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第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) A The University of Oxford is seeking to select the brightest and best students for its courses. This means

that(with the exception of our Medicine course)we have no portions or targets for international students,meaning that it is an entirely open competition for our places. You do not have to take British A-levels to apply to Oxford—we accept school-leaving qualifications from many different counties.See the full list of international qualifications. The application process for international students is exactly the same as it is for UK students, therefore please see the Applying to Oxford section of the undergraduate website for more information. While the application process itself is the same,we recognise that there are a number of additional elements international students will need to consider when applying to Oxford, including English language requirements,visa and immigration information as well as interview arrangements for international candidates.There are devoted sections within the international students section of the website to address these. Making the transformation To help you make the transition to study at Oxford,the Student Information and Advisory Service provides a wealth of support tailored to the needs of international students.For more information on the support available,please see the Student Information and Advisory Service website. Fees and funding We understand that funding for international students may be a key consideration when thinking about applying to the University of Oxford.For more information on the fees for our undergraduate courses,as well as sources of funding available,please see the fees and funding section of our website. 21.What condition needn't be met for the international students? A.British A-levels. B.Interview arrangements. C.Immigration information. D.English language requirements. 22.Where can you find the charge information? A.The full list of international qualifications. B.The fees and funding section of the website. C.The international students section of the website. D.The Student Information and Advisory Service website. 23.The text probably comes from________________. A.an official report B.an exhibition advertisement: C.a popular magazine D.an admission guide B The World Health Organization warns that millions of people are dying every year from indoor air pollution.Nearly three billion people are unable to use clean fuels and technologies for cooking,heating and lighting. These findings show that the use of deadly fuels in inefficient stoves,space heaters or lights

is to blame for many of these deaths. WHO officials say indoor pollution leads to early deaths from stroke, heart and lung disease, childhood pneumonia and lung cancer. Women and girls are the main victims. These diseases can often result from the burning of solid fuels.These fuels include wood,coal,animal waste,crop waste and charcoal. The United Nations found that more than 95 percent of households in sub-Saharan Africa depend on solid fuels for cooking.It says huge populations in India, China and Latin American countries,such as Guatemala and Peru,also are at risk. Nigel Brace is a professor of Public Health at the University of Liverpoo1 . He says researchers are developing good cook-stoves and other equipment to burn fuels in a more efficient way .There are already multiple technologies available for use in clean fuels.There is really quite an effective and reasonably low-cost alcohol stove that is made by Dometic(a Sweden-based company)that is now being tested out.LPG(liquified petroleum gas)cook is obviously widely available and efforts are under way to make those efficient.Another interesting development is electric induction stoves(电磁炉).WHO experts note some new,safe and low-cost technologies that could help are already available . In India, you can bay an induction stove for about $8.00.And in Africa you can buy a solar lamp for less than$1.00. But, this, the agency says, is just a start. It is urging developing counties to use cleaner fuels and increase access to cleaner and more modern cooking and heating appliances. 24.What does the indoor pollution mainly result from? A.Poisonous fuels. B.High technology.C.Space heaters. D.Solar energy. 25.How is Paragraph 3 mainly developed? A.By showing differences. B.By describing a process. C.By making a list. D.By analyzing causes. 26.What can we infer from the text? A.Indoor pollution results in many diseases. B.Most of the deaths are in developing countries. C.The solid fuels are used in more efficient ways. D.There is no indoor pollution in developed countries. 27.Which of the following is true of different technologies? A.LPG cooks are being tested out. B.Alcohol stoves are widely used now. C.Electric induction stoves are expensive. D.Solar lamps are very cheap in Africa. C The longer a teenager spends using electronic devices such as computers and smartphones, the worse their sleep will be,a study of nearly 10,00016-to 19-year-olds suggests. More than two hours of screen time after school was strongly linked to both delayed and shorter sleep.Almost all the teens from Norway said they used the devices shortly before going to bed.Many said they often got less than five hours sleep a night. The teens were asked questions about their sleep routine on weekdays and at weekends,as well as how much screen time they clocked up outside school hours.On average,girls said they spent around five and a half hours a day watching TV or using computers,smartphones or other electronic devices.And boys spent slightly more time in front of a screen around six and a half hours a day,on average.Playing computer games was more popular among the boys,whereas girls were more likely to spend their time chatting online! Any type of screen use during the day and in the hour before bedtime appeared to disturb sleep—making it more difficult for teenagers to nod off.And the more hours they spent on these

devices,the more disturbed their sleep became:When daytime screen use totalled four or more hours,teens had a 49%greater risk of taking longer than an hour to fall asleep.These teens also tended to get less than five hours of sleep per night. Dr.Hysing said her findings had suggestions for the wider population as so many people use these devices.“We know that sufficient sleep is essential for good physical and mental health.Logging off may be one important step toward securing a good night's sleep.” Prof Rnssell Foster, an expert the University of Oxford, said, “This is an important study as it provides practical evidence that the use of electronic devices before bed does indeed reduce sleep duration.”He said teenagers should be warned of this. 28.What is stressed in the first two paragraphs? A.Teens now tend to have more problems with studies. B.Teens get harder to fall asleep with more screen time. C.Teens addicted to screen are likely to be more energetic. D.Teens’sleep duration has nothing to do with their screen time. 29.By asking questions,the study finds_________________. A.boys are more likely to chat online than girls B.girls are more frequent on the screen than boys C.teens are attracted by different electronic devices D.teens use the screen for the same purpose 30.What does the phrase“nod off”in the fourth paragraph mean? A.shut off B.get excited C.focus on D.fall asleep 31.How does Prof Russell Foster feel the study? A.Beneficial. B.Uncaring. C.Doubtful.D.Dissatisfied. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) Have you had to overcome difficulty in your life? Your difficulties may appear 41 compared to those of April Alvarez.Doctors said she had a memory 42 and severe learning disability.They said she would never 43 to read or write.Later she had to tolerate years of doctors’44 and daily shots.But she never gave up hope. April expresses her 45 this way:“Even if it's dark sometimes,in my mind the 46 are there.”April refuses to.1et learning challenges 47 her back.She receives special education services . But she also worked her 48 into advanced classes at Hawaii’s Kahuku High Schoo1.With insistence and the help of 49 ,she has learned to develop her memory and become a 50 student. “I 51 get things the first time,”she says.But she keeps trying and often 52 up with a better understanding than other students.For being such a good 53 ,April was considered as an All-Star Kid in the Honolulu Advertiser newspaper. Art and design are like 54 for April.One of her watercolor designs won the grand prize in a national Christmas card contest.She also enjoys 55 clothing, handbags and other items.April hopes to 56 this talent into a career.Her plan is to study at the Fashion Institute of Technology in New York. In a major step57 this goal,she received $27,500 in scholar ships from state and national awards last year.She won these awards in recognition of her academic success. April isn't 58 with just improving herself. She tries to help others, too.With her church,she has 59 food for the poor and done something for the elderly.She organized a Christmas event 60 poor children receive donated gifts.

41.A.1ight 42.A.problem 43.A.begin 44.A.medicines 45.A.attitude 46.A.satellites 47.A.take 48.A.1esson 49.A.ones 50.A.top 51.A.almost 52.A.starts 53.A.example 54.A.tool 55.A.making 56.A.introduce 57.A.in 58.A.patient 59.A.bought 60.A.where

B.small B.error B.remember B.operations B.suggestion B.planets B.hold B.method B.others B.slow B.always B.stops B.servant B.cure B.cleaning B.create B.into B.anxious B.collected B.when

C.serious C.talent C.1earn C.calls C.doubt C.stars C.prevent C.step C.those C.strict C.just C.ends C.scholar C.skill C.purchasing C.increase C.towards C.content C.1ent C.why

D.great D.ability D.desire D.visits D.sorrow D.clouds D.catch D.way D.these D.shy D.rarely D.keeps D.reporter D.data D.designing D.develop D.beyond D.appropriate D.stored D.how

寒假作业 3 英语科参考答案
第I卷 第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 21-23 ABD 24-27 ACBD 28-31 BCDA 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 36- 40 CBDFG 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 41-45 BACDA 46-50 CBDBA 51-55 DCABD 32-35 BCDA

56-60 DCCBA

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