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高二语法 非谓语动词解题技巧
山东泰安英雄山中学 胡凤美

Teaching Goals:
1、Review the basic knowledge about v.-ing / v.-ed 2、Grasp the main usage of them

Step One : Revision (不定式复习)
主动式 一般式
进行式 完成式

被动式 to be done

to do
to be doing to have done

to have been done

完成进行式 to have been doing

用不定式的适当形式填空: To complete 1. __________ the project as planned, we’ll have to work two more hours a day. (complete) to be told 2.He hurried to the booking office only_______ that all the tickets had been sold out. (tell) grow 3.They knew her well. They had seen her_____ up from the childhood. (grow) to be held 4.The meeting _________ tomorrow is important. (hold) to win 5. She was the first woman______ the gold medal in the Olympic Games. (win) 6. With two bad teeth ___________ , my father has to be pulled out to see the doctor tomorrow. ( pull out)

Step two:分词的用法
分词的形式: 主动形式 被动形式

现 在 分 词



being done

having done having been done



形式 与句子主语的逻辑 与句子谓动时间先后 关系

having done being done

主谓关系(主动) 同时或基本同时发生
主谓关系(主动) 先于谓语动作的发生 动宾(被动)关系 同时或基本同时发生

having been done 动宾(被动)关系 先于谓语动作的发生 动宾(被动)关系 done

Step three 分词的功能:
主语 表语 宾语 宾补 介宾 定语 状语 不定 式 现在 分词 过去 分词

√ √ √

√ √ √

√ √ √

√ √ √


如下动词及短语只跟 doing 作宾语:
enjoy, finish, suggest, avoid(避免), excuse, delay, imagine, keep, miss, consider, admit(承认),deny(否认), mind, permit, forbid, practise, risk(冒险), appreciate(感激), be busy, be worth, feel like, can’t stand, can’t help, think of, dream of, be fond of, prevent…(from), keep …from, stop…(from), protect…from, set about, be engaged in, spend…(in), succeed in, be used to, look forward to, object to, pay attention to, insist on, feel like . . .

如下动词及短语只跟 to do 作宾语:
want, hope, wish, offer, fail, plan, learn, pretend, refuse, manage, help, agree, promise, prefer , have no choice but. . . ★ 特别应该注意: do nothing but + (to) do, 省略to 的 不定式.

如下动词及短语只跟 to do 作宾语补足语 即 动词+ 宾语+ to do:
want, wish, ask, tell, order, beg, permit, help, advise, persuade, allow, prepare, cause, force, call on, wait for, invite.

一、分析句子结构 二、分析逻辑主语

三、分析语态 四、分析时态

一. 分析句子结构
C 1._____many times , but he still couldn't understand it .

A 2. _____many times , he still couldn't understand it .
A.Having been told C. He was told B. Told D. Though he had been told

分析: 句1. 用连词but 引导并列句子,因此,前面与后句一样也是个 独立句子成分,故选C。 句2. 句中用逗号隔开,且无连词引导,因此,前面不是句子结构, 只是句子的一个成分,故选A,用非谓语动词作状语。

A 3. ______to the left , you'll find the post office . C 4. If you _____to the left , you'll find the post office .

C 5. ______to the left , and you'll find the post office .
A. Turning B. To turn C. Turn D. Turned

二. 分析逻辑主语
确定要选非谓语动词之后,第二步要 分析其逻辑主语。非谓语动词虽不能 作谓语,但仍具有动词特点,其逻辑 上的动作执行者就叫做逻辑主语。非 谓语动词作状语时,其逻辑主语须和 句子的真正主语一致。若不一致,则 须加上自己的逻辑主语。

First ____ to the market, these products enjoyed great success. A. introducing B. introduced C. introduce D. being introduced 分析: 非谓语动词的逻辑主语是: these products, 与句子的主语一致, 故选B

A 1._______no buses , we had to walk home. D 2. ______Sunday, I shall have a quiet day at home .
A. There being B. It were C. There were D. It being 分析:句1. 表示“没有公共汽车”,应用“there be”结构, 即逻辑主语是“there”,故选A 。 句2. 同理选D。

三. 分析语态
分析语态就是在确定逻辑主语之后,分析非谓语动 词和逻辑主语在搭配使用时是主动还是被动关系。
1.______from space , the earth looks blue . A

B 2.______from space , we can see the earth is blue . A. Seen B. Seeing C. To see D. See
这两个题选项中的非谓语动词都没有加自己的逻辑主语, 因此其逻辑主语就是句子的主语。
分析:句1. “地球”被“看起来”,表被动,故选A, 用过去分词表被动。 句2. 我们"主动看......"即表主动,故选B。

B 3. The dirty clothes ____ , the girl hung them up outside .

D 4. ____ the dirty clothes ,the girl hung them up outside .
A. was washed C. were washed B. washed D. having washed

分析:句3. 前面应用非谓语动词作句子的状语,逻辑主语 是“the dirty clothes”,和动词搭配表示“衣 被洗“,故选B。 句4. 逻辑主语为句子的主语”the girl“,表示”女 洗衣服",为主动关系,故选D。

在选定了主动或被动后,还要考虑动作发生的时间问 题,即时态, 是进行时还是完成时?

不定式 to do



一般式 进行式

to write to be writing
to have written

to be written


to have been written


动名词/ 现在分词 doing 一般式

主动 writing

被动 being written

完成式 having written 主动 having been written

过去分词 done 一般式
进行式 完成式

被动 done

C 1.The building ______now will be a restaurant . B 2. The building ______next year will be a restaurant . D 3. The building ______last year is a restaurant. A. having been built B. to be built C. being built D. built 分析: 句1中 now 说明大楼正在被修,故用进行式,选C。 句2中next year 说明大楼将在明年被修,故用表将来 的不定式,选B。 句3中 last year 说明大楼已被修,但不能选,因为 现在分词的完成式不能作定语,故用过去分词, 选D

A 1.He stood there ______for his mother . D 2. ______ for two hours , he went away . A. waiting B. to wait C. waited D. Having waited 句1表示"站在那等",两个动词同时发生,故选A作伴随状语。 句2表示已经等了两个小时,发生在谓语动词"went away "之前, 故用完成式,选D 。 需要注意的是,非谓语动词的否定也是常考的项目,要认清否 定形式,非谓语动词的否定都应将not 放在前面。 We all know that, ____, the situation will get worse. A. not if dealt carefully with B.if not carefully dealt with C. if dealt not carefully with D.not if carefully dealt with

使用分词或分词短语作句子的状语时,有一条原则 必须遵守,即分词或分词短语的逻辑主语应当与 句子的主语一致,否则句子就是不正确的或是不 正规的语言。如: ? 【误】Found him angry, I began to tell jokes. 因为found与I 在这个句子中不能构成被动,应为 Finding him angry, I began to tell jokes. ? 【误】Looking around, there was no one nearby. Look around 的逻辑主语不应是no one ,故本句不成立,就改为Looking around, I found there was no one nearby.

但是,有些分词作状语是独立结构,不与句子的主语 产生联系;常见的有:judging from, generally speaking, compared to/with, considering , given,providing (ed), supposing ,taking everything into consideration, etc. Generally speaking, women live longer than men. 一般说来,女人比男人活得长。 Judging from what you say, he ought to succeed. 从你的话看,他应当能成功。 Considering the distance, he arrived very quickly. 考虑路程,他到达得很快。 Taking everything into consideration, you should leave. 考虑到各种因素,你最好离开。

** 小结:非谓语动词是高考的重点,同时也是 高考的难点;掌握此项内容,重点应放在对各 种形式以及各种形式所表示的意义的掌握上; 大家要在不断的练习当中去牢固掌握这项内容, 并能灵活加以运用,以适应高考对此项内容的 考察要求!

1. Faced with a bill for $10, 000,_____. A. John has taken an extra job B. the boss has given John an extra job C. an extra job has been taken D. an extra job has been given to John 2. He is a student at Oxford University, ______for a degree in computer science. A. studied B. studying C. to have studied D. to be studying
3. ____to reach them on the phone,we sent an email, instead A. Fail B. Failed C. To fail D. Having failed 4. ____around the Water Cube, we were then taken to see the Bird’s Nest for the 2008 Olympic Games. A. Having shown B. To be shown C. Having been shown D. To show

5.___in a white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor. A. Dressed B. To dress C. Dressing D. Having dressed 6.______from media reports, the result has been unclear. A. To judge B. Having judged C. Judging D. Judged

7.____out of the office building, suddenly a car stopped in front of me. A. To come B. Having come C. Coming D. The moment I came
8.My cousin came to see me from the country, _____ me a full basket of fresh fruits. A. brought B. bringing C. to bring D. had brought

coming Our English teacher,Miss Wang is friendly with us, ______ interested _from Hunan province.We are __________ (interest) in her class, interesting because her class is lively and ____________.(interest) Like many other teachers,she devotes herself to working staying ________(work) and spends most of the time ________(stay) with students. Considering ________ _(consider) our poor English,she comes to watching our classroom almost every morning, __________ (watch) over reading the students _________ (read) English. She has a special way to sleeping deal with the students _________ (sleep) in class. She will ask to answer given these students _____________ (answer) the questions_____ (give) by herself. She is busy with her job all the Having finished day.________________(finish) all the work, she goes home to have a rest. But it is very late in the day. Miss Wang is such a responsible teacher that all of us like her very much.

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