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2012年3月公共英语二级考试(pets2)笔试真题卷-中大网校


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2012 年 3 月公共英语二级考试(pets2)笔试真题卷
总分:100 分 及格:60 分 考试时间:120 分

听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 (1)What is the woman doing? A. Buying a handbag. B. Trying on a piece of clothing. C. Drawing a picture of the countryside.

(2)What is the possible relationship between the speakers? A. Family members B. Classmates. C. Co-workers.

(3)What is the man angry about? A. Telephoning while driving. B. Some women drivers. C. Traffic lights.

(4)What does the woman mean? A. She will choose the man. B. The man was late in asking. C. She may run for the position.

(5)What does the woman want the man to do? A. Set up a museum. B. Start doing exercise. C. Stop buying cameras.

听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有 2 至 4 个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话或独白前,你将有 5 秒钟的时 间阅读各个小题; 听完后, 各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。 每段对话或独白读两遍。 /> <br <br /> (1)How will the man's brother go to South America?
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

A. By ship. B. By plane. C. By train.

(2)What will the man probably buy for his brother? A. A toothbrush. B. A silk tie. C. A clock.

(3)Where is Rick working now? A. In a travel company. B. In a hotel. C. In a law office.

(4)How does Rick feel about his trip? A. Excited. B. Curious. C. Nervous.

(5)When will Rick leave? A. In three days. B. In a week. C. In a month.

(6)What do we know about the grandmother? A. She lives by herself. B. She's as healthy as before. C. She often does some cleaning.

(7)How long has the grandmother lived in Kentucky? A. Since her husband died. B. Since she was married. C. Since her son moved away.

(8)What does the grandmother enjoy about her present life? A. Being busy with housework. B. Being with relatives.
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

C. Being with friends.

(9)What was the woman talking about at beginning of the conversation? A. Her story of completing a task. B. Her experience of being lost. C. Her trip abroad.

(10)What did the man do in the bar in Germany? A. Met his friends. B. Attended a lecture. C. Gave a performance.

(11)How did the man find his way back to bar? A. By following a man. B. By looking at a map. C. By asking an old woman.

(12)What do we know about the man? A. He cannot stand the noise in the bar. B. He doesn't like to wear T-shirts. C. He doesn't speak German.

(13)Who is the speaker? A. A radio announcer. B. A police officer. C. A taxi driver.

(14)What makes driving a taxi a hard job in London? A. Bad traffic. B. Confused street names. C. Large pollution in London.

(15)What will the speaker probably do if he's stuck on the road? A. Have a map ready. B. Be understanding. C. Change directions.

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网址:www.wangxiao.cn

中大网校引领成功职业人生

第一节&nbsp; 单项填空<br /> 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡 l 上将该项涂 黑<br /> (1)—Ann has gone out.— ________ What time did she go? A. Well, isn't she? B. Yes, she has. C. No, she hasn't, D. Oh, has she?

(2)You ________ be mad if you think Jake is going to lend you any money. A. need B. should C. must D. can

(3)In 1871, a fire in Chicago destroyed________ 1800 buildings. A. as many B. just as C. the same as D. as many as

(4)Hello! I________you were in London. How long have you been here? A. don't know B. hadn't known C. didn't know D. haven't known

(5)I wasn't sure whether I had come to ________ right office. There was no name on door. A. a;/ B. the;a C. a;the D. the;the

(6)—Would you like some help with the packing?—________ . My neighbour's offered to help out. But thanks anyway. A. All the same B. It's all right
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

C. Take it easy D. Come on

(7)The crowd wished the newly-married couple well as they left ________ their honeymoon. A. to B. in C. for D. about

(8)I'd never have guessed he was a Wilson-he doesn't look _______ his brothers. A. one B. that C. anybody D. anything

(9)________the success of our products in Europe, our next step is to move into the Ameri-can market. A. Follow B. Following C. Having followed D. Followed

(10)The question________ he should accept the offer or not troubled him greatly. A. which B. whether C. that D. why

(11)He________ forward to our camping, holiday the whole week, but unfortunately it rained every day. A. had looked B. is looking C. had been looking D. looks

(12)Johanna is the woman ________Maria is studying the piano. A. of whom B. with whom
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

C. by whom D. in whom

(13)Bella is very kind and beautiful and works hard.________, she is a good girl. A. To sum up B. As a result C. By the way D. In the end

(14)Television, which first appeared in the 1920s, really changed the________ people viewed the world. A. idea B. direction C. method D. way

(15)Mark's first year at college was a time ________with excitement and enjoyment. A. having filled B. being filled C. to be filled D. filled

第二节&nbsp; 完形填空<br /> 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出能填人相应空白处的最 佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。<br /> <br /> (1)I'm told that during an international game of chess (国际象棋), many beautiful moves couldbe made on a chessboard. In a decisive36in which he was evenly matched with a Russianmaster ____ 37____, Marshall found his queen under serious attack. There were several ways of ____ 38____,and since the queen is the most____39____piece, spectators (观众) thought Marshall would naturallymove his queen to ____ 40____Deep in thought, Marshall used all his time to consider the ____ 41____. He picked up his queen,paused, and placed it down on the most ____ 42 ____ square of all-a square from which the queen couldbe____43____by any one of three enemy pieces.Marshall had sacrificed (牺牲) his queen-an unthinkable move. Everyone else was ____ 44____Then the Russian, and the____45____, realized that Marshall had actually made a____46____move.It was clear that no matter how the____47____was taken, the Russian. would soon be in a____48____posi-tion. Seeing this, the Russian admitted his defeat.When spectators recovered from the____49____of Marshall's daring, they showered the chessboardwith money. Marshall had achieved____50____in a very unusual and daring fashion-he
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

had____51____bysacrificing the queen.To me, it's not____52____that he won. What counts is that Marshall had broken with standard____ 53____to make such a move. He had looked____54____the usual patterns of play and had been willingto consider an imaginative risk on the basis of his judgment and his judgment alone. No matter howthe game ____ 55 ____ , Marshall was the winner.根据材料请回答{TSE}{TS} A. experienceB. battleC. game D. chance

(2)A.playerB.personC.winnerD.enemy

(3)A.support B.attack C.advanceD.escape

(4)A.suitable B.powerful C.respected D.dangerous

(5)A.check B.fightC.safetyD.defeat

(6)A.conditionB.changeC.piece D.action

(7)A.protectedB.undisturbedC.unexpectedD.deserted

(8)A.frightenedB.guardedC.discoveredD.caught

(9)A.imfortedB.disappointed C.delightedD.annoyed

(10)A.playersB.masterC.crowd D.organizer

(11)A.smartB.wrongC.free D.difficult

(12)A.gameB.moneyC.queen D.chessboard

(13)A.losingB.favourableC.leadingD.doubtful

(14)A.causeB.blowC.accidentD.shock
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

(15)A.prize B.victoryC.progressD.attention

(16)A.wonB.madeC.gained D.earned

(17)A.importantB.excitingC.unforgettable D.unclear

(18)A.idea B.thinkingC.chess D.training

(19)A.intoB.furtherC.aheadD.outside

(20)A.came B.was organizedC.was designed D.ended

(1)I was in my third year of teaching writing at Ralph High School in New York, when one of mystudents, 15-year-old Mikey, gave me a note from his mother. It explained his absence (缺 席)from class the day before. "Dear Mr. McCort, Mikey's grandmother, who is eighty years of age, fell down the stairsfrom too much coffee and I kept Mikey at home to take care of her and his baby sister so I could goto my job. Please excuse Mikey and he'll do his best in the future. P.S. His grandmother is OK. "I had seen Mikey writing the note at his desk. I said nothing. Most parental-excuse notes Ireceived were penned by my students. If I were to deal with them, I'd be busy 24 hours a day. Thewriters of those notes didn't realize that honest excuse notes were usually dull: "Peter was late be-cause the alarm clock didn't go off."The students always said it was hard putting 200 words together on any subject, but when theyproduced excuse notes, they were excellent. So I decided to type out a dozen excuse notes and gavethem to my classes. I said, "They're supposed to be written by parents, but actually they are not.true, Mikey?" The students looked at me nervously."Now, this will be the first class to study the art of the excuse note -the first class, ever, topractice writing them. " Everyone smiled as I went on, "Today I'd like you to write An ExcuseNote from Adam to God' or ' An Excuse Note from Eve to God'. " Heads went down. Pens racedacross paper. For the first time ever I saw students so immersed (专心的) in their writing, theyhad to be asked to go to lunch by their friends.The next day everyone had excuse notes. Heated discussions followed. But suddenly I saw theheadmaster at the door. He entered the classroom and walked up and down, looking at papers, andthen said, "I'd like you to see me in my office." My heart sank.When I stepped into his office, he came to shake my hand and said, "I just want to tell youthat that lesson, that task, whatever the hell you were doing, was great. Those kids were writingon the college level. Thank you."根据材料请回答{TSE}{TS}How did the author
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

know that most parental-excuse notes were written by students themselves? A. The excuse notes were written in dull words. B. The notes were more like stories than facts. C. He called their parents and found out the truth. D. The handwriting obviously looked like children's.

(2)What did the author do with the students found dishonest? A. He reported them to the headmaster. B. He lectured them hard on honesty. C. He had them take notes before lunch. D. He helped improve their writing skills.

(3)We can infer that when Mikey missed the class, he was A. out enjoying himself B. taking care of his baby sister C. looking after his grandmother D. studying the art of the excuse note

(4)What did the headmaster think of the author's way of teaching? A. Effective. B. Difficult. C. Misleading. D. Reasonable.

(5)Do you remember the Millennium (千禧年) Goals? When world leaders celebrated the year 2000 with a serious promise to reduce poverty (贫穷) and hunger, check the spread of AIDS, getboys and girls into school, and improve public health, all by 2015?Well, three years down the road, and the UNDP's yearly collection of facts and figures alreadyshows that if we carry on as we are, the only goal likely to be met is that for reducing poverty by ahalf, and that is entirely due to the success of one country-China. It is so vast that the fast-grow-ing economy in China lifts millions of people above the poverty line, even though in Africa, LatinAmerica and the former Soviet Union, people have actually been getting poorer.Otherwise, progress is good only in parts. East Asia should meet its goal of reducing hungerby a half by 2015, and Latin America and the Caribbean are not far behind, but at the present speedof progress, Africa and South Asia won't get there for another hundred years.The good news is that it can be done-there are success stories. Ghana-an economic basketcase in the eighties and early nineties-has managed to find a way out of its difficulties and it's nowcomfortably in the middle range of countries, way ahead of the much more naturally wealthy Niger-ia. For Congo, Cambodia or Iraq, ruined by war, or every southern African country damaged by AIDS, there is a Mauritius or a South Korea steadily working its way up the league table towards abetter life for its people.根据材料请回答{TSE}{TS}Which of the
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

millennium goals is likely to be met according to the text? A. Improving public health. B. Reducing poverty by a half. C. Sending children to school. D. Stopping the spread of AIDS.

(6)Which part of the world can meet the goal of reducing hunger? A. The Caribbean. B. Latin America. C. East Asia. D. Africa and South Asia.

(7)What economic situation is best expressed as "basket case" (Paragraph 4)? A. Very bad. B. Promising. C. Unexpected. D. Naturally developed.

(8)Which country is mentioned as an example of successful development in the text? A. Conto. B. Nigeria. C. Cambodia. D. Mauritius.

(9)Looking to improve your language skills, but you don't have the time to go abroad to attendschool? More and more universities around the world are offering opportunities for students to getdegrees online (distance education) from the comfort of their own homes, and many of these colle-ges and universities are accredited (官方认可的), meaning that they have met certain standards ofexcellence.If you decide to take language courses online (or any subject for that matter), be sure thereare advantages in studying online. Its costs are usually lower, and you can study at your own pace(节奏), and you can easily get the materials 24 hours a day from almost any computer in theworld. However, you won't get the human interaction (互动) of meeting people face to face, asyou would if you were attending a school abroad in person.On the other hand, the advantages of going abroad may include day-to-day chances to learn anew culture, to meet new friends with whom you can use and practice the language, and to see dif-ferent parts of the world. However, there may be a number of disadvantages for some students, in-cluding high costs, time away from one's school, family, or work life, and difficulty in gettingused to a new culture and way of life.Whatever you do, consider a distance education program that meets your educational needs, iswhat you can afford, and equally important, provides you with chances tobeyond the class-room through cultural and educational activities. 根 据 材 料 请 回 答
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“十佳网络教育机构”、 “十佳职业培训机构” 网址:www.wangxiao.cn

中大网校引领成功职业人生

{TSE}{TS}What is the purpose of the author in writing the text? A. To discuss ways of improving language skills. B. To persuade people to go abroad to attend universities. C. To advise readers to meet different people from abroad. D. To introduce online programs to people unable to go abroad.

(10)What is the disadvantage of studying a language online? A. You may not be able to keep up with the program. B. You may not meet your teachers in person. C. The computer may break down any time. D. The courses may last much longer.

(11)The third paragraph mainly discusses the good and bad things about_________ A. studying abroad. B. classroom learning. C. learning culture. D. learning online.

(12)How is the text organizer'? A. Topic-Comparison-Opinion B. Question-Effect-Opinion C. Topic-Examples-Effect D. Question-Cause-Effect

(13)Understanding how nature reacts to climate (气候) changewill require checking key, life cycleevents-flowering, the appearance of leaves, the first frog calls of the spring-all around theworld. But ecologists (生态学家) can't be everywhere, so they're turning to non-scientists, some-times called citizen scientists, for help.A group of scientists and educators set up an organization last year called the National Phenology Network. "Pbenology" is what scientists call the study of the timing of events in nature.One of the group's first efforts is to ask scientists and non-scientists to collect information aboutplant flowering and leafing every year. The program, called Project BudBurst, collects life cycleinformation on a variety of common plants from across the United States. People taking part in theproject record their information on the Project BudBurst website."People don't have to be scientists-they just have to look around and see what's in theirneighbourhood," says Jennifer Schwartz, a scientist with the project. "As we collect this information, we'll be able to know about the changes of plants and animals as the climate changes."Not only that, the information also helps scientists learn about how these changes will have aneffect on people, scientists examining lilac (丁香花) flowering in western United States reportedthat in years when lilacs flowered early--before May 20th-wildfires later in the summer and fallwere likely to be larger and more serious. Lilac flowering, then, could serve as an alarm
中大网校
“十佳网络教育机构”、 “十佳职业培训机构” 网址:www.wangxiao.cn

中大网校引领成功职业人生

bell."The best way for us to increase our knowledge of how plants and animals are reacting toclimate change is to increase the count of information we have," Schwartz says. "That's why weneed citizen scientists to get as much information from as many places on as many plants and animals over as long a time period as we can.根据材料请回答{TSE}{TS}Project Budburst aims to_________ A. study animal behavior all year round B. invite citizen scientists to do scientific research C. collect information on the life cycles of common plants D. help ecologists learn about wildfires in western United States

(14)The author uses lilac flowering as an example to show_________ A. flowers could help prevent wildfires B. plant flowering can be related to wildfires C. some flowers are closer to our life than others D. lilacs are the best plants to show climate change

(15)Why are citizen scientists invited to take part in Project BudBurst? A. To give a hand in research. B. To teach science to the public. C. To help create a website of popular science. D. To call people's attention to climate change.

(16)According to Schwartz, what can help people know more about climate change? A. Taking a course on phenology. B. Knowledge of life cycle events of plants and animals. C. Efforts of ecologists to learn more about plant flowering. D. Full support of citizen scientists to study climate changes.

(17)lanning Your Visit to the California Science CenterHours &amp; AdmissionThe California Science Center is open daily from 10 a.m.-5 p.m.except for Thanksgiving,Christmas and New Year's Day. The IMAX Theater is open daily. Please read our movie times page orcall 213-744-7400 for show information.Admission to the Science Center's permanent (长期的) exhibition is free. Admission prices forthe IMAX Theater are based on age group, and lower-priced tickets are given to groups of 15 or morepeople. Ticket prices also apply to three Science center attractions: the High Wire Bicycle, theMotion Based Simulator and the Ecology Cliff Climb.If you're coming in a group of 15 or more people, please check our. group reservations page.Food and bank services are offered for your convenience. For more information about Science Centerhours or programs, please contact us.How to Find UsSouth of downtown Los Angeles, the Californi.a Science Center is built in Historic ExpositionPark, just two blocks west of the Harbor (110) Freeway at the Exposition Boulevard Exit. There arebuses going to the Science
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

Center. For more information, see Map &amp; Directions.Planning TipsDon't miss our Special Exhibits. They change throughout the year, always offering new and inter-esting ways to learn about science.When you arrive, be sure to cheek at the Information Center for the day's special activities. Ifyou are with children under 7, stop by the' Discovery Rooms in Creative World or World of Life forsome hands-on learning.根据材料请回答{TSE}{TS}What should you do first if you are to visit the Center with a group Of 16 people? A. Make a reservation. B. Check up the programs. C. Buy a map of the Center. D. Reserve tables at the restaurant.

(18)Which of the following is free? A. The Exposition Park. B. The Motion-Based Simulator. C. The High Wire Bicycle. D. The permanent exhibition at the Center.

(19)If you plan to come to the Science Center, you can_________ A. call 213-744-7405 B. follow the Harbor Freeway C. read Map &amp; Directions D. drive along Exposition Boulevard

(20)If you are with a six-year-old child, which place are you advised to go to? A. Exposition Park. B. IMAX Theater. C. World of Life. D. Ecology Cliff Climb.

第一节 短文改错(76~85 略) (1) <span style="font-family: 宋 体 ;color:black;"> 短 文 改 错 <span>(76</span> ~ <span>85</span>略<span>)</span></span>

第二节&nbsp; 书面表达 (1)假定你是李明。上周末学生会组织部分学生去附近社区进行了一次义务劳动,受到居民 的欢迎。请你给校园英文报写一篇报导。活动内容包括:1.打扫卫生;2.浇灌花木;3.帮 老人干家务;4.龈小朋友做游戏等。注意:1.词数 100 词左右,题目已为你写好;2.可
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适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3.请直接将书面表达写在答题卡 2 背面。

答案和解析 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 (1) :B Text 1 W: How do I look? M: Not bad. Does it fit all right? W: Uh, a bit tight around here. M: I really like the color. It matches your handbag.(2) :C W: We haven't seen much of you lately in the company. Have you been away on business? M: No, I've been away on holiday. I've got a cousin in Edinbu.rgh.(3) :A M: It drives me mad when people use their cell phones at the wheel. W: Hmm. What happened? M: I nearly had an accident because the woman wastalking on her cell phone while driving and didn'tsee the trafficlightsturnedred.Shenearlykilled me!(4) :B M: Sarah, I'm prepared to run for class monitor, andI'm wondering if I, er...if I can count on your sup-port. W:Oh, maybe if you had asked me earlier, but myroommate's running, too, and I've already promisedher that she had my support.(5) :C W: Have you bought a new camera again? You're turning my flat into a camera museum! M: I'll stop. I'll try. But I probably can't. I see a new model and my knees go weak!听下面 5 段对 话或独白。每段对话或独白后有 2 至 4 个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话或独白前,你将有 5 秒钟的时间阅读各个小 题;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。<br /> <br /> (1) :B W: May I help you, sir? M: Yes, please. I want to buy a personal gift for my brother. He's taking a trip to South America.

中大网校

“十佳网络教育机构”、 “十佳职业培训机构”

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中大网校引领成功职业人生

W: Is he going by ship or plane? M: He's flying. My gift will have to be something light in weight. What can you suggest? W: What about this tie? It's made of pure silk. M: My sister already gave him one. I'd like somethingunusual. Let me look around.., oh, that clock looks nice, but... W: Hey, here is a gift for the man who has everything. M: Oh, a folding toothbrush! That's a wonderful idea! I'll take it.(2) :A (3) :C W: Have you heard that the boss of the law office whereRick works wants him to fly to Brazil and do amonth's work there? M: That's nice. He will love it because everything willbe paid for, such as air travel, meals, hotel.., andthis is his first time to get out of the States. W: Indeed. You won't believe how much he is lookingforward to it, and how much'his little sister admireshim! He's going to enjoy lying on the beaches whenwork is done, and he promised to buy his sistergifts. M: Who else is going besides him? W: He's going alone. M: When will he be leaving? W: He was told about it three days ago, and I think he'll leave in a week.(4) :A (5) :B (6) :A M: Oh, who is the beautiful old woman in front of the house? W: That's my grandmother. M: Oh, then that must be your house in the background. Where is it? W: No, that's my grandmother's house. She lives inKentucky. We live in Boston, about two-and-a-halfhour away by plane. M: Then, does she live with your uncle or aunt? W: No. Since her husband died, she has lived alone.M: Alone? But she is so old! Who takes care
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

of her? W: She takes care of herself, though she is 81 this yearand is beginning to slow down a little. She has acleaning lady who comes for a few hours a week toclean house and help with the shopping. M: But isn't she lonely without family? W: Of course not. She has lived in the same neighbor-hood since she was first married, so she knows allthe neighbors, young and old, and she has lots offriends. M: Why doesn't she live with you? Don't you miss her? W: Well, actually, we talk to her on the phone everyweek and visit her at least once a year, but we are busy with our lives and so is she. We love to haveher visit, but we all know that if she lived with us, we might not get along so well.(7) :B (8) :C (9) :B W: And I realized we were completely lost, but at least we got there in the end. M: Funny you should say that because, er, a similarthing happened to me one time when I was abroad.We were actually doing a concert in this bar in Ger-many. W: Really? M: I was actually about to appear on stage, you know, with the band, and I just thought, "I'll just go outfor a little walk and get some fresh air," cause ! had about half an hour before we had to go on. W: Uh-huh. M: And I went outside, you know, had a look around, walked around for a bit……, and then I decided to goback and, uh, I couldn't find it! It was about twominutes before we were supposed to start. W: No, you're joking! M: Yeah ! I thought, "Ah ! What am I gonna do?" W: Could you ask for directions? M: Well, I tried. I asked an old woman, but she didn't speak English, and I don't speak German... W: Don't you? Oh, right.

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中大网校引领成功职业人生

M: And then, I realized I couldn't remember the nameof the bar, or the street it was on or anything. So,you know, I was in the middle of a town I didn'tknow, not knowing the language.., and luckily, Isaw someone wearing one of our T-shirts. He wasobviously going to the concert, so I sort of followedhim back to the bar. W: Wow, that was lucky! Thank goodness ! M: And when I got there, the guys were like, "Wherehave you been? We thought you'd run out on us!"Anyway, we managed.(10) :C (11) :A (12) :C (13) :A (M:) Hello. I'm Callum Robertson, and this isLondon Life. In the program today, let me ask you aquestion first: What do you think would be the hardestjob in Britain? A police officer? Perhaps a deepsea fisherman? Well, no, according to recent research, being aLondon taxi driver takes that prize. It's really a hardjob, really difficult. One reason is the traffic. It's get-ting worse and worse in London. For most of us, if wehave to sit in a traffic jam for a few minutes, we getanxious. But imagine if you had to do that all day, every day as your job. What's more, passengers get into thetaxi and want to get from A to B as quickly as possible. They're in a hurry, and that makes things worse for thedrivers. To prepare for the test, would-be drivers haveto remember ways and places of interest around CentralLondon. This is an area which has about 25,000 streets.They need to be able to take passengers from A to Bwithout having to look at a map and without having toask for directions. It usually takes nearly three years topass the test, so it is also found in the research that partsof the brains of taxi drivers are actually larger than thosein the general population. It seems as if learning all thestreets and ways makes a part of the brain grow. Well,anyway, this is a most tiring job. Next time you're stuckin a traffic jam and feel mad, spare a thought for the taxidrivers, who have to spend most of their working life inthem.(14) :A (15) :B 第一节&nbsp; 单项填空<br /> 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡 l 上将该项涂 黑<br /> (1) :D 【精析】句意: ——安已经出去了。 ——哦,是吗?她什么时间走的?本题考查的是情景英语。由第一句可知安出去了,第二句后 句问的是“她什么时间走的” ,由此可知此处表示的是再次确认。故 D 正确。 (2) :C 【精析】 句意: 如果你认为杰克会借钱给你, 你肯定是疯了。 本题考查的是情态动词。 “need” 的意思是“需要”“should”的意思是“应该”“must”的意思是“肯定”“can”的意思是 , , , “能” 。故 C 正确。 (3) :D 【精析】句意:1871 年,芝加哥的一场大火毁了 1800 幢建筑物。本题考查的是形容词比较
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

级的用法。as+原级+as 意为“和?一样” ,表示肯定意义,为等量比较。两个 as 之间通常 为表示数量、程度、性质的词,如 many,much,littie,few,good,tall 等。如:The tree is as tall asthe building.这棵树和那幢楼一样高。故 D 正确。 (4) :C 【精析】句意:你好!我不知道你在伦敦,你在这儿多长时间了?本题考查的是时态。从句中 谓语动词为一般过去时 were,可知主句中谓语动词要用一般过去时或一般现在时。分析题 意可知, “我不知道你在伦敦”这个事实发生在双方此刻的交谈之前,主句谓语动词应使用 一般过去时。故 C 正确。 (5) :D 【精析】句意:我不知道我来的这问办公室是否就是我要找的,这个门上没有名字。本题考 查的是定冠词的用法。第一个空表示特指“这间办公室” ,第二个空表示特指“这间办公室 的 门” ,所以都应当使用定冠词。故 D 正确。 【知识拓展】定冠词与不定冠词的具体用法如下: (1)表示泛指的一日三餐的名词前一般不用定冠词。如:Lunch is ready.午饭准备好了。但 若要确指某一次早、中、晚餐则需用定冠词。如:The breakfast was well cooked.这顿早饭 做得很好。 (2)表示日期、月份、季节、日、夜、早、晚、周、年等的名词前一般不用定冠词。如:School be-gins in September.学校九月份开学。但若表示特指某一段时间或特定的时间概念,则用 定冠词。若表示“某一个、某一种”这类概念时,季节名词前要用不定冠词。如:Where did theyspend the sunliner?他们在哪里过的暑假? (3)在姓名前或 Mr./Mrs./Miss/Ms.+姓氏前用不定冠词,表示“某一个,某位” ,有不确 定的意思;也可表示“一位” ,指某家庭的成员。如:A Mr.Thomson wanted to see you.一 位叫汤姆森的先生要见你。A Professor Zhou ap-plied for the post.某位周教授申请这个职位。 用在某些物质名词前的不定冠词,表示“一阵、一份、一类、一场”等。如:He was caught in aheavy rain.他遇上了一场大雨。(6) :B 【精析】句意: ——需要我帮你收拾行李吗? ——不用了。我邻居已经提出要帮我了,但还是谢谢你。 本题考查的是情景英语。第一句是向对方提供帮助,第二句回答表明邻居会提供帮助,但依 然对对方表示感谢。All the sanle.意为“依然,照样” 。It's all right.意为“没关系” 。Take it easy.意为“慢慢来” 。Come on.意为“来吧” 。故 B 正确。 (7) :C 【精析】句意:当这对新婚夫妇要去度蜜月时,人们祝福他们一切安好。本题考查的是固定 搭配。leave for 为固定搭配,意为“离开去某地” 。由题意可知,这对新婚夫妇要离开本地 去度蜜月。故 C 正确。(8) :D 【精析】句意:我从来没想到他是威尔逊先生,他长得一点儿也不像他其他的兄弟。本题考 查的是固定搭配。not anything like sb.为固定搭配,意为“根本不像,一点也不像某人” ,
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

如 He isn't anything like my first boss.他完全不像我的第一个老板。故 D 正确。(9) :B 【精析】句意:随着我们产品在欧洲市场的成功,我们下一步要将其打入美国市场。本题考 查的是非谓语动词的用法。非谓语动词在此作状语,表示伴随状态。现在分词与句中主语构 成逻辑上的主谓关系,在时间上表示与谓语动词同时发生,此处表示“伴随成功,我们即将 采取下一步行动” 。故 B 正确。 【知识拓展】现在分词作状语表示与主语构成逻辑上的主谓关系,与谓语动词同时发生,或 基本上同时发生。如:Entering the room,she found the wall newly painted.走进房间,她发 现墙刚粉刷过。过去分词作状语表示与句中主语构成逻辑上的动宾关系。如: Followed bysome students,the teacher came into the lab.在学生们的跟随下,老师走进了实验室。 (10) :B 【精析】句意:是否应该接受该职位这一问题令他感到十分困扰。本题考查的是同位语从句 中的连接词。 此句表达的意思是 “是否” 且从句中有 , “or not” 进一步提示, 因此应用 whether 来引导同位语从句。故 B 正确。 (11) :C 【精析】句意:他整周都在期待着我们野营假期,但不幸的是每天都在下雨。本题考查的是 时态。由题干中的“the whole week”可知,他一整周都在期待,表示反复的情绪,应用过 去完成进行时。故 C 正确。 【知识拓展】过去完成进行时的构成为 hadbeen+v-ing 形式,主要有两种常见用法: (1)表示过去某个时间之前一直在进行的动作。和过去完成时一样,过去完成时也必须以过 去时间为前提, He had been writing thisbook up to that time. 如: 直到那时他一直在写这本书。 She had been studying Japanese before elatering the university.她上大学以前一直在学日语。 (2)还可表示反复的动作、情绪、最近的情况等。如:He had been telling you this.他多次跟 你说这件事。 注意, 过去完成进行时很少用在否定句中, 而多以过去完成时代替。 Theyhad 如: not swum in the river for a long time.他们很长时间没去那条河里游泳了。(12) :B 【精析】句意:乔安娜就是和玛丽亚一起学习钢琴的那位妇女。本题考查的是介词的用法。 study with 意为“和?一起学习” 。故 B 正确。 (13) :A 【精析】句意:贝拉既和蔼又漂亮,还工作努力。总之,她是个好女孩。本题考查的是词组 辨析。 “to sum up”意为“概括起来说”“as a re-suit”意为“结果是”“by the way”意为 , , “顺便说一下”“in the end”意为“最后” , ,题中后句是前句内容的概括,故 A 正确。(14) :D 【精析】句意:20 世纪 20 年代第一次出现的电视真正改变了人们了解世界的途径。本题考 查的是名词词义辨析。 “idea”意为“想法”“direction”意为“方向”“method”意为“方 , , 法”“way”意为“途径” , 。故 D 正确。(15) :D 【精析】句意:马克在大学的第一年充满了兴奋 和快乐。本题考查的是非谓语动词的用法。 非谓语动词在句中作后置定语。不定式作定语,表示将要发生的动作;现在分词作定语表主 动关系,表示动作正在进行;过去分词作定语表示被修饰的名词与分词之间为被动关系,且 动作已经完成。分析题意可知,本句是对马克在大学第一年的描述,这段时间已经过去,且 横线前后两部分之间为被动关系,所以应该使用过去分词。故 D 正确。第二节&nbsp; 完形 填空<br /> 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出能填人相应空白处的最
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。<br /> <br /> (1) :C 我听说在国际象棋比赛上会有许多漂亮的走法。 在一次决定性比赛中, 虽然马体和那位俄罗斯大师选手旗鼓相当, 但他最后还是发现自己的 “王后”处在了被攻击的危险中。有好几种办法可以避开攻击,因为“王后”是最重要的一 个棋子,所以观众认为马休自然会将他的“王后” 移到安全处。 马休陷入了深思,他用他所有的时间来考虑这个局面。他拿起他的“王后” ;停顿了一下, 然后把它放在了最不可思议的格子里——在这个格子里, 王后将会被三个敌人中的任何一个 吃掉。 马休牺牲了他的“王后” ,一步不可思议的走法。每个人都很失望。 然而, 俄罗斯选手和其他的选手都意识到马休实际上走了一步很聪明的棋。 因为显然不论比 赛如何进行,这个俄罗斯选手都将处于失败的地位。意识到这点,俄罗斯选手承认了他的失 败。 当观众平复了他们的惊讶——在马体大胆的走法中, 他们把钱抛散到棋盘上。 马休用一种非 常不寻常的和大胆的举动赢得了胜利,他通过牺牲“王后”赢了。 对于我来说,马体的胜利并不重要,重要的是他通过这种走法打破了常规思维。他比通常的 模式看得更远, 能够基于并且只是基于他自己的判断来进行这样一种尝试。 所以不论这次比 赛结果如何,马休都是个胜利者。

【精析】本题考查的是对上下文的理解。expe-rience 意为“经历” ,battle 意为“战斗” ,game 意为“比赛” ,chance 意为“机会” 。根据上下文可知,本文讲述的是在一场国际象棋比赛中 发生的事情。故 C 正确。 (2) :A 【精析】本题考查的是对上下文的理解。player 意为“选手” ,person 意为“人” ,winner 意 为 “获胜者” enemy 意为 , “敌人” 上文提到马休参加了一场决定性的象棋比赛, 。 master player 表示“大师选手” 。故 A 正确。 (3) :D 【精析】本题考查的是对上下文的理解。support 意为“支持” ,attack 意为“攻击” ,advance 意为“前进” ,escape 意为“逃离” 。上文提到马休发现他的“王后”处于被攻击的危险中, 后文提到由于“王后”是最重要的一个模子,由此可以推测,此处应该用有“躲避,逃脱” 意义的词。故 D 正确。 (4) :B 【精析】本题考查的是形容词词义辨析。suitable 意为“合适的” ,powerful 意为“有影响力 的” ,respected 意为“受尊敬的” ,dangerous 意为“危险的” 。根据常识可知, “王后”是象 棋中最有影响力的一个棋子。故 B 正确。
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

(5) :C 【精析】本题考查的是对上下文的理解。check 意为“检查” ,fight 意为“斗争” ,safety 意 为“安全性” 。defeat 意为“打败” 。根据上下文可知,由于“王后”是最重要的一个棋子, 观众自然会认为马休要将他的“王后”移到安全的地方。故 C 正确。 (6) :A 【精析】本题考查的是对上下文的理解。condition 意为“状况” ,change 意为“变化” ,piece 意为“棋子” ,action 意为“行动” 。根据上下文可知,马休的“王后”目前处于被攻击的危 险中,他需要慎重考虑目前这种状况来挽救棋局。故 A 正确。 (7) :C 【精析】本题考查的是形容词词义辨析。protected 意为“被保护的” ,undisturbed 意为“不 被打扰的” ,unexpected 意为“不可思议的” ,deserted 意为“偏僻的” 。由下文可知,马休牺 牲了他的“王后” ,由此可以推测,马休将“王后”放到了最不可思议的格子里。故 C 正确。 (8) :D 【精析】本题考查的是动词词义辨析。frighten 意为“惊吓” ,guard 意为“保护” ,discover 意为“发现” ,catch 意为“抓住” 。由下文可知,马休牺牲了他的“王后” ,可以推测,马休 将“王后”放到了最不可思议的格子里,王后将会被三个敌人中的任何一个吃掉。故 D 正 确。 (9) :B 【精析】本题考查的是形容词词义辨析。comforted 意为“安慰的” ,disappointed 意为“失 望的”, delighted 意为“高兴的” ,annoyed 意为“气恼的” 。上文提到当所有人都以为马休 会将“王后”移到安全地带时,他却牺牲了“王后” ,这是一步出乎意料的走法,所以每个 人都很失望。故 B 正确。 (10) :A 【精析】本题考查的是对上下文的理解。players 意为“选手” ,master 意为“大师” ,crowd 意为“人群” ,organizer 意为“组织者” 。根据上文可知,观众们都以为马休会将“王后”移 到棋盘的安全地带,因此不可能意识到马休走了一步聪明的棋。全文没有提到组织者。故 A 正确。 (11) :A 【精析】本题考查的是形容词的用法。smart 意为“聪明的” ,wrong 意为“错误的” ,free 意为“免费的” ,difficult 意为“困难的” 。由下文可知 俄罗斯人承认了自己的失败,由此可 以推测,马休这一走法很聪明,很明智。故 A 正确。(12) :A 【精析】本题考查的是对上下文的理解。game 意为“比赛” ,money 意为“钱” ,queen 意为 “王后” ,chessboard 意为“棋盘” 。上文提到马休的“王后”处于被攻击的危险中,马休牺 牲了他的“王后” ,这是一步很明智的走法,以及下文俄罗斯人承认了自己的失败可知,接 下来不管比赛如何进行,结果都已成定局。故 A 正确。 (13) :A 【精析】本题考查的是对上下文的理解。losing 意为“失败的” ,favourable 意为“有利的” , lead.ing 意为“领先的” ,doubtful 意为“怀疑的” 。由下文可知,俄罗斯人意识到了自己的 失败,由此可以推测,这个俄罗斯人将会失败。故 A 正确。 (14) :D 【精析】本题考查的是对上下文的理解。cause 意为“原因” ,blow 意为“打击” ,accident 意为“事故” ,shock 意为“惊讶” 。由上文可知,观众们看到马休牺牲了他的“王后”都感 到很失望,很惊讶。由此可以推测,人们慢慢地从惊讶中恢复过来。故 D 正确。 (15) :B
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

【精析】本题考查的是对上下文的理解。prize 意为“奖励” ,victory 意为“胜利” ,progress 意为“进步” ,attention 意为“注意” 。由上文可知俄罗斯人承认了他的失败,由此可以推测, 马休赢得了胜利。故 B 正确。 (16) :A 【精析】本题考查的是动词的用法。won 意为“赢得” ,made 意为“得到” ,gained 意为“获 得” ,earned 意为“赚得” 。赢得体育比赛用 win 来表达。故 A 正确。 (17) :A 【精析】本题考查的是对上下文的理解。im-portant 意为“重要的” ,exciting 意为“兴奋的” , unforgettable 意为“不可忘记的” ,unclear 意为“不明朗的” 。由下文可知重要的是马休通过 这种走法打破了常规思维,由此可以推测,马休的胜利并不重要。故 A 正确。 (18) :B 【精析】 本题考查的是名词的辨析。idea 意为“主意” ,thinking 意为 “思维” chess 意为 , “象 棋” ,training 意为“训练” 。本句讲的是重要的是马休通过这种走法打破了常规思维。常规 思维用 standard thinking 来表示。故 B 正确。 (19) :B 【精析】本题考查的是动词短语辨析。look into 意为“调查” ,look further 意为“看远些” , lookahead 意为“往前看” ,look outside 意为“看外面” 。本句意思是他比通常的模式看得更 远,能够基于并且只是基于他的判断来进行这样一种尝试。故 B 正确。 (20) :D 【精析】本题考查的是对上下文的理解。came 意为“来” ,was organized 意为“被组织” , wasdesigned 意为“被设计” ,ended 意为“结束” 。本句意为不论这次比赛结果如何,马休都 是个胜利者。故 D 正确。 (1) :B 那是我在纽约瑞芙高中教写作的第三年。一天,我的一个学生,15 岁的迈克,给了我一张 他妈妈写的假条,上面解释了前天他为什么缺课。 “亲爱的迈考特先生, 前天迈克八十岁的祖母从洒满咖啡的楼梯上摔了下来, 所以我让迈克 待在家里照顾她和他的小妹妹,这样我好去上班。请原谅迈克的缺课,他以后会做得很好。 另外,他的祖母已经好了。 ”我见过迈克在他的书桌上写这张纸条,但我什么也没说。我收 到的大多数家长的请假条都是学生自己写的。如果我要处理它们,一天 24 小时都会很忙。 写这些假条的学生没有意识到真正的请假条内容通常很枯燥,如“皮特迟到了,因为闹钟没 响” 。 学生们经常说任何科目都很难写够 200 字,但是当他们编写请假条时,却做得很好。所以我 决定打印出一些请假条,然后把它们给我班学生。我说: “请假条本来是要家长写的,但是 实际上并不是这样。是不是,迈克?”学生们都很紧张地看着我。 “现在,这将是第一堂教学生写请假条的课——第一堂练习写它们的课, ”我继续说,每个 人都微笑听着。 “今天我想让你们写一张‘亚当给上帝的请假条’或者一张‘夏娃给上帝的 请假条’” 。 学生们都低下头, 笔尖迅速地在纸上写着。 我第一次看到学生们这么专心地写作。 他们吃午饭都是被朋友叫去的。 第二天每个人都写好了请假条,接下来我们进行了激烈的讨论。但是突然校长出现在门口。 他走进教室,在教室里面来回走动,看了看请假条,然后对我说: “你来我的办公室。 ”我的
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

心沉了下去。 当我走进他的办公室时,校长却走过来握着我的手说: “我只是想告诉你,那节课,那项任 务,不论你在做什么,都很棒。这些孩子的写作都是大学水平,谢谢你。 ”

【精析】细节题。题干意为“作者如何知道大多数家长的请假条都是学生自己写的?”根据 第三段最后一句“The writers of those notes didn'trealize that honest excuse notes were usuallydull?”可知,家长写的请假条内容都很枯燥,不会有很多情节,而迈克交的那张假 条有许多情节。故 B 为正确答案。 (2) :D 【精析】细节题。题干意为“当作者发现这些学生撒谎时,他做了什么?”根据第四段第二 句“So I decided to type out a dozen excuse notesand gave them to my classes. ”和第五段首句 “this will be the first class to study the art of theexcuse note?”可知,作者这样做的目的是要 帮助学生提高写作水平。故 D 为正确答案。 (3) :A 【精析】推理题。题干意为“我们可以推测当迈克缺课时,他在 _________。 ”根据第三段 第一句话“I had seen Mikey writing the note at his desk.I said nothing. ”可知迈克给我的那张 请假条的内容是他自己编的,请假条中的内容都不属实,由此可知 BC 不正确。D 项在文中 并未涉及,故 A 为正确答案。 (4) :A 【精析】 细节题。 题干意为 “校长认为作者教学的方法如何?” 通过最后一段首句 just want “I to??whatever the hell you were doing,was great.Those kids were writing on the college level. ”可知,校长认为作者教的这堂课很棒,学生们的作文都达到了大学水平,由此可知 他认为作者教学方法很有效。故 A 为正确答案。 (5) :B 你还记得千禧年愿望吗?还记得世界领导人庆祝 2000 年时, 他们的重要承诺吗?是到 2015 年, 减少贫穷和饥饿,控制艾滋的传播,让孩子们上学,提高公众健康吗? 现在,还剩下三年时间。联合国开发计划署年度事实和数据汇总已经显示:如果我们还像现 在这样,那么唯一能达到的目标是贫穷减少一半,那还是基于一个国家——中国的胜利。在 中国,快速增长的经济让几百万人摆脱了贫困,虽然在非洲、拉丁美洲和前苏联,人们变得 更加贫穷。 进步也只是在部分地区。东亚应该能在 2015 年达到它的目标——减少一半的饥饿,拉丁美 洲和地中海也不会太差。 但是按照现在的速度, 非洲和南亚即使再给 100 年也不会达到这个 目标。 好消息是这些都能被做到, 已经有了成功的例子。 加纳——一个在上世纪 80 年代和 90 年代 早期经济衰败的国家,已经找到了摆脱困境的方法,现在已经进入中等收入国家之列,比自 然资源丰富的尼日利亚更加靠前。对于刚果、柬埔寨和饱受战争困扰的伊拉克,以及每一个 被艾滋病感染的南非国家, 则应该以毛里求斯和韩国为榜样, 它们正在稳健地向自己的联盟 会议的目标——给自己的人民带来更好的生活迈进。
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“十佳网络教育机构”、 “十佳职业培训机构”

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中大网校引领成功职业人生

【精析】 细节题。 题干意为 “根据文意, 哪个千禧年愿望将会实现?” 根据第二段第一句 “Well, three years down the road?the only goallikely to be met is that for reducing poverty by ahalf?? ”可知,唯一可能达到的目标是减少一半的贫穷。故 B 为正确答案。 (6) :C 【精析】细节题。题干意为“世界上哪一部分地区能达到减少饥饿的目标?”根据第三段第 二句“East Asia should meet its goal of reducinghunger by a half by 2015. ”可知,东亚应该能 在 2015 年达到它的目标——减少一半的饥饿。故 C 为正确答案。 (7) :A 【精析】猜测词义题。题干意为“什么样的经济环境可以最好地表达“basket case”?根据第 四段第二句“Ghana?has managed to find a way outof its difficulties?”可知,在上世纪 80 年 代和 90 年代早期加纳经济非常糟糕。故 A 为正确答案。 (8) :D 【精析】细节题。题干意为“在文章中哪个国家被当作成功发展的例子提到?”根据最后一 段可知,刚果、柬埔寨发展并不好,故排除 A、C,尼日利亚只是用来说明加纳发展迅速, 并不是当作成功发展的例子提到,故排除 B。最后一句提到毛里求斯正在稳渐地向自己的联 盟会议的目标——给自己的人民带去更好的生活迈进。故 D 为正确答案。 (9) :D 想提高你的语言水平,却没有时间去国外上课?世界上越来越多的大学正在给学生提供在自 己舒适的家里就能得到网络文凭(远程教育)的机会。这样的大学和学院很多都是被官方认可 的,这意味着他们已经达到了一定的优秀水平。 如果你决定上网络语言课程(或者是其他这种类型的课程),请先了解网络学习的优势。它通 常花费较少,你可以根据自己的节奏来学习,你几乎可以一天 24 小时从世界上任何一台电 脑上得到资料。但是,你不能和人们面对面地交流,不能像你在国外亲自上课时那样。 此外, 去国外学习的优势还有每天有机会了解新的文化, 见新朋友, 和新朋友练习使用外语, 以及去参观世界上不同的地方。但是,对于一些学生来说,去国外上学也有许多困难,包括 高花费,在一段时间内离开自己的学校、家庭或者工作,熟悉新文化和新生活的困难。 不管你怎么做, 选择远程教育时要考虑能否满足你教育需要和你能够支付的远程教育项目的 费用。同样还要考虑,它能否让你通过文化和教育活动,而不只是课堂学习,得到成长的机 会,这也很重要。

【精析】主旨题。题干意为“作者写这篇文章的目的是什么?”文章首句提出问题 Looking toimprove your language skills,but you don't havethe time to go abroad to attend school?想提高 你的语言水平,却没有时间去国外上课?接着讲述了新的学习方式——网络课程。第二、三 段分别讲述了网络课程和去国外上学的优缺点。 通过这些可以推断本文的目的是给那些不能去国外上学的人介绍一种网络课程。故 D 为正
中大网校
“十佳网络教育机构”、 “十佳职业培训机构” 网址:www.wangxiao.cn

中大网校引领成功职业人生

确答案。 (10) :B 【精析】细节题。题干意为“网上学习一种语言的缺点是什么?”根据第二段最后一句 “Howev-or,yon won't get the human interaction of meetingpeople face to face,as you would if you were at·tending a school abroad in person. ”可知,通过网络学习一种语言,我们不能像 上课那样和人们面对面地互动。故 B 为正确答案。 (11) :A 【精析】细节题。题干意为“第三段主要讨论了的优点和缺点。 ”根据第三段第一句“On the other hand, advantages of going abroad may?” the 和第二句 However, there may be anumber of disadvantages for some students?”可知,本段主要讨论了出国学习的优缺点。故 A 为正确 答案。 (12) :A 【精析】推理题。题干意为“文章是如何组织的?”综览全文,第一段提出主题:网上学习。 第二、 三段分别对网上学习和出国学习的优缺点进行了对比。 最后一段表达了作者自己的思 想。由此可推知,本文的结构是提出主题——对比优缺点——得出结论。故 A 为正确答案。 (13) :C 要了解自然界如何适应气候变化,需要了解全世界主要生物周期事件——开花、发芽、春天 第一声蛙叫。但是不可能任何一个地方都有生态学家,所以人们经常会向非科学家,有时也 被称作市民科学家的人求教。 去年一群科学家和教育家成立了一个叫做国家生态网络的组织。 “生态”是科学家对自然事 件发生时间的研究。 小组的第一个活动是让科学家和非科学家收集每年关于植物开花和长叶子的信息。 这个叫做 花蕾绽放计划的项目收集了来自全美国的许多常见植物的生长信息。 参加这个项目的人在项 目网站上记录他们的信息。 “不需要人们一定是科学家——他们只需要多观察自己居住区附近有什么, ”负责这个项目 的一位科学家詹尼夫·舒娃说。 “当我们收集这些信息时,我们会了解随着气候的变化动植 物有哪些变化。 ” 不仅仅是这样, 这些信息还会帮助科学家了解这些变化是如何影响人的。 科学家研究了美国 西部的丁香花开花,他们的报告说当丁香花开花早时,即在 5 月 20 号以前开花,在夏天和 秋天的森林火灾就很可能会很大、很严重。丁香花的开花时间将会是一种警钟。 “对我们来 说,增加关于动植物是如何反应气候变化知识的最好方法就是增加现有信息的数量, ”舒娃 说 道, “这也是为什么我们需要市民科学家能像我们一样?长时间地从越来越多的地方搜集越来 越多的信息。 ”

【精析】 主旨题。 题干意为 “花蕾绽放计划的目标是 __________。 根据第三段第二句 ” “The pro-gram,called Project BudBurst,collects life cycleinformation on a variety of common plants
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中大网校引领成功职业人生

fromacross the United States. ”可知,花蕾绽放计划的目标是收集普通植物的生命周期。故 C 为正确答案。(14) :B 【精析】细节题。题干意为“作者用丁香花花开作为例子来说明_________。 ”根据第五段第 二句“Scientists?when lilacs flowered early-beforeMay 20th-wildfires later in the summer and fallwere likely to be larger and more serous. ”可知.植物开花时间和森林火灾有关系。故 B 为正确答案。 (15) :A 【精析】推理题。题干意为“为什么市民科学家被邀请来参加花蕾绽放计划?”根据最后一 段末句“That's why we need citizen scientists to getas much information from as many places on asmany plants and animals over as long time periodas we can. ”可知,之所以邀请市民科学家 参加花蕾绽放计划是为了让他们长时间地提供关于各地各种动植物的多样信息, 由此可推知 这些信息有助于科学研究。故 A 为正确答案。 (16) :B 【精析】细节题。题干意为“在舒娃看来,什么可以帮助人们更多地了解气候变化?”根据 最后一段第一句“The best way for us to increaseour knowledge of how plants and animals are reac-ting to climate change is to increase the amount ofinformation we have. ”可知,帮助人们了 解气候变化更多的是增加我们所拥有的信息。故 B 为正确答案。 (17) :A 安排参观加州科学中心的计划 时间和门票 加州科学中心每天从上午 10 点到下午 5 点开放,感恩节、圣诞节和新年除外。IMAX 厅每 天开放。如想了解活动信息,请阅读我们的放映时间表或打电话 213-744-7400 咨询。 加州科学中心的长期展览是免费的。IMAX 厅的门票是根据不同的年龄组来确定的,团体人 数多于 15 人时可优惠。三个科学中心景点要收门票:高缆自行车、运动模拟器和生态攀岩。 如果您是 15 人以上(含 15 人)的团体参观,请阅读我们的团体预订页。餐厅和银行随时为您 提供服务。如想了解更多关于科学中心和活动的信息,请联系我们。 如何找到我们加州科学中心位于洛杉矶南部, 建于历史文化博览园中。 离博览会大道出口的 110 高速路口西只有两条街道。那儿有公交车。更多信息请看地图和指南。计划提示 不要错过我们特殊的展览。 这些展览每年都会有变化, 经常会提供一些新的和有趣的了解科 学的方式。当你到达后,请询问信息中心每天特殊的活动。如果您有 7 岁以下的孩子,请来 创造世界或生活奇迹处的发现房间,那里能让孩子们亲自动手学习。

【精析】细节题。题干意为“当你们 16 个人去参观中心时,你们首先应该做什么?”根据第 三 段 首 句“ If you're coming in a group of 15 or morepeople , please check our group reservationspage. ”可知,当超过 15 人参观时,应先预订。故 A 为正确答案。 (18) :D
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“十佳网络教育机构”、 “十佳职业培训机构” 网址:www.wangxiao.cn

中大网校引领成功职业人生

【精析】细节题。题干意为“哪一项是免费的?”第二段第一句讲述了免费参观和需要买门 票参观的地方。根据第一句话“Admissionto the Science Center's permanent exhibition is free. ” 可知,中心长期展览是免费的。故 D 为正确答案。(19) :C 【精析】细节题。 题干意为 “如果你打算来科学中心, 你应该_________。 根据第四段可知, ” 如需更多信息,可参考地图和指南。故 C 为正确答案。 (20) :C 【精析】细节题。题干意为“如果你带一个 6 岁的孩子去,建议你去哪个地方?”根据最后 一句“If you are with children under 7,stop by the Discovery Rooms in creative World or World of Life for some hands-on learning. ”可知,7 岁以下的孩子可以去创造世界或生活奇迹处的 发现房间。故 C 为正确答案。 第一节 短文改错(76~85 略) (1) : <span style="font-family: 宋 体 ;color:black;"> 短 文 改 错 <span>(76</span> ~ <span>85</span>略<span>)</span></span> 第二节&nbsp; 书面表达 (1) : 【高分范文】 Last weekend,the Students' Union organized somestudents to the community nearby for a voluntary labor. They did many things there. Some swept the floors, some watered the flowers and plants.Some helped theold do the housework.The others played games with thekids.For example,basketball,cards and also hide-and-seek,etc.All of them were very happy.At the momentwhen the students had to leave,the people there allthanked them and hoped that they would come again. 【写作点金】 这是一篇英文报导。 报导是把所获得的信息快而准地用书面形式进行传递的一种形式。 报导 的文章应短小,条理清楚,重点突出,语言简练。把握要点或提示,表达要准确,勿加叙多 议。多使用过去时。巧用简单句和省略句。 【高频词句】 vduntary labor 义务劳动 at the moment when?当?的时候

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