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江苏省灌云县第一中学2014-2015学年高二英语暑期作业(套卷)(4)


高二英语暑假作业(四)
(120 分钟 120 分) 第一部分 听力(共两节, 满分 20 分) 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分, 满分 15 分) 请认真阅读下面各题, 从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项。 21. (2013· 烟台模拟)—I hear physics is your favorite subject. — _______It’s really beyond me. A. That depends. B. Far from it! C. That’s a good point. D. Out of question. 22. (2013· 延吉模拟)The leader of the factory told us that very little______was made of the waste material in the past. A. cost B. value C. use D. matter 23. When the accident happened, your brother escaped being hurt, _______? A. didn’t he B. did he C. didn’t itD. did it 24. (2013· 哈尔滨模拟)It is uncertain______side effects these weight-loss drugs will bring about, although hundreds of thousands of people have taken it. A. that B. whether C. how D. what 25. On Oct. 27, 2012, President Obama highlighted the work of the new independent consumer watchdog he fought to create, which______for consumers and protects Americans. A. watches out B. stands up C. closes down D. points out 26. Mo Yan thinks that China has many____authors, and their great works should also be recognized by the world. A. interesting B. independent C. outstanding D. intelligent 27. Car control is a subject_____Beijingers have argued for a long time. A. which B. that C. with which D. about which 28. (2013· 南昌模拟)—What does the sign over there read? —“No person_____smoke or carry a lighted cigarette, cigar or pipe in this area. ” A. shall B. may C. must D. will 29. —What makes you a history major? —Interest. I ________ it because my high school history teacher influenced me a lot. A. loved B. had loved C. love D. have loved 30. House prices vary from place to place and are usually high ________ there are famous schools. A. where B. since C. when D. whether 31. (2013·厦 门 模 拟 )With so many years of______experience, the festival has become well-oiled machine. A. /;a B. an; the C. the; a D. an; a 32. All of Beijing’s highways, including the airport expressways, have given free ________ to small passenger cars during one of the longest-ever eight-day National Day holidays. A. tax B. trouble C. passage D. ticket 33. ______around the Tower of London, the group of American teenagers were taken to Buckingham Palace. A. Having shown B. Being shown C. To have been shown D. Having been shown

34. We are always taught not to panic______what happens. A. as a result of B. regardless of C. in spite of D. on account of 35. (2013· 唐山模拟)—I’d rather have some wine, if you don’t mind. —______. Don’t forget that you’ll drive. A. Anything but that B. By all means C. Take it easy D. I wouldn’t say no to this 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分, 满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项。 A high school history teacher once told us, “If you make one close friend in school, you will be most fortunate. A 36 friend is someone who stays with you for life. ” 37 teaches that he was right. Good friendship is just not easily 38 . It is possible that we simply do not stay in one place 39 enough for true friendship to develop. However, there can be 40 disagreement on the need for each of us to think carefully about the kind of friendship we want. To most of us, friendships are considered very important, 41 we need to have it clear in our minds the kinds of friendship we want. Are we to be close or 42 at arm’s length? Do we want to 43 ourselves or do we want to walk on the surface? For some people, many friendships on the surface are 44 enough. And that’s all right. But at some 45 we need to make sure that our expectations are the same as our friends’ expectations. The sharing of personal experiences including our tears as well as our dark 46 is the surest way to deepen friendships. But it must be 47 slowly and carried on only if there are 48 of interest and action in return. What are some of the 49 of our friendship? The greatest is to 50 too much too soon. Deep relationships 51 time. Another “major difficulty” is the selfishness to think one “possesses” the other, including his time and attention. 52 , friendships require actions in return. In other words, you must 53 as much as you take. Finally there is a question of taking care of. Unless you spend 54 time together, talking on the phone, writing letters, doing things together, friendships will die 55 . 36. A. true B. fair-weather C. fortunate D. useful 37. A. Knowledge B. Experience C. Hardship D. Schooling 38. A. understood B. formed C. realized D. produced 39. A. certainly B. patiently C. long D. alternatively 40. A. some B. any C. great D. no 41. A. but B. and C. or D. while 42. A. remain B. leave C. keep D. stay 43. A. hide B. deepen C. strengthen D. share 44. A. quite B. nearly C. hardly D. very 45. A. degree B. point C. sense D. length 46. A. clothes B. clouds C. dreams D. letters 47. A. experimented B. mastered C. discussed D. undertaken 48. A. marks B. signs C. sciences D. sights 49. A. disadvantages B. differences C. difficulties D. requirements 50. A. expect B. put C. command D. develop 51. A. waste B. spend C. kill D. take 52. A. Similarly B. Differently C. Strangely D. Surprisingly

53. A. give B. possess C. act D. walk 54. A. considerate B. wonderful C. reasonable D. comfortable 55. A. down B. away C. out D. off 第三部分 阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分, 满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项。 (A) Talk Now! Series CD-ROM Language Courses Talk Now! is a beginning-level language course on CD-ROM available in over 102 languages from Afrikaans to Zulu, and is excellent for travellers who must pick up a language in a hurry. ★Talk Now! $45 ★Talk Now!, Talk More!, and World Talk! Package—save$40! $99 ★Talk Now! and World Talk! Package—a$15 saving! $79 We recommend the Talk Now! series for any language beginner who wants an entertaining self-study course to learn basic phrases, colours, numbers, food, shopping, time, countries, etc. . Talk Now! is available in versions for learning languages: We have been selling this European-produced CD-ROM for a while now and find it highly-praised by people from all over the world. Designed by language experts, it includes great features like speaking and repeating, interactive games, and digital recordings with both sexes of native speakers, and runs on both Macintosh and Windows computers. Talk Now! is designed for people who want to learn a language quickly. It’s fun, fast, and makes learning easy. If you don’t have time to become fluent, but need the basics in a hurry, then Talk Now! is for you. It’s ideal for travellers, holidaymakers, business people, schoolchildren, students and families. Anyone over 10 years will find the disc indispensable(不可缺少的)for improving listening, understanding and spoken language skills. The games and quizzes included on the disc ensure that users have fun while using the disc, without realizing that they’re learning. The “intelligent” software feature remembers words you get wrong and targets your weak points. There are nine topics: first words, food, colours, phrases, parts of the body, numbers, time, shopping and countries. Each topic contains listening practice, an easy game, a hard game, a printable dictionary as well as the opportunity to record your voice and hear how you sound in comparison with the two native speakers who tutor the user throughout the course. Each of the target languages has help available in an additional 102 languages. 56. Talk now! is meant for . A. English learners B. language beginners and travellers C. advanced language learners D. foreign language students 57. From the passage we can learn that Zulu is the name of a . A. book B. person C. game D. language 58. If you only buy Talk More!, you should pay . A. $45 B. $20 C. $5 D. $54 59. By using Talk now!, you can . A. compare your pronunciation to that of native speakers

B. talk to language experts C. do shopping online D. learn how to operate a computer (B) There’s a three-hour-or-so slice of late afternoon that puzzles parents: the hours after school lets out and before the family gather for dinner. What are kids supposed to do during this time, anyway? As a society, we don’t seem to know. It’s not like the hours from 8 am to 3 pm, when the drill is known to all. Parents go to work; kids go to school. It’s not like the hours after 6 pm when a sort of consensus(一致的意见, 共识)reigns again. Parents stay at home and the kids do whatever the parents want them to do. School ends at around 3 pm. Work finishes at around 5 pm, and it can take parents up to an hour or more to get home. Love it or hate it, that’s the way it is. We have a gap between the lives of kids and parents, and there is no good way to connect them. It is as if the gap were some unexpected problems, and each family is responsible for finding its own solution, much the same as when someone gets sick. The term “key kids” comes from the image of young children carrying house keys around their necks or in their pockets. When school ends, they make their way home alone and walk into an empty house. What they do after that is between them and the cat. The Christian Science Monitor says that crime peaks during the after-school hours. Also, according to a report from the National Safe Kids Campaign, 4. 5 million children are injured in their homes every year. Most of them are kids who are unsupervised after school. Personally, I don’t need numbers. When I picture a child between the ages of 6 and 12 coming home alone, my mind instantly fills with terrible thoughts. This can’t be any parent’s preferred choice. There must be a better solution. 60. What is the writer’s main purpose of writing this article? A. To criticize parents who don’t take care of their children. B. To criticize schools for not taking care of kids. C. To draw parents’ attention to the after-school problem. D. To offer advice on how to solve the after-school problem. 61. What does the underlined word “unsupervised” in the fourth paragraph mean? A. No one believes them. B. No one is charging them. C. No one is expecting something from them. D. No one is watching them. 62. What will “key kids” usually do after they go home? A. They will do everything their parents want them to do. B. They may play with their pets alone at home. C. They will stay at home with their parents. D. They will do homework on their own. 63. What are most parents doing from around 5 pm to 6 pm in the afternoon? A. Hurrying home. B. Being busy with their work. C. Staying with their children. D. Preparing supper. (C) He may not have learned to read and write until he was 91, but Jim Henry is becoming a literary star.

Since the 98-year-old Academy Point resident published his first book, In a Fisherman’s Language, in Nov. , 2011, he and his family have been in a world of book printings, agents, publicity, and film rights. The book’s first printing of 780 copies were sold out in just two weeks and 1, 000 more arrived last week. A New York City film producer has contacted Henry and his family. A German television station and a Greek newspaper are doing stories about him. There’s an offer for an audio book. And people from not just around the country but the world have called and emailed wanting a book. When he was a third-grade student, his father made him and his brother quit school so they could work odd jobs. Over the years, he hid his illiteracy(无学识)from friends and relatives by employing a variety of tricks, such as ordering what he heard someone else asked for when he went to a restaurant. Then, seven years ago, at 91, Henry was inspired after learning about the story of George Dawson, the grandson of a slave who wanted to earn his high school diploma by learning how to read and write at 98. Dawson went on to write the book Life Is So Good. Henry began by reading books designed for first-graders and spent countless hours practicing how to write, first the alphabet and his name, then small words. Mark Hogan, a retired East Lyme English teacher who is a volunteer, spent many hours with Henry helping him read and write and editing the book. 64. Why did Jim Henry become famous? A. Because his story was written in a textbook. B. Because his book was translated into foreign languages. C. Because he published his first book at the age of 98. D. Because his story was spread widely online. 65. What made Henry learn how to read and write again? A. The story of George Dawson. B. The book Life Is So Good. C. The requests of his family. D. The encouragement from Mark Hogan. 66. What can we learn from Henry’s story? A. Knowledge is power. B. It’s never too old to learn. C. You can’t teach an old dog new tricks. D. A little learning is a dangerous thing. (D) Most kids don’t regularly use sunscreen, although many of them suffer from sunburns, which increases the risk of developing skin cancer later in life, according to a recent study. Most of the study participants said they liked the appearance of a tan(晒黑), and the number of children who said they spent time in the sun to get a tan increased over the three-year period. Lead author Stephen Dusza said the findings showed the importance of finding effective ways to educate children of this age group about sun safety and the potential dangers of more exposure to ultraviolet(紫外的)light. “When you ask kids or teens about tanning, they say people look better with a tan, so trying to get them to limit this behavior is a difficult message to get across, ”Dusza said. “This is the age group we need to make an impact on, because it gets harder to make an impact as they get into their later teen and early adult years, ”said Dr. Jonette Keri from the University of Miami’s Miller School of Medicine. “It’s a time when parents don’t have much control and kids do what they want. ”

Skin cancer is on the rise among young adults. “We need to identify what these kids think so that we can target their thinking and try to change their habits, ”said Keri, “The problem is the idea of a tan being beautiful is perpetuated on television and in the media, and it’s very hard to break that. ” “Maybe we can get them thinking about their skin, and get them to examine it carefully and know what changes to look for, so if they do go tanning or are out in the sun, they can at least be aware of the signs of skin cancer so they can get treated early, ”she added. 67. What can we learn from Dusza’s words? A. Kids consider tanning a kind of beauty. B. Kids know a lot about sun safety in fact. C. Adults don’t know what the kids think. D. It’s difficult for kids to learn about skin cancer. 68. What makes it difficult to break the children’s idea of a tan being beautiful? A. Parents’ control on children. B. Lacking in education. C. Showing of tan on TV and other media. D. Children having too much freedom. 69. The underlined word “perpetuated” in Paragraph 6 may mean“ ”. A. analyzed B. ignored C. replaced D. fixed 70. What does the study in the text show? A. Most young children don’t know about sunscreen. B. Parents care little about their children’s tanning. C. Kids try to get a tan not for health but for beauty. D. Kids must be stopped from spending time in the sun. 第四部分 任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文, 并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意: 每个空格只填一个单词。 How to Take a Nap Whether you think you need daytime rest or not, picking up a nap habit—or continuing to make time for one—is a smart, healthy move. Consider the evidence: The Mayo Clinic says naps promote relaxation, reduce tiredness, better mood and recover alertness(机敏). A 2010 British study found that compared to getting more nighttime sleep or drinking more coffee, a mid-day nap was the best way to cope with the mid-afternoon slump(萎靡). The Harvard Health Letter says that several studies have shown that people remember new information better when they take a nap shortly after learning it. And, unbelievably, a 2007 study of nearly 24, 000 Greek adults in the Archives of Internal Medicine found that people who napped regularly had a 37 percent reduced risk of dying from heart disease compared to people who didn’t nap. To get the most out of your rest, follow these tips. How long to sleep: Naps provide different benefits depending on how long they are, says MentalFloss.com. A 20-minute nap will promote alertness and concentration; a 90-minute nap which includes deeper stages of sleep, can strengthen creativity. The danger zone is when you’re somewhere in between, because waking up in the middle of a sleep cycle can lead to sleep inertia(惯 性). So stick to 20 or 90 minutes for maximum benefits. If you wake up from a nap feeling confused or more tired, it’s likely that your timing was just off. What time to sleep: Prevention. com says that you experience a natural dip in body temperature(the same kind that makes you feel sleepy at night)between 1 pm and 3 pm. A power nap at this time can promote alertness for several hours and, for most people, won’t affect being able to fall asleep at night.

How to get comfortable: MentalFloss. com says it takes about 50 percent longer to fall asleep sitting up than lying down. (That’s why we sleep so poorly on planes and trains!) Pick a dark, cozy place that’s not too warm or too chilly. Prevention. com recommends napping on the couch instead of in bed, so you won’t snooze for too long. Surprisingly, the best place to sleep may be a hammock(吊床)if you have one. A Swiss study published last year found that people fell asleep faster and had deeper sleep when they napped in a hammock than in a bed. That same rocking motion that causes babies to sleep works wonders for grown-ups, too. Consider a “caffeine nap”: It sounds strange, but drinking coffee right before a nap may be the perfect aid for maximum alertness. Since caffeine takes 20 to 30 minutes to take full effect, you’ll feel even more alert after your 20-minute nap.

Title: How to Take a Nap Finding It’s good for you to form the(71)______of taking naps. · (72)______to the Mayo Clinic, naps are of great benefit to people. · A 2010 British study found that there is no(73)_______way to reduce the mid-afternoon slump than a mid-day nap. · Those who took(74)_____naps are less likely to die from heart disease than those who didn’t. How (75)______ to sleep much · A nap between 20 to 90 minutes is suitable for you. · If you feel confused or more tired, (76)_______ are your timing was just off. To take a nap between 1 pm and 3 pm can make you alert(77)_____affecting your nighttime sleep. · You had better find a place where you can (78)______ down. · It is suggested that you choose a dark and cozy place. · To our(79)_____, the best place to nap may be a hammock. · Drinking coffee before a nap helps you to be more alert after(80)______up, because caffeine begins to take full effect after 20~30 minutes.

Evidence

Tips

What time to sleep How to comfortable get

Tips

Consider a“caffeine nap”

第五部分 书面表达(满分 25 分) 林书豪(Jeremy Lin)在 NBA 的优异表现在全球掀起了一股“林旋风”。近期某网站就林书豪现象 对网民进行了一次调查, 结果见下表。 请根据下面表格的文字内容和饼状图用英语写一篇短文, 短文内容须包括表中提供的所有信息。 成功 原因 1. 勤奋 2. 天赋 3. 教育

4. 运气 你能向他学什么? (不少于两点) 注意: 1. 对所给提示, 不要简单翻译, 可适当增加细节, 使行文连贯。 2. 词数 150 个左右。开头已给出, 不计入总词数。 Recently, a survey on Jeremy Lin has been conducted among netizens on a website. ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________

答案(四) 21-25 BCADB 26-30CDACA 31.-35ACDBA 36-40ABBCD 41-45ACDAB 46-50 CDBCA 51-55 DAACB 56-60 BDA AC 61-65 DBACA 66-70BACDC 71.habit 72.According 73. better 74. regular 75. time 76. chances 77. without 78. lie 79. surprise 80. waking/getting 书面表达 Recently, a survey on Jeremy Lin has been conducted among netizens on a website. People surveyed have various opinions about his success and his future. Some of them consider diligence as an important factor of his success. Some of them think Lin possesses a remarkable talent for basketball. It is also believed that the education he has received contributes to his success. Others think of luck as one of the factors leading to his success. As for Lin’s possible achievements in the future, 70% of them believe that he will make more achievements in NBA than Yao Ming, while 20% of them hold the opposite opinion. The rest have no idea about the matter. Jeremy Lin has many good qualities that we can learn from. We are supposed to aim high and make every effort to achieve great success. In addition, we should try our best to overcome whatever difficulties we meet, instead of losing heart. Only by doing so can we realize our dreams in the future.


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