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2016年韶一模英语试题(定稿)


2016 届韶关市高三调研考试


整数计分) 。考试用时 120 分钟。



本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分,共 10 页,卷面满分 120 分 (笔试最终成绩按总分 135 分进行折算,即:卷面总分 120 分×1.125=135 分,四舍五入取

意事项:
1、答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号填写在答题卷 指定的位置上。 2、选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案信息点涂黑。如 需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。 3、非选择题必须用黑色钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内的 相应的位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改 液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4、考生必须保持答题卡的整洁,考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卷一并交回。

第I卷
第一部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项 (A 、B 、C 和 D )中 ,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Bluetooth is a leader in wireless technology. It is built into cars, iphones, computers and more. It allows you to share information between two devices. But with a focus on function, Bluetooth devices are always changing thanks to some creative designers. Here are a few cool things you may see on the market soon. Bluetooth Clothing Clothing designer Asher Levine has designed a line of clothing that contains Bluetooth microchips. These chips connect to your iphone. If you lose an item of clothing, there is an app to help. Push a button and your clothing will “ring” if it’s nearby. If it’s too far away, you can use Google Maps to locate. The Ripple

Ladies, are you tired of wireless headsets that make you look like a character from Star Trek (星际迷航)? Ilya Fridman was thinking of you when he designed the ripple, a Bluetooth headset that looks like an earring. When you open the device, you can see a microphone in it. When closed, the ripple stays on so you can listen to music. Spray Bluetooth Speaker (扬声器) Clothing label Ecko UNLTD is making its new technology product with a Bluetooth speaker that looks like a can of spray paint ( 喷漆 ). The Spray Bluetooth speaker also contains a microphone, which you can pair with your smart phone for hands-free calling. The speakers have up to 10 hours of battery life. You can turn the top of it to choose songs or control volume. Smart Watches The EZIO has created a line of Bluetooth watches that connect to your smart phone. The EZIO Bluetooth 4.0 Smart Watch vibrates (震动) when you get a call, text or email. It also lets you know any time your phone is more than 5 to 10 feet away from you. Although this isn’t the first smart watch on the market, it’s sure to be a favourite. Why? It’s designed to look like a high-fashion watch, not a piece of technology. These new technology products show that fashion is getting smarter, and technology is looking better! 1. What can we learn about Bluetooth from the passage? A. It develops at a slow speed in wireless technology. B. It enables the users to read information. C. Its devices vary from time to time. D. Its products value fashion more than function. 2. What will help you make a call when your hands are busy? A. Bluetooth clothes C. Bluetooth earrings B. Bluetooth speakers D. The Ripple

3. In writing the passage, the author intends to _____________. A. tell us how to use new Bluetooth devices B. show the importance of modern technology C. persuade us to buy some new Bluetooth devices D. introduce some fashionable Bluetooth devices B I was probably one of the few kids in America whose parents didn’t want them to go to college. My family was very blue collar. My parents were never able to achieve more than getting a factory job, and trying to make ends meet. While growing up, I would always say I wanted to go

to an Ivy League university and my dad would say there was absolutely nothing wrong with our state university. Dad suggested that’s what I ought to aim for. By the time senior year approached, I sent out only two applications for college, one to the state university a little more than two hours away from my hometown, and one to a university in another state. I was quickly accepted into both, but my dad seemed to be against the idea of my going away for university. He wanted me to attend the one in our county and save money by continuing to live at home. For whatever reason, I had been given more ambition than my parents before me, or my two younger brothers, both of whom chose the factory scene rather than education. So every day after school, my dad and I had fights about where I would go to university. His logic was very sound, especially considering where I stand now, three years after graduation with debt up to my eyeballs. He threatened to give me no financial help at all, and I said that was fine, and I would be able to get enough loans. The fights about where I was going to get the money continued until the day I packed everything up into our car. It was then, at breakfast before we made our journey down, that my dad said he was proud of me. He hadn’t thought I would actually leave. As my parents dropped me off at my dorm room, my mom started crying, and even my dad kissed me on the forehead, which was the first time I could remember getting hugged and kissed by them in years. At this point, my relationship with my parents changed. They’ve done well to leave me to my own life, and to just be happy when I call home. No matter what happens now, I know standing my ground on where to go for university has been the best decision of my life, as I have gained both education and a life experience. 4. Why was going to a faraway college less advisable to the father? A. The poor family could not afford the education and boarding fees. B. Going to college was not a popular idea in those days. C. The hometown university was as good as the state university in teaching. D. He was less ambitious than his son. 5. Which word can best replace the underlined word “sound” in paragraph 2? A. wrong B. complex C. confusing D. reasonable

6. The relationship between the author and his parents changed for the better when ___________. A. he decided to go to an Ivy League university B. he was accepted into both of the universities C. he began the journey to his university D. he first called home from his university 7. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?

A. Sticking to Your Dream University B. Making the Best Decision of My Life C. Improving Relationship between Parents and Son D. Changing Father ’s Attitude to College Education C Just a few months ago, Leo Grand’s life was terrible. Homeless since losing his job in 2011, he spent his days begging and nights sleeping on the streets of Manhattan’s West side. Then last summer, a young man made him a strange offer that changed his life. 24-year-old software engineer Patrick McConlogue, who had been seeing the 38-year-old homeless man for three years on his way to work every morning, asked Leo whether he would like $100 to spend on anything he wished or learn how to code (编码). Leo picked the latter. True to his word, Patrick returned the following day with a few books on the subject, a cheap but durable laptop computer and charging accessories, and most importantly, daily lessons every morning before McConlogue was due at his office. Regardless, Leo took the opportunity to learn, Patrick followed through on his promise, and a friendship was born. Leo turned out to be a fast learner. After a few months of strict learning how to code, the two men released Trees For Cars, a ride share app that Leo coded all by himself. The mobile app allows people to help the environment and save money by carpooling (拼车). It works as follows: Anyone wanting a ride can enter in the address of his or her destination. The app will suggest drivers that drive to that or a nearby location. The person wishing to get a ride can pick one and send an invitation. If the other person accepts, they will be connected. As a way to encourage users, the app tracks how much CO2 is saved by the passengers who get rides with others. Trees For Cars saw about 15,000 downloads across both Apple and Android stores, bringing in about $14,000. Various cuts to the stores/platforms themselves add up to about 30%, and the rest go to Leo. While this is an amazing achievement, neither of them is satisfied with what they have done. Leo has already begun working on the second version of the app and also plans to apply for a job as a programmer. As for Patrick, he is trying to expand the tutoring program and already has 150 programmers willing to teach people to code for an hour a day for two months. All he needs to do now is work out how to organize the effort. 8. What did Leo choose to do when given help?

A. To get $100 to spend. B. To learn how to code. C. To read a few books on the subject. D. To buy a cheap but durable laptop computer. 9. The app Trees For Cars was designed in order to _________. A. make a big fortune to help needy people B. give directions about how to go to a location C. encourage riders to share cars with others D. calculate the amount of CO2 around the users 10. How much money has Leo earned for Trees For Car? A. About $15,000 B. About $14,000 C. About $4,000 D. About $10,000

11. Which of the following words can best describe Patrick McConlogue? A. Thoughtful B. Helpful C. Productive D “Selfie” (自拍) has been named the word of the year 2013 by Oxford Dictionaries. The word has evolved from a social media word into a mainstream term for a self-portrait photograph. Research suggested its frequency in the English language increased by 17,000% in 2013. The word of the year award celebrates the inventiveness of English speakers when confronted with social, political or technological change. In 2004, the word of the year was “chav” (傻帽), in 2008 it was “credit crunch” (信贷危机) and in 2012 it was “omnishambles” (一团 糟 ). To qualify, a word need not have been invented within the past 12 months, but it does need to have become notable at that time. Selfie is defined by Oxford Dictionaries as “a photograph that one has taken of oneself, typically with a smartphone or webcam and uploaded to a social media website”. Its increase in use is calculated by Oxford Dictionaries using a research programme that collects around 150 million English words currently in use from around the web each month. This software can be used to track the emergence of new words and monitor changes in geography, register, and frequency of use. Selfie can be traced back to 2002 when it was used in an Australian online forum, according to Oxford Dictionaries. A man posted a picture of injuries to his face when he tripped over some steps. He apologized for the fact that it was out of focus, saying that it was not because he was drunk but because it was a selfie. D. Creative

Selfie has been popular throughout the English-speaking world. Judy Pearsall, editorial director for Oxford Dictionaries, said: “Social media sites helped to popularize the term. Selfie appeared on the photo-sharing website Flickr as early as 2004, but its usage wasn’t widespread until around 2012, when selfie was being used commonly in mainstream media sources.” Selfie was added to the Oxford Dictionaries Online in August, 2013, but is not yet in the Oxford English Dictionary. 12. The following words have been named the word of the year by Oxford Dictionaries EXCEPT __________. A. selfie B. chav C. credit D. omnishambles

13. According to Oxford Dictionaries, the standard for the word of the year is ____________. A. the influence of its inventor C. the class of its users B. the time of its creation D. its popularity in a language

14. The word “selfie” first appeared in Australian media in_______________. A. 2002 B. 2004 C.2012 D. 2013

15. What conclusion can be drawn from the passage? A. New terms may be the results of social, political or technological change. B. Selfies are photos taken with a smartphone and uploaded to a media website. C. Young people often help to popularize the new terms. D. Selfie has been included in the Oxford English Dictionary. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Small Changes Make a Big Difference As adolescents, having a meaningful impact on the world can seem like an impossible task. Changing the world does not only mean finding a cure for cancer, or finding the origin of humanity, but recycling a piece of paper as well. Recycle According to a report, 63 million newspapers go out to customers every day and of those 44 million are thrown away. 17 16

The age of technology constantly creates new phones, iPads, or new computers. Many people will stand in line for hours if not days to get their hands on the new piece of technology, but about 75% of the old devices sit in the back of a drawer collecting dust. By taking them to the local stores that collect them they go to people in need.

Go vegetarian (素食者) one day a week 18 The Environmental Defense concludes that if the entire population omitted

one meal of chicken, the amount of carbon dioxide accumulated would be the same amount if more than half a million cars were taken off U.S. roads. Abandon bottled water Most people drink bottled water because of the common conception that bottled water is healthier than regular tap water. 19 All that is done extra is that it goes through a

filter (过滤器). Companies do not need to list where they get the water, how they purify the water, or what chemicals their plastic water bottles contain. of plastic goes to landfills. Keep in mind what Margaret Mead once said, “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it’s the only thing that ever has.” A. Environmental protection has become a major part in our life. B. Here are some astonishing facts on going vegetarian for only one day. C. Having more vegetables does good to our health. D. As a result, 90% of the plastic bottles do not get recycled. E. Actually, 25% of bottled water comes from regular tap water. F. Recycling the Sunday newspaper alone we could save half a million trees a week. G. Here are three simple ways adolescents can go green and change the world. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填人空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 20 Therefore, 1.5 million tons

Most people agree that honesty is a good thing. But does Mother Nature agree? Animals can’t __21 , but can they lie in other ways? Can they lie with their bodies and behavior? Animal experts may not call it behave 23 22 , but they do agree that many animals, from birds to chimpanzees, 24 .

to fool other animals. Why? Dishonesty often helps them 25

Many kinds of birds are very

in fooling other animals. For example, a bird called 26 its young. When a predator(猎食动物)

plover sometimes pretends to be hurt in order to gets close to its one wing is the nest. 27

, the plover leads the predator away from the nest. How? It pretends that 29__ in

28 . The predator follows the “hurt” adult, leaving the baby birds in

Chimpanzees, or chimps, can also be sneaky (鬼祟的) . After a fight, the

30

chimp will

give its hand to the other. When the winning chimp again. 33

31

its hand, too, the chimps are

32__

an animal expert once saw a losing chimp take the winner’s hand and start

__34__ again. Chimps are sneaky in other ways, too. When chimps find bananas, it is 36 35 that they love, such as 37__

for them to cry out. Then other chimps come running. But some 38 39

chimps learn to cry very and they don’t need to

when they find food. That way, other chimps don’t hear them, their food. 40 the saying “You can’t fool Mother Nature.” But maybe you

As children, many of us can’t trust her, either. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. A. sing A. smiling A. nervously A. survive A. stressful A. attract A. trap A. broken A. fear A. conflicting A. carries out A. lively A. Then A. fighting A. clothes A. natural A. fat A. softly A. test A.forget

B. talk B. crying B. worriedly B. remember B. careful B. teach B. battlefield B. good B. safety B. competing B. holds out B. deadly B. Thus B. chatting B. food B. convenient B. strong B. rudely B. share B. hate

C. act C. lying C. dishonestly C. grow C. delightful C. defeat C. nest C. attractive C. silence C. exciting C. turns out C. friendly C. So C. moving C. toys C. unique C. clever C. proudly C. exchange C. refuse

D. dance D. conveying D. impatiently D. communicate D. successful D. protect D. cage D. strong D. danger D. losing D. sends out D. lonely D. But D. hugging D. medicine D. mysterious D. lazy D. loudly D. show D. learn

第Ⅱ卷
注意事项: 用黑色笔迹的签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形 式。 Carissa, Astrid, Grace and I were both nervous and excited about our arrival in Nanjing. The train journey from Shanghai, 41 was less than one and a half hours, felt infinitely longer for 42 (expect) and I think my nervousness was heightened 43 (arrive) at the train station, we

us. We didn’t know exactly what

because I hadn’t met my host student yet. As soon as we were all welcomed with colourful, handmade signs 44

smiling faces. I knew then that I 45 (happily) to have us and 46 (personal)

shouldn’t have been worried. All the host students seemed

Mabel, my host student, greeted me with a charming smile. Due to her friendly

and warm welcoming attitude, I had an amazing time staying with her and her family. They were __47 (true) kind and sympathetic throughout my time with them, 48__ (ensure) I had 49 (effort)

everything I needed and cooking food for me every night. I really appreciate their and thank them 第三部分 50 looking after me throughout my stay!

写作(共两节;满分 35 分)

第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中 共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

Star Student of the Week Li Hua has got the title of “Star Student of the Week” for that she did for our class last week. In the hot Saturday afternoon, Li Hua went downtown to look for the clothes we would wear them in the singing contest. She spends the whole afternoon searching and selecting from one store to another. Besides, the rest of us were enjoying our leisure times in cool and comfortable rooms. Finally, she found the right clothes. Deep moved by her effort, we tried our best and won the first prize in the contest. Li Hua is always warm-hearted and care a lot about the class. Moreover, she often devotes her spare time to help others. We think she deserves honor. 笫二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华。你校外教 Jackson 想了解你班同学对他过去一个月上课的看法。请代表

你班同学给 Jackson 写信反馈情况,要点如下: 1. 整体评价不错; 2. 存在问题:语速快;讲解简单;指定的部分课后阅读书籍找不到。 注意: 1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 开头已给出,但不计入总词数; 3. 可适当增加细节,使内容连贯、完整。 Dear Jackson: On behalf of our class, I would like to share with you what we think of your teaching in the past month. ___________________________________________________________________________

Yours, Li Hua


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