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山东大学英语分级考试试卷


山东大学 2009 级英语分级考试试题
Part II. Reading comprehension
Directions:There are 4 passages in this part. Each passages is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage 1 Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage A third of Britons are overweight, states a report published in January by the Royal College of Physicians, the result of an 18-month-long study. About five per cent of the children weigh too much, and are likely to stay that way for life; in the mid-twenties age group the proportion of fat people rises to a third, and of the middle-age population half are overweight. Fat people risk severe health problem, says the report, including high blood pressure, breathlessness, and various forms of heart disease. Smoking is particularly risky for overweight people. The safest way to lose weight is to eat cereals, bread, fruit and vegetables, and cut down on fatty meats, butter and sweet foods. Fat diets do far more harm than good; slimming machines that vibrate muscles have not been proved useful; saunas merely remove a little body water, and health farms, says the report, serve as expensive holidays. Exercise is most important to health, the report emphasizes; though it doesn't necessarily reduce weight, it maintains the correct proportion of body fat to body muscle. And it isn't only for the young. From middle age a minimum of 20 minutes of gentle physical jerks should be practiced three times a week. The report advocates several public health measures to combat the high prevalence of overweight in this country. They include an increase of tax on alcohol to reduce its increasing, and dangerously fattening, consumption; and the provision of more sports facilities by local authorities. Britain's doctors, the report concludes, must learn to be more sympathetic and specific in their advice to the overweight, encouraging a change in eating habits on a long-term basis, and taking into account the many -often complex - reasons why fat people are fat. 31. The passage mainly talks about_______. A. Britons' overweight problem B. how to avoid getting overweight C. the cause of Britons overweight D. the relations between overweight and health problems 32. According to the report, a person is most likely to stay fat for the whole of his life if he________. A. gets fat in his twenties B. gets fat in his middle age C. was born fat D. gets fat when he is a child 33. The report suggests that exercise A. is a way to reduce weight B. is a sure way to keep one healthy C. sometimes increases weight D. can convert fat to muscle 34. The report points out that drinking too much alcohol A. will also cause a person to get overweight B. will cause a person to do less sport C. will make a person forget the fact that he is fat D. will lead a person to bad eating habits 35. Britain’s doctors, when treating the overweight, should A. encourage a long-term diet for everyone B. be more considerate and give detailed advice C. first consider why so many people are overweight D. do all of the above Passage Two Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage Knowing ahead of time how to get out during a fire can save needed time. The best way out in a fire is the route you use to go in and out everyday. Yet in a fire this route may be blocked. Be sure to plan other escape routes. Practice your escape plan an night when it is dark. Be sure that your plan is good and will work. For instance, make sure that a child can actually open the window he is supposed to use for his escape. Teach children to close their bedroom doors. Tell them to will by an open window until someone can reach them from outside. If an adult cannot be wakened, children should understand that they must leave by themselves. Choose a meeting place outside. This way you can tell if everyone is safely out of the building. Know where nearby telephones or fire alarm boxes are found. If you live in an apartment, try to get everyone out. Learn where the fire alarm is in the building. Your family should know what the fire alarm bell or horn sounds like. They should know what to do when they hear it. Try to get the other families in your building together to have fire drills. Write down the telephone number of the fire department. Tape the number to each phone. Don t forget to let the babysitter in on your

plans. Tell your babysitter what to do in case of fire. Early warning is the key to a safe escape. It has been shown time and time again that a family can escape if warned early enough. 36. Which of the following statements is true? A. You must take the route you use to go in and out in a fire. B. The route is always blocked in a fire. C. You should not rely on one route during a fire. D. During a fire, planning escape route can save you needed time. 37. Which is the best advice for children during a fire? A. Children should awaken an adult before they leave. B. Children should close the bedroom doors and windows. C. Children should jump out of window even though they are in a high place. D. Children should open a window and wait there for help. 38. People who live in apartment should______. A. practice the plan together B. make sure they know the fire chief. C. not have to pay for insurance D. do fire drills separately 39. If you are trapped in a bedroom during a fire, you should______. A. hide under the bed. B. stand in a corner C. lie still. D. close the bedroom doors. 40. When the best time to practice escape plan? A. At dusk B. In the afternoon C. In the morning D. At night Passage Three Questions 41 to 45 are based on the following passage Social change is more likely to occur in societies where there is a mixture of different kinds of people than in societies where people are similar in many ways. The simple reason for this is that there are more different ways of looking at things present in the first kind of society. There are more ideas, more disagreements in interest, and more groups and organizations with different beliefs. In addition, there is usually a greater worldly interest and greater tolerance in mixed societies. All these factors tend to promote social change by opening more areas of life to decision. In a society where people are quite similar in many ways, there are fewer occasions for people to see the need or the opportunity for change because everything seems to be the same. And although conditions may not be satisfactory, they are at least customary and undisputed. Within a society, social change is also likely to occur more frequently and more readily in the material aspects of the culture than in the non-material, for example, in technology rather than in values; in what has been learned later in life rather than what was learned early; in the less basic and less emotional aspects of society than in their opposites; in the simple elements rather than in the complex ones; in form rather than in substance; and in elements that are acceptable to the culture rather than in strange elements. Furthermore, social change is easier if it is gradual. For example, it comes more readily in human relations on a continuous scale rather than one with sharp dichotomies(一分为二). This is one reason why change has not come more quickly to Black Americans as compared to other American minorities, because of the sharp difference in appearance between them and their white counterparts. 41. The passage is mainly discussing _______. A. two different societies B. the necessity of social change C. certain factors that determine the ease with which social changes occur D. certain factors that promote social change 42. ______ is one of the factors that tend to promote social change. A. Joint interest B. Advanced technology C. Different points of view D. Less emotional people 43. The expression greater tolerance (paragraph 1) refers to _____. A. greater willingness to accept social change B. quicker adaptation to changing circumstances C. more respect for different beliefs and behavior D. greater readiness to agree to different opinions and ideas 44. According to the passage which of the following is NOT true A. Social change tends to meet with more difficulty in basic and emotional aspects of society. B. Disagreement with and argument about conditions tend to slow down social change. C. Social change is more likely to occur in the material aspect of society. D. Social change is less likely to occur in what people learned when they were young. 45. Why has change not come more quickly to Black Americans as compared to white people? A. Black people used to be slaves B. White people are of more different origins C. Black people are poor

D. White people like to make shape change Passage four Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage Most employers say that they wish to employ the right person for the right job. A recent report by Britain's Independent Institute of Manpower Studies however disagrees with this. The report states that most employers wish to avoid employing the wrong person. Rather than looking for the right person they are looking for applicants to turn down. The report also suggests that in Britain and in many other parts of the world the selection methods used to pick out the right person for the job certainly do not match up to those used to judge a piece of new equipment. Employers used three main selection methods: interviewing checking resume or application forms and examining references. Most of the employers asked in this survey applicants rather than for finding suitable ones. Interviews were considered to be more reliable than either resume checks or references from past employers. Research however influenced by their earlier judgment of the written application. Also different employers view facts differently. One may consider applicants who have frequently changed jobs as people with broad and useful experience. Another will see such applicants as unreliable and unlikely to stay for long in the new job. Some employers place great importance on academic qualifications whereas the link between this and success in management is not necessarily strong. Some employers use handwriting as a standard. The report states that there is little evidence to support the value of the latter for judging working ability. References also are sometime unreliable as they are not very important while checks on credit and security records and applicants' political opinions are often the opposite. The report is more favorable towards trainability tests and those which test personality and personal and mental skills. The report concludes by suggesting that interviewing could become more reliable if the questions were arranged in a careful organized system and focused on the needs of the employing organization. 46. According o the passage, when most employers want to hire workers, _______. A. they will try to find suitable people B. they will look for the right applicant C. the wrong applicants are to be turned down D. to turn down the wrong people is what they say they aim to do 47. It is implied that ______. A. to evaluate a right person is more difficult than to evaluate equipment B. employers are more successful in selecting the right equipment than the right persons C. criteria will be set up according to the real situation of the applicants D. curriculum vitae means application forms 48. Most of the recruiters ______. A. consult the applicants B. can find suitable peoples C. prefer curriculum vitae or references D. use different ways to sort out the unsuitable applicants 49. Which of the following is True? A. Employers get different conclusions from the facts. B. Changing jobs frequently will reduce the change to be recruited. C. Academic qualifications will guarantee the applicant managing ability. D. Handwriting is a valid way to evaluate an applicant. 50. It can be inferred from the passage that successful employees will be those who _____. A. have outstanding references B. are strong in emotional quotient C. take interviewing seriously D. have strong political leanings

Part III. Vocabulary and Structure
Direction: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center Passage 1. Historians tend to tell the same joke when they are describing history education in America. It is the one __51__ the teacher standing in the schoolroom door __52__ goodbye to students for the summer and calling __53__ them, “By the way, we won World War II.” The problem with the joke, of course, is that it’s __54__ funny. The recent surveys on __55__ illiteracy (无知) are beginning to numb (令人震惊): nearly one third of American 17-year-olds cannot even __56__ which countries the United States __57__ against in that war. One third have no _58__ when the Declaration of Independence was __59__. One third thought Columbus reached the New World after 1750. Two thirds cannot correctly __60__ the Civil War between 1850 and 1900. __61__ when they get the answers right, some are __62__ guessing. Unlike math or science, ignorance of history cannot be __63__ connected to loss of international __64__.

But it does affect our future __65__ a democratic nation and as individuals. The __66__ news is that there is growing agreement __67__ what is wrong with the __68__ of history and what needs to be __69__ to fix it. The steps are tentative (尝试性) __70__ yet to be felt in most classrooms. 51. A. about B. in C. for D. by 52. A. shaking B. waving C. nodding D. speaking 53. A. in B. after C. for D. up 54. A. rarely B. so C. too D. not 55. A. historical B. educational C. cultural D. political 56. A. distinguish B. acknowledge C. identify D. convey 57. A. defeated B. attacked C. fought D. struck 58. A. sense B. doubt C. reason D. idea 59. A. printed B. signed C. marked D. edited 60. A. place B. judge C. get D. lock 61. A. Even B. Though C. Thus D. So 62. A. hardly B. just C. still D. ever 63. A. exclusively B. practically C. shortly D. directly 64. A. competitiveness B. comprehension C. community D. commitment 65. A. of B. for C. with D. as 66. A. fine B. nice C. surprising D. good 67. A. to B. with C. on D. of 68. A. consulting B. coaching C. teaching D. instructing 69. A. done B. dealt C. met D. reached 70. A. therefore B. or C. and D. As Passage 2 Questions 71to 80are based on the following passage. A department store’s inputs include the land upon which the building is located, the labor of the employees, (71) ______ in the form of building, equipment and merchandise, and the management skills of the store managers. On a farm, the operation system is the transformation that occurs when a farmer’s (72) ______ (land, equipment, labor, etc.) are converted into such outputs as corn, wheat or milk. The exact form of the conversion process (73) ______ from industry to industry, but it is an (74) ______phenomenon that exists in every industry. Economists refer to this (75) ______ of resources into goods and services as the production function. For all operation systems, the general goal is to create some kind of value-added outputs that are worth more to consumers than just the sum of the inputs. To the consumers, the resulting products (76) ______ utility due to the form, the time, or the place of their availability from the conversion process. However, the process is subject to random changes. Unplanned or uncontrollable influences may cause the actual output to differ from planned output. Random fluctuations can arise from external disruption (fire, floods or lightning, for example) or from (77) ______ problems inherent in the conversion process. Inherent variability of equipment, material imperfections, and human errors all affect output quality 78)______. In fact, random variations are the rule rather than the exception in production processes; therefore, (79) _____ variation becomes a major management task. The function of the feedback is to provide (80) ______ linkages. Without some feedback of information, management personnel cannot control operations because they don' t know the results of their directions. A) offer B)capital C) medium D)difficult E) varies F) differently G) proposal H) transformation I) beautifully J) economic K) reducing L) internal M) inputs N) afford O) information Part IV Writing Directions: This part is to test your ability to do practical writing. You are required to write a letter of thanks based on the following information given in Chinese. Remember to do your writing on the Translation/ Composition Sheet. 说明: 假定你是 JKM 公司的 Thomas Black, 刚从巴黎(Paris)出差回来, 请给在巴黎的 Jane Costa 小姐写 一封感谢信。 写信日期:2008 年 12 月 21 日 内容: 1. 感谢她在巴黎期间的热情接待; 2. 告诉她巴黎给你留下了美好的印象,你非常喜欢法国的……,参观工厂和学校后学到了很多……; 3. 期待再次与她见面。 注意: 必须包括对收信人的称谓、写信日期、发信人的签名等基本格式。 31~35 ADBAB 36~40 DDADD 41~45 CCABA 46~50 DCDAD 51~55 ABBDA 56~60 CCDBB 61~65 ABDCD 66~70 DCCAB 71~75 B) capital; M) inputs; E) varies; J) economic; H) transformation 76~80 A) offer ; L) internal ; F)differently ; k) reducing; O) information;


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