英语不同文体写作： 书信： 第一段：写写收到对方的信很开心，提提对方来信询问的内容 I?m very glad to hear from you. I?m very happy to receive your letter. In your letter, you mentioned that…+句子 In your letter, you asked me about…+名词/
词组 I?m writing to tell you that…+句子 I?m very glad to learn that…+句子 I?m so pleased to hear from you and now I?m writing to tell you something about my family. (+名词/词组) 第二段：回答对方提出的问题，有条理地写出自己给出的建议 首先：firstly, first of all, at first 其次：secondly, then 此外：what?s more, besides, moreover, in addition 最后：finally, at last, last but not least 第三段：稍微总结自己的建议，对对方表示友善的问候 If you take my advice, I?ll appreciate it very much. I?m sure you?ll achieve your goal if you adopt my suggestions. I miss you very much and hope to meet you again. I?m looking forward to your reply. Please write back soon. 求职信或申请信： 第一段：直截了当在信的开头提出应聘职位或申请学校的目的 I?ve read the advertisement in the newspaper that…+句子 I?m glad to learn that …+句子 I?m quite interested in the position/post. I?m quite interested in the courses in your school. 第二段：自我情况介绍：（不要过谦） 第三段：提出期望： I?m sure I am the right person for the job. If you can give me the chance, I?ll try my best to work hard. If I?m admitted to your school, I?ll try my best to study well. I?m looking forward to your reply. 议论文： 第一段：提出论点 I?d like to tell you the results of our discussion/survey in the class meeting. Nowadays, it is well known that… With the development of science and technology, speaking a foreign language is becoming more and more important in our daily life. 第二段：一些人认为…，另一些人认为… Some people are in favor of the idea. They think that… However, others don?t agree with it. They hold the opinion that… On one hand, …on the other hand,… 第三段：自己的观点 In my opinion, …/in my view,…/As far as I am concerned,…/As far as I know, …
In conclusion, …/In a word,…/In a nutshell,…/In short,… Therefore, it?s not difficult to draw the conclusion that… 看图&图表： 第一段：描述图片或图表 According to the pictures/form(表格), we can find that… According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation. A recent statistics(数据) shows that… From the picture, we can see that… 第二段：进一步挖掘图片或图表内涵，进行论述 第三段：自己的观点 In my opinion,…/in my view,…/As far as I am concerned,…/As far as I know, … 通知： 1. 口头通知格式 第一段：引起他人注意 Boys and girls, /Ladies and gentlemen, May I have your attention please? I have an announcement to make. I have something important to tell you. 第二段：时间、地点、对象、具体事件、注意事项等 The competition will be held in the school hall at ten o?clock on the morning of October 16th. 第三段：对听者表示感谢 That?s all. Thank you. /Thanks for listening. 2. 书面通知格式： Notice …… The Students? Union 日记: 1. 格式：左上角：日期，星期几 右上角：天气情况：sunny/fine/rainy/windy/cloudy/snowy 2. 时态：一般过去时（发表议论或感想时可用现在时） 3. 人称：第一人称 会考万能句：(不可变的) As an old saying goes, ... As a proverb says, ... 1. Failure is the mother of success. 失败是成功之母。 2. Knowledge is power. 知识就是力量。 3. No pains, no gains. 没有付出就没有收获。 4. Every coin has two sides. 每个硬币都有两面。(比喻事物的两面性) (可变的) 1. Great changes have taken place these years in our school.
这些年来我们学校发生了巨大的变化。 2. Confidence in yourself is the first step on the road to success. 自信是走向成功的第一步。 3. Health is happiness. 健康就是幸福。 4. Nothing is more important than to receive education. 没有比接受教育更重要的事。 5. The harder you work, the more progress you make. 你愈努力，你愈进步。 6. By taking exercise, we can always keep healthy. 通过做运动，我们能够保持健康。 7. We all know that knowledge plays an important part in our life. 我们都知道知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。 8. Reading does good to our mind. 读书对心灵有益。 9. Overwork does harm to health. 工作过度对健康有害。 10. We should do our best to achieve our goal in life. 我们应尽全力去达成我们的人生目标。 11. Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realised my dreams. 因为他的鼓励，我终于实现我的梦想。 12. Summer is hot. That?s the reason why I don't like it. 夏天很热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。 13. Only in this way can we make much progress in learning English. 只有用这种方法我们才能在学英语方面取得巨大进步。 高考万能句： 1. 随着科技的发展 With the development of science and technology， … 随着经济的发展 With the development of economy，… 句子：With the development of science and technology, great changes have taken place in our city. 2. 面临新的机遇和挑战 face new opportunities and challenges 句子：We should face new opportunities and challenges. 3. 人们普遍相信 It is generally believed that… 句子：It is generally believed that learning English is becoming more and more important. 4. 申请一项工作 apply for a job 句子：She wants to apply for a job. 5. 进行一个热烈的讨论 have a heated discussion 句子：Yesterday, our class had a heated discussion. 6. 支持，同意 be in favour of 句子：Some people are in favour of the opinion, while others don?t think so. 7. 就我而言 As far as I?m concerned, … As far as I know, … 句子：As far as I?m concerned, writing is an effective way to communicate with others. 8. 充分利用 make full use of
句子：We should make full use of time. 9. 在…中起重要作用 play an important role in… 句子：Reading plays an important role in our daily life. 10. 对…有积极/消极影响 have a positive/negative effect on… 句子：Playing computer games has a negative effect on my study. 11. 导致 lead to/contribute to 句子：All roads lead to Rome. 12. 学习知识和技能 learn knowledge and skills 句子：We should learn knowledge and skills. 13. 做贡献 make a contribution to 句子：We should make a contribution to our society. 14. 致力于 be devoted to 句子：I?m devoted to learning English. 15. 满足…的需要 meet the needs of… 句子：Our government should meet the needs of citizens. 16. 宝贵的自然资源 valuable natural resources 句子：We should make full use of valuable natural resources. 17. 网上冲浪 surf the Internet 句子：I like surfing the Internet. 18. 环保的 environmentally friendly 句子：The bag is environmentally friendly. 19. 对…持不同观点 hold different attitude towards… 句子：People hold different attitude towards this issue. 20. 前者 the former, 后者 the latter 句子：I am in favour of the latter opinion. 21. 提供如下理由 provide the following reasons 句子：I want to provide the following reasons. 22. 有优点和缺点 have advantages and disadvantages 句子：Traveling has advantages and disadvantages. 23. 对…有害 do harm to 句子：Smoking does harm to our health. 24. 交换观点/想法 exchange ideas/thoughts 句子：We should often exchange ideas. 25. 采取积极措施去做 take effective measures to do 句子：I suggest our government take effective measures to solve the problem. 26. 在…上的观点因人而异。Views on… vary from person to person. 句子：Views on this issue vary from person to person. 27. 把时间和精力放在…上 focus time and energy on… 句子：We should focus time and energy on studying. 28. 减少压力 reduce stress 句子：Listening to music can reduce stress. 29. 毫无疑问…There is no doubt that… 句子：There is no doubt that we should try our best to achieve our goal. 30. 不可否认 There is no denying that… 句子：There is no denying that knowledge is power. 2014 英语高考作文热点训练之一： 随着经济的发展，外出吃饭的人越来越多，随之而来的是餐桌浪费。一些人点了 很多菜，根本吃不了，但为了面子也不打包带走(pack the food)。我非常不同意
这种做法，我认为： 1. 节约是中华民族的传统美德。(a traditional virtue) 2. 政府提倡“节约型社会”。 3. 作为一名中学生，我们应该… With the development of economy, great changes have taken place in our daily life. It is believed that more and more people are eating outside. Therefore, wasting food is becoming more and more common. Some people order too much that they can?t finish them all. However, they don?t pack the food in order not to be laughed at. I?m not in favour of the opinion. I want to provide the following reasons. Firstly, saving is a traditional virtue for the Chinese people. Our grandparents and parents focus time and energy on saving food, while we often waste food, which does harm to our society. Secondly, I suggest our government take effective measures to solve the problem. We should try our best to found a better society. As a student, I?m devoted to saving food. Only in this way can we make a contribution to our society. 2014 英语高考作文热点训练之二： 作为中学生，你肯定经历过多次考试，体验过成功，也经历过失败。请你根据提 示内容，简要概述中学生普遍存在的对考试失败的两种态度，并结合自身实际， 说明你的观点。 消极态度：当考试结果不尽人意时，情绪低落，丧失信心，不再继续努力。 积极态度：当考试失败时… 你的观点… On Failure Middle school students took part in many exams, during which we achieved success and also suffered from failure. Different students hold different opinions about failure. On one hand, some students will be in low spirits when they don?t do well in the exams. They usually lose heart and no longer study hard as before. On the other hand, most students take an active attitude towards failure. They encourage themselves to be self-confident. They make an attempt to find out and analyze the causes so that they will no longer make similar mistakes. I agree with the students who take active attitudes. As we all know, failure is the mother of success. Even the great men can fail many times before they succeed. So we must deal with failure correctly. 2014 英语高考作文热点训练之三： 现如今有些人不懂得感谢父母， 他们甚至都不照顾年迈的父母。请按下面给出的 要点用英语给父母写一封 120-150 词的感谢信，以便上传至校园网英文页面 “Student Voice”(学生心声)栏目。 1. 引出话题, 表明你对感恩(thanksgiving)的看法。 2. 简述父母对你的帮助并表达你的谢意。 3. 表达你的决心：继续努力，以优异的成绩回报父母。 Dear parents, Nowadays, some people don?t know how to thank their parents. They even don?t take care of their old parents. However, I think thanksgiving plays an important part in our daily life. So I am writing this letter to thank you for your kind help. You give me life, as well as endless love and support. I still remember once I was seriously ill, you were so worried and looked after me day and night. Now I?m facing the biggest challenge in my life, you always encourage me to be self-confident. Therefore, I?m very grateful to you.
As far as I?m concerned, I will try my best to make you live a happy life. In order to achieve my goal, I should focus time and energy on my study and make a contribution to our society in the future. 2014 英语高考作文热点训练之四： 假设你是李华， 你的英国朋友 Mike 最近总是感冒， 来信想你询问如何保持健康。 请你给他回信并出建议。内容如下： 1. 注意合理饮食：多吃鱼豆类等有营养的(nutritious)食品及新鲜水果和蔬菜，不 要吃太多的肉和甜食。 2. 保证充足睡眠。不要熬夜，每天至少睡八个小时。 3. 多参加体育锻炼。 4. 多听音乐。 要求：120-150 字 Dear Jenny, I?m very glad to receive your letter. In your letter you asked me how to keep healthy. It is generally agreed that keeping healthy plays an important part in our daily life. Therefore, I want to give you some advice. Firstly, teenagers grow very fast, so we need plenty of nutritious food, such as fish, beans, fresh fruit and vegetables. As a proverb says, “An apple a day keeps the doctor away.” So you shouldn?t eat too much meat or too many sweets. Secondly, having enough sleep is of great importance. So I advise you to have at least eight hours of sleep every day and not to stay up too late. What?s more, you should take exercise regularly instead of studying all the time. For example, you can play basketball or swim after school. Last but not least, listening to music is also a good way to reduce stress. I suggest that you should take effective measures to solve your health problems. Looking forward to your good news! 2014 英语高考作文热点训练之五 假如你是李华。你的美国朋友 David 来信询问中国最近雾霾严重的现象。请你写 封回信，主要内容如下： 1. 感谢他的关注。 2. 简单介绍中国北方雾霾情况。 3. 谈谈你的看法。 注意：1. 次数：120-150 2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 3. 参考词汇：雾霾 heavy smog Dear David, In your letter, you asked me something about the heavy smog in China. I?m very grateful for your concern about it. You know, with the development of economy, air pollution is becoming more and more serious, especially in the north of China. People cut down a lot of trees and there are more and more cars on the road, which contribute to the low quality of the air. We can see that the sky is no longer blue and the rivers are so seriously being polluted that no fish can live in them. Therefore, protecting our environment plays an important part in our daily life. I suggest our government should take some effective measures to solve the problem. As a student, I should try my best to protect the environment. Only in this way can we live a better life. Yours, Li Hua
2014 英语高考作文热点训练之六 最近，你们班召开了以“我的中国梦”为主题的班会活动。请写一篇日记，记述班 会情况及自己的感受。内容要点如下： 1. 每位同学都畅谈了自己对中国梦的理解； 2. 你谈到了自己的梦想； 3. 如何实现自己的梦想。 注意：1.总词数不少于 120。 2.不可逐条翻译。 3.开头已给出，不计入总词数。 Wednesday April 24 Clear Recently we had a class meeting on the topic of My Chinese Dream. Wednesday April 24 Clear Recently we had a class meeting on the topic of My Chinese Dream. During the meeting, everyone talked about his understanding of the Chinese Dream, that is, making our country stronger and its people happier. We all believe that this dream will come true in the future. I also talked about my own dream. I took up drawing when I was 5 years old and I hope I will be a designer in the future. I think it?s a respectable job. And I really want to help people live a better life with my professional knowledge. To realize my dream, I must work hard from now on. I must learn as much as I can so that I can get into a good art college, where I can prepare myself enough for the job of a designer. Only in this way can I make a contribution to our motherland. 2014 英语高考作文热点训练之七 图为很多水来浇一盆花 Too Much Care Spoils a Child As is shown in the picture above, the growing plant is destroyed by over-watering. People often do things with good purpose, but the result may be quite different. This is also true of us when we grow up. In order to make us have a happy childhood, our parents offer us too much care, for example, making beds, washing clothes and even carrying school bags for us. They think it?s good for us, but in fact they really spoil us. In my opinion, as children, we should experience difficulties and have the ability to solve the problem so that we can learn from our own mistakes and grow to be independent. Only in this way can we become stronger to make a contribution to our society.