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广东省惠州市第一中学2015-2016学年高二上学期期中考试英语试题


惠州市第一中学 2017 届高二年级 考试 英语试题 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A Since my family were not going to be helpful about my tak

ing a cooking job, I decided I would look for one all by myself and not to tell them about it till I’d got a permanent one. I had seen an agency advertised in a local paper, so as soon as there was no one about to say “Where are you going?” I rushed out of the house in search of it. I was wildly excited, and as nervous as if I were going on the stage. Finding the place quite easily, I tore up three flights of stairs, and swung breathlessly through a door which said “Enter without knocking, if you please.” The simple atmosphere of the office calmed me, and I sat down on the edge of a chair. The woman at the desk opposite looked carefully at me. Then she questioned me in a low voice. I answered softly and started to feel helpless. She wondered why I was looking for this sort of job, so I felt I had to give her the idea of a widowed mother struggling against poverty. But I felt more helpless when she told me that it would be difficult to get a job without experience or references. Suddenly, the telephone on her desk rang. While having a mysterious conversation, she kept looking at me. Then I heard her say: “In fact, I’ve got someone here who might suit.” She wrote down a number, and my spirits rose as she held out the paper to me, saying: “Ring up this lady. She wants a cook immediately. Cook a dinner for ten people tomorrow. Could you manage that, I wonder?” “Oh, yes,” say I—never having cooked for more than four. Then I rushed out and called the lady, Miss Cathy. I said confidently that I was just what she was looking for. “Are you sure?” she kept saying. Anyway she decided to employ me and a permanent

position if I carried out the promise of my self-praise. I asked her what tomorrow’s menu was to be. “Just a small, simple dinner: lobster cocktail, soup, turbot Mornay, fruit salad and a savory.” In a rather shaken voice I promised to turn up in good time tomorrow and rang off. 1. What did the author feel on her way? A. Excited but worried. B. Nervous and excited. C. Easy and curious. D. Helpless but excited. 2. Why didn’t the woman give the author the job at first? A. Because the woman found that the author didn’t respect her. B. Because the woman realized that the author made up a story. C. Because the author hadn’t been a cook before or got a reference. D. Because the woman had already hired a more suitable cook. 3. According to the passage, what would the author most probably do after the call? A. Read some cookery book. B. Call her family and tell them the news. C. Go to the woman’s house. D. Buy what the woman told her at once. B Lots of people buy books and products from Amazon, an online seller. They offer and pay over the Internet and the books are shipped through the mail or a delivery service like FedEx. One day, people could get their Amazon deliveries from an “unmanned aerial vehicle”—a timely vehicle that looks like a toy helicopter. And instead of waiting days to get the parcel, it could be at the buyer’s home in half an hour or less. The company is working on a fleet of tiny vehicles they call “Prime Air”. The vehicles are also known as “octocopters”. On their website, Amazon says, “One day, Prime Air Vehicles will be as normal as seeing a mail trucks on the road today.”

The U.S.’s Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is working on safety regulations for unmanned flying vehicles like the Prime Air copters. Those regulations will make sure the copters are able to fly safely where they need to go. Once the FAA has put its rules in place, which could be as early as 2016, Amazon will be ready with its fleet of tiny flyers. The process could take as many as five years. The new delivery service would likely be available only in the United States, at first. The copters the company is testing now can handle packages up to five pounds (2.3kg) and they have a range of 10 miles (16 kilometers). Other companies are also looking at using unmanned flying vehicles to deliver their products. For instance, Domino’s Pizza in the U.K. released a video showing a “DomiCopter”, delivering a pizza. That video may have been a publicity stunt (噱头). In any case, just like Prime Air’s octocopters, the DomiCopters don’t have clearance(许可)to take off just yet. 4. For what purpose does Amazon want to use the Prime Air? A. To predict the sales volume. B. To check the delivery service. C. To shorten the delivery period. D. To remind people to order online. 5. What do we know from Amazon’s words in paragraph 2? A. The Prime Air Vehicles will still travel on the road. B. The Amazon’s delivery system needs to be improved. C. The Prime Air Vehicles will be widely put into use soon. D. The creation of the Prime Air Vehicles was inspired by the mail trucks. 6. The Prime Air Vehicles will be regulated by the U.S.’s FAA for __________. A. the design plans B. the delivery price C. the driver’s training D. the safety assessment 7. What does Paragraph 4 mainly tell us about the new delivery method? A. Its safety B. Its delivery ability C. Its appearance D. Its moving speed

8. What can be inferred from the last paragraph? A. The new delivery service has attracted more customers. B. The designer of Amazon has promoted “Prime Air” to other company. C. Another unmanned vehicle has been put into use by a British pizza company. D. Unmanned vehicles could possibly be developed and employed by more companies.

C One of the greatest contributions to the first Oxford English Dictionary was also one of its most unusual. In 1879, Oxford University in England asked Prof. James Murray to serve as editor for what was to be the most ambitious dictionary in the history of the English language. It would include every English word possible and would give not only the definition but also the history of the word and quotations (引文) showing how it was used. This was a huge task, so Murray had to find volunteers from Britain, the United States, and the British colonies to search every newspaper, magazine, and book ever written in English. Hundreds of volunteers responded, including William Chester Minor. Dr. Minor was an American surgeon who had served in the Civil War and was now living in England. He gave his address as “Broadmoor, Crowthorne, Berkshire,” 50 miles from Oxford. Minor joined the army of volunteers sending words and quotations to Murray. Over the next 17 years, he became one of the staff’s most valued contributors. But he was also a mystery. In spite of many invitations, he would always decline to visit Oxford. So in 1897, Murray finally decided to travel to Crowthorne himself. When he arrived, he found Minor locked (精神病院) for the Criminally Insane. Murray and Minor became friends, sharing their love of words. Minor continued contributing to the dictionary, sending in more than 10,000 submissions in 20 years. Murray continued in a book-lined cell at the Broadmoor Asylum

to visit Minor regularly, sometimes taking walks with him around the asylum grounds. In 1910, Minor left Broadmoor for an asylum in his native America. Murray was at the port to wave goodbye to his remarkable friend. Minor died in 1920, seven years before the first edition of the Oxford English Dictionary was completed. The 12 volumes defined 414,825 words, and thousands of them were contributions from a very scholarly and devoted asylum patient. 9. According to the text, the first Oxford English Dictionary _________. A. came out before minor died B. was edited by an American volunteer C. was intended to be the most ambitious English dictionary Murray D. included the English words invented by Murray 10. How did Dr. Minor contributed to the dictionary? A. He helped Murray to find hundreds of volunteers. B. He sent newspapers, magazines and books to Murray. C. He went to England to work with Murray. D. He provided a great number of words and quotations 11. Why did Dr. Minor refuse to visit Oxford? A. He lived far from Oxford C. He was busy writing a book B. He was shut in an asylum D. He disliked traveling

12. Prof. Murray and Dr. Minor became friends mainly because __________. A. They had a common interest in words B. They both served in the Civil War C. Minor recovered with the help of Murray D. Murray went to America regularly to visit Minor D There’s no doubt that man is the smartest. But do you know what other animals are smart, too? Dolphins Dolphins are very smart. Most of the “tricks” they’re taught to do are actually

behavior they would engage in on their own. They love to play, race and generally enjoy their life to the fullest. They speak a language we have yet to completely understand and like all civilized creatures, dolphins’ mothers always provide their young children with guidance and possibly, love. Great apes The great ape family primarily consists of gorillas, chimpanzees and orangutans. Their brain chemistry is so similar to humans’ that NASA once used chimpanzees in place of astronauts during many dangerous missions. Gorillas have been taught sign language and orangutans exist in complex familial relationships. Elephants Everyone has heard the phrase “an elephant never forgets”. Elephants establish long-term friendships, recognizing and remembering their friends years later. If an elephant comes upon a fallen friend, it has even been known to feel sad. Parrots As proved by this list, parrots are very smart. They are also the only animals listed that can actually hold a conversation. Some parrots know hundreds of words by imitating humans. The birds are also capable of remembering words and using them intelligently in response to situations. 13. Which of the following is TRUE about dolphins? A. They are able to play a lot of tricks. B. Humans know well of dolphins’ language. C. Their brain chemistry is similar to humans’. D. Dolphins’ mothers care little about their children. 14. Which kind of animal has a long-term memory? A. Dolphins. B. Great apes. C. Elephants. D. Parrots. 15. According to the passage, the special characteristic of parrots is that __________. A. they can use words remembered before to interact B. they can imitate human beings by playing with them C. they have the feeling of sadness when they see a dead bird

D. they can read people’s minds through words they remember

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Nearly everyone has spent at least one night lying in bed wishing for sleep. But for many, it’s a nightly struggle. The key, or secret, is to experiment. What works for some might not work as well for others. ______16______ 1. Set a regular bedtime. Go to bed at the same time every night. ______17______ Try not to break this routine on weekends when it may be tempting to stay up late. If you want to change your bedtime, help your body adjust. 2. ______18______ If you’re getting enough sleep, you should wake up on time naturally without an alarm. As with your bedtime, try to maintain your regular wake-up time even on weekends. 3. Be smart about napping. While taking a nap can be a great way to recharge, especially for older adults, it can make insomnia(失眠)worse. ______19______ If you must nap, do it in the early afternoon, and limit it to thirty minutes. 4. Fight after-dinner drowsiness(睡意). What should you do when getting sleepy before your bedtime? ______20______ For example, washing the dishes, or calling a friend. If you give in to the drowsiness, you may wake up later in the night and have trouble getting back to sleep. A. Wake up at the same time every day. B. Spend more time outside in the day time. C. When it’s time to sleep, make sure the room is dark. D. Get off the couch and do something to avoid falling asleep. E. If insomnia is a problem for you, consider giving up napping. F. It’s important to find the sleep strategies that work best for you. G. Choose a time when you normally feel tired so that you can fall asleep easily.

第二部分 英语知识应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Were you happy and a little worried at the time? I thought so. Soon it would be the holidays, but before that, there were year exams. All the ___21___ had been working hard for some time, reviewing their lessons for the exams. If they didn’t ___22___, they would have to retake them in September. There were usually a few who ___23___, but Jane didn’t want to be one of them. She had worked hard all year, ___24___ just before the exams she was working so hard that her sister Barbara was ___25___about her. She went to bed too ___26___. The night before the first exam, Barbara ___27___ that she have an early night and take a ___28___ pill. She promised to wake ___29___ up in the morning. She was not relaxed. As she was falling asleep, Jane was afraid that she might oversleep. Her ___30___ kept jumping from subject to subject. At last, with the help of ___31___, she went to sleep. In no time (不久)at all, she was sitting in the examination hall, looking at the examination ___32___ , but she couldn’t answer any of the questions. ___33___ around her was writing pages and gages. ___34___ she thought hard, she couldn’t find anything to write ___35___. She kept looking at her ___36___. Time was running out. There was only an hour to go. She started one question, wrote two sentences, ___37___ and tried another one. With only half an hour left she wrote another two sentences. By this time she was so worried that she started ___38___. Her whole body shook. It shook so much that she ___39___ up. She was still in bed and it had all been a ___40___ dream. A minute later, Barbara called her name. 21. A. students classmates 22. A. prepare join 23. A. succeeded ended 24. A. because and D. teachers B. D. miss B. called C. pass C. B. schools C.

D. failed B. so D. but C.

25. A. excited C. frightened

B. D. pleased B. late D. eagerly B. hoped D. wished B. resting D. breathing B. her D. herself B. eye D. body B. her parents D. the medicine B. marks D. paper B. The students

worried

26. A. early heavily 27. A. insisted ordered 28. A. sleeping exciting 29. A. him them 30. A. hand mind 31. A. her sister lessons 32. A. result desk 33. A. The teacher D. Everyone 34. A. If So 35. A. with on 36. A. watch sister 37. A. gave up around D. thought over D. to D. How

C.

C.

C.

C.

C.

C.

the

C.

C. No one

B. Though

C.

B. about

C.

B. textbook D. subject B. put off

C.

C.

looked

38. A. examining copying 39. A. raised stood

B. leaving D. crying B. woke D. cheered

C.

C.

40. A. nice terrible D. special

B. wonderful

C.

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Mattie celebrated her 6 birthday earlier this month. For her birthday, she wanted to do something for other children. “We ______41______ (talk) about Mattie’s birthday cake when she said that she wanted a big one so no one was hungry at her party,” her mother said. “She didn’t want anyone to be hungry and she got big tears in her eyes and asked if we could donate food ______42______ people.” For her party, Mattie’s friends arrived ______43______ (quick) with gifts, but the packages weren’t filled with toys, instead ______44______ (can) and boxes of food. Once her party was over, Mattie, with some help, took ______45______ donations of food to the Maryville Ministry Center. Mattie was not the only local child ______46______ recently did so. Her best friend Eliana celebrated her 5 back as well. Mattie and Eliana are still children, though, and enjoy ______47______ (play) with their dolls and stuffed animals just like every other kid does. “For being so young, it’s a blessing ______48______ (have) kids that are living for something more than themselves,” Wall said. “I’m pretty ______49______ (hope) that it will continue over time and it’s amazing to see ______50______ (we) kids doing things for others.” 第三部分 写作(共两节, 满分 25 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。短文中 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
th th

birthday in February and decided that she wanted to give

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Mrs. White was in hurry to visit her grandson because she missed her very much.

It was nearly three months when she last saw her grandson. When she was walking by a

playground, a football fly in her direction. She was already in her seventy. Should she

kick the ball back and should she just go past leave it where it was? Finally she gave it a

kick with greatly effort and the ball went straight on into the goal. What amazing it was! She

helped them win the game.

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是一只濒临灭绝的华南虎。面对恶劣额的生活环境,你决定给人类写一封信,希 望能提高人类保护动物的意识。信的内容如下: 1. 过去的美好时光:绿色的森林,清新的空气,自由的生活; 2. 人类对自己和家人的伤害: (1)过渡捕猎;(2)破坏栖息地;(3)终日生活在饥饿和担惊受怕中。 3. 恳请人类保护动物,与它们和谐相处。 注意:1. 词数 100 左右;2. 可以适当地增加细节; Dear man, I am the South China tiger, an endangered animal.

________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________

_____ ________________________________________________________________________________ _____

Yours, South China Tiger

第三节 单词拼写(每空 1 分,共 5 分) 请根据括号内容提示的中文意思填空,该英文单词的首字母已给出。 51. I will e__________ (交换)my apple for your orange. 52. He lent them money for quite a__________ (正当的,恰当的)reasons. 53. The prisoner a__________ (企图,尝试)an escape, but failed. 54. Her t__________ (技术) has improved a lot over the past season. 55. Legal questions rarely exist in the a__________ (抽象); they are based on real cases.

第四节 短语填空(每空 0.5 分,共 10 分) 请根据括号内容提示的中文意思填写对应的英文短语,每空填一词。 56. _____ _____(巧合的是), his wife was one of my classmates in college. 57. Ben _____ _____ _____ (对?过敏) pollen and locusts. 58. It was quite a thrill to see a movie star _____ _____ _____(本人). 59. The two men’s life stories _____ _____ (吸引)different groups. 60. Can you _____ _____ _____ (懂得)what she says? 61. The prisoner’s statement _____ _____ _____ (与?相矛盾)the one he’d made earlier. 62.The money has _____ _____ (用完) on my mobile phone. 63. I noticed his eyes _____ _____(尤其、特别), because they were very small.

惠州市第一中学 2017 届高二年级 考试 英语试题 参考答案 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 参考答案:1—3 BCA 4—8 CCDBD 9—12 CDBA 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 参考答案:16—20 FGAED 第二部分 英语知识应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 完形填空 21—25 ABDDB 26—30 BAABC 31—35 DDDBB 36—40 AADBC 13—15 ACA

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 41. were talking to have 42. to 43. quickly 44. cans 45.the 46. who 47. playing 48.

49. hopeful 50. Our

第三部分 写作(共两节, 满分 25 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 【答案】 71. 加 a 72. her →him 73. when →since 74. fly →flew 75.

seventy →seventies 76. and →or how 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) Dear man, I am the South China tiger, an endangered animal. I’m writing to tell you something about my poor living environment which results from your cruel activities. Looking back, how wonderful it was for us to enjoy the green forest, the fresh air and the free life. However, you hunt too much, decreasing the number of us. Besides, you cut down the trees, which destroyed our habitat. It is your human activities that push us to the edge of extinction. My family and I are living in hunger and fear all day long. I strongly appeal to you to protect us but not to hurt us. It’s our hope that 77. leave →leaving78. greatly →great 79. 去掉 on 80. what →

we can live in harmony with each other. Looking forward to your concern for us!

Yours, South China Tiger 第三节 单词拼写(每空 1 分,共 5 分) 51. exchange 52. appropriate 53. attempted 54. technique 55. abstract 第四节 短语填空(每题 1 分,共 10 分) 56. By coincidence 57. is(was) allergic to 58. in the flesh 59. appeal(appealed) to particular 60. make sense of 61. was contradictory to 62. run out 63. in


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