江西省赣州市 2015 届高三 3 月摸底考试英语试题
第I卷 第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 翔 做题时，先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答 案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 一 5 分，满分 7.5 州 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A. B. C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷
的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. How will the woman go to the post office? A. By bus. B. By taxi. C. On foot 2. How many pieces of clothes does the woman want to get cleaned? 3. What kind often does Tina usually drink? A. English tea. B. Japanese tea. C. Chinese tea 4. Where does the woman want to go? A. To the city center. B. To the bus station. C. To the airport 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1。5 分，满分 22。5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A. B. C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒与的引答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答 6 至 7 题。
7. What will Martha probably do at last? A. Drive her roommate away. B. Complain to the manager. 听第 7 段材料，回答 8 至 9 题。 8. What are the speakers talking about? 9. Why are so many boy students crazy about Beckham？ A. To learn football skills. B. To keep up with the fashion C. To show their care about sports 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Where is the woman going to spend her vacation? A. Mexico. B. America. C. Paris 11. Where has the man ever been? A. Canada and France B. Brazil and Hawaii. C. CanaAa and Hawaii 12. What do we know about the woman? A. She travels a lot B. She likes beaches very much C. She has been to Paris many times 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What language is Li Ban going to learn? A. Spanish. B. French. C. Portuguese
14. Where will Li Ban's classroom be? A. In the main building. B. In Building A. C. In other streets 15. At what time does Li Ban want to come to the lessons? A. At 10:00 am. B. At 4:00 put. C. At 6:00 pip 16. When will the class begin? A. On August l0th. B. On August 1 th. C. On April 10 th 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What is the speaker's job? A. A scientist. B. A volunteer C. A doctor 18. What was first used for blood transfusions? A. Blood from sheep. B. Blood from human. C. Blood from monkey 19. What is safe blood giving according to the speaker'? A. Giving less than 30% of your blood B. Giving less than 20% of your blood C. Giving less than 10% of your blood 20. What is the main purpose of the speech? A. To call on people to give blood B. To explain what a blood transfusion is C. To review the history of blood transfusions 第二部分阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A. B. C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A In September of 2013, residents of Bexar County celebrated the opening of the Biblio Tech Library. It is one of the first libraries in America to go completely digits and perhaps it will lead the way for others to follow. To check out a book in this digital library, users link their library card to the 3M Cloud Library App. Then they can look through the library catalogue and check out a total of five books at any given time. When the books are due, they are automatically removed from the e-reader. Biblo Tech offers free tablets, laptops and computers which can be used within the library. It also offers study rooms and lounge areas where people can work together and other libraries are also in on the trend Despite the move towards digital，the Biblio Tech Library is currently the only digital library in the nation. However, the bookless library has been attempted before. Sadly, this change proved to be far too ahead of its time. Within a few years, the library began providing materials along with the digital materials due to requests from the library members Libraries are in the middle of a great change. Just a decade ago, the main focus was to lend materials to the public, but recently they have been placing more emphasis on programs to help and educate the community. A library is no longer simply a place to check out books Digital libraries are the future. In the next 100 years or so, books in print may be completely replaced by their digital competitors. While these can be more convenient for libraries and library members, I am still going to be fond of books in print. I will miss the smell of the paper, because those are things I grew to love about readings
21. What does Paragraph 1 mainly talk about? A. The opening of the Biblio Tech Library B. The improvement of the Biblio Tech Library C. The importance of the Biblio Tech Library D. The introduction of the Biblio Tech Library 22. What can be inferred about libraries from the text? A. The function expands. B. The income increases C. The development slows down. D. The business declines 23. The writer seems to be a person who A. is crazy about e-readers B. works in a library C. misses the old days D. is hopeless about the future B Taiwan's annual university admissions tests are taking place this week. Tens of thousands of students。trying to give the right answers to math and language questions. High scores permit students to enter the top schools. However, these tests will not be in place for much longer. The current examinations require that students memorize facts in high school classes They do not test critical thinking or creative problem solving abilities Officials in Taiwan plan to change the admissions test to also measure imagination and the ability to innovate(创新）Taiwanese officials see the progress China and South Korea are making in the information technology field. By comparision，Taiwan is losing technology business. There is concern that younger people are afraid of the risk of starting a company or inventing something The Ministry of Education wants to encourage young Taiwanese to innovate. So, it will begin a new selection process for university students. They hope the best schools will start to accept people with new business ideas. The new admissions policy will take effect in 2018. It will include personal interviews with interested students. The Ministry wants high school graduates to show they excelled outside of class Ma Hsiang-ping is the ministry's deputy director for higher education. She said the new exam system will look for people interested in invention or starting businesses. Taiwan will lose competitiveness if all the inventing is done in other countries. The Ministry hopes new admissions policies will reshape the 12-year public education system Taiwan is dependent largely on high-tech exports. The Swiss business school，International Institute for Management Development (IMD）made a list of the most competitive countries in 2014. Taiwan was at number 13. but Sinpanore was number 3 and Hong Kong was number 4 These numbers worry Taiwanese officials 24. Why will the admissions test be changed? A. It expects too much of students. B. It won't be practiced for longer. C. It encourages memorization of facts. D. It doesn't focus on creative abilities 25. The underlined word "excel" in Paragraph 2 probably means A. learn to do business B. do extremely well C. relax and enjoy themselves D. get plenty of exercise 26. In what way will the new test be different from the current one? A. It will include personal interviews. B. It will not focus on high scores C. It will make a lead in the world. D. It will build a new education system
27. Where can we most probably read the text? A. In a technology magazine. B. In a business magazine C. In a literary magazine. D. In an education magazine C Pangaea Scientists in the early 1900s put forward the continental drift theory（大陆漂移说）They said that a great number of years ago, the seven continents we know today were a single, giant continent. A scientist named Alfred Wegener named it Pangaea. The name Pangaea comes from the Greek phrase for "all Earth" The theory's timeline went against popular belief that Earth was only a few thousand years old. People wanted to believe that God had created Earth rather than the forces of nature Wegener argued in favor of the continental drift theory in 1920 Pangaea was a C-shaped landform that was spread across the equator(赤道）The large body of water within the crescent(月牙形）was called the Tethys Sea. The vast ocean that flowed around the continent was called Pantha1-a The area of Pangaea would have been very vast. Inland regions would have been extremely dry from a lack of water. Animals could migrate freely from the North to the South Poles It is believed that the breakup of Pangaea begun about 180 million years ago. This happened in the Jurassic Period. Over many millions of years, it broke into the seven continents as we know them today. The first stage of the breakup began about 180 million years ago. This change started when a large fault line（断层线）split Activity would have started through earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. A gap was created through Pangaea that stretched from the Tethys Ocean to the east. This took place between what is now North America and Africa. The first split created two smaller continents. The southern one is known as Gondwana and the northern one Laurasia. Then another breakup began about 150 to 140 million years ago. At this time, the minor continent of Gondwana broke into four continents. These became Africa, South America, India, and Australia. The final stage of the breakup was about 60 to 55 million year. ago. North America broke free from Eurasia. This opened up the Norwegian Sea But the supporters of this theory also say that Pangaea was not the first giant continent. Thf earliest possible giant continent is Columbia supercontinent Scientists think it existed betweei 1.8 and 1.5 billion years ago 28. What did Pangaea look like? A. It was shaped like a C. B. It was shaped like a ball C. It looked like the moon. D. It looked like Pantha1-a 29. What can be inferred about the drift theory? A. It was a little bit absurd. B. It was very controversial C. It came from Greek. D. It was popular in 1900s 30. The underlined word "this" refers to A. the Tethys Ocean B. the Pangaea C. the gap D. the east 31. From the text we know that A. there were three major stages in the breakup of Pangaea B. Columbia supercontinent caused the breakup of Pangaea C. the continental drift theory was named after Alfred Wegener D. the seven continents appeared before the Jurassic Period
D It is a familiar scene these days: employees taking newly laid-off(下岗）co-workers out foi a drink for comfort. But which side deserves sympathy more, the jobless or the still employed? On March 6, researchers at a conference at the University of Cambridge heard data suggesting it's the latter. Brendan Burchell, a Cambridge sociologist, presented his analysis based on various surveys conducted across Europe. The data suggest that employed people who feel insecure in their job show similar levels of anxiety and depression as those who are unemployed. Although a newly jobless person's mental health may "bottom ouf' after about six months, and then even begin to improve, the mental state of people who are continuously worried about losing their job "just continues to get worse and worse," Burchell says Evolutionary psychologists support this theory by arguing that human beings feel more stress during times of insecurity because they sense an immediate but invisible threat. Patients have been known to experience higher levels of anxiety, for example, while waiting for examination results than knowing what they are suffering from- even if the result is cancer. It's better to get the bad news and start doing something about it rather than wait with anxiety. When the uncertainty continues, people stay in a nonstop "fight or flight" response, which leads to damaging stress But not every employee in insecure industries has such a discouraging view, Burchell says In general, women get on better. While reporting higher levels of anxiety than men when directly questioned, women scored lower in stress on the GHQ 12, even when they had a job they felt insecure about losing. As Burchell explains, "For women, most studies show that any job 一 it doesn't matter whether it is secure or insecure 一 gives psychological improvement over unemployment”Burchell supposes that the difference in men is that they tend to feel pressure not only to be employed, but also to be the primary breadwinner, and that more of a man's self-worth depends on his job 32. Why do researchers think the still employed deserve sympathy more? A. They have to do more work since then B. They have no chance to find better jobs C. They have to work with inexperienced wokers D. They constantly worry about losing their jobs 33. What is most likely to cause a "fight or flight" response? A. Not having a paid job. B. Fierce competition for jobs C. Not knowing what will happen. D. Pressure to work longer hours 34. What will the writer talk about following the last paragraph?
C. Some knowledge of psychology. D. Difference in men and women 35. What could be the best title for the text? A. Is It Less Stressful to Get Laid Off Than Stay On? B. Should Greater Sympathy Be Given to the Jobless? C. Do Employees Bear More Stress Than Ever Before? D. Do Men or Women Show Higher Levels of Anxiety? 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多 余选项。 No matter what problem you're facing, tough times happen to the best of us. Whether it's financial trouble or just an overall bad day, finding positiveness in a discouraging situation is the key to overcoming it. 36 However, everything passes in time. Be sure to remember these things to help you through the day: 1. Accept it Although it may seem challenging to accept a negative situation, it's your best bet in moving toward a resolution. 37 But you can focus on how to improve the circumstances now 2.38 Having a support system is important for any tough moment. Family members, significant others, and best friends are the ones who know you best and can give you advice from an outside perspective. Besides, it doesn't hurt having someone you love and care for. 3. Learn from it 39. Take some time to reflect on the situation, how you reacted, and what you can do if you ever go through it again, which could help you avoid the situation in the future or assist a friend who is going through something similar. 4. Look to the future Now that all is said and done, it's time to start looking ahead to the future. Leave the past behind you, and begin looking to a brighter tomorrow. Change begins and ends with you, and clinging to（沉溺）a past event won't help change it. 40 It all starts with a positive mindset A. Acknowledge you're not alone B. There's always something to be learned C. It may be hard to look on the bright side D. You can't change what already happened E. Don't compare yourself to others F. Look at the happiness within yourself. G. Work on building a better future for yourself 第三部分英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A. B. C 和 D)中，选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Mr. Bauman had been warned that he was at high risk for a heart attack. But when the attack actually came, Mrs. Baumann still wasn't 41 Shocked and feared, she 42 by her husband's side in the ambulance, repeatedly crying At the hospital, 43 the doctor had successfully stabilized his heart, Mrs. Baumann rushed down the hall to call their children. She 44 them of their father's heart attack, assuring them that his 45 was now stable But when Mrs. Baumann returned to her husband's room, she was 46 by the sight before her. 47 ran in and out of his trembling body. His face was bright red, 48 he had great trouble in breathing One of the nurses 49 that he had s;ff red a massive stroke
A stroke! On top of the heart attack! Mrs. Baumann couldn't control her 50 him tightly in her arms, calling out his name and kissing his lips
. She held
At that very moment, the doctor walked in and 51 ，"Mrs. Baumann, what do you think you're doing?" For a moment, Mrs. Baumann was so astonished that she couldn't speak. Then she looked more 52 at the man on the bed "He's ... he's ...nott"she 53 ，feeling embarrassed. "Oh no! Oh dear! Oh no! Gently a nurse led Mrs. Baumann out into the hall "Why didn't that man try to 54 me?" "Because of his stroke, he's 55 to move or to speak," Mrs. Baumann sighed. "And now he must be 56 why that strange lady kissed him!” As soon as they entered her husband's room, Mrs. Baumann related her 57 . "He had so many tubes and 一 and ...I hope I didn't 58 him, Bernie!” A few days later the doctor called 59 Mr. Baumann's room for the final checkup "Mrs. Baumann," he said, "you'll be glad to know that your husband and my patient across the hall have both made amazing 60 . Do you suppose it was my good doctoring or your affectionate kisses?" 41. A. surprised B. prepared C. equipped D. concerned 42. A. rode B. drove C. walked D. slept 43. A. once B. before C. since D. after 44. A. cheated B. told C. cured D. warned 45. A. operation B. examination C. condition D. conclusion 46. A. shocked B. caught Crouched D. attracted 47. A. Pills B. Bandages C. Threads D. Tubes 48. A. or B. so C. and D. but 49. A. persuaded B. complained C. predicted D. explained 50. A. feelings B. ideas C. motivations D. movements 51. A. suggested B. demanded Cannounced D. ordered 52. A. cheerfully B. casually C. carefully D. confidently 53. A. cried B. added C. admitted D. declared 54. A. love B. stop C. kiss D. ask 55. A. unable B. unwilling C. unfit D. uncertain 56. A. talking B. replying C. wondering D. checking 57. A. trouble B. past C. weakness D. mistake 58. A. hold B. hurt C. greet D. comfort 59. A. at B. for C. off D. on 60. A. operations B. choices C. recoveries D. decisions 第 II 卷 注意事项： 用 0-5 毫米黑色笔迹的签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分英语知识运用 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填人适当的内容(I 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 To many people, video gaming is their bobby. Have you ever been so 61＿(absorb)
in a video game as to forget sleep and meals? Computer game 62＿(design) often create interesting video games to tempt players to keep playing. These days, many employees play video games at work even 63＿their employers have set rules to stop them from doing so. As a matter of fact, video game addiction is regarded as harmful, just like addiction 64＿drugs, alcohol，or gambling, and should be treated with care In the place 65＿people work，addicted players。often seen as lazy, not sick； their bosses are not sympathetic to their addiction. If they have been caught several times 66＿(play) video games at work, their salary may be cut, and even 67＿(bad), they may lose their jobs. In some companies, the addicted players 68＿(allow) to play video games only on stressful days, but their bosses will check their computers from time to time to make sure 69＿they are doing their work. However, while some companies continue to find some methods of preventing workday playing, addicted players still have 70＿(they) own ways to enjoy playing video games during working hours 第四部分写作（共两节；满分 35 分） 第一节短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文 中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（人） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Daniel Ip, a Hong Kong Chinese engineer, wants to be a pilot when he was at school. So his eyesight was not good enough. He became a engineer instead and spent most of his time studying car design. When he was a teenager, he used to read a lot of pictures books. He saw pictures of vehicles could climb up the sides of buildings. He made up her mind to design a better vehicle. This vehicle could travel over the roughest places, where no another vehicle could go. Now, after many years of hard work, assisted by a group volunteers, his dream has been come true. He has designed a car calling the Mountain Goat 第二节：书面表达瞒分 25 分） 毕业，一个伤感的词语，也是一个充满希望的词语，对即将高中毕业的你而言，毕 业有着什么样的意义？你认为毕业典礼应该是个怎样的场景呢？请你根据提示写一篇 100 词左右的短文，说明你对毕业典礼的看法。内容包括以下两点： 1 写出毕业典礼对你而言意义是什么。 2 说明要如何安排或进行活动才能呈现出这个意义。
赣州市 2014-2015 学年高三年级摸底考试英语答案
Text5 M: Were you born in the U.S., Melissa? W: No, I wasn’t. I came here from France in 2002. M: How old were you when you came here? W: I was seventeen. Text 6 M: So, how is your new roommate, Martha? W: She really turns me off. She’s always making a loud noise at midnight and when I remind her, she always makes rude remarks. M: Why don’t you have a heart-to-heart chat with her? W: I tried, but it didn’t work. M: But how many times did you try? W: At least three times. I guess I’m going to complain to the manager. I hope she can be driven away from the room. Text 7 W: Did you hear of the “Beckham Heat ” in our school? M: Yeah. Many boy students are crazy about Beckham, the famous football star. W: How about you? Are you crazy about him? M: Oh, no. Everyone is unique and there’s no point in copying anyone else. W: Hm, I appreciate it if you really think so. M: Well. I learned your deskmate got the name “Beckham” written on his face. W: See? All of his friends even copy Beckham’s hairstyle! M: That looks strange! Why are so many boy students crazy about Beckham? W: Well, they focus on nothing but keeping pace with the fashion. M: Really. We students should care more about our lessons rather than fashion. Text 8 M: So, have you decided about your vacation yet? W: I guess we’re going to Paris. We’ve never been there before.
M: Have you traveled a lot? W: Yeah, I guess so. I’ve traveled in Mexico and Central America. And I’ve been to South America. But I’ve never gone to Europe or Asia… or Africa. M: Where have you been in Central and South America? W: Well, I’ve been to Guatemala. And I’ve been to Brazil. M: I’d like to travel more. I’ve only been to Canada and Hawaii. W: I like Canada. I was there a couple of years ago. It ’s a nice place for a vacation. M: Have you ever been to Hawaii? My wife and I had a great time there last winter. W: Yeah, I went there once. It ’s beautiful, but I don’t really like beaches very much. Text 9 W: Hello. May I help you? M: Hello. Is this the right place for me to register to study foreign language? W: Yes, it is. May I have your name and your telephone number? M: Li Hua. And my number is 9092467. W: Thank you. Now, which language do you want to learn? We offer French, Italian, Japanese, Spanish and Portuguse. M: Ah. I’d like to learn Spanish, please. W: Okay. We have classroom in other streets and here, in the building A. M: I work near here, so it ’d be best to study here. W: What time do you want to come to lessons? They go on for three hours, and they start at 10:00 am, 4:00 pm and 6:00 pm. M: I would like to come to the daytime lessons but I can’t be too early, so 6:00 pm please. W: That’s our most popular time, of course. Umm, have you ever learned Spanish before? M: No, I haven’t. W: We describe our classes by level and number. Your class is called “Elementary One” and it begins… ah… just a minute… it begins on August 10th. M: Thank you very much. Bye. Text10 My name is Jenny Barker, and I work at St James Hospital. I’m here today to talk about the blood transfusion. Often, if a person loses a lot of blood, this is the time when a blood transfusion is needed. This simply means taking blood from another person and putting it into the patient ’s body. Doctors have been carrying blood transfusions for hundreds of years. At first, they used blood from sheep, but wasn’t very successful. It wasn’t until the last century that the doctors realized there are several types of blood and that the correct type must always be used. Then they knew that blood transfusions became almost a hundred percent successful. So, you might be thinking, “What does this have to do with me?” Well, it has something to do with all of us. Hospitals need to keep back the blood ready for transfusions. The only way they can get that blood is from ordinary people like you. Every human body has five liters of blood and we take 0.5 liters from each person. This is completely safe. In fact, your body will make enough blood to replace it after only a day. Giving blood only takes a short while and it doesn’t hurt. It costs you nothing but can save a life.
选择题部分 1-5 CBACB 21-25DACDB 41-45 BADBC 语法填空 61. absorbed 66. playing 6-10 BBCBC 26-30ADABC 46-50 ADCDA 11-15 CAABC 31-35ADCBA 51-55 BCABA 16-20 ACACA 36-40 CDABG 56-60 CDBAC 64. to 69. that 65. where 70. their
62. designers 67. worse
63. if/ though 68. are allowed
短文改错 第一句：wants 改为 wanted 第二句：So 改为 But 第三句：a 改为 an 第四句：pictures 改为 picture 第五句：could 前面加 that 或 which 第六句：her 改为 his 第七句：another 改为 other 第八句：volunteers 前面加 of; 去掉 been 第九句：calling 改为 called