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北京大学附属中学河南分校(宇华教育集团)2015-2016学年高二(宏志班)上学期抽考英语试题


宇华教育集团2015-2016 学年(上)宏志班联考(2) 高二英语试卷
考试时间90 分钟满分120 分 第一部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40 分) 第一节(共15 小题;每小题2 分,满分30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和D)中,选出最佳选项。 A BEIJING - A research team led by Chinese scien

tists have discovered dietary modulation of gut microbiota(膳食干预肠道菌群)can alleviate both genetic and simple obesity in children. The findings of the team, led by Zhao Liping with Shanghai Jiaotong University, Yin Aihua with the Guangdong province children's hospital, and Tang Huiru with Chinese Academy of Sciences, have been published on EBioMedicine, a renowned medical journal co-sponsored by Cell and The Lancet in July. The team identified bacterial genomes specifically for producing obesity-related metabolites (代谢物) , and said an improved gut microbiota can significantly help to treat genetic obesity such as Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). Beginning in childhood, PWS affected kids develop an insatiable appetite, leading to chronic overeating and obesity. The scientists used a diet therapy with beneficial gut bacteria on trial patients and found considerable diminished appetite, weight loss and improved health conditions on the patients. The paper concluded dysbiosis (失调)of gut microbiota is highly related with both genetic and simple obesity in children, implicating dietary modulation of gut microbiota a potentially effective treatment method. 21. Which of the following factors contibutes to child obesity ? A. dietary modulation of gut microbiota B. beneficial gut bacteria C. an improved gut microbiota D. dysbiosis of gut microbiota 22. Which can replace the underlined word “diminished”? A. unsatisfied B. increased C. decreased D. good 23. Where is the passage extracted(摘录)? A. Medicine book B Science book

C . Doctor’s instructions D News report 24. Which might be the best title for the passage? A. Chinese scientists discover treatment to child obesity. B .The reasons for genetic obesity in ch ildren has been found. C. Obesity-related research has been done by Chinese scientists.
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D. An effective treatment to obesity has been found. B Due to success and exciting expansion plans, Protocol Education is seeking to recruit( 招募) a motivated and enthusiastic trainee consultant to work within our secondary team. As a Trainee recruitment consultant, you will either be a recent Graduate or an individual looking to take your first steps into a fast paced recruitment environment. If you bring the drive, enthusiasm and a passion to succeed, we will provide you with the skills and knowledge to do so. After undergoing an initial training program you will be partnered with your own nominated( 被任命的) consultant for support and instruction who will work closely with you while you begin to build your desk. Working within a busy environment alongside other team members to gain an understanding of the role which involves interviewing candidates, contacting with schools, matching carefully skills and attributes to vacancy requirements, accompanying consultants on visits and adhering to all safeguarding criteria. The trainee will gain over time increasing exposure to targeted sales activity, face to face Client meetings and strategic business development, while receiving support and training from the manager and team. Successful applicants will be expected to work or participate in schools to gain greater understanding of how their schools are structured and propose suitable candidate matches. You must hold a full UK licence and own your own vehicle. Benefits and incentives include: *25 days annual holiday increasing with the length of service

*Full and thorough Company Induction * Reduced working hours over school holiday periods (9am-4pm) *A Good Competitive Commission Scheme * Dress down Fridays, team breakfasts and lunch, team nights out and team building days. * Annual Company conference with an awards ceremony. Hours: Shift Work and reduced hours during the School Holidays (9am-4pm) Salary: OTE ?18-24K depending on experience. 25. If you are recruited as a consultant, _______. A. you’ll need to experience a training first B. you’ll find the pace tough to follow C. you’ll have to work alone D. you can go to work by bus 26. According to the passage, we know the working environment is _______.
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A. flexible B. comfortable C. busy D. various 27. The passage is mainly aimed at _______. A. foreign graduates B. job seekers C. models D. experienced photographers 28. The passage is likely to appear _______. A. in a biography B. in a magazine C. on an ad D. in a textbook C Telemedicine is the name for when doctors give advice to patients by telephone or the Internet, or when health care providers in rural areas connect with specialists in big cities. Telemedicine has existed for a long time, but the rise of smart phones, tablets and webcam-equipped computers is raising telemedicine to new levels. Some health care systems in the United States now offer Virtual Urgent Care, patients see a doctor by video chat without having to leave home. Diana Rae is a nurse educator in the western state of Washington. She recently showed how Virtual Urgent Care works. She used an iPad tablet and skype — the video chat service. Doctor Green has the patient describe her symptoms, then the doctor performs a physical exam by demonstrating what he wants her to do. Doctor Green decides

that the problem is a silence infection. For medicine, he prescribes an antibiotic. He says about 3 out of 4 patients have health problems that can be treated like this —through Virtual Urgent Care, that means a video chat could replace a visit to the doctor's office. The Franciscan Health System is based in Tacoma, Washington. Franciscan charges $35 for this kind of virtual house call, that is much less than the cost of going to an emergency room, a doctor's office or an urgent care clinic. After trying the video conference, Diana Rae says,“I would've paid twice that for the convenience of getting taken care of without having to sit in a waiting room, wait, and get exposed to everyone else's germs.” Franciscan has a deal with a company called Carena to add virtual urgent care by Skype or phone. Carena is one of several companies doing this kind of work around the country. But a company official says state rules have not kept progress with developments in telemedicine. The workers who provide virtual urgent care must be separately licensed in each state where the company does business. For now, that means Carena doctors can treat patients in Washington state and California for example, but not in neighboring Oregon or Idaho. 29.The second paragraph is mainly used to show ________.
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A. why telemedicine becomes popular B. the advantages of telemedicine C. many factors contribute to telemedicine D. what telemedicine is 30. Doctor Green decides that the problem is a silence infection ________. A. through his observation of the patient B. through a careful examination C. by knowing what he wants her to do D. by prescribing an antibiotic 31. The major health problems, in Doctor Green’s opinion, _________. A. are tough to deal with B. can be treated through a video chat C. should result from work pressure D. nearly cost little to recover 32.By mentioning what Diana Rae says, the author wants to show _________. A. he finds it convenient to see a doctor by using a video chat B. he sings high praise for this kind of treatment form C. he must be tired of waiting too long in the hospital

D. it should be very unhealthy while staying in hospital D Though doing washing is relatively effortless, most people hate the work, which is probably why this new shirt produced by an American company, called Wool & Prince, is producing so much interest. According to Mac Brown, the shirt’s creator, the seemingly ordinary shirt can be worn for 100 straight days without washing! Of course, any shirt can be worn for that long, if smell is not a problem. However, the Wool & Prince shirt is different because it remains as fresh smelling as it was — the first day it was put on. And it never needs ironing, because it never wrinkles. While that may sound magical and even impossible, it is true. The secret to their success lies in the raw material used to make the shirt — wool instead of cotton. Not only are wool fibers about four times stronger than cotton, but thanks to the natural crimp( 皱褶), they also do not wrinkle as easily. But most importantly, the fiber is better at allowing moisture to escape. Sweat in itself is not smelly. It just gets that way when in contact with the human skin. Therefore, the fact that the fabric allows it to go off gives the shirt the “super power” to stay fresh after so many wears. You can get this magical shirt for $98, which is the current selling price on fund-raising site Kickstarter. The company hopes to use the funds collected to begin producing the shirts. If things go well, Wool & Prince is planning to introduce other c lothing, including similar dresses for women. Well, you’ve got your favorite pair of jeans already. You might as well add your new favorite shirts you’ll never have to wash or hang up either. They are surely a perfect match! 33.What is the character of the special shirt made by Mac Brown? A. It can be worn for straight days without washing.

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B. It has no smelly problems like other shirts. C. It remains as fresh smell as the first day it’s put on. D. It doesn’t need washing and never wrinkles. 34.The fourth paragraph mainly tells us _______. A. the advantages of the special shirt B. the causes of keeping fresh C. why the special shirt doesn’t wrinkle easily D. it is beneficial to human skin 35. If you want to buy the special shirt, ________. A. you must book in advance B. you’ve to go shopping at a store C. you’ll be presented with dresses for women D. you can click the site Kickstarter 第二节(共5 小题;每小题2 分,满分10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有 两项为多余选项。 For a lot of parents, sending their kids off to college is a bittersweet experience. I think a lot of teenagers head to college without any idea about how money works. Don’t let that happen to your college kid. Help them understand these issues before they step into that first class. Budget, Budget, Budget. 36 So start by making sure you understand budgeting and have begun to use it as part of your financial plan. Independence Means Responsibility. Living away from home means you have to take care of yourself. 37 Food doesn’t just drop out of the sky, and gas doesn’t magically appear in their car. Independence means responsibility. 38 Even if your kid is going to a small community college, they’ll still probably have a few thousand dollars of tuition to pay. If you break it down, one class can cost $1,000 at the very minimum! And that doesn’t even include books. Choose a Major Wisely. 39 This isn’t a must before they step on campus, but simply plant a seed that gets them started thinking about what they want to do with their life. You don’t want them graduating with a degree that leaves them unfulfilled or unable to find a job. Friends Matter. 40 Who you hang out with definitely influences how you spend money and the decisions you make. Without being overbearing, remind them how important it is to have positive friends who build them up instead of bringing them down.

Remember, as a parent, just be there for support and to strengthen these principles throughout their college experience. A. New friends mean new opportunities and new social situations.
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B. Do your best to prepare your son or daughter for what that means. C. Cherish your opportunity. D. If you haven’t been using a budget, it will be difficult to convince your kid to use one. E. College Isn’t Cheap. F. Help your teenager find his or her passion. G. However, not all friends can be really depended on. 第二部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分45 分) 第一节完型填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可 以填入空白处的最佳选项。 A wave and a smile seems such a small thing to offer high school students, but they noticed, and they figured out a way to thank Tinney Davidson. 41 in the window of their living room, she and her husband Ken began to 42 at students walking to and from Highland Secondary School. Elderly people are mostly invisible to teenagers, 43 these young people found they could not resist returning such 44 smiles and waves. They began 45 for the Davidsons as they passed by their house. Most were 46 with waving, but a few stopped to introduce themselves. One of them, Ginger Long, brought her a cupcake, and some of the students began visiting. When Ken died, Tinney 47 her daily smile. She also knitted(织) hats, sold them to passersby, and gave the 48 to the hospital. She began knitting the 49 when her granddaughter was going through 50 treatments, hoping they would 51 the girl if she lost her hair. She kept knitting them when her 52 survived the cancer, selling them to passersby and donating the money to the hospital. Students were touched by her warmth and 53 . As Valentine’s Day 2014 neared, they decided to 54 the 84-year-old at a school assembly(集会). They made a video for her, painted a banner and made Valentine’s Day cards. They 55 brought

in the chair she always sits in. The teary Davidson was 56 . Her smiles had brightened the day for students passing by her 57 . One person, one small gesture. The effect is 58 . The students will remember her friendliness. One day they will pass the 59 on their children. Some will be 60 to do something for others because of it. It takes so little to have an impact. 41.A. Painting B. Sitting C. Chatting D. Begging 42.A. wave B. smile C. laugh D. shout 43.A. and B. so C. but D. or 44.A. false B. natural C. forced D. friendly 45.A. watching B. searching C. making D. caring
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46.A. tired B. content C. patient D. disappointed 47.A. doubted B. benefited C. continued D. quitted 48.A. comment B. chance C. yard D. money 49.A. vests B. gloves C. hats D. sweaters 50.A. bone B. mental C. skin D. cancer 51.A. cheer B. recover C. pay D. greet 52.A. husband B. son-in-law C. grandson D. granddaughter 53.A. reputation B. effort C. generosity D. selflessness 54.A. treat B. ring C. comfort D. honor 55.A. even B. still C. ever D. yet 56.A. amazed B. happy C. shy D. confused 57.A. house B. car C. store D. passage 58.A. temporary B. lasting C. changeable D. different 59.A. humour B. courage C. story D. moral 60.A. forbidden B. permitted C. forced D. inspired 第二节语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式。 Questioning can lead to ___61______(search) for an answer. If we are in the habit of raising doubts as to ___62______ what we are told is true, we can find the correct answer and learn more. Two years ago, our teacher _____63_____(offer) us an answer to a difficult math problem in class. Although the answer seemed a little strange, nobody _____64____ I doubted it. Thinking that his answer might be wrong, I _____65_____(careful)

analyzed the problem and tries to work ___66_ out in a different way. Half an hour ___67_____, I managed to find the correct answer. When I showed my answer to him, the teacher praised me for my ____68_____(depend) thinking. From this experience, I have learned that questioning can serve as ___69_____ bridge that helps us to seek the ____70___(true). 第三部分写作(共两节,满分35 分) 第一节:短文改错(共10 小题;每小题1 分,满分10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作 文。文中共有10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的 增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
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修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改10 处,多者(从第11 处起)不计分。 I went shopping yesterday afternoon. It is seven o’clock when I was going home by bus. The bus was full of passengers, all of which kept silent. A mother with her little son was sit ting nearby. All of sudden, the son cried loud. The mother tried to do what she could to make him stop crying. Thus, the son went on crying. After a long time, a man sitting next of the mother said angrily, “Why don’t you give the child what he wants it.” The mother answered quietly, “I would if I could, and what he wants is your hat.” Heard this, all the passenger burst into laughter. 第二节:书面表达(共1 小题;满分25 分)
假如你是中学生李华,你的美国外教Joe 暑假回美国后,来email 询问你是否能够帮 他一个忙,代替他辅导一个中国学生学习英语。请根据下面提示,用英语给他回一封email, 包括以下内容: 1.感谢他的关心和帮助; 2.说明自己很乐意帮忙; 3.介绍辅导打算。 注意:1.词数100 左右。 2.开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Joe,________________________________________________________________ Yours truly, Li Hua

1

高二宏志班英语抽测答案
阅读理解:DCDA ACBC CCBB CAD 36—40DBEFA 完形填空:BACDA BCDCD ADCDA BABCD 语法填空:1.searching 2.whether 3.offered 4.but 5.carefully 6.it 7.later 8.independent 9.a 10.truth 短文改错: I went shopping yesterday afternoon. It is seven o’clock when I was going home by bus. The was bus was full of passengers, all of which kept silent. A mother with her little son was sitting nearby. whom All of ∧ sudden, the son cried loud. The mother tried to do what she could to make him stop a loudly crying. Thus, the son went on crying. After a long time, a man sitting next of the mother said However to angrily, “Why don’ t you give the child what he wants it.” The mother answered quietly, “I would 去it I could, and what he wants is your hat.” Heard this, all the passenger burst passengers into but Hearing passengers laughter.

书面表达 Dear Joe, I’m so glad to receive your email. And thank you for your help during your stay in China. I benefited a lot from your teaching. Since my childhood, to become a knowledgeable English teacher has always been my dream, so I will be more than happy to undertake the task, and it is a good chance to improve myself. As to the teaching plans, I think it is important to learn fundamental knowledge in the textbooks. Besides, it will be a good idea to learn English skills by reading English novels,watching English movies and speaking English as much as possible.

I would appreciate it if you could give me some other suggestions. With my best wishes! Yours truely Li Hua


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