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【珍藏精品】2011届高考第一轮总复习高考满分练兵场:高三册Units1-2


届高考第一轮总复习满 2011 届高考第一轮总复习满分练兵场
高三册 units1高三册 units1-2
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.The American soldiers, though ______(装备) with the most advanced weapons in the world, had no way to deal with the worldwide terrorism. 2.There were many ______(志愿者) in the 29th Olympic Games that was held in Beijing in 2008. 3.I can’t ______ on(专心于) what I’m doing while the noise is going on. 4.You don’t seem ______(热情) about the suggestion. 5.It is said that in this country the army is under the queen’s ______(掌握). 6.For an hour and a half we ______(游荡) around the old city, enjoying the beautiful scenery. 7. is still a ______(谜) why the movie star killed herself when her career was so successful. It 8.My paper is an ______(尝试) to find some answers to these questions. 9.He was too shocked to give an ______(叙述) of what had happen ed. 10.The age of the candidates ranged from 29 to 49 with an ______(平均) age of 37. 11.The report ______(得出结论) that the school should be closed immediately. 12.What he observed ______(证实) his judgement. [答案] 1.equipped 2.volunteers 3.concentrate 4.enthusiastic 5.command 6.wandered 7.puzzle 8.attempt 9.account 10.average 11.concluded 12.confirmed[来源:学|科|网] Ⅰ.完成句子(湖北专用) 1.____________(不要被他的言语所蒙蔽), she is completely truthless. 2.____________(政府的理由是) that they must first aim to beat pollution. 3.It’s really hard these days, I should say, to ______________(收支平衡). 4._______ _____(她好像完全不顾人格了) when it is a matter of making money. 5.Although he is blind, ____________(他有很敏锐的嗅觉).[来源:Zxxk.Com] 6.Benjamin ____________(做了大量的实验) in which he showed what electricity is. 7.On the telephone, ____________(我辨不出他的声音来). 8.On my way to the shop, ____________(我顺便拜访了我的老师). 9.Paper ____________(是由草做的) and iron ________________.(炼成钢) 10.The teacher asks us to ____________.(好好利用时间) [答案] 1.Don’t be taken in by what he said 2.The government’s argument is 3.balance our income and expenditures (make both ends meet) 4.She seems to have no principle at all 5.he has a sharp (keen) sense of smell 6.conducted a large number of experiments 7.I couldn’t recognize his voice 8.I dropped in on my teacher 9.is made from grass; is made (tempered) into steel 10.make good use of our time Ⅱ.单项填空 1.I tried to concentrate on my lessons, but it was often the case that my attention ______

soon after classes began. A. arose B. r egistered C. wandered D. volunteered 2.—So the guard didn’t let you in? —No, ______ I told him I came at the invitation of the headmaster. A. even if B. as if C. until D. since 3.______ with the new machine, the explorers went into the cave, hoping to find the buried treasure. A. Equipping B. Equipped C. Being equipped D. Having equipped 4. the skills of driving, we are neck and neck. But when ______ comes to cooking, I am no In match for my brother. A. ther e B. what C. one D. it 5.The agreement they reached with their employer was to reduce their pay ______ a shorter working week. A. in return for B. in case of C. in the name of D. in view of 6.—It is ______ puzzle why many people don’t take everything fully into account in planning their careers. —They always think they will be in ______ better condition if they can get themselves through college. A. a; the B. the; a C. /; a D. a; / 7.Mr. Columbus was always ready to help others. ______, he was liked by everyone. A. In conclusion B. In return C. In return D. In particular 8.The chairman made a wonderful speech, ______ it by wishing all the people present the very best of luck. A. concluded B. concluding[来源:学+科+网 Z+X+X+K] C. included D. including 9.In my opinion, ______ really counts is not failure itself, but what we think of failure and do afterwards. A. as B. which C. it D. what 10. —You must ask ______ permission before taking any photographs inside ______ church. —Thanks for reminding me. A. the; a B. /; the C. a; the D. /; / 11.I couldn’t ______ my work last night with the party going on upstairs. A. set down B. center upon C. care about D. concentrate on 12.—You look tired, Julie. —So I am. I ______ busy preparing my son for the coming job interview recently. A. could be B. had been C. have been D. would be 13.What ______ performances! The entire audience watched the artists on the stage, ______.[来源:学_科_网 Z_X_X_K] A. fascinating; fascinated B. fascinated; fascinating C. fascinating; fascinating D. fascinated; fascinated 14.Now that you are so interested in the position, why not apply ______ the company ______ it?

A. for; about B. for; with C. to; for D. to; with 15.(2010·宁夏银川一中期末)In China, ______ pressure to pass ______ exams gives students the impression that learning comes from textbooks. A. /; / B. the; the C. the; / D. /; the [答案] 1.C。wander“(精神、思想)漫游;开小差”。句意:我也试图集中精力听课,但往往 上课没多久,我就会开小差。 2.A。No 在此表示门卫确实没让我进去,与“我跟他说我是应校长邀请”之间为让步 关系,even if“即使”表示此意。 3.B。be equipped with 为固定短语,表示“(某人)装备有……”,这里使用的是过去分 词作状语。句意:探险家们带着这台新机器,进了山洞,希望能找到埋藏的金银财宝。 4.D。when it comes to...为习惯表达,意思是“当涉及到……的时候”。句意:论开车 技术,我们不分上下。可要说到做饭,我比我弟弟可就差远了。 5.A。in return for“作为……回报;以……为变换”。句意:他们与雇主达成的协议 是降低他们的工资标准,但每周工时要缩短。 6.D。句中 puzzle 表示“难解,费解之迷”,常用单数,其前加不定冠词;in better condition“情况会更好”。 7.B。in return“作为回报,作为报答”。句意“他总是乐于助人,作为回报,大家都 喜欢他”。in conclusion“最后”;in turn“轮流”;in particular“尤其”。 8.B。句意:大会主席作了精彩演讲,结束时,祝愿所有人事事如意。concluding it... 为动词-ing 形式作状语,表示伴随情况。 9.D。what really counts 是主语从句,what 在从句中作主语。句意:在我看来,重要的 不是失败本身,而是我们对待失败的态度以及失败之后的所作所为。 10.B。ask permission 为固定短语,意为“征求许可”;指说话双方都知道的人或物前 要用定冠词 the。 11.D。句意:昨晚,楼上举行晚会,这使得我无法聚精会神地做功课。concentrate on sth.“专心致志于”。set down“写下,记下”;ce nter upon“把……当作中心”;care about“关心,在乎”。 12.C。此处用现在完成进行时表示某一动作从过去某一时刻起一直持续到现在,而且 还有可能持续下去。[来源:学#科#网] 13. fascinating 与 fascinated 都用作形容词, A。 其中前者常修饰物, 表示“使人着迷的”, 后者多修饰人,表示“(某人)着迷的”。 14.C。句意:既然你对该职位如此感兴趣,为什么不向公司申请呢?apply (to sb.) for...“(向某人)申请……”。 15.C Ⅲ.完形填空 (2009·江苏联考) I grew up in an ordinary family, which is not so well off. I could understand the __1__ my parents were bearing at that time. __2__, I work very hard now in the hope of entering the university and change the __3__ of my family and me. I think that in a certain sense, difficult situations can __4__ a person’s potential and pave the way for him to __5__. One can be strong, brave and __6__ after all these hardships he has __7__. All in all, I think that flowers from a greenhouse can never __8__ a storm and that a hard life is good for children. So I think parents should make their children grow strong, by helping them experience life in bad conditions, __9__ a child will value the labour and be capable of facing hardship. I lived a happy childhood. Not only did my parents love me from the __10__ of their hearts, but also they gave me chances to increase my ability. My parents __11__ primary importance to the management of my pocket money, which led to the __12__ that often I could only watch my friends eating candies with my empty pocket. This experience helped m e __13__ the truth that my parents worked hard to earn a life, and so would I in the future.

As the saying __14__, “No pains, no gains.” It is __15__ that the way one lives in his childhood plays an important part in his development. If one is __16__ in a family that is wasteful, he is likely to be lazy when he grows up. __17__, a child who lives a hard life in his childhood, learning that one must be independent and frugal to face the challenge, is __18__ be strong. On parents’ part, they can teach the child to help support the family. More can be done __19__ food, hard work and bad conditions. Instead of being __20__, children should eat bitter food to learn to be frugal, do hard work to learn to cherish, and be sent to somewhere tough to learn to be brave. 1.A. poverty B. thoughts C. richness D. hardships 2.A. However B. Therefore C. Besides D. Otherwise 3.A. situation B. state C. location D. position 4.A. seek B. stimulate C. shape D. secure[来源:Zxxk.Com] 5.A. failure B. success C. pleasure D. recreation 6.A. awful B. careful C. merciful D. faithful 7.A. looked through B. got through C. put through D. gone through 8.A. understand B. withstand C. enjoy D. outstand 9.A. to which B. at which C. which D. with which 10.A. bottom B. top C. centre D. tip 11.A. approached B. attained C. attached D. attempted 12.A. experience B. evidence C. convenience D. consequence 13.A. realized B. recognized C. admitted D. reflected 14.A. says B. goes C. states D. explains 15.A. various B. serious C. obvious D. tedious 16.A. brought in B. brought up C. brought about D. brought out 17.A. On the contrary B. On earth C. On the whole D. What’s worse 18.A. ready to B. anxious to C. determined to D. bound to 19.A. away from B. apart from C. except D. more than 20.A. accustomed B. ashamed C. spoiled D. puzzled [答案] 作者通过自己的经历、感悟向我们讲述了为什么逆境能帮助人成功。正所谓:只有经历 风雨,才能见彩虹。 1.D。语境化选词。上一句说作者家里不富裕(not so well off),所以作者能理解父母所 遭受的苦难。hardship“艰难,困苦”。第二段有暗示,也可以从动词 bear 的搭配上得到启

示。poverty“贫穷”有很大的干扰性,但该词含义较窄,不符合语境。 2.B。副词辨析。前后是因果关 系。因为理解了父母所承受的苦难,所以作者才努力 学习,希望考上大学。therefore“因此”。 3.A。语境化选词。由语境可知,作者认为,考上大学就可以改变家庭的境况。 situation“处境,境遇”。下一段也有暗示。 4.B。动词辨析。句意为:……困难的处境能激发一个人的潜力,铺就其成功的道路。 所以选择 stimulate, 意思是“激发, 激励”。 seek“寻找, 探索”; shape“塑造”; secure“保 护”。 5.B。语境化选词。句意见 39 题解析。pleasure“高兴,愉快”;recreation“娱乐,消 遣”。 6.D。语境化选词。这几个词中只有 faithful“忠实的,守信的”和 strong, brave 同属 于渡过困难后形成的品质。awful“极坏的,可怕的”;careful“仔细的,谨慎的”; merciful“仁慈的,宽大的”。 7.D。动词短语辨析。look through“看穿”;get through“通过,拨通(电话)”;go through“经历(苦难等)”。一个人只有经历所有的苦难之后,才会变得坚强、勇敢和忠诚。 8.B。动词辨析。withstand“禁得起”。这里是作者打的比方,意思是:温室里的花 是经不起风暴的。understand“理解”;outstand“突出”。 9.D。定语从句关系词的判断。从句意为:通过这些,孩子将会重视劳动,并能够面 对困难。with which 引导非限制性定语从句,which 指代“parents should make...in bad conditions”。 10.A。语境化选词。from the bottom of one’s heart 意思是“真心地,深深地”。句意: 我有一个幸福的童年,我的父母不仅真心爱我,他们还给了我提高能力的机会。 11.C。动词辨析。attach importance to“重视”。父母非常重视对“我”零花钱的管理。 approach“接近,靠近”;attain“(经过长期努力)获得,得到”;attempt“试图,尝试”。 12.D。名词辨析。从后面对该词解释的同位语从句的内容来看,这里说的是父母对我 零花钱严格管理的结果(consequence):口袋空空,只能看着别人吃糖。lead to 与 consequence 搭配。experience“经验,经历”;evidence“证据,证明”;convenience“便利;方便”。 13.A。动词辨析。realize“意识到,领悟”,指从不知道到知道的过程。句意:这段 经历使我意识到:为了谋生,父母在辛苦地工作,将来我也得这样。recognize“认出”; admit“承认”;reflect“反映,反省”。 14.B。动词词义辨析。as the saying goes,意思是“正如谚语所说”,是固定用法。 15.C。形容词辨析。It is obvious that...“很显然……”。很显然,一个人小时候的生 活方式在他一生的发展中起着重要的作用。 various“不同的”; serious“严肃的, 严重的”; tedious“乏味的”。 16.B。动词短语辨析。bring up“抚养”。句意:一个人如果在一个浪费成性的家庭里 长大,长大后他很有可能变得懒惰。而 bring in“引进,赚取”;bring about“引起,导致”; bring out“说出,使显出,出版”,均不符合文意。 17.A。语境化选词。这里说的是生长在不同的家庭中的孩子长大后不同的特点。所以 应该选择 on the contrary,意思是“相反”。on the whole“总的来说”。 18.D。语境化选词。be bound to“注定,一定”。句意:孩提时代生活艰难的孩子, 为了迎接挑战,学会了自立和节俭,这样他一定会更加强大。be ready“预备,即将”;be [来 anxious to do sth.“急于做某事, 渴望做某事”; dete rmined to do sth.“决心做某事”。 be 源:学*科*网 Z*X*X*K] 19.B。语境化选词。apart from“除去,除了”,相当于 besides; except 表示“除去, 不包括”,强调所排除的内容;away from“远离”。 20.C。语境化选词。这一部分是对全文的总结:不能溺爱(spoil)小孩子,而应该……。 accustomed“习惯的, 惯常的”; ashamed“惭愧的, 害臊的”; puzzled“迷惑的, 困惑的”。 Ⅳ.短文改错 (2009·保定高三调研) Dear Chen Li, I’m very glad to hear from you. You ask me about 1.______[来源:学

_科_网 Z_X_X_K] the difficulties you may meet when yo u get here. Now, 2.______ I’d like to tell you something about it. First, you may 3.______ have the problem for the language. You may find it 4.______ difficulty to communicate with the natives, because many 5.______ of them have strong accent. Besides, you may not get used 6.______ to Western food. What’s worse, you will miss your family and 7.______ friends, especially in the first few week after you get here. 8.______ However, you don’t have to worry about, and I will try my 9.______ best to help you. When are you setting off? I’m expect you here. 10.______[ 来 源 : 学科网] Yours, Tom [答案] 1.ask→asked。此处叙述的是对方在上一次来信中询问的内容,所以用一般过去时。 2.√ 3.it →them。此处指代的是上一句中的 the difficulties。 4.for→of/with。此处表示的是语言问题,而 for 通常用来表示“为了”。 5.difficulty→difficult。此处是形容词作宾语补足语。[来源:学科网 ZXXK] 6.strong 前加 a。accent 通常与不定冠词连用,表示“一种口音”。 7.worse→more。此处表示的是递进关系,所以用 What’s more,意思是“并且”,上 文中的 besides 也是暗示。What’s worse 表示“更糟糕的是”,不符合所给语境。 8.week→we eks。few 用来修饰复数名词。 9.去掉 about。worry about 后没有宾语,因此要去掉介词 about。 10.expect→expecting。此处是现在进行时,表示现阶段正在发生的事情


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