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现代大学英语精读4课件lesson11


Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

Part Two

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

Background Information
I. Author

II.

World War II

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

Background Information
I. Author Life Works Comments

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

Background Information
II. World War II Two Blocs France Occupied Ending German Occupation of France

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

I.

Author— Author—Life
Josephine Tey
Elizabeth Mackintosh (1896—1952), one of the best-known and best-loved of all crime writers, wrote mysteries under the pen names of Gordon Daviot and Josephine Tey.

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

I.

Author— Author—Life

As a Scottish writer and dramatist, she wrote 8 mystery novels, 6 of which feature Inspector Alan Grant of Scotland Yard.

Much of the novels’ appeal comes from Tey's loving portrayal of traditional English country living, and life on a horse-breeding farm. By a fascinating character study, her novels are powerful combination and make for fascinating plots.
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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

I.

Author— Author—Life

born in Inverness, Scotland in 1896 attended the Royal Academy and later the Anstley Physical Training College in Birmingham, England, after which she taught physical education in 1926 she began writing short stories, novels, and a successful play, Richard of Bordeaux, under the Daviot pseudonym

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

I.

Author— Author—Life

successful publication of her first detective novel The Man in the Queue (1929), featuring her Scotland Yard detective Alan Grant Her initial crime novel under the pseudonym Josephine Tey, A Shilling for Candles, was published in 1936. died in London in 1952, leaving her entire estate to the National Trust
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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

I.

Author— Author—Works
The Franchise Affair The Daughter of Time—for which she is still best remembered—in his Crime & Mystery: The 100 Best Books.

Six Novels in the Alan Grant Mysteries by Tey

1. The Man in the Queue (1929) 2. A Shilling for Candles (1936) 3. The Franchise Affair (1948) 4. To Love and Be Wise (1950) 5. The Daughter of Time (1951) 6. The Singing Sands (1952)

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

I.

Author— Author—Works
The Franchise Affair (The third book in the Alan Grant series) (1948) A Shilling for Candles (The second book in the Alan Grant series) (1936)

The Man in the Queue (The first book in the Alan Grant series) (1929)
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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

I.

Author— Author—Works
The Daughter of Time (The fifth book in the Alan Grant series) (1951) The Singing Sands (The sixth book in the Alan Grant series) (1952)

To Love and Be Wise (The fourth book in the Alan Grant series) (1950)
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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

I.
Novels

Author— Author—Works
More Pictures

Kif: An Unvarnished History (1929) The Expensive Halo (1931) The Privateer (1952)

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

I.

Author— Author—Works
Tey's first book An Unvarnished History, a novel originally published under the pseudonym of Gordon Daviot in 1929. It is a sad story of a young man's downward path in the hard years in England after WWI.
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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

I.

Author— Author—Works

Crime Novels By Josephine Tey Miss Pym Disposes (1946) Brat Farrar (1949)

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

I.

Author— Author—Works
“The Pen of My Aunt”

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

I.

Author— Author—Comments

Robert Barnard remarks, “Tey's enduring fame rests on the love with which her readers regard her books.” Unlike the usual writers of puzzle-plots she was not content with formula and managed to tell different sorts of stories in different ways. In doing so she often disregarded the conventions of the whodunit, producing books that Barnard describes as resting in the hinterlands between the crime novel and the "novel proper." "They all have crime at their heart," he notes, "but they are as far as possible from the 'body in the library' formula."
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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

I.

Author— Author—Comments

The mystery elements are understated, which makes Brat Farrar one of those "hinterland" novels that defies the conventions of the well-made detective story. Tey also plays with the twinning of the two brothers Simon and Patrick, so alike and yet so different. By tipping her hand about Patrick's identity at the novel's opening Tey reduces the traditional whodunit element, but by reversing the character types she increases the novel's impact. — Robert Barnard

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

II.

World War II

World War II (the Second World War) was a global conflict that began on July 7, 1937 in Asia and September 1, 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945, involving the majority of the world's countries and every inhabited continent.

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

II.

World War II

It was the most extensive and expensive armed conflict in the history of the World. Attributed in varying degrees to the Treaty of Versailles, the Great Depression, nationalism, and militarism, the causes of the war are a matter of debate.

Others argue that the two world wars are one conflict separated only by a "ceasefire".

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

II.

World War II

Fighting occurred across the Atlantic Ocean, in Western and Eastern Europe, in the Mediterranean Sea, Africa, the Middle East, in the Pacific and South East Asia, and it continued in China.

In Europe, the war ended with the surrender of Germany on May 8, 1945 (V-E and Victory Days), but continued in Asia until Japan surrendered on August 15, 1945 (V-J Day).

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

II.

World War II

Approximately 57 million people died as a result of the war, including acts of genocide such as the Holocaust, the Rape of Nanking, and General Ishii Shiro's Unit 731 experiments in Pingfan. As a case of total war, it involved the "home front" and bombing of civilians to a new degree. Atomic weapons, jet aircraft, and RADAR were only a few of many wartime inventions.

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

II. World War II—Two Blocs II—
The belligerents of the Second World War are usually considered to belong to either of the two blocs: the Axis and the Allies.

The Axis Powers consisted primarily of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which split the Earth into three spheres of influence under the Tripartite Pact of 1940.

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

II. World War II—Two Blocs II—
Among the Allied powers, the "Big Three" were the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and the United States. The independent dominions and colonies of the British Empire, Brazil, Canada, France, etc. were also counted among the Allies.

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

II. World War II—Two Blocs II—

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The end of World War II—Two Blocs.

Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

II. World War II—France Occupied II—
France was invaded on May 10, 1940 ending the Phony War and beginning the Battle of France.

In the first phase of the invasion, German bypassed the Maginot Line and split the Allies into two by driving to the English Channel.

Then German forces invaded France dominious, and created the Vichy France puppet government.

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

II. World War II—France Occupied II—
Allied forces stationed in Italy invaded the French Riviera on August 15 and linked up with forces from Normandy. On August 25, the Allies captured Paris.

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The end of World War II—France Occupied.

Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

II. World War II—Ending II—
The end of the war was also seen as the end of Britain's position as a global superpower and the emergence of the United States and the Soviet Union as the dominant powers in the world. Friction had been building up between the two before the end of the war, and, with the collapse of the Nazi Germany, relations spiraled downward. The Cold War had begun.

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The end of World War II—Ending.

Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

II. World War II—German II— Occupation of France
France image

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II. World War II—German II— Occupation of France

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II. World War II—German II— Occupation of France
Chateau de Courance
Courance, 61 km south of Paris, is described as ‘one of the lovliest gardens in France’. Its good design sense used to prevail all over European comfortable domestic gardens. In the Second World War, it was occupied by the Germans from 1947 to 1954. The park underwent further restoration after 1948.

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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

II. World War II—German II— Occupation of France
The original memorial (photo on the right) depicted a digger about to bayonet a German eagle in memory of the recapture of the village from the Germans in “the finest single feat of the war” described by a British general in the First World War .

However, during their occupation of France in the Second World War, it was destroyed by German soldiers.
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Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

II. World War II—German II— Occupation of France
After the Second World War, the villagers rebuilt this striking memorial. It depicts a 2.5m digger in battle dress and stands in the village of Mont St. Quentin.

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The end of World War II—German Occupation of France.

Lesson 11—The Pen of My Aunt

Part Two
This is the end of Part Two. Please click HOME to visit other parts.

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