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【成才之路】2014-2015学年高中英语选修六(十二省区)课后强化作业 unit 3 Section 3 Word版含答案]

Unit 3

Section Ⅲ

1.The old man is a (幸存者)________ of the past age. 2.She has a p________ against modern music; she seldom listens to it. 3.I realized that th

ey wanted to be alone so I felt ________ (尴尬的). 4.A j________ is an opinion that you have or express after thinking carefully. 5.HIV s________ through blood or the fluid that the body makes during sex. 6.Things can easily go wrong when people are under ______ (压力). 7.He saved the boy at the r________ of his own life. 8.I'm always an ________ (笨手笨脚的) dancer. 答案:1.survivor 8.awkward Ⅱ.选用方框内合适的短语,并用其适当形式填空 go on a diet get into breath 1.________________ the bad weather, we went fishing yesterday. 2.I ran all the way to the theater and was ____________________. 3.I am a teacher __________________ and a writer in the next place. 4.I have many facts to think about before I __________________. 5.In order to lose weight, the fat boy had to ____________________. 6.Young people are willing to __________________ and try new things. 7.The boy has ______________________ the habit of washing his hands before meals. 答案:1.In spite of 2.out of breath 3.in the first place 4.make up my mind 5.go on a take risks in spite of in the first place make up one's mind out of 2.prejudice 3.embarrassed 4.judgement 5.spreads 6.stress 7.risk

diet 6.take risks 7.got into Ⅲ.完成句子 1.疾病正在流行,所有的幼儿都有危险。 The disease is spreading, and all young children are________ ________. 2.这里有些方法能让你登山时保证安全。 Here are a few ways to________ ________when you hike in the mountains. 3.与布兰达第一次邂逅相遇时,她让我帮她拿一下眼镜。 ________ ________ ________I saw Brenda, she asked me to hold her glasses. 4.当我凑近细看那表时,才发觉到它是何等奇特。 It is________ ________I see the watch at close quarter________ ________ ________how unusual it is.

5.我担心他们两人都不会同意这样的安排的。 I'm________ ________either of them will not________ ________this arrangement. 6.大部分现代文学也同样的不值地批评。 ________ ________ ________ ________,most of modern literature is not worth criticizing. 答案:1.at risk 2.stay safe 3.The first time 4.only when; that I realize 5.afraid that; agree to 6.For the same reason Ⅳ.完形填空 Many years ago when the world was a simpler place there lived a shoemaker. He used __1__ silk and soft leather to make the greatest shoes. Colorful shoes lined the shelves of his __2__. One little girl, Rachel, often looked through the __3__ into the store. One day while Rachel was looking again,the shoemaker __4__ at her side. “Well, dear, which shoes would you take?”he said, smiling. Rachel was __5__ as she hadn't noticed the little man. “Oh! I . ..I was only __7__

__6__,”Rachel said. “I can't afford them and I would never take anything that doesn't me.”

The shoemaker said, “I meant to give you a pair as a(n) __8__. ”Rachel stared at the shoemaker. A small pointed (尖的)ear could be seen underneath his hat. The guy Rachel's curious gaze(凝视)and fixed his hat tightly over his ear __10__. __9__

“Why don't you wear a pair of your own beautiful shoes?”Rachel questioned him, smiling. “I am always working and have no need of __11__ shoes,”he explained. Rachel's smile __12__. “I have no need of good shoes, either, ”Rachel said in a sad

voice and limped (一瘸一拐地走)away. A few days later Rachel was walking past the shoe shop __13__ the shoemaker waved her into the shop. Looking __14__, Rachel said,“You have every color of the rainbow in here.” The shoemaker said, “They are the colors of the rainbow, Rachel.” __15__ a drawer he took out the most beautiful pair of shoes Rachel had ever seen. The shoemaker placed the shoes onto her feet. “Take a __16__,Rachel,”he said.

“I... I can't, ”Rachel said with a tear. “Yes,Rachel,you can,”the shoemaker __17__. Rachel stood up straight. Deliberately she took a __18__followed by another and another.

“I can do it. I can do it,”she said,walking __19__ across the floor,not limping at all. The shoemaker laughed __20__ and said,“I told you they were magic shoes...”

文章大意: 一个跛脚的小女孩经常通过鞋店的橱窗看里面的鞋子, 鞋匠送给她一双神奇 的鞋子让她恢复了健康。 1. A. wonderful C. personal B. professional D. natural

答案:A 从这句话里的“make the greatest shoes”可知鞋匠用的料子应该是很好的。 2. A. study C. store B. bank D. office

答案:C 鞋应该是排列在鞋店里的架子上。 3. A. floor C. wall B. window D. corner

答案:B 小女孩应该是透过窗户向店里看。 4. A. quit C. fell B. appeared D. hid

答案:B 根据后面鞋匠跟小女孩说起了话可知鞋匠此时出现在小女孩身边。 5. A. excited C. interested B. confused D. surprised

答案:D 从后面的“she hadn't noticed the little man”可知小女孩应该感到“惊奇”。 6. A. searching C. waving B. moving D. looking

答案:D 小女孩被店主询问想要哪双鞋,根据后面的话知道小女孩不想买鞋,应该是 说明自己只是看看。 7. A. consist of C. belong to B. focus on D. agree with

答案:C 从前面的“I can't afford them”可知小女孩买不起店里的鞋,所以她说不想拿不 属于自己的东西。 8. A. collection C. solution B. present D. exchange

答案:B 鞋匠解释说他是想送小女孩一双鞋作为礼物。 9. A. noticed C. remembered B. guided D. accepted

答案:A 鞋匠发现了小女孩的眼神才会采取后面的措施。 10. A. exactly C. happily B. quickly D. kindly

答案:B 鞋匠不慎被看到了尖耳朵,应该赶紧把它盖住。

11. A. clean C. new

B. large D. fine

答案:D 鞋匠解释说“I am always working”,所以不需要穿漂亮的鞋子。 12. A. disappeared C. advanced B. wondered D. improved

答案: A 从后面的“Rachel said in a sad voice”可知小女孩想起了难过的事, 笑容消失了。 13. A. what C. when B. if D. unless

答案:C 小女孩正路过鞋店,“这时”鞋匠招呼她进去。 14. A. down C. around 答案:C B. out D. back 小女孩进店后应该是四处看了看才得出结论: You have every color of the

rainbow in here。 15. A. Repairing C. Designing B. Making D. Opening

答案:D 鞋匠应该是打开抽屉,从里面拿出了一双鞋。 16. A. rest C. bath B. breath D. walk

答案:D 鞋匠给小女孩穿上新鞋子后应该是让她走走试试。 17. A. complained C. encouraged B. questioned D. required

答案:C 小女孩的腿有残疾,她认为自己走不好,此时鞋匠应该是用话鼓励她。 18. A. step C. risk B. smile D. seat

答案:A 在鞋匠的鼓励下,小女孩站起来,走出一步又一步。 19. A. easily C. strangely B. safely D. politely

答案:A 从小女孩说的话“I can do it”和“not limping at all”可知她走动的结果与自己预 想的不一样,现在她可以很容易地走动了。 20. A. carefully C. directly B. heartily D. quietly

答案:B 鞋匠的礼物让小女孩很高兴,于是他应该从内心里为她感到高兴,发自真心 地笑出来。

Ⅴ.阅读理解 Overweight people may respond more to a piping hot pizza, but they don't necessarily eat

more of it in a single sitting,according to a new study. University of Bristol graduate student Danielle Ferriday and her faculty advisor, Dr. Jeffrey Brunstrom, wanted to know if overweight and lean people responded differently to “food cues( 信 号 )” , and, if they did, how the mind translated these different levels of “desiretoeat”. “We all need to eat and we all come across many foodrelated cues in our everyday lives,” Ferriday told Reuters Health. Ferriday enrolled 52 normal weight and 52 overweight women in the study, exposed them to the sight and smell of pizza and measured how much they salivated(垂涎),as well as their psychological responses. While lean participants didn't salivate much more once they saw and smelled the pizza, the overweight participants salivated about a third more than usual once the pizza showed up. They also had more desire to eat,measured by a standard scale, than the lean study subjects. However,the overweight participants didn't eat more, even after being told to eat as much as they'd like. What that means, say the researchers, is that the overweight don't necessarily eat more when at the table, but, because of their heightened sensitivity to the cues, they may be called to the table more often. “This is potentially important, because this sensitivity may encourage snacking and other bad eating habits that are associated with increased energy intake, overweight and weight gain,”the investigators write in the July issue of International Journal of Obesity. The study couldn't answer way overweight people are more turned on by food. It is not clear, for example,whether they are born that way or do eating habits learned and developed over time cause a change? “While all the subjects in this study were women, we suspect that the findings would apply to men too,”Ferriday noted. 文章大意: 科学研究发现, 胖人与瘦人对食物的反应是不同的, 但是并不是胖人吃得多, 瘦人吃得少,其真正的原因是胖人进食的间隔要比瘦人短。 1.What does the underlined word “they” in Paragraph 2 refer to? A.Food cues. B.The participants in the study. C.Overweight and lean people. D.Danielle Ferriday and Dr. Jeffrey Brunstrom. 答案:C 代词指代题。根据画线词的前面内容“...overweight and lean people responded differently to food cues(信号). ..”可以看出 they 代指 overweight and lean people, 而画线词后

的 did 则代指 responded differently to“food cues(信号)”。 2.What can we learn from the text? A. Lean people eat more than overweight people. B. Overweight people eat more than lean people. C. Lean people eat more often than overweight people. D. Overweight people eat more often than lean people. 答案:D 细节理解题。根据第七段最后一句中的“...they may be called to the table more often.”可知答案。 3.The last paragraph intends to show that ________. A. the findings will not apply to men B. Ferriday is not satisfied with the findings C. Ferriday is sure the findings will apply to men too D. whether the findings will apply to man is doubtful 答案: D 推理判断题。最后一段表明;这项研究成果是否适用于男性还值得怀疑

(suspect)。故选 D 项。 4.This passage can be classified as ________. A. an advertisement C. a feature story B. a book review D. a scientific report

答案:D 推理判断题。这篇文章是典型的科学报告,所以选 D 项。 Ⅵ.短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改仅限 1 词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 I'm the captain of our school team,so with my fellow players we've won several games. There will an important game next month. But one of the best players in our team told me just then that he wouldn't play basketball once more. His parents asked him to spend in more time preparing the college entrance examination. I feel sorry to him but his parents think go to college is more important than playing sports. College was not the only place that his son should go to. 答案: I'm the captain of our school team, so with my fellow players we've won several games.

There will∧ an important game next month. But one of the best players in our team told me just

then that he wouldn't play basketball once more. His parents asked him to spend \ in more time
now any

preparing ∧the college entrance examination. I feel sorry to him but his parents think go to
for for going

college is more important than playing sports. College was not the only place that his son
is their

should go to. Ⅶ.语法填空 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 How do you usually buy what you need, shopping on line or going out to shop in person? With the help of the Internet, shopping is __1__(easy) than before. We can just click our mouse to choose the items we like, pay for them online, and the shopping __2__(finish). It is easy and quick. It helps save money, too. We can save thousands a year if we compare the prices of similar items __3__ deciding which to buy. However, there are always traps in shopping online. If we are __4__(care), we may get into trouble. For example, we may find the color of the item different __5__ that in the picture online. Sometimes, the size of the item we receive can be too big __6__ too small. __7__(avoid) such troubles, we should compare similar items on different online stores and pay more attention to what other customers say. From their comments, we can know __8__(well)about an item's color, size as well as __9__ shortcomings. In this way we increase our chance of buying __10__ more satisfactory item. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 答案:1.easier 9.its 10.a 【辽宁卷题型】 A:What kind of work do you want to do__1__you finish university? B:I want to work__2__the banking industry. I've always been__3__(interest) in working for an international bank. I'd like to help people__4__(invest) their money. A:That's a job that pays well. If you're__5__(luck), you might have opportunities to travel__6__. Have you applied to any banks yet? Our course will end soon. B:Yes. I've sent letters to several banks. A few have invited me for__7__(interview) after we take our examinations. A:Well done! I haven't sent__8__my job applications yet. B:Which field would you like to work in? Have you decided yet? A:I'd like to work in marketing. I think I could have__9__good career in that field. B : Perhaps you should apply to banks as well. They need people to market their service.__10__you said, the banking industry pays well. 2.is finished 3.before 4.careless 5.from 6.or 7.To avoid 8.better

A:That's a great idea. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 答案:1.when 2.in 3.interested 4.invest 5.lucky 6.as well 7.interviews 8.off 9.a 10.As

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