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2012-2013 学年度上学期高一英语导学案

编号: 05

使用时间:2012.09. 21

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初高中衔接(四)——动词的时态和语态导学案

/>学



编写人:张晓洁 耿瑞 田青 审核人:_______ 审批人:__________ 【学习目标】 : 1.To learn about the basic rules of verbal tenses and voices and use them flexibly. 2.To master the methods of using them freely by annalyzing conluding rules and cooperation. 3.To be devoted to a passionate study and enjoy learning English. 【Key and difficult points】 :扎实掌握动词的时态和语态的基本用法,并能灵活应用。 【Instructions】 10 分钟自己根据教材梳理动词时态和语态的用法,初步完成表格。 :1. 2. 15 分钟学生合作探究并上台展示及点评。 3. 15 分钟完成当堂检测。 4. 5 分钟巩固落实。

7、过去完成时(had done) 表示过去某时或某个动作之前发生的动作, “过去的过去” 是一个相对的时态, 往往与 by, when, before , 等连用,或在宾语从句中: By ten o’clock we had done half of the work. I told him that we had known each other for many years. 8、一般过去将来时 表示从过去某时看来将要发生的动作,与一般将来时一样,也有多种表达方式: He said they would return soon. She said that there was going to be a film. We were to meet at about 5. I was about to leave when he came in. 被动语态的时态与主动语态基本一致: 1.一般现在时的被动语态 (am / is / are + done) You are wanted on the phone. 2.一般过去时的被动语态 (was / were + done) The city was liberated in 1948. I was asked to do this work. 3.一般将来时的被动语态 (will be done) They will be invited to the party. The matter will be discussed at the next meeting. 4.现在进行时的被动语态 (am / is / are + being done) The car is being repaired. 5.过去进行时的被动语态 (was / were being done) The machine was being painted then 6.现在完成时的被动语态 (have / has been done) The bridge has already been built. 7.过去完成时的被动语态 (had been done) The work had been finished before dark. 8.过去将来时的被动语态 (would be done) He said that the trees would be planted.

【自主学习】





线

学生根据初高中衔接教材中或下面的语法梳理自学动词的时态和语态框架,并初步完成以下表格。 1、一般现在时(do, does;am, is, are) 1) 表示经常性、习惯性的动作或现在的状态、特征和普遍真理,一般不表示一个具体的动作。 Are you tired? She usually gets up at six. Light travels faster than sound. 2)表示按规定、 计划或安排将要发生的情况: 只限于少数动词: begin, come, go, leave, arrive, stop, start, open 等。The train leaves at 10 a.m. 3) 表示现在进行时:There goes the bell. Here comes the bus. 4) 在时间和条件状语从句中表示将来:You will catch the train if you hurry up. 2、一般过去时(did; was, were) 表示过去发生的动作、存在的状态或习惯性动作,只表过去,与现在无关。 Who broke the window? I was used to the climate there. 3、一般将来时 表示说话时看来将要发生的动作或情况,有多种表达方式: 1) shall(will)do: We will meet you at the airport. 2) be going to do, 打算、准备干;即将发生:We are going to listen to a talk tonight. 3) be to do, 按计划、安排发生:They are to hand in their plan next week. 4) be about to do, 就要干某事, 不与时间状语连用:We are about to leave. The film is about to begin. 5) be doing,用现在进行时表示按规定、计划或安排要发生的情况:We are leaving for Beijing tomorrow. 4、现在进行时(am / is / are doing) 表示说话时正在进行的动作,与 now 连用: He is writing now. They are listening to music. 5、过去进行时(was / were doing)

表示过去某时正在进行的动作,动作没有完成:
He was doing his homework when I came in. He was reading a novel last night.(正在读,没读完) 6、现在完成时(have / has done) 1) 动作发生在过去,但对现在有影响,与 already, yet 等连用,谓语用瞬间动词: Who has opened the door? (含义:The door was opened. It is still open. It’s cold.) 2) 动作从过去某时开始,一直持续到现在,与 for, since 等连用,谓语用延续性动词: He has learned English for six years(since 1995 / since he came here.)
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2012-2013 学年度上学期高一英语导学案

编号: 05

使用时间:2012.09. 21

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【自主学习成果展示】
时态 现在时基本结构及其被动 过去时及其被动结构 结构 将来时及其被动结构

一般

进行

4. Where’s Jim? — He _____ to England. A. has been B. went to C. has gone D. goes 5. The hero’s story ______ differently in the newspapers. A. was reported B. was reporting C. reports D. reported 6. The reporter said that the UFO ________ east to west when he saw it. A.was traveling B.traveled C.had been traveling D.was to travel 7. John said he _____supper with her parents. He was quite full. A. had had B. was having C. had D. has eaten 8. It is 3 years since his grandpa______. A. died B. has died C. dies D. had died 9.—Do you like the new pen? —Yes,it ________ very well. A. is written B. is writing C. writes D. wrote 10. He_____ this pen for 5 years. He_____ it in 1993. A. has bought, bought B. bought,bought C. has kept, has bought D. has had, bought II. 将下列汉语句子译成英语。 层选做) (C 1. 教师进来时,学生们正在自己做练习。 __________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. 当我们到达电影院时,电影已经开始 5 分钟了。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

完成

3.

天空变得越来越黑。很快就要下雨了。

__________________________________________________________________________________________

【当堂检测】
III. 用括号中动词的适当形式填空。 1. If I___________(have) time tomorrow, I___________(go) with you.

【合作探究】
Ⅰ.单项选择填空。 1. ---“Have you moved to the new flat?” ---“Not yet. The room ____.” A. has been painted B. is painted C. paints 2. —When will you come to see me, Dad? —I will go to see you when you _______ the training course. A.will have finished B.will finish C.are finishing 3. –I ___ the Great Wall next week. --Have a good trip! A. visit B. visited C. am visiting D. have visited

2. I don’t know when she ___________(return), but when she__________(return), I___________(let) you know. 3. Wait there please, and the parcel_______________________(send) to you soon. 4. By the end of last week, we______________________(finish) unit 1, now we ______________________(study) D. is being painted unit 2. 5. A: Lucy, I need some help. Can you come here? D.finish B: Yes, I ___________________(come).

我的总结

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2012-2013 学年度上学期高一英语导学案

编号: 05

使用时间:2012.09. 21

班级:

小组:

姓名:

组内评价:

教师评价:

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