2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试（新课标信息卷五） 英语试卷（部分样题）
第一部分：语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下列材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词 的正确形式。 I now had the key to all languages, __26_ I was
eager to learn to use it. Children __27__ can hear learn languages without any particular effort. __28__ hear other people speak, and enjoy trying to make the same sounds. The__29__ child must learn languages in a slow and often painful way. __30__ even though the learning may be slow and painful, the result is wonderful. We advance gradually from merely__31__ (name) objects to understanding the thought in a line of Shakespeare. At first, when my teacher told me about a new thing, I asked very__32__ questions. My ideas were not clear, and I didn?t know many. But as my knowledge of things__33__ ( grow） and I learned more and more words, I could ask more questions, and I would return again and again __34__ the same subject, eager for more information. Sometimes a new word made me remember an experience I had had__35__ (early).
第二部分：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可 以填入空白处的最佳选项。 Long ago there was a poor farmer in Russia. He had been very everything he had. However, when he found his elder brother was felt disappointed. So he 38 37 36 with
than him, he
hard about how he could also be richer. Finally he got an 39 some money to buy
idea. He started to spend less money on food and clothes to more land. Once he had enough money, he started He 41 40
that on the neighboring land, there were some nomads (游牧民) living 42 their head. He presented the gifts to the
there. He bought some gifts and went to head and told him the 43
of his visit. The head welcomed him, accepted the gifts and
agreed to his
to get the land. The head told him that he could have the land 46
giving him anything. He can take as much land as he could
by walking through
the land before sunset (日落). He should start in the morning and whatever distance he could travel during the 47 , he could have it.
The farmer became very 48 when he heard this offer. Now he could have lots of 49 without paying anything. He came walking, 51 50 the next morning and started running, not
he could cover the largest area. To reach his goal, he neither ate food, 52 . Without eating, or drinking, 54
nor drank water, nor had any rest. He just continued or resting he just got very
53 . When he came back to the head in the evening, he
right on the spot. Sadly his son buried him in a piece of land about 6 x 4 feet. Don?t be greedy (贪婪的) or you will 36. A. careful 37. A. healthier 38. A. thought 39. A. borrow 40. A. waiting 41. A. explained 42. A. see 43. A. chance 44. A. promise 45. A. for 46. A. cover 47. A. year 48. A. interested 49. A. land 50. A. quietly 51. A. so that 52. A. dreaming 53. A. nervous 54. A. refused B. pleased B. stronger B. learned B. spend B. looking B. hoped B. follow B. result B. request B. by B. farm B. month B. sad B. crop B. early B. even if B. walking B. excited B. died 55 everything finally. D. busy D. cleverer D. worked D. save D. caring D. guessed D. cheat D. purpose D. order D. before D. have D. day D. calm D. knowledge D. suddenly D. whether D. running D. worried D. rested
C. bored C. richer C. tried C. make C. preparing C. noticed C. help C. condition C. suggestion C. without C. buy C. week C. happy C. experience C. finally C. because C. speaking C. tired C. appeared
55. A. lose
第三部分： 阅读理解 （共 15 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 45 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。
A I have a friend named Monty Roberts who owns a horse ranch (大牧场) in San Isidro. He lets me use his house to hold events to raise money for youth at risk programs. The last time I was there he greeted me by saying, “I want to tell you why I let you use my house. It all goes back to a story about a young man who was the son of a poor horse trainer who would go from stable (马厩) to stable, farm to farm, training horses. As a result, the boy?s high school was continually interrupted (打断). One day in the last year of high school, he was asked to write a paper about what he wanted to do when he grew up. “He wrote a seven-page paper about his goal of owning a horse ranch in great detail. He put a great deal of his heart into the project and even drew a detailed floor plan for the dream ranch. Then the next day he handed it in to his teacher. Two days later he received his paper back. But he got a low mark with a note that read, ?See me after class.? “The boy went to see the teacher after class and asked, ?Why did I receive a low mark??” “The teacher said, ?This is an unrealistic dream for a young boy like you. You have no money. You come from a poor family. Owning a horse ranch requires a lot of money. There?s no way you could ever do it.? Then the teacher added, ?If you will rewrite this paper, I will reconsider your mark.? “The boy went home and thought about it long and hard. He asked his father what he should do. His father said, ?Look, son, you have to make up your own mind on this. However, I think it is a very important decision for you.? “Finally, the boy turned in the same paper, making no changes at all. He wrote,
?You can keep the low mark and I?ll keep my dream.?” 56. Which of the following statements is TRUE about Monty Roberts? A. He was born in a poor family. C. He is raising money for the poor. B. He received a good education. D. He is a horse trainer who owns a big ranch.
57. From Paragraph 3, we know Monty Roberts _____. A. was just a daydreamer C. expected the teacher to praise him B. decided to follow his father?s example D. had a great plan for his future
58. The teacher thought Monty Roberts?s dream was _____. A. strange C. pleasant B. great D. impossible
59. From the end of the text, we can infer that Monty Roberts was very _____. A. careful C. determined B. clever D. active
60. The purpose of the text is to tell readers that _____. A. seeing is believing C. all roads lead to Rome B. knowledge is power D. where there is a will, there is a way
B Who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years? Jane Addams (1860 - 1935) Addams helped the poor and worked for peace. She created shelters, education opportunities and services for people in need. In 1931, Addams became the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize. Rachel Carson (1907 - 1964) Rachel Carson was born in the rural river town of Springdale, Pennsylvania in America. The popular 1962 book “Silent Spring” by Rachel Carson made people realize the dangers and the harmful effects (影响) of pollution on humans and on the world?s lakes and oceans. Angela Merkel (1954 )
In 2005, Germans chose Angela Merkel as their first woman head of the country.
She had been a scientist in the past. As Germany?s leader, she has had an effect on the whole world. Sandra Day O?Connor (1930 )
When Sandra Day O?Connor finished her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952, she could not find work because she was a woman. However, she became the first woman to join the U.S. Supreme Court (最高法院) in 1981 after years of hard work. Margaret Thatcher (1925 )
In 1979, Margaret Thatcher became Britain?s first woman Prime Minister (首相). She served until 1990, which made her the first British leader to serve three terms in a row. Because of her high standards and strong will, people called her Britain?s Iron Lady. Marie Curie (1867-1934) Polish-born scientist Marie Curie discovered that some types of metal give off energy called radiation (辐射能). Her research led to new medical treatments and arms. She received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903 and in Chemistry in 1911. 61. Who once won the Nobel Prize? A. Jane Addams and Marie Curie. C. Marie Curie and Angela Merkel. B. Jane Addams and Margaret Thatcher. D. Marie Curie and Rachel Carson.
62. We can infer from the text that Rachel Carson worked to _____. A. help the poor C. protect the environment B. spread geographic knowledge D. protect the rights of women
63. What do Angela Merkel and Margaret Thatcher have in common? A. Both of them were scientists before coming to power. B. Both of them are the first woman head of their country. C. Both of them are famous for being strict. D. Both of them have worked for three terms. 64. Who once failed to find a job? A. Jane Addams. C. Rachel Carson. B. Sandra Day O?Connor. D. Margaret Thatcher.
65. What would be the best title for the text?
A. Great women C. Strong leaders
B. Famous scientists D. Ways to success for women
C Imagine entering a very large building and you have no idea how to get to the office you are looking for. But then, as you?re standing there, a nearly silent balloon floats (飘) over to you and speaks to you. It asks you where you want to go. You tell it, and then it simply says “follow me” like a child?s game, and begins to float off in the direction of your destination. It keeps going, as you follow, leading you to where you want to go. The guide works itself, without any help from any human being. It says hello to people as they arrive in the building, speaks to them, processes their requests and then guides them to the destination. The balloon has two tiny fans to help keep it floating and to provide just a touch of lift. Onboard is a wireless (无线的) receiver for receiving directions from a computer that directs the fans and sensors (传感器) that let it know where objects are around it. The idea of such a simple robot is one that has been on the minds of scientists for years, and has been mentioned in novels many times. Today the iPhone does something similar but has to be connected to the Internet which is sometimes difficult. This is why this little balloon might be the wave of the future — because it is so much easier to follow! 66. The balloon is used to _____. A. lead the way C. catch the thief B. bring people joy D. welcome the visitors
67. The underlined word “processes” can best be replaced by _____. A. asks for C. repeats B. refuses D. deals with
68. The balloon gets to know its position with the help of _____. A. sensors C. a wireless receiver B. two tiny fans D. human beings
69. We can learn from the last paragraph that _____.
A. the idea of the balloon is new C. the balloon will replace the iPhone soon in the future 70. The text is most probably from a _____. A. science news report C. book review B. newspaper ad D. science novel
B. the balloon is difficult to make D. the technology may become popular
第四部分： 写作 （共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处，每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、 删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 What are the quality of a good teacher? Let me show you for an example. Mr. Smith, my maths teacher, is one of the best that I ever met. He knows his subject better and he always has special ways to make his classes lively and interested. We are not kept sitting all the time and are encouraging to learn through all kinds of activities. However, he treats all his students equally from the brightest to that who need extra help. I am luckily to have a teacher like Mr. Smith.
第二节：书面表达（满分：25 分） 请你根据下列提示，用英语写一篇短文，谈谈“感恩”的意义。 When we grow up, we often get a lot of love, support and help from our teachers, friends as well as our parents. However, we seldom express our gratitude to them. Being grateful to others is what we shouldn’t forget.
注意： 1. 无须写标题，不得照抄英文提示语； 2. 或者列举生活中一个事例，或者谈谈自己的看法； 3. 字数 100 左右。 ——————————————————————————————————— ——————————————————————————————————— ——————————————————————————————————— ——————————————————————————————————— ——————————————————————————————————— ——————————————————————————————————— ——————————————————————————————————— ——————————————————————————————————— ——————————————————————————————————— —————————