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【走向高考】2015届高三英语二轮专题复习课件 专题3 阅读理解 第4讲词义猜测题


走向高考 · 英语
新课标版 ·二轮专题复习

路漫漫其修远兮 吾将上下而求索

走向高考 · 二轮专题复习新课标版 ·英语

专题三
阅读理解

专题三

阅读理解

走向高考 · 二轮专题复习新课标版 ·英语

专题三
第四讲 词义猜测题

专题三

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走向高考 · 二轮专题复习新课标版 ·英语

1.设题角度 (1) 对文中陌生词汇直接理解; (2) 对文中代词、多义词或 短语确定指代对象或含义;(3)对文中表达、格言等进行解释性 描述

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走向高考 · 二轮专题复习新课标版 ·英语

2.设问方式
(1)The word “... ”in the context means ________. (2)The word “... ”could be best replaced by ________. (3)Which of the following is nearest in meaning to ________?

(4)From the context, we can infer that the word “...” means
________. (5)By saying “... ”,the author means ________. (6)The passage used the word“...” to refer to ________.

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走向高考 · 二轮专题复习新课标版 ·英语

3.解题思路 (1) 据定义信息,猜词义。如果生词由定语从句、同位语 (同位语前常有or, similarly, that is to say, in other words, namely, or other, say等)或同位语从句来定义,或使用破折号、冒号、分

号后的内容和引号中的内容加以解释,那么理解这些定义或解
释就是在理解词义。

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走向高考 · 二轮专题复习新课标版 ·英语

(2)据逻辑关系,猜词义。在一个句子或段落中如有对两个 事物或现象的对比性描述,我们可以从生词的对立面猜测其词 义。表示对比关系的词或短语主要有:unlike, not, but, however, despite, in spite of, in contrast等。表示对比关系的句子有:while

引导的并列句。表示比较关系的词或短语主要有: similarly,
like, just as, also, as well as等。

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走向高考 · 二轮专题复习新课标版 ·英语

(3)据构词法,猜词义。生词的前缀、后缀、复合词的各部 分、词性的变化都可以暗示出词义。 (4)特别提醒: ①不管这个词多超纲,根据上下文都能得出其意思

②不管这个词多熟悉,都要通过上下文得出其在特定语境
中的意思

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走向高考 · 二轮专题复习新课标版 ·英语

【例】

(2013·新课标全国卷Ⅱ)

...The CRF's produce is “green”, made within the country and divided into 10 lines, with the Alcohol Series being the most popular. The Exotic Series—with Sichuan pepper, red bean (豆)

cheese and other flavors—also does well and is fun to taste. And for
chocolate_snobs,who think that they have a better knowledge of chocolate than others, the Connoisseur Series uses cocoa beans from Togo, Cuba, Venezuela, and Ghana, among others.

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走向高考 · 二轮专题复习新课标版 ·英语

The words “chocolate snobs” in Paragraph 3 probably refer to people who ________. A.are particular about chocolate B.know little about cocoa beans

C.look down upon others
D.like to try new flavors

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走向高考 · 二轮专题复习新课标版 ·英语

答案:

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走向高考 · 二轮专题复习新课标版 ·英语

Ask someone what they have done to help the environment

recently and they will almost certainly mention recycling.
Recycling in the home is very important of course. However, being forced to recycle often means we already have more material than

we need. We are dealing with the results of that over-consumption
in the greenest way possible, but it would be far better if we did not need to bring so much material home in the first place.

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走向高考 · 二轮专题复习新课标版 ·英语

What does the underlined phrase“ that over-consumption” refer to? A.Using too much packaging. B.Recycling too many wastes.

C.Making more products than necessary.
D.Having more material than is needed.

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走向高考 · 二轮专题复习新课标版 ·英语

答案: D

利用定义法猜测词义。上句“ However, being

forced to recycle often means we already have more material than we need.”表明,当我们被迫去回收再利用时,常常意味着我们 消耗的量已经超过了我们的需求,那么我们需要回收再利用的

正是我们过度消耗的。 that over-consumption 指的就是上文的
“we already have more material than we need”,that是个重要的 信号词,所以选D项。

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走向高考 · 二轮专题复习新课标版 ·英语

课后强化作业
(点此链接)

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