注意事项 考生在答题前请认真阅读本注意事项及各题答题要求: 1.本试卷分第一卷(选择题)、第二卷(非选择题)两部分。第一卷从第 1 页至第 9 页，第 二卷从第 10 页至第 12 页，考生答题全部答在答题纸上，答在本试卷上无效。本次考试时间 为 120 分钟，满分 120 分。考试结束后，请将答题纸交监考老师。 2.答题前，请您务必将自己的姓名、学校、班级、座位号、考试证号用书
写黑色字迹的 0.5 毫米签字笔填写在答题纸的相应位置，并将考试证号用 2B 铅笔将答题纸上考试证号相应 的数字涂黑。 3.作答非选择题必须用 2B 铅笔把答题纸上对应题目的答案标号涂黑，如需改动，请用橡 皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案，答非选择题必须用书写黑色字迹的 0.5 毫米签字笔写在 答题纸上的指定位置，在其它位置作答一律无效。 第Ⅰ卷（共 85 分） 第一部分:听力 (共两节，满分 20 分) 第一节:(共 5 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。 从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一 小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1.Why didn’t the woman watch the movie last night? A. She didn’t know it was on B. Her cousin came over to her house C. The power went out in her neighborhood 2. What does the woman probably mean? A. She doesn’t want to be in her group B. She is having some trouble with the man C. There are too many projects with the man 3. What do the speaker plan to do this afternoon?
A. Visit a relative B. Take a walk in the country C. Go shopping in the mall 4. What does the man think of the sunglasses? A. He doesn’t think they look very good. B. He thinks they were a great deal C. He thinks they look very fashionable 5. Which of Prof. Marvin’s classes do most students like? A. Social Economics B. Social Psychology C. Child Psychology 第二节 (共 15 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各小题,每小题 5 秒钟；听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段对话,回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. Why did the woman go to the store? A. She was looking for something in particular B. She knew they were having a special sale C. She saw the lights from the street 7. What does a red and white price tag mean? A. A 30% discount B. A 50% discount C. A 70% discount 8. What do we know about the woman? A. She is on a holiday now B. She doesn’t work on Tuesdays C. She has no interest in the things in the store 听第 7 段对话,回答第 9、10 题。 9. What is true about the woman?
A. She has a teenage daughter B. She knows a lot about tennis shoes C. She just recently started playing tennis 10. What does the woman probably mean in the end? A. Her feet need less support B. She wants something cheaper C. She wants to pay with a credit card 听第 8 段对话,回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What is the woman doing? A. Shopping online B. Getting dressed at home C. Trying on clothes in a shop 12.Where will the speakers go next? A. To the zoo B. To the doctor’s office C. To a modern clothing store 13. What’s the relationship between the speakers? A. Husband and wife B. Shop assistant and customer C. Fashion designer and model 听第 9 段对话,回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. What do the woman’s parents want her to do? A. Find a good job in her hometown B. Go to graduate school C. Go to college 15. What does the man suggest the woman do? A. Ask her parents for permission B. Use her own money to follow her dream C. Ask her parents to support her financially 16. What did the man gain most from his travel experience?
A. Friends B. Money C. Social experience 听第 10 段独白,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What is the talk mainly about? A. The speaker’s favorite websites B. The most popular websites in the world C. The main differences between the biggest websites 18. What does the speaker mainly use Google for? A. Getting directions B. Finding new places to eat C. Doing research at work 19. Which site does the speaker say is not very reliable? A. Yahoo! B. Amazon C. Google 20. What is one bad thing about Amazon, according to the speaker? A. It is often slow B. It offers too many choices C. It has too many ads 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节，满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的四个选项 A、B、C 和 D 中,选出最佳选项。并在答题 卡上将该选项涂黑。 21. Finally, developing teenagers’ critical thinking should be a(n) ______ for education committed to helping students become competent citizens. A. motivation responsibility 22. With the word PM 2.5 ________ appearing in media reports, people pay greater attention to it and seek health tips for smoggy days. B. inspiration C. priority D.
23. Just as Tu Youyou once commented, “In order to make some achievements and ______ yourself in your field, there are certain things you must do.” A. bury B. promote C. distinguish D. behave
24.—Could you say something about Turkey’s downing of the Russian fighter jet? —Sorry. It ______ by a group of experts and will be made clear the moment they get the answer. A. has been investigated C. was investigated B. is being investigated D. was being investigated
25.Common sense requires us to get away from the concept that national boundaries are frontiers _________ knowledge may not spread. A. with which B. across with C. through which D. from which
26. With China’s Singles’ Day approaching, shop owners offer large discounts ______ high sales volumes created by enthusiastic buyers. A. in expectation of to 27. David will succeed along the career ladder one day, I firmly believe, _______ he devote more energy to it. A. might B. would C. could D. should B. in regard to C. in terms of D. in response
28.Meeting again by chance, Lucy and Amy are delighted to _______ the friendship where it left out years ago A. set up B. build up C. bring up D. pick up
29. —Professor Smith, I’d like to take a gap year to Africa to serve in a global anti-Aids campaign. —Good idea, ______ you can afford the time. A. provided that B. in case C. even if D. so that
30. The conflict between economic development and environmental protection, if not appropriately _________, can cause disastrous consequences in daily life settings. A. being managed B. to manage C. managed D. managing
31. —Why did Miss Li resign from the present position so abruptly?
—As far as I know, she _______ for higher wages, but was turned down in the end. A. broke off B. gave away C. went on D. held out
32.People are always coming in here borrowing my hammer, you know, to fix a cart wheel or ______. A. anything B. something C. everything D. nothing
33. — Do you regret paying 20,000 dollars for the second-hand car? —Not a bit. I think it deserves ______. A. as more than twice many C. more than as twice much B. more than twice as much D. more than twice as many
34. With a view to fighting against crimes online, the authority hosted an anti-piracy concert with over 100 pop singers, _______ fans not to buy pirated music and movies. A. urging B. to urge C. having urged D. urged
35. —Shall we make an appointment at 9 o’clock this Sunday morning? —________. I will be available the whole morning. A. It counts for nothing C. It makes no difference B. That suits me fine D. Go right ahead
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项 A、B、C 和 D 中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 In modern society loneliness can be seen as a social phenomenon and people can experience loneliness for many reasons. It is a very common, 36 normally 37
temporary, consequence of a breakup, divorce, or loss of any important relationship. In these cases, loneliness may specific person or from dropping significant person in one's life will 39 40 38
both from the loss of a
of social circles. The loss of a lead to a grief response; in this 41 of others.
situation, one might feel lonely, even while in the
There are many different ways used to treat loneliness. The first step that most doctors 42 to patients is treatment. Short term treatment typically 43 44
over a period of ten to twenty weeks. During treatment, emphasis is put understanding the cause of the problem, thoroughly changing the 45
feelings, and attitudes resulting from the problem, and exploring ways to help the patient feel 46 . Some doctors also recommend group treatment a means to connect
with other sufferers and establish a support system. 47 the 49 treatment is animal-assisted treatment. Studies and surveys indicate that 48 of animal companions such as dogs, cats, rabbits, and guinea pigs can 50 the
feelings of loneliness or depression among some sufferers.
companionship the animal itself provides there may also be increased opportunities for 51 with other pet owners. Results of a study also suggest that (认知) offers the best chance of reducing loneliness. 52
improper socialcognition 53
, loneliness can sometimes play an important role in the creative process.
In some people, temporary or prolonged loneliness can lead to remarkable artistic and creative expression, for example, as was the 54 with poet Emily Dickinson,
and many musicians. This is not to imply that loneliness itself ensures this creativity, 55 , it may have an influence on the subject matter of the artist and more likely
be present in individuals engaged in creative activities. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. A. however A. short-term A. break A. turning out A. occasionally A. charge A. commit A. hits A. in A. negative A. affected A. One A. presence A. speed A. Beyond B. or B. long-term B. suffer B. dropping out B. intentionally B. company B. submit B. occurs B. to B. explicit B. touched B. Other B. switch B. save B. Except C. but C. abstract C. result C. falling out C. typically C. face C. recommend C. strikes C. for C. positive C. disconnected C. Another C. control C. ease C. Without D. though D. concrete D. benefit D. putting out D. casually D. absence D. resign D. turns D. on D. original D. connected D. The other D. management D. solve D. With
socializing 52. A. calculating B. correcting C. assessing D.
transmitting 53. 54. 55. A. However A. turn A. yet B. But B. case B. still C. Therefore C. way C. just D. Though D. return D. rather
阅读理解（共两节,每小题 2 分，满分 40 分）
第一节 （共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中,选出最佳选项。并在答题卡上将该 选项涂黑。 A Raising Money to Find a Cure, One Ribbon Barrette at a Time How many times a day do we tell our kids that we’re proud of them? Probably not nearly enough. As a daughter of Chinese parents, it’s not in our culture’s nature to celebrate incredible accomplishments by announcing them to the world, but I’m going to break the rule and announce that I’m so proud of my 10-year-old daughter and all that she has done to raise money to support research to find a cure for Cystic Fibrosis(CF,囊肿性纤维化) “Mommy, ” said Emily as we rushed around the house packing our things for another day at the pool last summer. “I’m going to bring my ribbon barrettes(丝带发夹)to sell during adult swimming” Emily’s best friend is one of the 30,000 children and adults living in the United States with Cystic Fibrosis, a life-threatening genetic disease that affects the lungs and digestive system. In the 1950s, very few children with CF lived to attend elementary school. Although great progress in understanding and treating CF has led to great improvements in the length and quality of life for those with CF, there still isn’t a cure. Last spring, Emily donated $ 140 CFF’s Great Walk in honor of her best friend
living with Cystic Fibrosis. She had no idea what the summer would bring for her CFF ribbon barrette fundraise when school ended for the year. Fortunately, every time I shared a photo of Emily’s ribbon barrettes on the Internet, we received orders that privately message me or email me with requests for barrettes in their favorites colors. Three weeks into the summer, Emily had raised $ 297 and I was spending a lot of time running her to the craft store to restock her supplies for a very good cause while my husband was packing and shipping orders all over the country. My social media accounts have served as the most powerful tool for Emily to spread the word. People notice kids doing great things and want to help the girls who are raising money to help find a cure, one ribbon barrette at a time. Emily and her best friend have named their activity Ribbon Barrettes for Research. They have business cards and a brand new shiny website developed on a free platform, to show that any kid can do what she has been doing. To my daughter, each sale is a victory and each order that goes out is an opportunity to spread awareness about CF. The handwritten thank-you note included in each order further shows the importance of teaching kids and parents how much their purchase support research that we hope will one day find a cure for CF. As a parent, I love that Emily has found the power in her own voice and she has inspired others to advocate causes they care about. 56. What is Emily’s attitude towards treating Cystic Fibrosis? A. Unconcerned B. Pessimistic C. Hopeful D. Unworried
57. According to the passage, Emily’s ribbon barrettes are sold mainly _______. A. at their school B. in their home C. in the CFF D. on the Internet
58.The underlined word “word” in Paragraph 6 refers to _______. A. raising money to help find a cure for people with Cystic Fibrosis B. shipping orders all over the country C. the handwritten thank-you note D. helping people with CF by making ribbon barrettes B
What does the future hold for the problem of housing? A good deal depends, of course, on the meaning of “future”. If one is thinking in terms of science fiction and the space age, it is at least possible to assume that man will have solved such trivial and earthly problems as housing. Writers of science fiction, from H.G. Wells onwards, have had little to say on the subject. They have conveyed the suggestion that men will live in great comfort, with every imaginable apparatus(设备) to make life smooth, healthy and easy, if not happy. But they have not said what his house will be made of. Perhaps some new building material, as yet unimagined, will have been discovered or invented at least. One may be certain that bricks and mortar(泥 灰，灰浆) will long have gone out of fashion. But the problems of the next generation or two can more readily be imagined. Scientists have already pointed out that unless something is done either to restrict the world’s rapid growth in population or to discover and develop new sources of food (or both), millions of people will be dying of starvation or at the best suffering from underfeeding before this century is out. But nobody has yet worked out any plan for housing these growing populations. Admittedly the worst situations will occur in the hottest parts of the world, where housing can be light structure or in backward areas where standards are traditionally low. But even the minimum shelter requires materials of some kind and in the teeming, bulging towns the low-standard “housing” of flattened petrol cans and dirty canvas is far more wasteful of ground space than can be tolerated. Since the war, Hong Kong has suffered the kind of crisis which is likely to arise in many other places during the next generation. Literally millions of refugees arrived to swell the already growing population and emergency steps had to be taken rapidly to prevent squalor(肮脏)and disease and the spread crime. The city is tackling the situation energetically and enormous blocks of tenements(贫民住宅)are rising at an astonishing aped. But Hong Kong is only one small part of what will certainly become a vast problem and not merely a housing problem, because when population grows at this rate there are accompanying problems of education, transport, hospital services,
drainage, water supply and so on. Not every area may give the same resources as Hong Kong to draw upon and the search for quicker and cheaper methods of construction must never stop. 59.The writer is sure that in the distant future ___. A.bricks and mortar will be replaced by some other building material. B.a new building material will have been invented. C.bricks and mortar will not be used by people who want their house to be fashionable. D.a new way of using bricks and mortar will have been discovered. 60.The writer believes that the biggest problem likely to confront the world before the end of the century ___. A.is difficult to foresee. B. will be how to provide enough houses in the hottest parts of the world. C. will be how to feed the ever growing population. D.is the question of finding enough ground space. 61.When the writer says that the worst situations will occur in the hottest parts of the world or in backward areas, he is referring to the fact that in these parts ___. A. the population growth will be the greatest. B. standards of building are low. C. only minimum shelter will be possible. D. there is not enough ground space. 62.Which of the following sentences best summarizes Paragraph 3? A.Hong Kong has faced a serious crisis caused by millions of refugees. B.Hong Kong has successfully dealt with the emergency caused by millions of refugees. C. Many parts of the world may have to face the kind of problems encountered by Hong Kong and may find it much harder to deal with them. D. Hong Kong’s crisis was not only a matter of housing but included a number of other problems of population growth. C
Analysis of the composition of quicksand shows that there are four key ingredients—sand, obviously water, clay and salt. Together these materials form a structure resembling a house of cards, with large water-filled gaps between the sand particles, which are loosely glued in place by the clay. As long as it’s left alone, the structure remains stable. But as soon as it’s disturbed, by stepping on it, the clay changes from a jelly-like consistency to a runny liquid. The effect is the same as stirring a pot of yoghurt. Liquefying(溶解)the clay makes the quicksand about one million times runnier, and the whole house of cards comes tumbling down, with you inside it. Very quickly, the sand sinks to the bottom and the water floats to the top. This is where the salt comes in. When there’s enough salt present, as soon as the clay particles liquefy, electrical charges make them begin to stick together to form bigger particles and these also settle with the sand. Quicksand is a mixture which looks like solid, but behaves more like a liquid. Despite its murderous reputation, quicksand does not such people under and swallow them, although it can hold a person in firm grip. The human body is more buoyant(有 浮力) in quicksand than in water, and sooner or later anyone trapped in it will float. Unlike most liquids, quicksand’s viscosity, or “runniness” can suddenly change if it comes under pressure, for example under a human foot. The surface gives way and the victim quickly sinks in up to the knees, surrounded by an area of dirty things that turns semi-solid around its victim. Escaping from the quicksand’s grip(紧握) requires a large amount of force. Without something solid to pull at, people often find they are stuck fast. Pulling at one leg simply makes the other one sink further. So how do you escape from quicksand’s control? Stay still and call for help. Staying still stops you sinking any further, until--with luck--help arrives on the scene. If no one appears and you need to draw yourself out, gently lie down on your back until your body is floating on the sand. Next, roll over onto your stomach and pull yourself forwards with your hands, so that you gradually “swim” towards firmer ground. It is a slow and dirty business, but it works. This technique has one barrier: it goes against a very powerful human nature. Faced
with danger in the open, nine out of ten stay on their feet so that they can run away, in which case it can worsen the situation.
63. Which ingredient of the quicksand make someone trapped in it stuck and stuck fast? A. Sand B. Clay C. Water D. Salt
64. From the passage we can learn that ________ A. as long as you are strong enough, you can pull yourself up from quicksand on your own B. clay glues sand particles loosely, which makes quicksand stable, unless it is disturbed C. because anyone trapped in quicksand will float, there is little possibility of him dying D. looking like solid ground, quicksand is actually liquid 65.If someone is trapped in quicksand, what should he do? A. Remain calm and wave for help B. Stand in quicksand and get ready to run away as quickly as possible C. “Swimming” is one of the best choices he can use to escape D. Once in quicksand, lie down on his stomach immediately and swim slowly to safety 66. What might be the best title of the passage? A. A human killer--quicksand C. An awful experience in quicksand D The word tolerance is widely used in liberal democracies. It indicates a positive meaning. Politicians urge us to be tolerant towards minorities. Educators teach us to be tolerant towards the other. The press is full of references to the need to display tolerance when faced with individuals or groups espousing a different view or holding a different religious belief. A tolerant society is an objective sought after by anyone who believes in the values of democracy. A tolerant individual is attributed with virtuous qualities. The question we must ask is whether we have been using the word tolerance fully B. How to escape from danger D. What to do if trapped in quicksand
aware of its meaning and whether we have applied it correctly to reflect what we really wish to convey? The word tolerance means to bear, or to bear with. If I tolerate something or someone, I basically say that I am ready to bear it or him. I can tolerate a bad smell or a noisy neighbour. The act of toleration forces me to desist from conveying my objection to the existence of a phenomenon, which I find difficult to bear. A bad smell or a noisy neighbour is considered by me to be an objectionable phenomenon. By tolerating either of them, I am not transforming the bad smell or the noisy neighbour into positive phenomena. Let's be honest: I don't have a different taste when it comes to bad smells. I simply dislike it and wish that it disappears. I don't respect the noisy neighbour. I would rather have him stop at once the noise he is making so I can live in peace. To try to remove the bad smell or take reasonable action in order for the noisy neighbour to stop bothering me would most probably not be considered an intolerant act by most people. Now, let's try to apply the word tolerance in reference to a person who is law-abiding and holds a legally acceptable different view from my own. I may have a strong view, which is opposed to his. Quite frankly, I may decide to tolerate his view. By so doing, I would be attributing to it a negative characteristic. I would apply the same attitude to his view as to the bad smell or noisy neighbour. Thus, to try to take action in order to make his view disappear would be considered an intolerant act. To tolerate his view the way I would a bad smell or a noisy neighbour, could hardly be considered virtuous. The subject tolerating is by nature not equal to the object being tolerated.
If I tolerate you, I essentially say that I am above you and am prepared, although unwillingly, to bear with your presence or with your practices or opinions. That may be true in the case of an individual who is ready to tolerate the other. However, this attitude by such an individual, though empirically true, is hardly a virtue. Certainly, the fact that an individual, in reality, may merely tolerate the other or his opinion does not justify a government or any official authority promoting
tolerance as a virtue. One cannot tolerate an equal being. True equality involves respect, not toleration. To respect the other as a distinctive person is hardly to tolerate him. This is the true meaning of equality: diversity existing in a mutually-respectful socio-legal setting. The danger with tolerance is that it can lead to the acceptance of individuals or groups bent on destroying the foundations of democratic systems. We have seen such cases with regard to political parties or destructive religious groups that have been treated in a liberal manner under the guise of tolerance. A tolerant attitude involves the grant of a favour, not a right. The question we should ask ourselves is whether we would ever wish a parliament to make laws according to us, as individuals and as part of a collective entity or a permission to pursue certain actions interpreted as a favour rather than a right? Indeed, would we ever wish anyone to listen to our views and accept us the way we are simply because he is kind enough to tolerate us? 67. The first two paragraphs are mainly intended to show that __________. A. tolerance is a symbol of liberal democracies B. democratic society always advocates tolerance C. people’s understanding of tolerance is one-sided D. tolerance can be applied to many situations 68. The example of a bad smell and a noisy neighbour is raised to indicate that _________. A. the writer are fed up with them B. most people find them hard to tolerate C. the writer isn’t prejudiced against them D. tolerating them isn’t a virtuous act 69. Which of the following will the writer probably agree with? A. Too much tolerance will endanger the foundations of democratic systems. B. By tolerating people can transform something negative into the opposite. C. People tolerating others are likely to consider them as their equals. D. Being tolerant should be regarded as a right instead of a favour
70. The best title for this passage should be “___________”. A. Tolerance and respect C. Is Tolerance a Virtue? 第二卷（非选择题 共 35 分） 第四部分 任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意：每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题纸上相应题号的横线上。 The Internet has become a way of life for many people around the world. So what would happen if one fine morning, you woke up to find the Internet has no existence? How would your life be changed? Well, your lifestyle might be impacted. If you were an Internet addict, you would find that your life has come to an end. With no online facilities, a considerable part of your time would be spent waiting in long lines at banks, post offices or government offices. You would be waiting for days or even weeks for your mail to arrive from another corner of the world. Suddenly, you would realize that your fast-paced life is running at a snail’s pace. Without the Internet, your socializing would also be impacted. If you’d gotten very used to socializing online, you would now be clueless as to how you could share the pictures of your recent trip you went for with your friends across the globe. It would be difficult to interact with people living outside your locality. You might have to become a member of a club or a community in your neighborhood to make new friends. With no online social media, you would find yourself saying this very often: Let’s go and talk to them! With no way to use emails, instant messaging, chat or social media, we would have to take advantage of the option of a telephone conversation, or sending snail mail. Communication via the internet is free, whereas the options available otherwise would cost you extra money and time. Your would have to write letters and buy stamps, as we used to do before the Internet became popular. The Internet has become a huge sea of information and resources. No Internet would mean no instant and easy access to information at the click of a button. Your would have to walk down to your local library and actually search the whole place to get B. What is to be tolerated? D. Should people be tolerant?
the information you’re looking for, with little chances that you’ll find what you seek instantly. The students who were accustomed to using the Internet for completing their assignments would have a tough time. There would be no way to get an education without actually going to a school or a college physically. Without the Internet, things at your workplace would be turned upside down. If your work was largely Internet-based, your company might have to shut down. If your work involved only minor use of the Internet, for example, using online system to acquire statistics from the Internet, this simple task would now be a complicated and time-consuming process. Your desk would be full of documents and files, and you would have a nightmare searching or sorting them out by hand. In any case, life without the Internet would seem like nightmare! So enjoy living in the paradise we call the Internet and make wise use of it!
Can you imagine the world without the Internet Paragraph outline Lifestyle Supporting details ·It would take you much longer time to get some public (71) _______ ·The pace of your life would (72) _______ down Socializing ·You would not know how to share your things with your faraway friends · You would have difficulty interacting with people living outside your locality ·You would need to join a club or a community to (73) _______ new people ·You would always be obliged to make face-to-face (74) _______ with others Communication ·Without emails, instant messaging or social media, you would have to use old communicating ways like telephone conversation · Communicating in old ways would be (75) _______ and
time-consuming Information ·Large amounts of information and resources online would no longer be easily (76) _______ ·The students who were in the (77) _______ of using the Internet would have trouble completing their assignments ·It would be impossible for students to be (78) _______ via the Internet Workplace ·Those companies that were heavily (79) _______ on the Internet would close down ·It would be complicated and time-consuming to acquire some statistics ·Your desk would be in a (80) _______ and it would be hard for you to search or sort something out
第五部分 书面表达（满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Let’s face it. You are constantly exposed to common viruses. There is nothing you can do about them. However, you can greatly influence the effect of those viruses on your health. Don’t accept that the flu or common cold is something you have to suffer from time to time. Cast off this thought and keep yourself and your entire family healthy regardless of the weather or season. These 4 easy tips will help you to reduce the number of times you are down with the flu or common cold: 1.Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables daily. They will provide you with important nutrients, mainly vitamins, which are needed to increase your ability to win the fight against common viruses. 2.Drink plenty of water. The water runs through your body, removing everything your body wants to get rid of. 3.Sleep 8 hours per night. If you often fail to have enough sleep, not only will you feel tired, but also your immune system will work less efficiently. You will be more
easily affected by viruses. 【写作内容】 请你用英语以“健康的生活习惯让我们远离病毒”为题写一篇短文，主要内容包括： 1 以约 30 个词概括以上短文的主要内容。 2 然后以约 120 个词谈谈你对养成健康生活习惯的看法，内容包括： (1) 病毒的危害及形成健康生活习惯的必要性； (2) 要保持健康，还有哪些可行措施； (3) 倡导大家培养良好生活习惯，健康生活。 【写作要求】 1 作文中可使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文 中的句子； 2 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。
参考答案 1-5 BAAAC 6-10 CBBCB 11-15 CCABB 16-20 CACAB 21-25 CDCBB 26-30 ADDAC 31-35 DBBAC 36-40 DBCBC 41-45 BCBDA 46-50 DCACA 51-55 DBABD 56-58 CDA 59-62 ACAC 63-66 BBCD 67-70 CDAC 71. service(s) 72. Slow 75. costly/expensive 73. Meet/befriend 74. Contact/conversation(s) 76. Accessed/available 77.habit 78.
self-educated/educated 79. dependent 80.mess One possible version:
录音材料 Text 1 M: Did you see the science fiction movie on television last night? W: I would have watched it, but my cousin stopped by for a visit. I hadn’t seen her for more than a year. Text 2 M: There will be a lot of group projects this semester. Have you chosen the group that you’ll be working with? I’m in Group C. W: Lucky you! I’m in Group B, and I can already see that trouble is on its way. Text 3 M:Where is your sister, Katie? W: I’m not sure, Dad. Maybe she’s with mom. I haven’t seen her all day. M:Well, we’re supposed to go to your Aunt Marie’s house this afternoon. I just want to make sure that she doesn’t disappear and go to the mall like she did last time we had plans with the family. Text 4 W:So, what do you think of my new sunglasses? M:Uh?how much did you pay for them? W:I got them at the dollar store. M:Yeah, I can tell?
Text 5 W: Have you ever taken Prof. Marvin’s class? M: Which one? He teaches a few different psychology courses. W:Oh, really? I thought he only taught Child Psychology. M:That’s his most popular one, but I’ve never taken it. I was in his Social Psychology class last term, though.
Text 6 M: Good morning. Are you looking for something in particular? W: No, not really. I just saw the lights from the street, and I thought I’d come check this place out. I just love the holidays! M:Oh, me, too! Just feel free to look around. Take as much time as you want. If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to ask! W: Great, thanks! It looks like you guys are having a big sale now. M:Yup. Pretty much everything in the store is discounted at least 30%. The stuff with the red and white price tags is 50% off, and if you see a green and yellow price tag, you’re looking at 70% off! W: Wow! I guess I might be a while, then! Thank goodness I have Tuesday off work!
Text 7 M: Good afternoon, madam. How can I help you today? W:I’m looking for some tennis shoes, but I’m not sure what to buy exactly. I haven’t been playing tennis for that long. All I know is that they shouldn’t leave black marks on the tennis court. M: Well, the main difference is in the level of support for your feet. These Nike shoes, for example, have a unique design, especially on the bottom. They provide the most support of any shoes on the market today. W:Hmm? I’m not sure if they’re really my style. They look like something my teenage son would be into. How much are they? M:Let’s see here?200 dollars.
W: Whoa! I guess I’ll need something with, uh?a little less “support”, shall we say?
Text 8 W:Oh, my god. I look terrible! M:Come on, I’m sure it’s not that bad. Can I come in and take a look? W:Absolutely not! This shirt looked pretty nice on the shelf, but on my fat body, it looks ridiculous. M:I thought you liked stuff from the 80s. W:I like good 80s stuff, not bad 80s stuff? M:I never knew that you could divide it up like that. I just thought all 80s stuff was bad? W:Very funny! Look, can we just get out of the here, please? I’m not getting any less pregnant. Let’s just try to find a more modern store, where they might actually have something that doesn’t make me look like some huge cartoon animal from the zoo. M: Now, enough of that kind of talk in front of the baby! W: Be quiet! This is all your fault, Joe! M: I guess it is, in a way? Text 9 W: So, I want to travel around the world instead of going straight to graduate school after college, but I’m afraid my parents won’t agree. Could you give me some suggestions? M:Well, what’s your plan? Why do you want to go traveling? W: I guess I’m just sick of studying, and I want to do something fun for a change. M:That’s reasonable, but are you interested in trying to work while you travel to support yourself? Or are you just going to have fun and spend a bunch of your parents’ money? W:Hmm, I’m not sure. M:My advice is to get a summer job to earn some extra cash before you leave. That way, you don’t have to ask your parents for any money.
W:You think that would work? M:Absolutely. You’re an adult, and you really don’t need their permission if you are supporting yourself. W:Did you ever do something like that? M:Oh, yeah. I traveled around Europe and Asia for about a year, doing odd jobs in youth hotels and cafes. I didn’t make a ton of money or anything, but I gained something that no one, not even your parents or your professors, could ever teach you? W:What’s that? M:Real-world experience. Text 10 So, I guess my favorite website is Google. I use it for absolutely everything. I use it most often to search for information at work, but I also use it to get directions to places, find out answers to everyday questions, and look for new restaurants. I’ve heard that Google is also good for news and financial information, but I never use it for those things. The one bad thing about Google? All the ads? those are really annoying. Yahoo! Internet, and I still use it for email and as my main source for news and sports information. It’s really simple problem with Yahoo! is that it isn’t always reliable. Sometimes it is really slow, and at other times, it just doesn’t work at all. Plus, I don’t like how they’re always changing certain things about their email. My third favorite is Amazon. They have awesome prices on everything, and it’s so convenient to shop from the them all the time. In fact, the only things I don’t buy from Amazon are food and music. I prefer to go to local many good things to buy, which is why I’m always poor!