新课标 2016 年高二英语寒假作业 9 第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Sleep is like food for the brain. Enough sleep helps the bod
y and the brain grow and develop. However,many Chinese do not sleep well,and many do not pay enough attention to sleep. The Chinese Medical Doctor Association released the 2013 China Sleep Quality Index(指 数)on March 19 to mark World Sleep Day---March 21. According to the index,nearly a quarter of Chinese people don?t sleep well.Half said that they feel tired after getting up and 15 percent people have trouble falling asleep. Ye Jingying,a sleep expert at Beijing Tongren hospital,says:“If people often wake up during the night,or always feel weak and tired in the day,they should pay attention to their sleep pattern.” Many people play with their cell phones or i pads before sleeping.The report said that this is one of the main reasons for bad sleep.Other reasons include stress and bad moods. How to sleep well? Above all,get enough sleep.Seven to nine hours of sleep every night is perfect for an adult,and eight to nine hours is best for a teenager. Forming good sleep habits is important.The report suggested that people need to keep away from digital devices(数码产品）for at least an hour before sleep. The lights keep their brains excited for a long while.Other suggestions include:try to go to sleep and wake up at the same time every day,even on weekends and during holidays,and do the same relaxing things before bed each night,like listening to soft music. 56.According to the passage,World Sleep Day falls on_____. A.March 12 B.March 19 C.March 31 D.March 21
57.Which of the following means that you sleep well? A.You feel tired after getting up B.You wake up several times during the night. C.You can fall asleep within 20 minutes.
D.You often do something boring until you feel sleepy. 58.From the article,Which of the following may NOT cause sleeping problems? A.Having sad or angry feelings. B.Reading a book late at night. C.Playing with digital devices before sleeping. D.Being under strong stress about their life or work. B
A popular saying goes,“Sticks and stone may break my bones, but words will never hurt me.” Ho wever, that's not really true. Words have the power to build us up or tear us down. It doesn't matter if the words come from someone else or ourselves-the positive and negative effects are just as last ing. We all talk to ourselves sometimes. We're usually too embarrassed to admit it, though. But we r eally shouldn't be, because more and more experts believe talking to ourselves out loud is a health y habit. This self-talk helps us motivate ourselves, remember things, solve problems, and calm ourselve s down. Beware, though, that as much as 77% of self-talk tends to be negative. So in order to stay positive, we should only speak words of encouragement to ourselves. We should also be quick to g ive ourselves a pat on the back. The next time you finish a project, do well in a test, or finally clea n your room, join me in saying, “Good job !” Often, words come out of our mouths without our thinking about the effects they will have; but we should be aware that our words cause certain responses to others. For example, when returning an item to a store, we might use warm friendly language during the exchange. And the clerk will probably respond in a similar manner. Or we can use harsh, critical language, which will most like ly cause the clerk to be defensive. Words possess power because of their lasting effects. Many of u s regret something we once said. And we remember unkind words said to us! Before speaking, we should always ask ourselves:Is it true? Is it loving? Is it needed? If what we want to say doesn't pa ss this test, then it's better left unsaid. Words possess power both positive and negative. Those around us receive encouragement when w
e speak positively. We can offer hope, build self-esteem
and motivate others to do their best. Negative words destroy all those things. Will we use our words to hurt or to heal？The choice is ours. 64. The author argues in the first paragraph that A. words have lasting effects on us .
B. words will never hurt us at all
C. positive effects last longer than negative effects D. negative words may let us down 65. Why should we not feel embarrassed when talking to ourselves？ A. Almost everybody has the habit of talking to oneself. B. Talking to ourselves is believed to be good for our health. C. Talking to ourselves helps us to solve all the problems. D. It does harm to have "self-talk" when we are alone. 66. Which of the following statements would the author agree to? A. Unkind words are more likely to be forgotten. B. It is better to think twice before talking to others. C. Words always possess long positive effects. D. Kind words are sometimes not needed at all. 67. Why should we talk in a friendly way when returning an item to a store? A. Because kind words build u p complex relationships. B. Because the clerk in a store is hard to deal with. C. Because friendly words cause positive responses. D. Because critical language may hurt your feelings. C Today, home-ownership has reached extremely high levels. Modern generations tend to believe there is something wrong with them if they rent. really as rosy as people imagine? However, is high home-ownership
Staring at data first, we realize that the most successful, stable,
attractive country in the Western world is Switzerland. It has tiny unemployment; wealth; high happiness and mental-health scores. Does it have high home-ownership rates? Absolutely not. In Switzerland, about seven in ten of the population are renters. Yet, with Europe's lowest home-ownership rate, the nation thrives. Now go to the other end of the misery distribution.
Spain has approximately the highest home-ownership rate in Europe (at more than 80%). But one-quarter of its population are unemployed. A likely reason is that high levels of home-ownership mess up the labour market. In a sensibly functioning economy it is easy for people to move around to drop into the vibrant job slots thrown up by technological change. With a high degree of owner-occupation, everything slows. Folk get stuck. Renters can go to new jobs. In that way they do the economy a favour. As Friedman said, the rate of unemployment depends on the flexibility of the housing market. Next we come to economic breakdown. Most analysts accept that at heart it was the housing market—obsessive pursuit of homes, the engendered mortgage(房贷) lending and an unavoidable house-price crash—that sank the Western world. Germany, say, with its more efficient rental market, had a far smoother ride through trouble. As for the monetary system, in the past few decades, in the hope of getting untaxed capital gains way above their true labour earnings, many people threw their spare cash into buying larger houses or building extra bedrooms. TV programmes about how to make easy money, beautiful rising house prices, and most importantly, our falulty tax system encouraged that. When at some point market broke down, everyone suffered. Our countries ought, instead, to design tax systems that encourage people to invest in productive real activities and in innovation. Renting leaves money free for better purposes. That also points to the role of sensible budgeting over a person's lifetime. Why should we think that when we die it is necessary to have paid off an entire house? Our children do not deserve it. Let them pay for themselves. We should rent—and enjoy our lives with the money saved. Finally, moderation usually pays off. Our scientific understanding of how economies function is horribly limited. This suggests that the golden rule should be to avoid extremes. A 50-50 mix of home-ownership and renting, not the 70-30 split that is now observed in so many Western nations, makes sense. 82. The cases of Switzerland and Spain prove that ______. A. low home-ownership rate at about 30% is most favourable for economy B. home-ownership mainly decides a country?s citizens? mental health. C. home-ownership has a lot to do with a country?s technological development
D. low home-ownership increases the mobility of job market and economy. 83. The main reason to make people invest in housing market is ______. A. the problematic taxing approach favouring house buying B. people?s desire to avoid their money from devaluing C. easy channels to obtain methods to make easy money D. people?s wishes to live in larger and more comfortable houses 84. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. Switzerland suffers the worse unemployment in Europe. B. Renting allows more money into more creative economic activities. C. Germany?s effective mortgage system saw it through the western economic crisis. D. Our children have the right to enjoy the housing property we have paid off. 85. What opinion does the author agree with most? A. People should learn the workings of housing market. B. Laws should be set up to stop people from buying houses. C. An adequate rate of home-ownership should be kept. D. People should follow the good example of Europe in housing investment.
D As you move around your home, take a good look at the things you have. It is likely that your living room will have a television set and a video, and your kitchen a washing machine and a microwave oven. Your bedroom drawers will be filled with almost three times as many clothes as yon need. You almost certainly own a car and possibly a home computer, holiday abroad at least once a year and eat out at least once a week. Now, perhaps, more than ever before, people are wondering what life is all about, and what it is for. Seeking material success is beginning to trouble large numbers of people around the world. They feel that the long-hours work culture to make more money to buy more things is eating up their lives, leaving them very little time or energy for family or pastimes. Many are turning to other ways of living and downshifting is one of them. Six percent of workers in Britain took the decision to downshift last year. One couple who downshifted is Daniel and Liz. They used to work in central London. He was a newspaper reporter
and she used to work for an international bank. They would go to work by train every day from their large house in the suburbs , leaving their two children with a nanny (保姆). Most evenings Daniel wouldn't get home until eight or nine o'clock and nearly twice a month he would have to fly to New York for meetings. They both earned a large amount of money but began to feel that life was passing them by. Nowadays, they run a farm in the mountains of Wales. "I always wanted to have a farm hen," says Daniel, "and we took almost a year to make the decision to downshift. It's taken some getting used to, but it's been worth it. We have to think twice now about spending money on car repairs and we no longer have any holidays. However, I think it's made us stronger as a family, and the children are a lot happier. Liz, however, is not quite sure. "I used to enjoy my job, even though it was hard work and long hours. I'm not really a country girl, but I suppose I'm gradually getting used to looking after the animals. One thing I do like, though, is being able to see more of my children. My advice for other people wanting to do the same is not to think about it too much or you might not do it at all." 74. What do the first two paragraphs tell us? A. People seldom work long hours to make money. B. People hardly buy more things than necessary. C. People are sure everything they own is in the right place. D. People realize there is more to life than just making money. 75. When Daniel was a reporter he _________________. A. lived in central London C. missed his children B. disliked his job D. was well paid
76. What does the underlined "it" in the last paragraph refer to? A. Child-caring. B. Liz's advice. C. Downshifting. D. Liz's job.
77. The underlined word "downshifting" in the second paragraph means _________. A. repairing your car by yourself B. spending money carefully C. moving out to the countryside to live a simpler and better life D. living in a big house in the suburbs and dining out once a week.
第二节 （七选五 共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项， 选项中有两项为多余选项。 How to Improve Vocabulary Fast Your vocabulary refers to the words in a language you are familiar with. We should learn some ways to expand it. Read every day. 36 Choose reading material that is slightly above your level and keep a
dictionary with you to look up words you do not know. 37 If you do not meet with an unfamiliar word in your daily reading, use your dictionary to
search for one. Learn the correct definition and pronunciation for each new word. Pronunciation is as important as definition because in order to add a word to your active vocabulary, you must be able to use it in speech. Elaborate（阐释）on the meaning of the word. Use imagery and personal relevance. If you have just learned the word “stubborn”, think about the neighbor who will not lend you his car. 38 Use you new word in speech and in writing. E-mail your sister about how your cat is stubborn about sleeping on your pillow. 39 But the more you use it, the more fluent you will become in
its use. Soon it will be a regular part of your active vocabulary. Tell everyone you are trying to increase your vocabulary. Encourage them to ask you what your latest word is. 40 The more you explain the meaning of a word to someone, the more
likely you are to remember it. A. Find a new word every day. B. The vocabulary can be increased. C. Your vocabulary contains the words you understand. D. The more often you read, the faster your vocabulary can grow. E. Or let them ask for the definition of a new word you have used. F. Imagine him shaking his head, and think of him as “stubborn in his refusal”. G. The first time you use a new word in speech, it may seem clumsy and forced.
第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45）
第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 15 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I used to abandon myself to despair. Last year my mother 46 from stroke（中风）and had 47 what I
an operation on her brain. I felt my whole world turn upside down and I had no could do to help her to relieve her 48 Last month I 49
. Tears welled up in my eyes whenever I was alone.
a precious watch，which was an 18-year-old birthday gift from my about the loss.
father. I could not fall asleep for a couple of nights because I felt 50 There have been many 51 with such tough things 52
like these in my life. I could never figure out how to deal I read“If You Have a Lemon，Make a Lemonade" by American 53 can I get
writer Dale Carnegie.“When the wise man is handed a lemon，he says，?What from this? How can I wrote. I suddenly 55 that life is full of ups and downs，so I need to stay 57 56 54
my situation? How can I turn this lemon into a lemonade？?”he
all the time.
Now when I think of my past，I wish I could have handled things was fighting for 58
．When my mother
，I should have held her hands in mine，telling her things would get and crying. a prize. If
better instead of 59
Several weeks ago，I took part in a campus singing competition. I didn't 60 I had not 61 this article，I would definitely have felt 62
again. But instead，I 63 ．
smiled after the competition. I was happy that at least I had got some stage
Life is not just a bed of roses. There are thorns（刺）as well，but these thorns help us become 64 and strong. When life 65 us a lemon, let's try to make a lemonade. C. suffered C. wonder C. fear C. fixed C. angry C. memories C. until C. lesson D. escaped D. doubt D. pain D. received D. unbelievable D. difficulties D. since D. challenge
46 A. resulted 47 A. hope 48 A. pressure 49 A. lost 50 A. terrible 51 A. diseases 52 A. when 53 A. decision
B. survived B. idea B. anxiety B. sold B. shameful B. incidents B. though B. lemonade
54 A. control 55 A. thought 56 A. positive 57 A. exactly 58 A. happiness 59 A. regretting 60 A. win 61 A. figured out 62 A. embarrassed 63 A. experience 64 A. calm
B. accept B. realized B. independent B. easily B. life B. shouting B. miss B. come across B. excited B. performance B. brave
C. avoid C. discovered C. serious C. differently C. freedom C. quarreling C. expect C. found out C. discouraged C. progress C. great
D. improve D. predicted D. healthy D. practically D. recovery D. hiding D. refuse D. written down D. concerned D. effect D. clever
65 A. shows B. makes C. sends D. gives 第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节 满分 55） 第二节 阅读下面材料，用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空) There was once a small boy who would never get dressed when his parents told him to, 61
would he wear what they wanted him to. He preferred unusual clothes, but above all, he liked taking his time. His parents were always in a rush, and wanted him to be much but the boy didn't like this, 63 he would slow down even more. 62 (quick),
One day, his parents got so angry when he refused to dress, that they told him to go out without any clothes at all. a belief 65 64 (amuse), the boy followed his parents out of the door. He held
nobody could do anything to him.
As the boy stood outside his house with nothing on, waiting for his parents? car, along came the local pig farmer. The farmer, but also he 67 66 was almost deaf, had very poor eyesight. Not only that,
(forget) his glasses that day. When he saw the boy?s pink skin, he thought it 68 into a pig cage.
was one of his pigs. Shouting and pushing, the farmer forced
The boy begged him to stop but the deaf farmer couldn?t hear. When found by his parents, the terrified boy never again wanted to be mistaken anything other than a human being. Now he?s the first neat. 70 69
(get) dressed, and always looks
第四部分 写作 （共两节 满分 35） 第一节 短文改错（10 分） Dear editor, I am Li Hua, a student from Xinhua Middle school. I am writing to express my opinion on if mobile phones should be allowed in middle schools. Nowadays mobile phones have become a popular means of communication. However, many a school don?t allow students to bring mobile phones to school. I think it is complete wrong. As we know it, the 21st century is a modern age where is full of information. The mobile phone is one of the quickest tool to exchange information. It?s such useful invention that it makes our life more convenient. Therefore, if something urgent happened suddenly, we can call for help immediately. What?s more, we can relax ourselves by playing games or listening to music before we work hard all day. I hope the students can be allowed to using mobile phones at school. Do you agree with me? Yours truly, Li Hua
第二节 书面表达 假如你在街上看到一位女士钱包掉了，你想走过去提醒她，结果那位女士乘出租车离开 了…… 要求：请通过合理的想象，描述此经历，谈谈从中所得的感悟。 注意： 1. 词数不少于 120 个； 2. 不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。
第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第二节 （共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答
题卡上将该项涂黑。 A 篇: B 篇: C 篇: D 篇: 答案及解析：DCB 答案及解析：ABBC 答案及解析：DABC 答案及解析：DDCC
第二节 （七选五 共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项， 选项中有两项为多余选项。 答案及解析：DAFGE
第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45） 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 15 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 答案及解析： 46-50 CBDAA 51-55 BCCDB 56-60ACDDA 61-65BCABD
第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节 满分 55） 第三节 阅读下面材料，用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空) 答案及解析： 61.nor / neither 65.that 70. to get 第四部分 写作 （共两节 满分 35） 第二节 短文改错（10 分） 1.if 改为 whether; 2.don?t 改为 doesn?t; 3.complete 改为 completely; 6.tool 改为 tools; 66. who 62. quicker 63. and /so 64. Amused / Amusingly 68. him 69. for
67. had forgotten / forgot
4.去掉 as we know it 中的 it; 7.在 useful 之前加 a; 10.using 改为 use
5.where 改为 which/that;
8.happened 改为 happens;
9. before 改为 after;
This afternoon, I was walking in the street when I caught sight of the lady before me drop her purse. Just as I was to remind her, she got into a taxi and went away. I picked it up, trying to find some information to contact the lady. But with no telephone number inside it， I decided to wait for the lady, in case she found her purse missing and would come back. But to my disappointment, half an hour passed, and the lady didn?t show up. As a consequence, I had to walked into the nearest police station, where I handed the purse to a policeman, who said he would try to return it to its owner. I was happy because I did a meaningful thing. I think it is our duty to help those who need help. Only in this way will our society become more harmoniou