第四讲 七年级(下) Units 7～12
1.always→(反义词) never 2．curly→(反义词)adj.直的 straight 3．height→adj.高的 high 4．thin→(反义词)adj.胖的 fat→(反义词) adj.厚的 heavy/thick 5．remember→(反
义词)v.忘记 forget 6．special→adj.特别的special→adv.尤其；特别 specially 7．visit→n.参观；访问 visit→n.参观者 visitor 8．suggestion→v.建议 suggest 9．rain→adj.下雨的 rainy→v.下雨 rain 10．expensive→(同义词) adj.昂贵的 dear→(反义词) adj.便宜的 cheap 11．crowded→n.人群 crowd→v.挤满；聚集 crowd
重 点 词 汇 拓 展
重 点 词 汇 拓 展
重 点 短 语 记 忆
12．decide→n.决定 decision 13．discuss→n.讨论 discussion 14．agree→(反义词) v．不同意 disagree→n.同意 agreement 15．outside→(反义词) adv.在里面 inside 16．loudly→adj.大声的 loud
1.look like 看起来像 2．medium build中等身材 3．a little bit一点儿；少许 4．not... any more不再 5．tell jokes讲笑话
重 点 短 语 记 忆
6．stop doing sth.停止做某事 7．have a new look有一副新形象 8．stay at home待在家里 9．do some reading阅读 10．go shopping购物 11．talk show访谈节目 12．go for a walk去散步 13．summer camp夏令营 14．think of思考；考虑 15．in fact实际上 16．the Great Wall长城 17．agree with赞同 18．have to不得不；必须 19．no talking不许讲话
重 点 句 型 整 理
1.—What does he look like? —He is of medium build. 2．What kind of noodles would you like? 3．What did you do last weekend? 4．How was your weekend? 5．—Where did you go on vacation? —I went to summer camp. 6．What do you think of soap operas? 7．What else do you have to do ？
1．What_does_he_look_like? 他长得什么样？(Unit 7)
What does sb. look like ？用来询问某人的外部特征，其中like是
介词，意为“如同；像??一样”，后常接名词或代词。如： Tom looks like his father. 汤姆长得像他爸爸。 【拓展】 由look构成的常用短语有： look like看上去像??；look forward to (doing) sth. 期待/期盼 (做)某事；look up查寻；抬头看；look after照顾，相当于take care of；look over过目；检查；look out 小心，相当于be careful；look around环顾四周；have a look看一看
2．She never stops_talking! 她从来都是喋喋不休！(Unit 7)
stop doing sth.意为“停止做某事”，指停止正在做的事。如：
Stop talking.Let's have a class. 别说了，我们上课吧。 【拓展】 与实义动词stop连用的固定短语有： stop to do sth.停下来去做某事(指停止手中的活去做另一件事)；
stop sb./sth. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事/阻止某事发生，其同义
短语是：keep sb./sth. from doing sth. 或prevent sb./sth. from doing sth.。
3．What kind of noodles would you like? 你想要哪种面条？(Unit 8)
①would like to do sth. ②would like sb. to do sth. ③Would you like sth.？你想要??吗？(客气请求)句中用some而 不用any。
④Would you like to do sth.? 你愿意做某事吗？(表示邀请或建议)
肯定答语：Yes，I'd love/like to.
否定答语：I'd love to，but...(说明具体原因) 【辨析】 would like，want与feel like(想要) ①would like 和want 后接名词、不定式或复合宾语，而feel like后接名词或v.?ing形式。
We'd really like a holiday in Italy ，but it's so expensive.
我们真想去意大利度假，但是太贵了。 I don't want to go out tonight.
I feel like (having) a drink. 我想喝一杯(酒)。 4.How did kids spend the weekend? 孩子们是怎样过的周末？（Unit9）
【辨析】spend, pay, cost与take
词 spend (spent，spent) pay (paid，paid) cost (cost，cost) take (took，taken)
常用结构 ①spend... on... 在??上花费时间/金钱 ②spend... (in) doing sth.某人花钱/时间做 某事 ①pay for付款；赔偿 ②pay sb. (money) for...为??付给某人钱 sth. cost sb.＋money 某物花了某人??钱 It takes/took sb. time/money to do sth.某人花 时间/金钱干某事
如：我花了10元钱买了这本字典。 I spent 10 yuan on the dictionary.
＝I spent 10 yuan (in) buying the dictionary.
＝I paid 10 yuan for the dictionary. ＝The dictionary cost me 10 yuan. ＝It took me 10 yuan to buy the dictionary. 5．... five kids went_shopping，and three went to the
go shopping是固定短语，意为“购物”。如： Would you like to go shopping with me tomorrow?
6．I found a small boy crying in the corner. 我发现有个小男孩在角落里哭泣。(Unit 10)
即： find sb./sth.＋n./adj./介词短语/v.?ing。如： When she woke up，she found herself lying on the floor. 当她醒来时，她发现自己躺在地板上。
hear/see/watch/feel/notice sb.? ?doing? do
I often hear her sing after work. 下班后我经常听到她唱歌。 7．That made me feel very happy. 那使我感到很快乐。(Unit 10) make (made，made)在本句中意为“使；让”，是使役动词，后常接 复合结构，即“make＋宾语＋宾语补足语”，宾语补足语可由名词、动词 原形、形容词等充当。如：
Tom made his little sister cry. 汤姆把他小妹妹惹哭了。 The news made him sad.那个消息让他很伤心。
在主动语态中，作宾语补足语的动词用原形，但在被动语态中，则要 用不定式，即sb. be made to do sth.。如： The workers are made to work twelve hours a day. 工人们每天被迫工作12个小时。
8．... so we decided_to_play tennis. ??所以我们决定去打网球。(Unit 10)
①decide to do sth.决定做某事
②decide的名词是decision make a decision to do sth.＝decide to do sth. ＝make up one's mind to do sth. 如： They decided not to go back home during the summer holiday.
＝They made a decision/made up their minds not to go back
home during the summer holiday.
他们决定暑假不回家了。 ③decide on sth.决定/选定某事物
She has decided on Hainan Island for vacation.
她已决定去海南岛度假。 9．What_do_you_think_of soap operas? 你觉得肥皂剧怎么样？(Unit 11) What do you think of...？用来询问某人对某事物的观点、看法、
态度等，意为“你认为??怎么样？”，也可以用“How do you like...？
”来表示。如： —How do you like this story?
＝What do you think of this story? ——你认为这个故事怎么样？
—It's very interesting.
——非常有趣。 10．Find students who agree_with you. 找出同意你的观点的学生。(Unit 11) ①agree with sb./sb.'s words同意某人(的观点)
②agree to sth.(plan，idea，suggestion...)赞同??
③agree on sth.商定??；约定??
④agree to do sth.同意做某事 ⑤agree＋that从句 同意?? 【拓展】 disagree为agree的反义词，意为“不同意”，其用法及搭 配与agree相同。 11．Do you have_to wear a uniform at school? 在学校里你们必须穿校服吗？(Unit 12) have to意为“不得不；必须”。如：
I have to go to school now. 我现在必须上学去了。
【辨析】 have to与must
都可理解为“必须”，后接动词原形 ①表示有责任或义务“必须 ”做某事。 ①表示受客观条件限制而“ ②一般疑问句将must提至主 不得不”做某事。 语前，否定回答应用needn't ②否定或疑问借助于助动词 或don't/doesn't have to。 do/does/did。 ③mustn’t表示“禁止；不 ③have to有人称、数和时态 可以”。 的变化(has to/had to)。 ④must可表示确切判断“一 ④not have to＝needn't 定”，反义词为can’t“不 可能”。
如：Your brother has to finish the work by himself ，but he doesn't have to (needn't) be in a hurry.
Students must listen to teachers in class. 学生上课时必须听老师讲课。
七年级下(7～12单元) (训练时间：60分钟 分值：100分)
ashed his face and hands then 1．After he got up, he w_______
went to school. 2．It's against the r_______ to touch the ball with one's ules hands.
3．There are some plates, b______ owls and chopsticks on the
pent/spends about 12 yuan a month on food. 4．Each person s___________ useum 5．We're going to visit the Science M_______. xpensive 6．It is too e__________ for me to buy.
7．She can produce d__________ meal from very simple elicious ingredients. 8．I don't m___ ind him coming in late if he doesn't wake me up. 二、用所给单词的适当形式填空(20分)
swimming (swim)in the river? 1．What about __________
has (have)beautiful long black hair. 2．My sister _____
3．I ________ visited (visit)my uncle last weekend.
really 4．I was ________ (real)tired after the game. sunny 5．What do you do on _______(sun) days? talking (talk)．Grandpa wants to sleep. 6．Let's stop ________
7．Tom ________ visited (visit)his grandparents last month.
rainy 8．It's a _______(rain)day.Let's stay at home. were (be)you last night？I looked for you 9．Where _____
Be (be)careful！Or you will break it. 10．___
were you yesterday? 1．—How _____
—Oh，we had a good time.
awful ，please throw it away. 2．The cake tastes ______
3．—What's the weather like today?
rainy —It's _______. unfriendly 4．The assistants in the supermarket are very ___________.I
don't want to see them again. 5．—How was your vacation in Guilin?
fantastic —It was very ___________.I want to go there again.
一、单项选择(10分) 1．—Susan, why are you still here? They are all ready to
—I'm sorry, but I ________ when to leave. A．don't tell B．didn't tell C．wasn't told
【解析】考查一般过去时的被动语态，表示在过去的某个时间没有被 告知，句意为“很抱歉，但我没有被告知什么时候离开”。 【答案】C 2．—How was your weekend? —Great! We ________ a picnic by the lake.
A．have B．are having
【答案】C 3．(2011·哈尔滨)Each of us has ________ life goals ，which will guide us to a bright future.Without life goals ，we may waste our lifetime. A．a little B．few C．a few
【解析】考查代词辨析。a little修饰不可数名词，排除A。而few表 否定，意为“没有几个”，不符合句意。故选C。
【答案】C 4．(2011·凉山)I have ________ to tell you.Maybe you will be ________ in it. A．interesting something；interested B．something interesting；interesting C．something interesting；interested 【解析】考查形容词的用法。形容词修饰不定代词时，应该放在其后
面。be interested in是固定结构，意思是“对??感兴趣”。因此，答
5．—________？ —He has big eyes and a round face.
A．What is Bob like
B．What does Bob do C．What does Bob like D．What does Bob look like 【解析】考查句型。根据答语“他有一双大眼睛和一张圆圆的脸”可
知是在问某人的长相，用What do/does sb.look like ？句型。故选D。
6．(2011·沈阳)________ buy your ticket from a ticket machine.There are lots of people there.
A．Not B．Not to
C．Don't D．Don't to
【解析】考查特殊句式。祈使句的否定形式是在句子前面加don't， 故答案为C。 【答案】C 7．(2011·枣庄)When you read，don't ________ every new word
in the dictionary.Try to guess its meaning.
A．look up B．work out C．make up D．give up
【解析】考查词语辨析。look up“查找”；work out“解决；
算出”；make up“组成”；give up“放弃”。句意为“在你阅读时，不 要在字典中查每个生词。尽量猜测它的意思”。故选A。
8．Most of the young people enjoy ________ Jay Chou's songs. A．sing B．sang C．singing D．to sing 【解析】考查固定用法。enjoy doing sth.为固定用法，意为“喜欢干某 事”，故选C。 【答案】C
9．—How do you like your Chinese teacher? —________.
A．Yes, I like him very much
B．He is very kind C．I enjoy his class D．His lesson is boring 【解析】考查特殊句型。句意为“你认为你的语文老师怎么样？”“
10．(2011·凉山)—I missed the basketball game between Class 1 and Class 3 yesterday.
—Really？________ It was great.
A．What a pity! B．Don't mention it. C．I'm glad to hear that. 【解析】考查交际用语。A项“太遗憾了”；B项“不提了”；C项“ 我听到那个很高兴”。由上句“我昨天错过了1班和3班的篮球赛”可以判 断此处表示“遗憾”，故选A。 【答案】A
二、完形填空(12分) Children are often interested in fire.They like to play with
matches(火柴)．If they are not c __1__，they start fires at
home.They hide under beds or just cry with fear( 恐惧)instead of running to s__2__，20%—25% of all fire deaths are children ，so
all children should learn about the dangers of fire.
Most fires start out s __3__，but after a few minutes they can be big.The most important thing to do is to hide all
matches.Of course，young children should never be left a __4__
in the home.Even if they don't play with fire ，they may start a fire by trying to cook in the wrong way.
It's also important for children to learn how to crawl( 爬)on the floor and b __5__ the smoke to get out of the house and call
for help from another place.Remember not to go back into the
home for your pets or favourite toys.Firefighters will do this. Everyone should p __6__ fires.But everyone doesn't have to
fight(搏斗)big fires.Remember that fire is a tool ，not a toy.
【答案】 1．careful 【解析】由后句中的“他们使家里着火”可知前句为“如果 他们不小心”。系动词are后要跟形容词，故用careful。 2．safety 【解析】由后句的“20%—25%烧死的都是儿童”
开始燃烧时是小的”，故用small。 4．alone 【解析】由后句中的“他们会通过??点燃火”可知“小孩从
5．below 【解析】逃离烟火的正确方式是在烟火的下方爬行，故用 below。 6．prevent 【解析】由后句“但每个人都不必与大火搏斗”可知“每个 人都应阻止大火”。“阻止”用prevent。
三、阅读理解(10分) Once there was a piano player in a bar( 酒吧). People came
just to hear him play. But one night, a lady asked him to sing a
song. “I don't sing，” said the man.
But the lady told the waiter, “I'm tired of listening to
the piano. I want the player to sing ！” The waiter shouted across the room, “Hey, friend! If you want to get paid, sing a song ！” So he did. He had never sung in public before. Now
he was singing for the very first time! Nobody had ever heard the song Mona Lisa sung so beautifully!
He had talent(天赋) he was sitting on! He may have lived the
rest of his life as a no?name piano player in a no?name bar. But once he found, by accident, that he could sing well, he went on
working hard and became one of the best?known singers in the US.
His name was Nat King Cole. You, too, have skills and abilities. You may not feel that your talent is great, but it may be better than you think. With hard work, most skills can be improved. Besides, you may
have no success at all if you just sit on your talent. 1．The lady asked the player to sing a song because ________.
A．she had paid him for this
B．she knew him very well C．she wanted to have a change D．she enjoyed his singing 【解析】由第三段中“I'm tired of listening to the piano.”可知那
2．Nat King Cole succeeded because ________. A．the lady helped him a lot
B．he caught the chance
C．he continued to play in the bar D．he stopped playing the piano 【解析】由倒数第二段第三句可知，Nat King Cole取得成功是因为 他抓住机会并不断努力。 【答案】B 3．The words “sit on” in the passage probably mean ________.
A．fail to realize B．forget to use C．try to develop D．manage to show
【答案】A 4．From the story we know if you have some talent, you should ________. A．hide it and wait C．pay no attention to it B．ask others for help D．work hard to improve yourself
5．Which could be the best title( 标题) for the passage?
A．Sing in the Bar B．Achieve Success in Life C．Never Lose Heart D．Find Your Hidden Talent
四、从方框中选择合适的选项完成对话(10分) A：Hello! May I speak to Tom, please?
A：This is Bill. I called you yesterday, but you were not at home. B：__2__ I need to prepare something for my trip to Shanghai. A：Shanghai? That's where the World Exposition( 世博会) was held. How lucky you are! B：So I am. __3__
A：I'll have a birthday party next Friday. Would you like to come? B：__4__ My plane will take off next Wednesday. A：What a pity(遗憾) that you can't come! __5__ B：Thank you very much. Bye!
A：Bye! A.Who's that？ B.I'd like to， but I'm afraid I can't. C.I'm buying something for my aunt. D.Have a good trip！ E.I was shopping at that time. F.Who are you？ G.What did you call me for？
【答案】 1．A 【解析】由下句“This is Bill.”可知此处是询问“哪位？
2．E 【解析】根据上文可知，此处应解释当时不在家的原因，因此 E项最合适。
3．G 【解析】由下文“I'll have a．..like to come？”可知此
处是问对方打电话有何事？ 4．B 【解析】由下句“My plane will take off next Wednesday.”可知此处是表达不能去，故选B。 5．D 【解析】由下文“Thank you very much.”可知此处
请以“How To Be A Good Child？”为题写一篇小作文。词数：80～100。
提示：可以从在校内、校外和在家里该怎么做等方面入手来写。 温馨提示：短文中请勿使用真实姓名、地点或所在学校名称。 How To Be A Good Child? ________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________ Now there is only one child in one family. Our parents love
___________________________________________________ us very much. They can give us enough money and food. Then as a child, how can we do well? ?
____________________________________________________________ As a child, we should respect parents and teachers. At ________________________________________________________________ school, we should study well and finish our homework carefully.
________________________________________________________________ When we are at home, we should help mother do some housework. In
________________________________________________________________ the public, we d better not talk loudly. Don t throw litter or _______________________ spit everywhere.
____________________________________________________________ At last, I think it’s very important for us to do
_______________________________________________ everything on time and keep promises.