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北京大学附属中学河南分校2015-2016学年高一上学期抽考试题 英语


宇华教育集团 2015—2016 学年上学期抽考试卷 高一英语 考试时间 90 分钟 第I卷
第二部分:阅读理解(共两节 20 小题,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,共 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A When I was in my fourth year

of teaching,I was also(and am still)a high school track and field coach(田径教练). One year, I had a student,John,who entered my class when he was a junior(三 年 级学生)John changed to our school from Greece,and seemed to be interested in athletics,so I encouraged him to join our track team. I explained to him that even though he had never taken part in it before,I did believe that he could do well in any event,and l would be willing to coach him at whichever ones interested him. He accepted the offer, and began to work hard at every practice. About a month later, I had found out from other sources that John was a first-class tennis player, winning various junior awards in his home country. I went to him asking, “John, I really appreciate that you came out for the track team,but why didn?t you play tennis instead? It seems that would interest you a lot more,since you?re so good at it.” John answered,“Well,I like tennis,but you told me that you believed in me,and that you thought I could do well in track, so I wanted to try it for that reason.” From then on, I often remember my student?s reply.I told it to a friend and she suggested I write it down to share somewhere with more teachers. No matter how critical (不满的)students can be of themselves.I've found that a simple “I trust that you can do it!” can go a long way! 21. According to Paragraph l,the author seems to think more about John?s . A. PE marks B. self-confidence C. interest in sports D. state of health 22. Why did John take part in the track team? A. He had been an excellent runner. B. He was encouraged by his teacher. C. He liked running more than tennis D. He had no tennis coach to train him 23. The purpose of this passage is probably . A. to build a close teacher-student relationship B. to introduce a new way of sports training C. to explain the value of sports and games D. to show the importance of encouragement 24. The passage is mainly written for A. teachers B. parents C. students D. players B What?s black and white and read all over? Not newspapers, at least not anymore. In fact, if you?re like most young people, you probably don't read the newspaper at all. In one recent survey, just 19 percent of 18-to-34-year-olds say they read a newspaper every day, while 37 percent watch local TV news and 44 percent visit Internet news sites daily. As people turn more and more to new technologies,they turn the pages of newspapers less and less.

满分 l20 分

“There?s a revolution (革命)in the way young people get news,”says media consultant Merrill Brown. Just a generation (一代人)or two ago,the newspaper was the main way that many people got their news. Now, nearly every home has at least one TV set. There?s high-speed,wireless Internet both at home and in many public places. You no longer have to wait for a bundle of newsprint to arrive on your doorstep every morning. Thanks to new-technology, if you want to know what?s going on in the world,you can get breaking news immediately in more ways than one. So newspapers face a very big challenge. Raised on MTV and video games,today?s kids and young adults want flashy displays,special effects,quick information,and the chance to interact(互 动)in real time,even when they?re reading about serious problems. If newspapers can?t find creative ways to be more than just ink on paper, some experts suggest, they might disappear completely. Traditional newspaper articles are supposed to be read from beginning to end , lack of interaction. With Web pages,on the other hand,there?s more freedom. You can look through the things you?re interested in,then follow links to other sources. You can join discussion groups,read other people?s opinions on a topic,or start a blog to express your own views. 25. This passage is mainly about A. the disappearing newspaper B. different news sources C. the future of the Internet D. the new-technologies 26. From the survey, we can see that A. TV has become the major source of news B. newspapers are no longer the major source of new-s C. more than half of the l 8-to-34-year-olds visit news sites daily D. new-technologies have replaced the traditional one 27. According to the passage,which of the following is NOT the disadvantage of newspapers? A. High price B. Lack of changes C. Slow-speed D. Lack of interaction 28. The author of the passage would probably think the future of newspapers is A. attractive B. bright C. hopeless D. uncertain C In fine department stores everywhere,you?ll see the light-blue boxes of Estee Lauder.These popular cosmetics (化妆品)are sold in more than l30 countries Who?s the woman behind this worldwide cosmetics empire (帝国)? Estee Lauder herself of course. This businesswoman became, for a time, the world?s richest self-made woman Her secret?“I didn?t get there by dreaming about it,” she would say. “I got there by doing it” Estee was born in the early l900s in Queens, New-York Her father ran a hardware (五金器具) store,and from him Estee learned how to be a successful salesperson. Estee learned from her uncle John Schotz,too He made creams in a small laboratory behind the family?s house Estee watched him Soon,she was experimenting with her own cosmetics She put lipstick (唇膏)and creams on any female relative who?d let her, until her annoyed father told her to stop. She married Joseph H. Lauder in l930,and continued her experiments. She would cook dinner for the family, and at the same time,make her face creams. Then she began to sell her products in a Manhattan beauty shop. In l960,Estee began to sell her products in Europe After many tries she succeeded and began

selling her products in some stores in London. But France proved even more difficult. The store Galleries Lafayette refused to sell her products. So Estee “by accident” dropped a bottle of youth dew(香水)on the floor in the cosmetics department. As the scent spread around the store,customers came over and asked to buy it. The store soon began selling Estee?s products. Estee led her company until l982,when her son Leonard took over the business. Until her health worsened in the mid-1990s,she continued to attend the opening of a new store wherever in the world. She died on April 24, 2004. Estee Lauder?s talent as a saleswoman was extraordinary. Her son Leonard said, “There was never anyone who could sell like she could” All who worked for Estee appreciated her special talent. 29. Which of the following can best describe Estee Lauder? A. A successful cosmetics saleswoman. B. A beautiful shop owner in London C. A popular cosmetics producer in France. D. A founder of a cosmetics company in America 30. What was Estee Lauder?s father?s attitude towards her when she tried her products on her female relatives? A. He supported her and helped her. B. He didn?t care about what she did C. He was very angry at her for what she did D. He was proud of what she did 31. Estee managed to get her products known to the French customers by dropping a bottle of youth dew on the floor in the cosmetics department of a store A. on purpose B. with the store?s permission C. by accident D. carelessly 32. The underlined word “scent” in Paragraph 3 probably means A. Estee?s product B. a customer?s praise C. a pleasant smell D. the broken pieces of glass D When the seventeenth-century settlers brought the English language to America, they immediately and necessarily began to adapt (使适应)it to their new environment. These changes were clear early and criticized by some people on both sides of the Atlantic. However, after the Revolution, Americans began to be proud of their own form of English. Noah Webster was the major early supporter of American meanings and spellings over British ones and published the earliest American dictionary, An American Dictionary of the English Language. During the years since Webster, language differences have continued to develop,proving(证明)the truth of George Bernard Shaw?s often-repeated words that the two nations are “divided by a common language”. Like the American language,the earliest American literature(文学)copied English models However, after the Revolution and the War of l 8 12,writers began to create a clear American literature. However, in 1820,Sydney Smith asked the famous question “Who reads an American book?” Answering to this and similar taunts ( 讽刺 )with creative anger, American writers soon produced works that plenty of British people read. Works by Washington Irving, Walt Whitman, and Mark Twain had been acclaimed greatly in Britain by the end of the nineteenth century. Even as American writers got respect in Britain,British writers continued to have great influence in America Charles Dickens went to America twice, in 4842 and l4867-68. Other major British writers w-ho traveled and lived in the United States include D.H . Lawrence and Aldous Huxley.British best works continue to be widely read. The works of William Shakespeare and Jane Austen became popular films. At the turn of the twenty-first century, many books and writers continue to cross the Atlantic in

both directions-made possible by the proud heritage (继承) of the shared language. 33. The author of this passage seems to think A. British English is better than American English B. American English is better than British English C. the same language has divided the two nations D. the same language has connected the two nations 34. From the question asked by Sydney Smith,we can infer A. the British had to translate American books into English ones B. the British found American books difficult to understand C. the British thought highly of books written by Americans D. the British looked down upon American books at first 35. The underlined word “acclaimed” in Paragraph 3 probably means“ ” A. sold B. discussed C. welcomed D. refused 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑,选项中有两项为多余选项。 Ten years ago,I used to be very fit 36 I used to play tennis a lot and go for long walks. In those days,I didn?t earn very much I had a job in an office. It wasn?t a very good job but I had a lot of time to do the things I enjoyed doing. 37 The pay was better, but the hours were a lot longer.I bought a car and drove to work every day.I began to take people out to lunch. And I began to put on weight,too I stopped playing tennis and going for long walks at weekends because I just didn?t have any time for things like that any more. There?s a lot of stress (压力)in my job. Perhaps that?s why I started drinking more than I used to For example.I used to have only half a glass of whisky when I got home,but then I started filling my glass to the top. Then I had another glass,and then another.38 I never used to smoke at all. Two months ago, I had a heart attack. At first I just couldn?t believe it “I'm too young.” I said. Luckily it wasn?t very serious. I was in hospital a few days and they did a lot of tests. 39 He also advised me to work less and get more exercise. But I just haven?t any time! 40 Sometimes I wonder if I should get another job. Perhaps I could do something like I used to do. But if I do that, I won?t earn as much. I have a family to support. I have to think of them,too. I just don?t know what I should do. What do you think? A. Then,about eight years ago,I got a much better job. B. My job takes everything out of me! C. I rode a bike to work and I got a lot of exercise at weekends. D. Drinking became part of my life. E. I started smoking a lot, too. F. Ten years later, I lost my first job. G. The doctor advised me to stop smoking and to eat less. 第三部分:语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 l 5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 For a few years,I have been wearing a ring on my right hand. It?s not always the 41 ring,but

it's always a ring that has 42 on it so that when I look at it,I'm 43 or reminded of something important. I have made a 44 of buying rings like this whenever I see one in a store. Sometimes I give them away as 45 to someone like Jennie. I first met Jennie in the 46 waiting room and we had talked several times.One night I sat down beside her and 47 how her son was doing because I knew that he w as in very 48 condition. She told me that she didn?t know what to do any more because it seemed none of the 49 from the doctors was good. They weren?t at all sure her son was going to 50 the accident that had hurt him so badly. With 51 in her eyes she said,“They?re 52 my hope.” I knew then that it was 53 just a coincidence(巧合)that I was wearing the ring that I had on that day. As she 54 to talk, I 55 slipped the ring off my finger and placed it in Jennie?s hand. I told her to wear it to remember that God loved her and he would be with her 56 all of this. 57 Jennie looked down at the ring,she got excited and then held it tightly, 58 the word written on the ring was “HOPE”. The last day I was at the hospital,I saw Jennie in the distance as I got on the lift. She 59 and held up the hand with the ring on it as she called out to me saying,“Look,I 60 have Hope!” 41. A. special B. expensive C. same D. valuable 42. A. words B. pictures C. names D. symbols 43. A. admired B. encouraged C. trusted D. puzzled 44. A. plan B. point C. list D. habit 45. A. gifts B. prizes C. awards D. thanks 46. A. railway B. school C. hospital D. airport 47. A. asked B. explained C. thought D. found 48. A. favorable B. normal C. serious D. excellent 49. A. advice B. news C. instructions D. comfort 50. A. defeat B. experience C. predict D. survive 51. A. apologies B. tears C. anger D. doubt 52. A. keeping up B. bringing down C. cutting off D. taking away 53. A. other than B. rather than C. more than D. less than 54. A. continued B. refused C. attempted D. started 55. A. cautiously B. quietly C. nervously D. shyly 56. A. over B. beyond C. through D. within 57. A. Until B. While C. Since D. When 58. A. for B. so C. yet D. and 59. A. shouted B. waved C. cheered D. hesitated 60. A. ever B. only C. still D. just 第Ⅱ卷 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 l 5 分,满分 l5 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 A wolf had got a bone (61) (stick) in his throat and was in greatest pain. He ran( 62 ) and down asking every animal he (63) (meet) to remove the bone from him,at the same time (64) (suggest) a very handsome reward to the (65) (success) operator.A crane moved by his eager asking and his promise,ventured her long neck down the wolf?s throat,and drew out the bone. She then asked for the (66) (promise) reward. To her question, the wolf showing his teeth with (67) ugly smile, replied,

?'Ungrateful creature! You put your head into a wolf?s mouth,and took it out in safety.It is hard for me to expect (68) you dared to ask for more reward than this!” Those (69) are only in the hope of a return must not be surprised when they come face to face with bad men. They meet with more laughs (70) thanks. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 l 分,满分 l0 分) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。短文中有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个 单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? ),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 When I any a child, I always wished to become an adult so that I could do all what I liked. I wanted to have more space where I was able to follow my own heart without follow my parents’ instructions. As time going by, I have grown up gradually, but I find things are quite different from what I expect. I do have the free to do more things alone. Moreover, I have to take on much responsibilities. I have to take the charge of my life and face challenges bravely. Now I am determined to work hardly and go to college so that I can have a bright future. 第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,亚洲冬季运动会将在你居住的地方举办,现在正在招募志愿者,你希望 成为其中一员。请按要求用英文给组委会写一封申请信,内容应包括: 个人情况:年龄、性别、学历 个人条件:英语好、爱好体育、善于交往、乐于助人、熟悉本地情况 承诺:提供最佳服务 注意: 词数 l00 左右,开头语已为你写好;可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 生词:申请-apply(v.), application(n.); 志愿者-volunteer Dear Sir/Madam. My name is Li Hua. I would like to work as a volunteer for the Winter Asian Games.

Yours faithfully, Li Hua

宇华教育集团 2015—2016 学年上学期抽考试卷 高一英语参考答案 阅读理解 21—25 CBDAA 26—30 BADDC 31—35ACDDC 36—40 CABGB 完形填空 4 1—60 CABDA CACBD BDCAB CDABC 语法填空: 6 1 stuck 62 up 63 met 64 suggesting 65 successful 66 promised 67 an 68 that 69 who 70 than 短文改错 1、 am 改为 was 2、去掉 all 或 what 改为 that 3、 follow 改为 following 4、 As 改为 With 或 going 改为 went 5、expect 改为 expected 6、free 改为 freedom 7、 Moreover 改为 However 8、 much 改为 more 9、去掉 the 10、 hardly 改为 hard 书面表达 My name is Li Hua. I would like to work as a volunteer for the Winter Asian Games. I am a girl of 18. As a college student, I have a keen interest in sports and I have always been looking forward to the Games to be held here. With the great fluency in English and the burning passion for sports.I suppose I am qualified to be a volunteer for the Games Besides.I have a good communicative competence and I am considered to be an outgoing, reliable and helpful person at college. What?s more. I am familiar with the local conditions I promise I will offer the best service to whoever participates in the Games. Now I formally apply for the job and I sincerely hope I can be accepted. Yours faithfully, Li Hua


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