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江苏省常州市西夏墅中学高中英语 Unit1 The world of our senses Grammar and usage课件 牛津译林版必修3


Unit

1

Grammar & Usage
Noun Clauses

Unit 1

课件描述:
本课语法为名词性从句。教学目的是帮助学 生了解什么是名词性从句;学会连词that,if, whether的正确使用。语法课的设计应摒弃教 师一讲到底,罗列语法规则的陈

旧教学方式, 把语法的运用放置于情景中。这样学生就会身 临其境学习语法,生动、有趣,教学效果好。

Introduction to noun clauses
? At lunch, the weatherman reported that the mist would become a thick fog in the afternoon. ? She wondered if the buses would still be running. ? The truth is that the fog is too thick for the bus to run that far. ? What surprised me most was that the old man couldn’t see anything.

Introduction to noun clauses
? Because the clauses in these sentences have the same function as nouns or noun phrases, they are called noun clauses. ? There are four kinds of noun clauses—the subject clause, the object clause, the predictive clause and the apposition clause.

Presentation
1. A noun clause can be used as the subject of a sentence : ? 1) That he will succeed is certain. ? 2) Whether he will go there is not known. ? 3) What he said is not true. ? 4) Where he hid the money is to be found out.

2. A noun clause can be used either as the object of a verb or a preposition in a sentence. ? 1) They know that the habit will kill them. ? 2) He asked how much I paid for the violin. ? 3) He made it clear to the public that he did an important and necessary job. ? 4) I find it necessary that we should do the homework.

3. A noun clause can be used as the predicative after the link verb be. ? 1) The question is whether we can rely on him. ? 2) That’s because we were in need of money at that time. ? 3) He looked as if he was going to cry. ? 4) That’s why I was late.

4. Explain to students what apposition means.
? 1) The news that he failed in the exam surprised his parents. ? 2) Word came that we would have two days off next week. ? 3) There is no possibility that our team will lose the game. ? 4) I’ll keep the promise that I will help you out when you are in trouble.

Noun clauses beginning with
that
? that引导肯定含义的从句,在从句中不充 当成分,没有实际意思。 ? 在非正式英语中,以下情况中that可以省 略:

动词后的宾语从句中 be动词后的表语从句中
? 其他情况下that一般都不可省。

Noun clauses beginning with
Can “that” be left out?

that

? That you like him is strange. ? The fact is that the earth is smaller than the sun. ? The idea that you will invite him sounds good. ? I don’t believe that he has ever read any of Shakespeare's works or that he has ever heard of him.

Noun clauses beginning with
that
Can “that” be left out?
? He said that, if I did not have time, I might choose not to go. ? His composition is very good except that there are some spelling mistakes.

Noun clauses beginning with
if/whether

? 表示“是否”。 ? 只有动词后的宾语从句可以用if/whether,其 他名词性从句(包括介词后的宾语从句)只可 以用whether。 ? 固定结构whether ...or (not), whether to do ..., 不可以用if。 ? 特别提示:单选题中,当确定是“是否”,选 项中同时出现if和whether时,必选whether。

practice

1. —I think it is going to be a big problem.
— —

Yes, it could be.

I wonder ______we can do about it.
B. how C. what D. that

A. if

2. ______is no possibility _____Bob can win the first prize in the match. A. There; that
C. There; whether

B. It; what
D. It; whether

3. A computer can only do ____you have instructed it to do.

A. how

B. after

C. what

D. when

4. Can you tell me ______? A. who is that gentleman B. that gentleman is who C. who that gentleman is D. whom is that gentleman

5. He didn’t know which room______. A. they lived C. did they live B. they lived in D. did they live in

6. To get the job started, ____I need is from here. A. only what C. all that B. all what D. only that

7. In some countries ________is called “equality” doesn’t really mean equal rights for all people. A. which B. what C. that D. one

8. Go and get your coat. It’s ____you left it. A. there
C. there where

B. where
D. where there

9. ______you don’t like him is none of my business. A. What B. who C. That D. Whether

10. The reason____I plan to go is ___she will be disappointed ____I don’t.
A. why; because; when B. why; that; if C. because; that; if D. why; that; whether

11. —____can I do with a situation?


Take ____ measure you consider best.

A. How ; whichever
C. How ;whatever

B. What; whatever
D. What; whichever

12. _____she said suggested that she hadn’t decided ____to go or not.

A. What; if
C. What; whether

B. That; whether
D. Whether; what

13. He made a promise _____anyone set him free he would make him very rich. A. that B. if C. what D. that if 14. ______would like to devote his whole life to his country should go _____there are all kinds of difficulties.

A. Who; somewhere B. Whoever; where
C. Whatever; anywhere D. Who; there

15. — Can I sit in the front row?


Yes. You can take ____seat you like.

A. whatever
C. whichever

B. what
D. which

16. They lost their way in the forest and ____made matters worse was ____night began to fall. A. what; that B. it; that

C. what; when

D. which; what

17. ____gone is gone. _____no use talking about it any more.

A. That’s; It’s
C. It’s; That’s

B. What’s ; It’s
D. That’s; that’s

18. I didn’t quite follow you. What was ___ you just said about the place?

A. where
C. that

B. which
D. how

19. It was ____my father worked ___I work now.

A. where; that
C. that; where

B. wherever; where
D. that; that

20. It was only____I reread his poems recently ______I began to appreciate their beauty.
A. that; when C. until; than B. when; that D. when;than

Homework
? Finish C2 on page 92 of the workbook.


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