新课标 2016 年高二英语寒假作业 7 第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Air traffic controllers in the US have been advised to take
26-minute naps (小睡), after a series of accidents involving workers falling asleep. Now the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is calling for “controlled naps” during nightshifts (夜班). NTSB member Mark Rosekind said that a 26-minute nap would improve performance by 34%. He believes that beyond the aviation (航空) industry, other professions, such as motoring and machinery, also carry obvious risks. But other experts doubt whether 26 minutes is the appropriate napping time. It’s a bit too long and risks you falling into a deep sleep, says Jim Horne, director of the Sleep Research Council. He said, “A nap of about 15 minutes is best; once you get beyond 20 minutes, you risk a deep sleep and you can be much more tired when you wake up. Therefore, we suggest that a nap be combined with a cup of coffee so that you can enjoy an effective sleep before the caffeine (咖啡因) takes effect in 20 minutes. However, this method only works on those who have had a poor night’s sleep. If you haven’t had a sleep the night before, this method won’t be enough to make you fresh.” Health writer, Linda Wasmer Andrews, also believes that 26 minutes is too long. She says a nap between 10 and 20 minutes is enough, and the timing of the nap is also important. Putting your head down too early means your body may not be ready to sleep yet, but a nap that is too late in a day might make it harder to fall asleep. Early afternoon is often the best time, between l pm to 3pm, when people experience a post-lunch decrease in energy. 45. What does the text mainly talk about? A. People who need a nap. C. When people should take a nap. B. How long a nap should last. D. The reason why people need a nap.
46. Jim Horne thinks that a 26-minute nap is not appropriate because ________. A. people risk a deep sleep and may feel more tired
B. the guidelines for drivers can reduce the napping time C. people who had a poor sleep need some more napping time D. it’s a little long for people who didn’t sleep the night before 47. According to Linda Wasmer Andrews, ________. A. 2 pm is an appropriate napping time B. people’s energy will increase after lunch C. your body is ready to sleep at late time in the day D. a late nap may lead to sleep problems during the night B I cheated on a unit test in math class this morning during second period with Mr Burke .Afterward, I was too sick to eat lunch just thinking about it. I came straight home from school, went to my room, and lay on the floor trying to decide whether it would be better to run away from home now or after supper. Mostly I wished I was dead. It wasn’t even an accident that I cheated. Yesterday Mr. Burke announced there’d be a unit test and anyone who didn’t pass would have to come to school on Saturday, most particularly me, since I didn’t pass the last unit test. I did plan to study just to prove to him that I’m plenty smart---which I am mostly--- except in math. Anyway, I got my desk ready to study on. Just when I was ready to work, Nicho came into my room with our new rabbit and it jumped on my desk and knocked the flashcards all over the floor. What a mess! Nicho and I finally took the rabbit outside but then Philip came to my room and also Marty fro m next door and before long it was dinner. After dinner my father said I could watch a special on television if I’d done all my homework. Of course I said I had. That was the beginning. I felt terrible telling my father a lie about the homework. It was nine o’clock when I got up to my room and that was too late to study for the unit test so I lay in my bed with the light off and decided what I would do the next day when I was in Mr. Burke’s math class not knowing the 8- and 9-times tables. So, you see, the cheating was planned after all. The next day, I’d go into class as usual, acting like things were going just great. I’d sit down next to Stanley Plummer---he is so smart in math it makes you sick---and from time to time, I’d
glance over at his paper to copy the answers. Everything was okay except that my stomach was upside down and I wanted to die. The fact is, I couldn’t believe what I’d done in cold blood. I began to wonder about myself. I’ve never been a wonderful kid that everybody in the world loves. I have a bad temper and I like to have my own way and I argue a lot. Sometimes I can be mean. But most of the time I’ve thought of myself as a pretty decent kid. Mostly I work hard, I care for little kids, and I tell the truth. Now all of a sudden I’ve turned into this criminal. It’s hard to believe I’m just a boy. And all because of one stupid math test. Lying on the floor of my room, I begin to think that probably I’ve been bad all along. It just took this math test to clinch it. I’ll probably never tell the truth again. I tell my mother I’m sick when she calls me to come down for dinner. She doesn’t believe me, but puts me to bed anyhow. I lie there in the early winter darkness wondering what terrible thing I’ll be doing next when my father comes in and sits down on my bed. “What’s the matter?” he asks. “I’ve got a stomachache,” I say. Luckily, it’s too dark to see his face. “Is that all?” “Yeah.” “Mommy says you’ve been in your room since school.” “I was sick there too,” I say. “She thinks something happened today and you’re upset.” That’s the thing that really drives me crazy about my mother. She knows things sitting inside my head the same as if I was turned inside out. “Well,” my father says. I can tell he doesn’t believe me. “My stomach is feeling sort of upset.” I hedge(避免做正面答复). “Okay,” he says and he pats my leg a nd gets up. Just as he shuts the door to my room I call out to him in a voice I don’t even recognize as my own. “How come?” he calls back not surprised or anything. So I tell him I cheated on this math test. To tell the truth, I’m pretty much surprised at myself. I didn’t plan to tell him anything. He doesn’t say anything at first and that just about kills me. I’d be fine if he’d spank(打屁股) me or something. And then he says I’ll have to call Mr. Burke. It’s not what I had in mind. “Now?” I ask surprised. “Now,” he says. He turns on the light and pulls off my covers. “I’m not going to,” I say. But I do it. I call Mr. Burke, and I tell him exactly what happened, even that I decided to cheat the night before the test. He says I’ll come on Saturday to take another test, which is okay with me, and I thank him a whole lot for being understanding and all.
“Today I thought I was turning into a criminal,” I tell my father when he turns out my light. Sometimes my father kisses me good night and sometimes he doesn’t. I never know. But tonight he does. 73. By saying “ It wasn’t even an accident that I cheat ed” , the author means that_______. A. he had planned not to study before the test B. he had planned to cheat with Plummer before the test C. he decided to cheat after he had wasted the whole evening D. he decided to cheat when he knew there was going to be a test 74. Before the cheating, the author thought that_______. A. he was a bad boy in everything B. he always did what he was told C. he was a boy that everyone loved D. he was a decent child but not perfect 75. After he was informed of what he had done, the father________. A. scolded the author severely C. called Mr. Burke immediately B. didn’t say anything and left D. let the author make a call to Mr. Burke
76. The author’s father kissed the author good night because________. A. he had done something unusual B. he promised to study math harder C. he was willing to take a make-up test D. he realized his mistake and had the courage to admit it C Singapore is a country with 42% of its population foreign born. Singaporeans, even those of the same ethnic group (少数民族), have many different first languages and cultures. For example, within the Singaporean Chinese group, nearly a third speak English as their home language while almost half speak Standard Chinese as their home language and the rest speak various Chinese dialects (方言) as their home language. Due to these reasons, the English fluency level of people in Singapore varies vastly from person to person. Most reasonably educated Singaporeans do speak Singapore Standard English, alternatively known as Educated Singapore English, which, grammatically, is not different from standard
British English, with changes being limited to accent and a few borrowed words, causing few challenges to any native Britons. Singapore English derives (起源) its roots from the 146 years of British colonial rule over Singapore until its independence in 1965. Before 1965, the standard form of English in Singapore had always been British English. After Singapore declared independence, English in Singapore began to take a life of its own, leading to the development of modern Singapore English. English had been the official language of the colonial government, and when Singapore gained self-government in 1959, the local government decided to keep English as the main language in order to help develop economy. The use of English as the nation’s first language serves to bridge the gap between different ethnic groups in Singapore. English is the global language for commerce, technology and science, and improvement of English also helps to expedite Singapore’s development and it becomes important part of the global economy. There is an increasing trend of Singaporeans speaking English at home. For children who started primary school in 2009, 60% of Chinese along with 60% Indian pupils and 35% of Malay pupils mainly speak English at home. Because many Singaporeans grew up with English as their first language in school, some Singaporean Chinese may not be able to speak Standard Chinese. 47.How many people in Singapore are native? A. Less than a quarter of the population. B. About forty percent of the population. C. Only half of the population. D. Nearly sixty percent of the population. 48.According to the text, when did the British begin to rule Singapore? A. In 146 B. In 1819 C. In 1959 D. In 1965.
49.What is the meaning of the underlined word “expedite” in Paragraph 4? A. Speed up. B. Bring down. C. Put off. D. Hold back.
50.What can we infer from the last two paragraphs? A. The British government suggested people in Singapore use more English. B. English has replaced all the other languages in Singapore. C. English is important to the union of the ethnic groups in Singapore. D. Almost all the children can speak English freely at home and at school.
D Whatsonstage.com is the UK’s biggest and best online guide to the performing arts including theatre, opera, classical music, dance and so on. ◆The Lion King Musical: The stage adaptation of the Disney film taken from an original African story. A young lion grows up and learns that taking over the pride requires wisdom and maturity (成熟). Place: Lyceum Theatre, Wellington Street, London Telephone: 0870 243 9000 Date: Friday, 18 Nov. 2011 Ticket price: ￡37.5 ◆Oliver Musical: Dickens’ story of a boy in a London workhouse and his adventures on the way to discovering his family. The songs include Food glorious food, You’ve got to pick a pocket or two, Who will buy this wonderful morning, I am reviewing the situation and Consider yourself at home. Place: Theatre Royal, Catherine Street, London Telephone: 020 7494 5061 Date: Thursday, 17 Nov. 2011 Ticket price: ￡25 but now save 20% ◆Jersey Boys Musical: It tells the story of Frankie Valli and the Four Seasons: the blue-collar kids from New Jersey formed a singing group and became famous. The musical features many of the group’s popular songs such as Big girls don’t cry, Oh, what a night and Can’t take my eyes off you. Place: Prince Edward Theatre, Old Compton Street, London Telephone: 0870 850 9191 Date: Saturday, 19 Nov. 2011 Ticket price: ￡22.5 ◆All’s Well That Ends Well
Play: A romantic story. Helena, daughter of a poor physician, loves Bertram, son of a Countess (女伯爵). Place: Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre, Park Street, London Telephone: 020 7401 9919 Date: Sunday, 20 Nov. 2011 Ticket price: ￡40.5 35. If Mary is available on Friday, which of the following should she call to buy a ticket? A. 0870 850 9191. C. 0870 243 9000. B. 020 7494 5061. D. 020 7401 9919.
36. In the musical Jersey Boys, you will hear all of the following EXCEPT ________. A. Who will buy this wonderful morning B. Can’t take my eyes off you C. Big girls don’t cry D. Oh, what a night
37. If you want to buy a ticket at a discount, you should go to ________. A. Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre C. Prince Edward Theatre B. Theatre Royal D. Lyceum Theatre
38. What is the main purpose of the text? A. To give some information about the performing arts. B. To show the importance of Whatsonstage.com. C. To introduce some famous English theatres. D. To teach readers how to use the online guide.
第二节 （七选五 共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项， 选项中有两项为多余选项。 The Internet has opened up a whole new online world for us to meet, chat and go where we’ve never been before. But just as in face to face communication, there are some rules of behavior that should be followed when on line. 71 Imagine how you’d feel if you were in the other person’s shoes. For anything you’re about to send: ask yourself, “Would I say this to the person’s face?” If the answer is no, rewrite and reread. 72 If someone in the chat room is rude to you, your instinct (本能) is to fire back in the same manner. But try not to do so. 73 If it was caused by a disagreement with another member,
try to fix the situation by politely discussing it. Remember to respect the beliefs and opinions of others in the chat room. ____74 Offer advice when asked by newcomers, as they may not be sure what to do or how to communicate. When someone makes a mistake, whether it’s a stupid question or an unnecessarily long answer, be kind about it. If it’s a small mistake, you may not need to say anything. Even if you feel strongly about it, think twice before saying anything. Having good manners yourself doesn’t give you license to correct everyone else. 75 At the same time, if you find you are wrong, be sure to correct yourself and apologize to those that you have offended. It is not polite to ask others personal questions such as their age, sex and marital status. Unless you know the person very well, and you are both comfortable with sharing personal information, don’t ask such questions. A. It’s natural that there are some people who speak rudely or make mistakes online. B. The basic rule is simple: treat others in the same way you would want to be treated. C. If you do decide to tell someone about a mistake, point it out politely. D. Repeat the process till you feel sure that you’d feel comfortable saying the words to the person’s face. E. When you send short messages to a person online, you must say something beautiful to hear. F. You should either ignore the person, or use your chat software to block their messages. G. Everyone was new to the network once.
第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 15 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 EVERY morning in the school dormitory, I am woken up by the morning bell along with the crow (啼叫) of the two peacocks, which are the most special inhabitants in our campus. When I first heard about them, I thought it was so 1 to have two useless peacocks in a high school 2 I even planned a letter to the president 3 him to send them to the zoo. Yet after I paid them my first 4 , which was a week later, I 5 changed my mind. That was my first Friday in school, 6 was filled by books and tests. My friend enthusiastically 7 me to the back garden of our school to visit the peacocks. I unwillingly followed her through the 8 and unruly (混乱的) flood of busy students, and came into the quiet little garden. The 9 silence and special fragrance of water and grass quickly entered (沁入) my 10 heart, and brought me some fresh air. I walked to the cage of the peacocks and saw the two attractive creatures. "They are so 11 ." Those simple words popped into my mind 12 I had seen peacocks many times in the zoo. I thought about the 13 of several famous poets and artists while 14 them peanuts and ice cream, and I felt a kind of 15 of nature and study in my mind.
Men are beings instead of 16 . Working like machines will change our pristine (质朴的) minds and healthy hearts. There was 17 reporting that a student at Fudan University 18 30 lost cats. I believe he did not graduate from our school, where everyone can hear the crow from the heavenly animals every morning. I think nowadays, high school students need to go out to 19 our bodies and minds, 20 crouching down behind the piles of text books. Look at the gold forsythia (连翘), that's the spring calling. 1. A. curious B. ridiculous C. humorous D. harmonious 2. A. and B. but C. that D. so 3. A. advising B. preventing C. persuading D. warning 4. A. attention B. money C. respectD. visit 5. A. confidentially B. thoroughly C. definitely D. approximately 6. A. that B. it C. what D. which 7. A. pulled B. dragged C. drew D. led 8. A. quiet B. active C. noisy D. abnormal 9. A. complete B. unusual C. peaceful D. grateful 10. A. excited B. interested C. inspired D. tired 11. A. beautiful B. clever C. dirty D. tiresome 12. A. though B. because C. since D. therefore 13. A. words B. books C. works D. poems 14. A. feeding B. providing C. supplying D. throwing 15. A. mixture B. connection C. relation D. combination 16. A. animals B. machines C. natures D. plants 17. A. notice B. news C. information D. journalist 18. A. fled B. bought C. rescued D. killed 19. A. promoteB. extend C. stretch D. spread 20. A. in spite of B. instead of C. because of D. in case of
第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节 满分 55） 第二节 阅读下面材料，用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空) I can’t believe that I am taking up this prize that I won last year—a time journey to AD3011. __76___（worry）about it, I was unsettled for the first few days, nervous and uncertain. __77__, my understanding friend and guide, Wang Ping, helped me a lot to feel comfortable. I can still remember the moment__78__ the space stewardess called us all to the capsule and we climbed in through __79__ opening. Later, we landed my hometown in the 31 century but my head ached because I was__80__（hit）by a lack of fresh air. I tried to make the necessary adjustment __81__ the new surroundings, and with the mask from Wang Ping, I feel __82__（well）in no time than before. Then we each rode a hovering carriage to his home. On the way, I lost sight of him when we reached __83__ looked like a large market and I again experienced “time lag”. __84__ （luck） , I caught sight of Wang Ping again and followed him to his strange-looking house. There I, in great surprise, found walls made of trees, __85__（provide）the room with much-needed oxygen!
第四部分 写作 （共两节 满分 35） 第一节 短文改错（10 分） I like music very much, pop songs particularly. Every evening then I am doing homework and at weekends when I at home, I always play some of my favorite songs on my tape recorder. The familiar patterns of notes attract me into the colourfully world of music. Now and then I stopped to follow the songs. Sometimes, my mother comes in, asked me to fix my attention to my homework. She does not like the pop music. Like most grown-ups, she enjoys folk songs, because the peaceful music reminds her of their beautiful life when she was young. It is a truth which people of different age understand music differently and enjoy different kinds of music. 第二节 书面表达 假如你的名字叫张勇，你的美国笔友 John 想了解你进入高中后的英语课外阅读情况。 请你根据下面提示，给他回一封电子邮件。 阅读现状 原因分析 以英文报纸为主； 偶尔简单的故事书……；几乎没有经 典类的英语读物 1. 阅读时间少； 2. 没有养成阅读英语的习惯； 3.词汇量小，认为经典类太难，没有尝试或不感兴趣…… 未来打算 …… 注意： 1．根据所给提示，适当发挥, 要求内容充实，语意连贯。 2．词数 120-150。开头和结尾已经写好，不计入总词数。 英语课外阅读：English extracurricular reading；经典英语读物：classic English books. Dear John, Thank you for your email. Now I would like to tell you something about my English reading in senior high school. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ Best wishes! Yours,
第Ⅰ卷 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 60 分） 第二节 （共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A 篇: B 篇: C 篇: D 篇: 答案及解析：BAA 答案及解析：CDDD 答案及解析：DBAC 答案及解析：CABA
第二节 （七选五 共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项， 选项中有两项为多余选项。 答案及解析： BDFGC 第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45） 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 15 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 答案及解析： BCADB DACCD AACAD BBDCB 第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节 满分 55） 第三节 阅读下面材料，用不多于 1 个单词的正确形式填空(语法填空) 答案及解析 76. Worried 81. to 77. However 78. when 79. an 80. hit
82. better 83. what 84. Luckily 85. providing
第四部分 写作 （共两节 满分 35） 第二节 短文改错（10 分） 答案及解析： 1.then----when 2.when I 后加 am 3.colourfully-----colourful/colorful 4.stopped-----stop
5. asked---asking 6.to----on which-----that 10. age---ages
7. does not like the (把 the 去掉)
第三节 书面表达 答案及解析： Dear John, Thank you for your email. Now I would like to tell you something about my English extracurricular reading in senior high school. Usually I am only asked to read some newspapers. Sometimes I just read some simple English stories or magazines to relax myself. But I have never read classic English books. Do you know why？The reasons are as followed. First, since entering senior high school, I have been burdened with so much homework that my reading time is very limited. Besides, I haven’t formed a habit of reading English. Lastly, the number of the English words I have mastered is less than 3000. I think the classic English books are too difficult to understand and so I even haven’t had a try. However, reading is important for our English learning. It can not only enlarge our English vocabulary but show us a colorful world. Especially it helps us to think better in English and learn English better. So I decide to read English widely, ranging from simple English stories to classic English books.