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【成才之路】2014-2015高中英语人教版必修2同步练习:unit 4 section 1 Word版含答案]

Unit 4

Section Ⅰ

1.He's devoted his whole life to the ________(保护)of the rare animals. 2.She is still________(搜寻)for a new job. 3.We all heaved a sigh of ________(放松)when we heard that they were safe. 4.Here I would stress the ________(重要)of mathematics to the whole of science. 5.This defeat was a________(沉重的)blow to the enemy. 6.It is highly necessary to ________(预防)against the dangers of the coming typhoon. 7.I really ________(欣赏)a good cup of tea. 8.He needs a high ________(收入)to support such a large family. 9.The station is two miles________(遥远的)from the school. 10.The________(重要性)of telling the truth can not be doubted. 答案:1.protection 他终生献身于珍稀动物的保护。 2.hunting 她还在找新工作。 3.relief 当我们听说他们平安无事时,都松了一口气。 4.importance 这里我要强调数学对整个科学的重要性。 5.powerful 这次失败是对敌人的有力的打击。 6.secure 预防即将来临的台风的危险很有必要。 7.appreciate 有好茶一杯, 我就真乐在其中了。 8.income 他需要很高的收入才能养活这么大一家子人。 9.distant 学校离车站两英里。 10.importance 讲真话的重要性不容置疑。 Ⅱ.句型转换 1.Panda is one of the endangered wild animals in the world. Panda is one of the wild animals________ ________in the world. 2.Some of the wild animals are disappearing. Some of the wild animals________ ________ ________. 3.The old lady is sleeping peacefully. The old lady is sleeping________ ________. 4.The baby burst out crying in the midnight. The baby________ ________ ________in the midnight. 5.A series of miserable failures followed their early success. Their early success________ ________by a series of miserable failures. 答案:1.in danger 2.are dying out 3.in peace 4.burst into tears 5.was succeeded

Ⅲ.单项填空 1.Because of the destruction of forest, many species are______. A.dying away C.dying out B.dying down D.dying from

答案:C die out 指“(物种)灭绝”。die away 或 die down“(光、声音的)慢慢消失”; die from“死于”。 2.Too much smoking and drinking________him greatly, which meant bad living habits had an________on his health. A.affect; effect C.affected; effects B.affected; effect D.affect; effects

答案:B affect 为及物动词,因题干为过去时态,故排除 A、D 两项;have an effect on...“对……有影响”,为固定搭配。 3 . This is a place where children can play without________ , but if you are really________please call the number 9919919. A.in danger; dangerous C.dangerous; dangerous B.danger; in danger D.in danger; in danger

答案:B without danger“无危险地;安全地”;in danger“在危险中”,指自身处于 危险之中。 4.I appreciated ________ the opportunity to study abroad two years ago. A.having been given C.to have been given 答案:A B.having given D.to have given

句意:我很感激两年前给我出国学习的机会。appreciate 后不接不定式,故

排除 C、D 两项;根据题意,主语是“被给予机会”,所以用被动语态,故选 A 项。 5.This book________18 articles,________three written by my mother. A.contains; contains C.contains; including B.includes; includes D.includes; containing

答案:C 句意:这本书有 18 篇文章,其中包括我母亲写的三篇。18 篇文章构成了这 本书的全部内容,应用 contain;介词 including 意为“包括”,其宾语是整体中的一部分。 6.To our joy, the local panda reserve has________in raising two great pandas. A.managed C.survived B.succeeded D.competed

答案:B 句意:令我们高兴的是,当地的熊猫保护区成功饲养了两只大熊猫。succeed in doing sth.意为“成功做某事”, 符合题意。 manage 通常后接 to do 形式; survive“幸存”; compete“竞争”。

7.Our company will________your elder brother as an adviser(顾问). A.employ C.take 答案: A B.demand D.require 句意:我们公司将雇用你哥哥为顾问。 employ sb. as... 意为“雇用某人

为……”, 符合题意。 demand“要求”; take 与 on 搭配后可表示“雇用”; require“需要”。 8.Special attention should be ________ to the healthy growth of the younger generation. A.made C.sent B.paid D.taken

答案:B 句意:应特别注意年轻一代的健康成长。pay attention to“注意”,为固定搭 配,此处用了被动语态。 9.Tourism is a major source of ________ for the country. A.fare C.income B.pay D.charge

答案: C 句意: 旅游业是这个国家的主要收入来源。 income“收入”, source of income 意为“收入来源”。fare“票价”;pay“工资;薪金”;charge“费用;价钱”。 10.Horror films will do you more________than good. A.harm C.importance B.use D.tense

答案:A 句意:恐怖电影给你带来的害处要多于好处。由后面的比较成分 good 可知, 前面应用 harm。do sb. harm 意为“伤害某人”。 Ⅳ.完形填空 In the United States there was an unusual tale telling of the daughter of a mechanic(技工). One day while walking along the bank of a lake, the girl__1__to see 20 eggs laid by a wild goose. After some time the girl__2__the mother would not return to her eggs and she__3__to take them home. There she carefully__4__the eggs in the heat of a lamp. Several days__5__the eggs broke and the baby geese came into the__6__. Geese are known to take the first living thing they see as their mother.__7__, to these young geese, the girl was their mother. As they__8__, the girl was able to__9__her birds to run across the grass, but she could not teach them to__10__. The girl became increasingly worried about this, both when__11__and in her dreams. Later, she had an__12__: She would pilot a plane to guide them in__13__. She asked her father for a plane and he assembled(组装)a small aircraft for her. Caring about__14__safety, the father decided to pilot the plane himself. However, the birds did not__15__or follow him, and__16__slept in the grass. One day, the girl__17__into the plane, started it and soon left the__18__. Seeing their mother

take to the air, the birds__19__flapped(拍打)their wings and__20__. She flew the plane freely in the sky, her young birds following. 文章大意:本文描述了一位女孩与一群野天鹅的纯真情感。一天,女孩无意中在湖边捡 到了数枚天鹅蛋并把它们带回了家。借助于灯的光热,她成功地把小野天鹅孵化出来。但是 随着小天鹅们的日渐成长,女孩的担心却与日俱增:野天鹅在家养的环境下根本不会飞行。 她央求爸爸为自己造了一架小飞机,并亲自驾驶着飞机,教会了野天鹅们如何在空中飞翔! 1.A.managed C.happened 答案:C B.attempted D.supposed

句意:一天,女孩在湖边散步时,她碰巧发现了一只雌性野天鹅所产的 20

枚天鹅蛋。 happen to do sth.表示“碰巧做某事”。例如:I happened to sit by her in the cinema. 在电影院我碰巧坐在了她旁边。 2.A.realized C.imagined B.expected D.admitted

答案:A 句意:过了一段时间,女孩意识到那只雌性野天鹅不会再回来孵化这些天鹅 蛋,她决定把它们带回家。realize 表示“意识到”;例如:Does he realize his mistake yet? 他 意识到他的错误了吗? 3.A.helped C.afforded B.decided D.meant

答案:B decide 表示“决定”;例如:She decided to live in London. 她决定住在伦敦。 4.A.placed C.treated B.protected D.examined

答案: A 句意: 她小心翼翼地把天鹅蛋放置于家中的一盏灯的光热下。 place 表示“(小 心或有意)放置;安放”;例如:He placed cups and saucers on the table. 他把杯子和茶碟放到 桌上。 5.A.ago C.later B.out D.long

答案:C 句意:几天之后,幼天鹅破壳而出,降生到人间。later 表示“以后,后来, 随后”;例如:The accident took place a few minutes later. 这意外事故在数分钟后就发生了。 6.A.family C.home B.lake D.world

答案:D come into the world(=to be born)为固定表达,表示“出生,降生人间”。例 如:Jesus Christ came into the world to save us from our sins. 基督降世拯救我们摆脱罪恶。

7.A.But C.Thus

B.Also D.Still

答案:C 句意:因此,对这些幼小的天鹅来说,这位女孩就是它们的妈妈。thus 表示 “因此,从而,所以”。 8.A.increased C.rose B.improved D.grew

答案: D 句意: 随着小天鹅们渐渐长大, 女孩能够引领它们在草地里奔跑, ……; grow 表示“长大;长高;发育;成长”;例如:A growing child needs plenty of sleep. 正发育的孩 子必须睡眠充足。 9.A.ask C.want B.lead D.allow

答案:B lead 表示“引领;带路;领路”;例如: She led the horse back into the stable. 她把那匹马牵回了马厩。 10.A.fly C.swim B.race D.sing

答案:A 句意:但是她却不能教授它们如何飞行。fly 表示“飞;飞翔”;例如:A kite was flying above the playground.一只风筝正在操场上空飞翔。 11.A.asleep C.around B.away D.awake

答案: D 句意: 女孩对此越来越担忧, 无论是清醒时分还是在梦境里。 awake 表示“醒 着(尤指入睡前或刚醒时)”;例如:The noise was keeping everyone awake.喧闹声吵得大家都 睡不着。 12.A.idea C.explanation 答案:A B.opinion D.excuse


表示“主意;想法;构思”,通常指凭感觉或想象所形成的看法或意见。例如:It would be a good idea to call before we leave. 我们出发之前打个电话是个好主意。opinion 表示“意见; 想法; 看法”, 多指初步的或缺乏证据支持因而不十分肯定的意见或看法。 例如: He was asked to give his honest opinion. 已请他直言不讳地发表意见。 13.A.sky C.flight B.heaven D.plane

答案:C in flight(=while flying)表示“飞行”。例如:The bird had been shot down in flight. 这只鸟是在飞行中被打下来的。 14.A.his B.her



答案:B 句意:因为担心女儿的安全,父亲决定亲自驾驶飞机。 15.A.respect C.recognize B.remember D.receive

答案:C 句意:然而,这群野天鹅既不认可他,也不愿跟随着他。recognize 表示“(正 式)认可,接受,赞成”。例如:He is recognized to be their leader.人们都承认他是他们的领 袖。 16.A.so B.instead C.hardly D.too

答案:B 句意:相反,它们在草丛中睡觉。instead 表示“反而,却”;例如:He didn't reply. Instead, he turned on his heel and left the room. 他没有回答,反而转身离开了房间。 17.A.climbed C.reached B.looked D.fell

答案:A 句意:一天,女孩爬进了飞机的驾驶舱,启动飞机引擎,很快就飞离了地面。 climb 表示“攀登;爬”;例如:She climbed up the stairs. 她爬上了楼梯。 18.A.house C.water B.floor D.ground

答案: D the ground 表示“地面”; 例如: He slipped off the ladder and fell to the ground. 他从梯子上滑了下来摔在地上。 19.A.secretly C.patiently B.disappointedly D.eagerly

答案:D 句意:看到它们的妈妈飞向天空,天鹅们急切地拍击翅膀,开始了它们的行 程。eagerly 表示“急切地;热切地”;例如:I eagerly waited to read his latest novel. 我急切 地等待着看他的新小说。注意:take to sth.表示“(尤指为逃避危险)逃往……,躲到……”; 例如:The rebels took to the hills. 反叛者躲进山里。 20.A.looked away C.went by 答案:B B.set out D.turned back

set out 表示“出发;动身;启程”;例如:They set out on the last stage of their

journey.他们动身开始最后一段行程。 Ⅴ.阅读理解 What do the following animals have in common? Pandas, rhinoceros, Mexican tooth sawfish. They are all endangered animals! Animals become endangered for a variety of reasons. Sadly,humans are behind every one of them! For centuries, humans have hunted elephants for their tusks, and killed tigers for their burrowing snakes, pink pigeons and small

beautiful fur,caught fish for food. While we still have elephants, tigers, and fish in the wild, we cannot say the same about many others that have simply died out! Year 1505 was a dreadful turning point in the natural history of the island of Mauritius—European sailors discovered this beautiful island in the Indian Ocean and brought dogs, pigs, monkeys with them. The arrival of humans and those introduced animal species were bad news for dodo birds. About 50 pounds and flightless, dodo birds did not have any natural enemies until then. They picked fruit fallen from trees and built their nests on the ground. Shortly after humans set foot on Mauritius, however, dodo birds realized that they were in big trouble—men killed them for their meat, and those introduced animal species destroyed their nests and ate their eggs. The effects of excessive (过度的)hunting and foreign species drove dodo birds to first become much fewer and then die out. The last dodo bird was killed in 1681. Humans and animals have always competed for land and other natural resources. We clear an area of a forest for farming. We cut down trees and use wood to build beautiful houses. We build reservoirs (水库) to make sure that we have enough water to use. At the same time that we are trying to make our life comfortable, we destroy the habitats of wild animals. More than once we have seen on television that rescue workers are trying their best to save seabirds in spilled(泄漏的)oil. More than once we have heard about how emissions of carbon dioxide (二氧化碳的排放) and other gases have raised the Earth temperature and caused global warming. Pollution has a serious and long lasting effect. If we choose to do nothing and continue to pollute our planet Earth, our next generations will have to face an Earth without birds singing and beasts roaring. 文章大意:地球上越来越多的动物灭绝,其根本原因是什么呢? 1.Which of the following are NOT endangered animals? A.Pandas. C.Pink pigeons. B.Rhinoceros. D.Dodo birds.

答案:D 细节理解题。dodo birds 不是濒危动物,而是已经灭绝的动物。 2.What does the underlined word “dreadful” (in Paragraph 4) mean? A.Surprising. C.Unpleasant. 答案:C B.Exciting. D.Quick.


dodo birds 面临灭顶之灾,所以应是一个不好的、令人不悦的转折点,故选 C。 3.Paragraph 5 mainly talks about ________. A.how excessive hunting led to endangerment of animals B.when foreign species entered the island of Mauritius C.the human activities caused the loss of habitats of animals

D.pollution played a main role in the worsening of the environment 答案:C 推理判断题。从本段可知正是人类的活动使得动物们的栖息地遭到了破坏, 故选 C。 4.What is the best title for the passage? A.What Makes the Animals in Danger B.How to Save the Endangered Animals C.Pollution and Animals D.Don't Hunt for Animals 答案:A 主旨大意题。本文主要介绍了导致动物灭绝的情景及其发生的原因,因此选 A。

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