

B. when B. fades B. Unless B. limited B. psychological B. finds B. responses B. functions B. condition B. believe B. Moreover B. regardless of B. further B. reflect B. makes B. record B. with B. habitually B. put B. effective

C. that C. recovers C. Once C. damaging C. mental C. points C. workouts C. circumstances C. consequences C. succeed C. Otherwise C. apart from C. aside C. review C. hurries C. order C. for C. constantly C. build C. meaningless

D. why D. falls D. While D. positive D. physical D. figures D. associations D. atmosphere D. process D. fail D. However D. instead of D. around D. respond D. allows D. pace D. about D. unusually D. take D. familiar

第三部 分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出最佳选项. 并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A Though the Web is becoming increasingly popular, the TV never fails to attract people. Do you

know which television network is the largest in America? It is not ABC, CBS, or Fox. Nor is it one of the cable net-works such as CNN, which carries only news and news stories. It is not ESPN, the all-sports cable net-work, or even MTV, which is famous for its music videos. Rather it is PBS, Public Broadcasting System, a non-profit public broadcasting TV service. PBS has 349 member television stations in the U. S. and some member stations by cable in Canada. PBS only attracts a minority of all TV viewers, about 2 percent. The industry leader, NBC, however, attracts 11 percent of viewers. But the growth of public television in the past two decades has been dramatic. This is especially noteworthy(值得关注) when one considers that public television stations must often survive on very limited budgets, on viewers’ donations, and on private foundations and some governmental funding. The level of quality of PBS programs, whether in national and international news, entertainment, or education, is excellent. Almost a whole generation of children throughout the world is familiar with Sesame Street and the characters of The Muppet Show. PBS is especially well known for the quality of its many educational TV programs. Over 95 percent of all public television stations have tele-courses. These courses are accepted and supported by more than 1, 800 colleges and universities throughout the US. Each year, over a quarter of a million students take courses this way. 【小题 1】According to this article, PBS received part of its funding from___. A. the audience C. advertising agencies 【小题 2】What is PBS most famous for? A. Cable services. C. Tele-courses. B. Generous donations. D. Live news broadcasts. B. public schools D. other television stations

【小题 3】Which of the following is TRUE about public television stations? A. The majority of their viewers are minority people. B. Ninety-five percent of their programs are tele-courses. C. They are shrinking in number because they make no profits. D. Their courses are accepted by many universities in America. 【小题 4】Which of the following has the highest percentage of viewers? A. ABC B. PBS C. NBC D. Fox

B My old digital camera broke down, so I wanted to buy a new one. Being the cautious type, I fancied a reliable brand. So I went on the Net, spent 15 minutes reading product reviews on good websites, wrote down the names of three top recommendations and headed for my nearest big friendly camera store. There in the cupboard was one of the cameras on my list. And it was on special offer. Oh joy. I pointed at it and asked an assistant, "Can I have one of those? " He looked perturbed(不安). "Do you want to try it first?" he said. It didn’t quite sound like a question. "Do I need to?" I replied, "There’s nothing wrong with it." This made him look a bit offended and I started to feel bad. "No, no. But you should try it," he said encouragingly, "compare it with the others. I looked across at the others: shelves of similar cameras placed along the wall, offering a wide range of slightly different prices and discounts, with each company selling a range of models based around the same basic box. With so many models to choose from, it seemed that I would have to spend hours weighing X against Y, always trying to take Z and possibly H into account at

the same time. But when I had finished, I would still have only the same two certainties that I had entered the store with: first, soon after I carried my new camera out of the shop, it would be worth half what I paid for it; and second, my wonderful camera would very quickly be replaced by a new model. But something in the human soul whispers that you can beat these traps by making the right choice, the clever choice, the wise choice. In the end, I agreed to try the model I had chosen. The assistant seemed a sincere man. So I let him take out my chosen camera from the cupboard, show how it took excellent pictures of my fellow shoppers... and when he started to introduce the special features, I interrupted to ask whether I needed to buy a carry-case and a memory card as well. Why do we think that new options still offer us anything new? Perhaps it is because they offer an opportunity to avoid facing the fact that our real choices in this culture are far more limited than we would like to imagine. 【小题 1】The shop assistant insisted that the writer should ____. A. trust him and stop asking questions B. try the camera to see if there was anything wrong with it C. get more information about different companies D. compare the camera he had chosen with the others 【小题 2】What does the writer mean by "it would be worth half what I paid for it"(Paragraph 2)? A. He should get a 50% discount. B. The price of the camera would soon fall. C. The quality of the camera was not good. D. The price of the camera was unreasonably high. 【小题 3】The writer decided to try the model he had chosen because he _______. A. knew very little about it B. wanted to make sure the one he chose would be the best C. didn't trust the shop assistant D. had a special interest in taking pictures of his fellow shoppers 【小题 4】It can be inferred from the passage that in the writer’s opinion, _______. A. we waste too much money on cameras B. cameras have become an important part of our daily life

C. we don’t actually need so many choices when buying a product D. famous companies care more about profit than quality

C People laugh and people cry. But it is thought that emotions such as anger, or joy, typically make Americans feel uncomfortable and embarrassed. The shedder of tears(落泪者) is likely to apologize, even when a great tragedy was the cause. The observer of tears is likely to do everything possible to put an end to the emotional tears. But judging from recent studies of crying behavior, both those responses to tears are often inappropriate and may even be counterproductive (适得其反). Humans are the only animals clearly known to shed emotional tears. Since evolution has given rise to few purposeless physiological responses, it is logical to assume that crying has one or more functions that increase survival. Although some observers have suggested that crying is a way to ask for assistance form others (as a crying baby might from its mother), the shedding of tears is hardly necessary to get help. Vo-cal (出声的) cries would have been quite enough, more likely than tears to gain attention. So,

it appears that there must be something special about tears themselves. Indeed, the new studies suggest that emotional tears may play a direct role in easing stress. University of Minnesota researchers who are studying the chemical composition of tears have recently separated two important chemicals from emotional tears. Both chemicals are found only in tears that are shed in response to emotion. Tears shed because of exposure to cut onion would contain no such substance. Other researchers are looking into the usefulness of tears as a means of diagnosing human ills and monitoring drugs. At Tulane University’s Teat Analysis Laboratory Dr. Peter Kastl and his colleagues report that they can use tears to detect drug abuse, to study the causes of "dry eye" syndrome(综合症) and the effects of eye surgery, and perhaps even to measure exposure to environmental pollutants. 【小题 1】What does the phrase "both those responses" in Paragraph 1 refer to? A. Crying out of sorrow and shedding tears for happiness. B. The embarrassment and unpleasant feelings of the observers. C. Linking illness with crying and finding the chemical composition of tears. D. The tear shedder’s apology and the observer’s effort to stop the crying. 【小题 2】It is known from the first paragraph that____. A. shedding tears gives unpleasant feelings to Americans B. crying may often result in tragedy C. crying usually wins sympathy from other people D. one who sheds tears in public will be blamed 【小题 3】What does the author say about crying? A. It is a pointless physiological response to the environment. B. It must have a role to play in man' s survival. C. It is meant to get attention and assistance. D. It usually produces the desired effect. 【小题 4】From the passage we can infer that____. A. it is unnatural for people to shed tears B. we can reduce our stress by shedding tears C. shedders of tears can' t get help by crying loudly

D. unlike animals, humans can shed tears for survival

D Whenever people think of charity, the first word that jumps into their mind may be money donated to the needy. However, Wugging, or web-use giving, describes the act of giving to charity at no cost to the user. By using Everyclick. com, which is being added to a number of university computers across the UK, students can raise money every time they search, but it won’t cost them a penny. Research shows that students are extremely enthusiastic about supporting charity--88% of full time students have used the Internet to give to charity. This figure is high considering this age group is often the least likely to have their own income. 19% of 22 to 24 year olds have short-term debts of more than & 5, 000. With rising personal debt levels in this age group, due to university tuition fees or personal loans and a lack of long-term savings, traditional methods of donating to charity are often not appealing or possible.

Beth Truman, a 21-year-old recent university graduate, has used Everyclick. com to donate to her chosen charity, the RSPCA, for two years and has seen the "Wugging" grow in popularity with students. "When you’re at university you become more socially aware, but it’s sometimes hard to give to others when you have little money yourself," says Beth. "Wugging is great for people in this age group as it allows them to use the technology on a daily basis to give to charity, without costing them a single penny." Wugging is perfect for people who want to be more socially aware and supportive but don’t feel they have the means to do so. Students using the web can raise money for causes they care about without costing them anything in terms of time or money, and charities get a valuable source of funding. Everyclick. com works like any other search engine, allowing users to search for information, news and images but users can decide which of the UK’s 170, 000 charities they would like to support through their clicks. Everyclick. com then makes monthly payments to every registered charity. Launched in June 2005, Everyclick. com is now the eighth largest search engine and one of the busiest charity websites in the UK. 【小题 1】According to the passage, "Wugging" is actually____. A. a charity-related action C. a school organization B. a website D. a student movement

【小题 2】In the case of charity, Everyclick. com____. A. receives much money from students C. offers valuable information to students B. frees students of the financial worries D. praises students for their money-raising

【小题 3】From the passage, we can conclude that____. A. most full time students do charity on the Internet every day B. Everyclick. com is the busiest charity website in the UK C. Everyclick. com helps students pay for further education D. "Wugging" is a win-win idea for both students and charities 【小题 4】What would be the best title for the passage? A. "Wugging", a popular term on the Internet B. Students collect money for charity by "Wugging" C. More British charities benefit from the Internet

D. Charity enjoys increasing popularity with the British

E People talk about energy everywhere. Green energy, for example. Then, energy independence. It has a nice ring to it. Doesn’t it? If you think so, you’re not alone, because energy independence has been the dream of American president for decades, and never more so than in the past few years, when the most recent oil price shock has been partly responsible for kicking off the great recession(经济衰退). "Energy independence" and its rhetorical(修辞的) companion "energy security" are, however, unreliable concepts that are rarely thought through. What is it that we want independence from, exactly?

Most people would probably say that they want to be independent from imported oil. But there are reasons that we buy all that oil from elsewhere. The first reason is that we need it to keep our economy running. Yes, there is a trickle(涓涓细流) of biofuel( 生物燃料 ) available, and more may become available, but most biofuels cause economic waste and environmental destruction. Second, Americans have basically decided that they don’t really want to produce all their own oil. They value the environmental quality they preserve over their oil imports from abroad. Vast areas of the United States are off-limits to oil exploration and production in the name of environmental protection. To what extent are Americans really willing to tolerate the environmental influence of domestic(国内的) energy production in order to cut back imports? Third, there are benefits to trade. It allows for economic efficiency, and when we buy things from places that have lower production costs than we do, we benefit. And although you don’t read about this much, the United States is also a large exporter of oil products, selling about 2 million barrels of petroleum products per day to about 90 countries. There is no question that the United States imports a great deal of energy and, in fact, relies on that steady flow to keep its economy stable. When that flow is interrupted, we feel the pain in short supplies and higher prices. At the same time, we get massive economic benefits when we buy the most affordable energy on the world market and when we engage in energy trade around the world. 【小题 1】What does the author say about energy independence for America? A. It sounds very attractive. C. It will bring oil prices down. B. It ensures national security. D. It will protect the environment.

【小题 2】Why does America rely heavily on oil imports? A. It wants to expand its storage of raw oil. B. Its own oil reserves are quickly running out. C. Its own oil production falls short of demand. D. It wants to keep its own environment untouched. 【小题 3】What does the author say about oil trade? A. It improves economic efficiency. C. It brings benefit only to the sellers. B. It makes for economic recession. D. It saves the cost of oil exploration.

【小题 4】What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage? A. To explain the increase of international oil trade. B. To raise Americans' awareness of the energy crisis. C. To argue for America’s dependence on oil imports. D. To stress the importance of energy protection.

第Ⅱ卷 (非选择题共 35 分) 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 任务型读写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填 一个单词。

What makes people successful? Take a look around and talk to your friends and seniors who are very successful, you will see all of them have adopted certain values which have proved vital for their success. It is evident that successful people take initiative (主动性). When they find something needs to be done, they never hesitate to do it. They believe that responsibility is taken, not given. They weigh immediately what has to be done and then do it with pleasure thus strengthening their reputation. Successful people do things with great enthusiasm, especially when they believe in what they are doing. They are motivated by their own satisfaction and the joy they get from doing their work. They work hard even when no one is watching and they devote themselves to their work. They do not fear failure. Failures and disappointments in life are unavoidable. It is failure that teaches us much more than success. Successful people pick themselves up after a fall and try again with more determination and commitment and learn from each failure. They associate with those they can learn from and enjoy the company of those appreciating their achievement. Having good IQ often gets a person what he wants but it's really the EQ that keeps him there and helps him enjoy a high reputation. Successful people are polite to everyone and treat others with respect. By giving respect to others, they command respect for themselves. Another important quality of successful persons is that they never complain. It's better to praise others and win favor with them. So instead of complaining about a situation, successful people always try to solve it. To put it shortly, take initiative and be enthusiastic about them. Do not be afraid to fail, but get up and start again. When you do so, success will be just around the corner. Title: What Makes People Successful? Introduction Successful people all have adopted certain values which are vital for their success. ◆They take immediate action without 77.________. Taking initiative 76._________of do it pleasantly. successful people Being self-motivated ◆They are 78. _______ about the things they do, with a belief in what they are doing. ◆They take responsibility for what has to be done and

◆They are 79. _______ to their work. ◆They get up and start again after a failure. Learning failure achievement. ◆They are polite to everyone and treat others Giving respect to 81.________. others ◆They earn respect in return by giving respect to others. ◆They praise others and win favor with them. Making 82.________ of difficulty. When you can combine the above into your action plan, you’ll have 85._______ to 84.__________ success soon. no ◆they always try to 83. ______the problems in the face from ◆They keep company of those who 80.______their

第二节 书面表达(共 1 题,满分 25 分) 本学期,合肥一中开设了“七彩课程”,二外课是“七彩课程”的重要组成部分,即在语言课上 为学生提供学习除英语以外的第二门外语如俄语、 法语等语言的机会, 对此大家有不同的看 法。英语社就此事开展了一场讨论。请你谈谈对设置此类课程的看法并说明理由。 注意: 1. 词数 120 左右; 2. 参考词汇: 七彩课程 Colorful Course;开设 establish vt.


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