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高二英语试卷讲评


Explanation and Analysis of the English Test

一中高二10月周测1029平行高二理科15英语_单科简明 英语 姓名 考号 班级 学校 总分 班名 校名 客观 主观 王世伟 181539 15 一中 98.5 1 35 69.5 29 钱梦雨 181533 15 一中 97 2 44 72 25 谢炎芩 181547 15 一中 91 3 82 60 31 王彬翰 181538 15 一中 90 4 92 67 23 王越媚 181542 15 一中 90 4 92 59 31 肖宇涵 181546 15 一中 90 4 92 58 32 丁克宣 181507 15 一中 89.5 7 101 64.5 25 李小雨 181515 15 一中 89 8 106 64 25 员玥 181552 15 一中 88 9 110 68 20 马宇歌 181528 15 一中 87 10 118 57 30 赵杨 181558 15 一中 87 10 118 61 26 常林汇 181503 15 一中 86.5 12 126 73.5 13 赵鹏东 181557 15 一中 86.5 12 126 67.5 19 马安娜 181525 15 一中 85.5 14 142 57.5 28

主观题 :50分

150分
客观题 100分

第二部分 单项选择 (共10小题。每小题1分,满分10 分)
图表标题 90.00% 80.00%

70.00%
60.00% 50.00%

77.42% 67.74% 59.68%

74.19% 67.74%

40.00%
30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00%

35.48% 17.74%
k1-21 k1-22 k1-23 k1-24 k1-25

41.94%

40.32% 20.97%

k1-26

k1-27

k1-28

k1-29

k1-30

原题再现
22.He said that he had submitted the report______the matter____the director. A.on; for C.on; to B.to; on D.to; with

关于…,对于…: an article on physics 一篇关于物理学的论文

? submit to ? 提交;向…提出: ? Some of you have not yet submitted your
homework to me.

? 你们有些人还没有把作业交上来。 ? Do you want to submit to his threat? ? 你真想向他的威胁屈服吗? ? (使)接受;(使)受到,(使)忍受: ? to submit to one's decision ? 服从某人的决定 ? I can't submit to your chatter.

原题再现
23.—How about the book you are reading? —Good indeed. It________many problems we have come across in our study.
A.says C.covers B.talks D.refers

cover
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
包括,涉及;论及:

His studies covered a wide field.
他的研究项目涉及的范围很广。 负担支付;够付(费用): This check should cover all her expenses. 这张支票应该足够支付她的全部开支。 弥补(损失等): The price barely covers the cost. 这种价格刚够抵上成本。

原题再现
26. Never ________ Jack would attend the wedding but he turned up at the last minute. A.did we think B.have we thought C.we thought D. we have thought

? 【解析】选A。考查倒装句。句意:我们从来没有
想到Jack会参加婚礼, 但他在最后一分钟出现了。 当否定词never, not, seldom等放在句首的时 候, 句子要部分倒装, 根据句意可知应用一般过去 时, 故选A。

? 【变式备选】 ? The old couple have been married for 40 years and
never once with each other.

? A. they had quarreled B. they have quarreled ? C. have they quarreled D. had they quarreled ? 【解析】选C。句意:这对老夫妇结婚40年了, 他们从来没
有吵过一次架。never放在句首, 句子要部分倒装。结合 句意及全句的时态, 判断应用现在完成时。

原题再现

28.It’s very difficult to________a foreign language, which takes time and energy. A.acquire B.apply C.require D.achieve

? acquire [?'kwai?] ? vt. ? (尤指靠自己的努力或行动或经过一个过程)获得;学到(知
识等),习得:

? to acquire an education
? to acquire learning ? 学到知识(或:获得学问) ? 取得,得到(具体东西);开始具有(或占有): ? He acquired hundreds of books at last. ? 最后他得到了数百本书。 ? to acquire property ? 占有财产

? (使用探测器)捕获(目标),探明并盯住(要侦察的目标),
(在探测器上)跟踪截留:

? They acquired the target by radar.

原题再现
29.The manager demanded at the meeting that the project____before the deadline. A.was finished B.had finished C.should be finished D.would be finished

? 表示建议,命令,要求的虚拟语气。常见动词:
? 建议: advise, suggest, propose, recommend.

? 命令:order, command ? 要求:
insist(坚决要求), demand , desire, require, request.
要使用虚拟语气。即从句中的动词使用should + 动词 原形,should可以省略。

? 这些动词后面的宾语从句或主语从句(it作形式主语)

? 注意:suggest“表明、暗示”用陈述语气,“建议”用虚
拟语气;insist“坚持认为”用陈述语气,“坚决要求”用 虚拟语气。

变式备选

? He commanded that all the gates . ? A.should shut ? B.would be shut ? C.shut ? D.be shut

举一反三:
? 注意:如suggest, insist不表示“建议”或“坚持要
某人做某事时”,即它们用于其本意“暗示、表 明”、“坚持认为”时,宾语从句用陈述语气。

? 如:The

guard at gate everybody obey the rules.

insisted

that

? 判断改错: ? You pale face suggests that you(should) be ill. ? Your pale face suggests that you are ill. ? I insisted that you(should) be wrong. ? I insisted that you were wrong.

原题再现
30.As we all know,newspapers,magazines and radios as well as television broadcasts can keep us______about what is happening at home and abroad. A.informing C.to inform B.informed D.being informed

? inform [in'f?:m] ? vt. ? 通知,告诉,告知: ? to inform somebody of his arrival ? 通知某人他的到达 ? Please inform us how to find his house.

? 请告诉我们他家在哪里。
? 通报,报告: ? The boss asked his secretary to keep him well informed
of the programme's progress.

? 老板要求秘书随时向他报告计划的进展情况。 ? [inform oneself]使了解,使熟悉(常与of连用): ? to inform oneself of the rules

变式备选:

? Keep me _____of the latest news.
? A.inform ? C.informed
B.to inform D.informing

? C 掌握inform sb of sth.短语,此处
sb.为me ,me 放在inform 之前,故 用过去分词表示被动,作宾补。

第 三 部 分 : 阅 读 理 解 ( 共 两 节 , 4 0 分 ) 第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,共30分)
图表标题

80.00%
75.81% 75.81% 69.36%

70.00% 60.00% 50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00%
14.52% 33.87% 41.94% 38.71% 33.87% 29.03% 29.03%

56.45% 53.23%

32.26% 29.03% 19.36%

10.00%

0.00%
k1-31 k1-32 k1-33 k1-34 k1-35 k1-36 k1-37 k1-38 k1-39 k1-40 k1-41 k1-42 k1-43 k1-44 k1-45

31. The text is meant to ______ . A. leave a note B. send an invitation C. present a document D. carry an advertisement Do you want to get home from work knowing you have made a real difference in someone's life? If yes, don't care about sex or age! Come and join us, then you'll make it! We are now looking for volunteers to support people with learning disabilities to live active lives!

?

主旨大意题主要是测试考生对一 篇文章或一段文字的深层理解程度 以及在速读中准确把握文章主旨大 意的能力。一般针对某一语段或某 一语篇的主题标题或目的设题。这 类题目考查的范围是:基本论点、 文章标题、主题或段落大意等。它 要求考生在理解全文的基础上能较 好地运用概括、判断、归纳、推理 等逻辑思维方法,对文章进行高度 概括或总结,属于高层次题。

原题再现
33. The volunteers’ primary responsibility is to help people with learning disabilities ______ . A. to get some financial support B. to properly protect themselves C. to learn some new living skills D. to realize their own importance

? Role:
You will provide people with learning disabilities with all aspects of their daily lives. You will help them to develop new skills. You will help them to protect their rights and their safety. But your primary concern is to let them know they are valued.

原题再现
34. Which of the following can first be chosen as a volunteer? A. The one who can drive a car. B. The one who has done similar work before. C. The one who has patience to listen to others. D. The one who can use English to communicate.

?

Skills and Experience Required: You will have the right values and great listening skills. You will be honest and patient. You will have the ability to drive a car and to communicate in fluent written and spoken English since you'll have to help those people with different learning disabilities. Previous care-related experience will be a great advantage for you.

原题再现
35. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text? A. A girl can’t apply for the position. B. You can get salaries from the position. C. Free meals are available. D. You can get the position in 5 days.

? If yes, don't care about sex or age!
Come and join us, then you'll make it!

? Position: Volunteer Social Care Assistant
(No Pay with Free Meals)

? We are now looking for volunteers to
support people with learning disabilities to live active lives! Only 4 days left. Don't miss the chance of lending your warm hands to help others!

?

同义定位法。英文中可以用Paraphrase 表示。同义定位就是指问题所用的关键词 和文中的不一致,但属于同义性质,同义 转换其实是在关键词的基础上拐了个弯。

原题再现
37. Izzy kicked her father in the chest ______ . A. to express her helplessness B. to practise CPR on him C. to keep him awake D. to restart his heart

? Izzy, nine, restarted father Colm's heart

by stamping (踩) on his chest after he fell down at home and stopped breathing.

原题再现
38. What's the right order of the events? ①Izzy kicked Colm. ②Debbie called 999. ③Izzy learned CPR. ④Colm's heart stopped . A. 3124 B. 4231 C. 3421 D. 4312

? 结构顺序题解题技巧 ? 解题思路: ? (1) 注意主题段。主题段通常在文章的开
头,简要概括文章的中心思想,

?

(2) 找出或者总结每段的主题句。主题句 可能在段落的开头,也可能出现在段落的中间或 末尾。如何确定主题句的方法同主旨题之main idea型。 (3) 最后根据每段主题确定段与段之间的 结构关系,承上启下,使文章行文连贯,逻辑严 密。为突出主题,作者可能采用不同的写作手法 来组织文章,通过举例、比较、类比等手法来透 彻阐明主题观点。

?

? Izzy's mother, Debbie, immediately called 999
but Izzy knew doctors would never arrive in time to save her father, so decided to use CPR. ? A schoolgirl saved her father's life by kicking him in the chest after he suffered a serious allergic (过敏的) reaction which stopped his heart. ? Izzy's mother, Debbie, immediately called 999 but Izzy knew doctors would never arrive in time to save her father, so decided to use CPR. ? However, she quickly discovered her arms weren't strong enough, so she stamped on her father's chest instead.

39. What does Paragraph 8 mainly talk about? A. What Colm suffered. B. Colm's present condition. C. What caused Colm's allergy. D. Symptoms of Colm's allergic reaction.

? 主旨大意题解题技巧 ? ? ? ? ? Topic/Title型-使用逆推法 (1) 要在阅读原文基础上,仔细考虑选项是否 与文章主题有密切联系 (2) 再看选项对文章的概括性或覆盖面如何 (3) 要注意题目是否过大或者过小 (4) 要避免下列三种错误

?
? ?

概括不够(多表现为部分代整体,导致范围过小)
过度概括(多表现为扩大范围) 以事实、细节代替抽象概括的大意。

? Truck driver Colm, 35, suffered a mystery
allergic reaction on Saturday and was taken to hospital, but was sent home only for it to happen again the next day. The second attack was so serious that his airway swelled, preventing him from breathing, his blood pressure dropped suddenly, and his heart stopped for a moment.He has now made a full recovery from his suffering.

原题再现
43. What does “it” in Paragraph 2 refer to?
A. The beach C. The boat B. The water D. The wind

? 词义句意题解题技巧 ?
要求考生通过阅读上下文,结合中学生应有 的赏识来推测尚不熟悉的词或者词组的意思。出 现特征:划线或者引号 解题方法:根据上下文,往往是本句中的同 位关系进行猜测。

?

? Two

12-year-old boys, Christian and Jack, rowed out a boat to search a football. Once they’d rowed beyond the calm waters, a beach umbrella tied to the boat caught the wind and pulled the boat into open water. The pair panicked and tried to row back to shore. But they were no match for it and the boat was out of control.

原题再现
44. Why did Tim raise his head regularly?
A. To take in enough fresh air. B. To consider turning back or not. C. To check his distance from the boys. D. To ask the boys to take down the umbrella.

同义定位法

? Tim took off his clothes and jumped
into the water. Every 500 yards or so, he raised his head to judge his progress.

原题再现
45. How can the two boys finally reach the pier? A. They were dragged to the pier by Tim. B. They swam to the pier all by themselves. C. They were washed to the pier by the waves. D. They were carried to the pier by Tim on his back.

在阅读中,精准快速的定位加上正确的 理解力才能保证做题的量与质。定位法是需 要在做题的过程中有意识的培养的,做题的 技巧也是可以总结的,关键是要自觉培养这 种分析归纳和总结的意识以及能力。
? Once they were in the water, Tim decided it
would be safer and faster for him to pull the boys toward the pier. Christian and Jack were wearing life jackets and floated on their backs. Tim swam toward land as water washed over the boys’ faces.

There is an English saying:“____46._____.” Until recently, few people took the saying seriously. Now, however, doctors have begun to look into laughter and the effects it has on the human body. _____47. ____.

were carried out to study the effects of laughter on the body. People watched funny films while doctors checked their hearts, blood pressure, breathing and muscles. It was found that laughter has similar effects to physical exercise. ____48.______. If laughter exercises the body, it must be beneficial.

Tests

Other tests have shown that laughter appears to be able to reduce the effect of pain on the body. In one experiment doctors produced pain in groups of students who listened to different radio programs. The group that tolerated(忍耐) the pain for the longest time was the group which listened to a funny program. _____49.____.

______50.____. They have found that even if their patients do not really feel like laughing, making them smile is enough to produce beneficial effects similar to those caused by laughter.

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分20分) 第一节 完形填空(共15小题;每小题1.5分,共30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的A、B、 C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。

图表标题
80.00% 70.00%
62.90% 60.00% 59.68% 66.13% 69.36% 54.84% 67.74% 61.29%

50.00% 40.00%
30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00%

53.23%

45.16%

46.77% 46.77% 40.32%
30.65% 27.42% 33.87% 30.65% 30.65%

29.03% 25.81%

8.07%

54. A. lose B. help C. last D. hurt ? Now just before my first 52 of the day my eyelids(眼睑) were feeling heavier and heavier and my head was drifting down to my desk to make my textbook a 53 .A few minutes’ nap(小睡)time before class couldn’t 54 ,I thought.

? BOOM!I lifted my head suddenly and
my eyes opened wider than saucers(碟 子).

55. A. heart C. thought

B. mind D. head

? BOOM!I

lifted my head suddenly and my eyes opened wider than saucers(碟子). I looked around with my 55 beating wildly trying to find the cause of the 56noise .

57. A. angrily B. carelessly C. intentionally D. accidentally My young professor was looking at me with a boyish smile on his face. He had 57 dropped the textbooks he was carrying onto his desk. “Good morning!”,

我的年轻教授正回过头来看着我,脸 上带着孩子气的微笑,可知他是故意 地。故选C。

60. A. sound C. interruption

B. shock D. blow

? For the next hour I wasn’t
sleepy at all. It wasn’t from the 60 of my professor’s textbook alarm clock either.

61.A. fascinating C.puzzling

B. convincing D. encouraging

? For the next hour I wasn’t sleepy at all. It

wasn’t from the 60 of my professor’s textbook alarm clock either. It was instead from the 61 discussion he led. With knowledge and good 62 he made the material come 63 .His insight was full of both wisdom and loving kindness. And the enthusiasm and joy that he 64 with were contagious(有感染力的).I 65 the classroom not only wide awake,but a little 66 and a little better as well.

62. A. gesture

B. sense

C. humor

D. design

? For the next hour I wasn’t sleepy at all. It wasn’t from
the 60 of my professor’s textbook alarm clock either. It was instead from the 61 discussion he led. With knowledge and good 62 he made the material come 63 .His insight was full of both wisdom and loving kindness. And the enthusiasm and joy that he 64 with were contagious(有感染力的).I 65 the classroom not only wide awake,but a little 66 and a little better as well.

63. A. strange C. handy

B. natural D. alive

?

With knowledge and good 62 he made the material come 63 .His insight was full of both wisdom and loving kindness.

64. A. taught C. combined

B. spread D. started

? His insight was full of both wisdom and
loving kindness. And the enthusiasm and joy that he 64 with were contagious(有感 染力的).I 65 the classroom not only wide awake,but a little 66 and a little better as well.

65. A. decorated B. filled

C. left

D. entered

I 65 the classroom not only wide awake,but a little 66 and a little better as well.
66. A. clearer C. quieter B. smarter D. stronger

68. A. joy C. aim determination

B. speed D.

? I learned that if you are going to
do something in this life, do it well and do it with 68 .What a wonderful place this would be if all of us did our work joyously and well.

69. A. work C. journey

B. life D. college

70. A. hard C. short

B. complex D. simple

? I learned something far more important than
not 67 in class that day too. I learned that if you are going to do something in this life, do it well and do it with 68 .What a wonderful place this would be if all of us did our work joyously and well.Don’t sleepwalk your way through 69 then. Wake up!Let your love fill your work. Life is too 70 not to live it well.

题目 z71语法
z72单词

满分 10
10

均分 2.34
4.31

难度 0.23
0.43

z73改错
z74作文

10
20

1.77
10.89

0.18
0.54

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内 单词的正确形式。将答案写在答题卡的相应位置。

In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are necessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear 71 spoken. Secondly, we must be able to speak it correctly with confidence and without hesitation. 72 ,we must be able to read the language , and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct. There is no easy way to success 73 language learning. 74 good memory is of great help, but it is not enough only 75 (memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning by heart long list of words and 76 meaning, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. 77 we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. “Learn through use” is a good piece of 78 (advise) for those 79 are studying a new language. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and 80

改错 I as well as my family are going to New York City this weekend. I had been looking am have forward to go there for a long time. It is one of the modernist city in the world. going cities There have also a lot of museums where you can learn something you are can’t learn it in school. I’d also like to see the Statue of Liberty and the Empire State Building.
Unfortunately, the twin towers∧destroyed on September 11th, 2001 and I would ∧have were not the chance to see them by myself. Now I am getting ready for the excited trip. I bet it exciting will be a unforgettable experience. an

第二节 书面表达(满分20分) 现在越来多的同学带手机来学校,一些同学 认为带手机很时尚,而且跟父母便于联系, 但老师认为这浪费时间影响学习。你的看法 怎样请就此展开讨论。

Dear editor, I'm writing to tell you about the discussion.Some students tend to think that it is necessary for middle school students to carry mobile phones to school. They point out that it is more convenient for them to keep in touch with their parents and classmates if they have a mobile phone. Additionally, it's a fashion. However, most teachers hold the view that it is not necessary for middle school students to carry mobile phones to school. They argue that middle school students are not old enough to control themselves. What's more, it is a waste of time for students to play games or send messages to each other by mobile phone. And it's easy to cause the students to vie with each other. In addition, schools usually offer the IC-card telephones for the students. As far as I am concerned, I think following the fashion is understandable. But as middle school students, we should put all our heart into our studies. Yours, truly, Li Hua

the structure of the article
topic sentence

for the opinion

against the opinion diamond

ending sentence

过渡句
Opinions are divided on this issue.

在这个问题上大家意见有分歧。
Opinions are mainly divided into two groups.

主要有两种不同意见。

Different people, however, have different opinions on this matter.

Different people, however, think quite differently on this matter.

然而,在这件事上不同的人有不同的看法。

介绍正方观点:
Sixty percent of the students are for the idea. Sixty percent of the students think it necessary to… Some people think that …According to them, all of us should... Some believe that… They are of the opinion that …

进一步介绍正方观点

What’s more, we can …as well as … Besides, it’s …, which …

介绍反方观点
However, … of the students think…

On the other hand, …of the students think…
However, others have different opinions. But …of the students think… Others argue that …In their opinion,…


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