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模块六第一单元(3)


江苏省淮阴中学 2015 届高二英语学案

M6 U1

No.3

编制:钱正明

审定:沈培

I. Cloze test Smiling is the most desirable human behavior. We tend to overlook the power o

f smiling, 1 can work out many wonders and miracles. In my spare time in the States, I loved to take a walk around the small community where I lived. 2 I met on the way, they always gave me a friendly greeting accompanied (伴随) with a nice 3 as soon as our eyes had 4 . Spontaneously(本能的, 自动的), I smiled back. This kind of smiling exchange represented the most 5 part of my jogging experience in the States. When it comes to doing business, my 6 is “I love to see my customers smile”. If a customer smiles when he sees you, it means he feels comfortable 7 with you. 8 , it means he makes money. If he can make money, I get the business rolling. On a personal note, my daughter?s giggle (咯咯笑) is just like 9 , which warms my inside the same way 10 the sun warms my body. It can clear away any clouds and 11 feelings. Whenever I see her photo, her giggle echoes around my ears. The little reserved and controlled smile of my wife, 12 , reflects the beauty of a matured and well-learnt woman. It is so profound in my eyes. It can sometimes really turn me on. Julia Robert?s 13 is nothing but roaring like earthquake or volcano. It can overtake men and women alike. Americans may 14 in many other ways, but they all agree that Julia is America?s sweetheart. Nobody can 15 her laughter plays a very good part in her acting. Once I tried some candy in a store, the owner asked me how sweet the candy is, I said 16 than Julia Robert. Both of us 17 into a kind of Julia?s laughter. Yes, laughter is something we can not do without. Otherwise, our life would be too gloomy. Smiling does not belong to human alone. Once I stayed at an American home 18 he had a little doggy by the name of Mini. Mini is a lovely pet. Every time we came home, she jumped up and down and insisted 19 giving me some lipping. When I held her gently and asked her to give me a little smile, she just 20 her mouth and half closed her eyes, looking like every inch of smiling. That left a deep impression on me. What I love Los Angles most is not only it is the place where it has sunshine most days in a year but also where most people smile! 01. A. whose B. which C. that D. whether 02. A. What B. Whom C. Who D. Whoever 03. A. smile B. sound C. wave D. greeting 04. A. contacted B. touched C. changed D. connected 05. A. honest B. painful C. enjoyable D. angry 06. A. method B. hobby C. motto D. belief 07. A. dealing B. dealt C. deal D. to dealing 08. A. Still worse B. What?s worse C. Last but not least D. More importantly 09. A. fresh air B. weather C. sunlight D. moon 10. A. through B. like C. as if D. as 11. A. comfortable B. unpleasant C. happy D. satisfying 12. A. however B. further C. then D. but 13. A. cry B. laughter C. sound D. acting 14. A. differ B. change C. realize D. quarrel 15. A. hate B. think C. refuse D. deny 16. A. bitter B. sweet C. sweeter D. bitterer 17. A. developed B. burst C. divided D. roared
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江苏省淮阴中学 2015 届高二英语学案

M6 U1

No.3

编制:钱正明

审定:沈培

18. A. if B. while C. and D. as well as 19. A. for B. with C. to D. on 20. A. opened B. widened C. closed D. cleaned II. Reading comprehension 【A】There is an old saying in English: “Laughter is the best medicine”. Until recently, few people took the saying very seriously. Now, however, doctors have begun to investigate laughter and the effects it has on the human body. They have found evidence that laughter really can improve people?s health. Tests were carried out to study the effects of laughter on the body. People watched funny films, while doctors checked their heart rate, blood pressure, breathing and muscles. It was found that laughter has similar effects to physical exercise. It increases blood pressure, the heart rate and the rate of breathing; it also works several groups of muscles in the face, the stomach, and even the feet. If laughter exercises the body, it must be beneficial. Other tests have shown that laughter appears to be capable of reducing the effect of pain on the body. In one experiment doctors produced pain in groups of students who listened to different radio programs. The group which tolerated the pain for the longest time was the group which listened to a funny program. The reason why laughter can reduce pain seems to be that it helps to produce endorphins (内啡肽) in the brain. These are natural chemicals which decrease both stress and pain. There is also some evidence to suggest that laughter helps the body?s simmune system, that is, the system which fights infection. In an experiment, one group of students watched a funny video while another group served as the control group - in other words, a group with which to compare the first group. Doctors checked the blood of the students in both groups and found that the people in the group that watched the video had an increase in the activity of their white blood cells, that is, the cells which fight infection. As a result of these discoveries, some doctors and psychiatrists (精神病学家) in the United States now hold laughter clinics, in which they try to improve their patients? condition by encouraging them to laugh. They have found that even if their patients do not really feel like laughing, making them smile is enough to produce beneficial effects similar to those caused by laughter. 21. We learn from the first paragraph that laughter ________. A. is good for ones health B. is related to some illness C. has been investigated long since D. has no effect on the body 22. Doctors have found that laughter ________. A. keeps down blood pressure B. has similar effects to physical exercise C. decreases the heart rate D. increases stress 23. Which of the following statements is NOT true of laughter, according tothe passage? A. It reduces pain B. It exercises the body C. It improves the bodys immune system D. It can cure cancer 24. The writers attitude towards laughter is ________. A. critical B. doubtful C. positive D. negative 【B】Biologically, there is only one quality which distinguishes us from animals: the ability to laugh. In a universe which appears to totally lack humor, we enjoy this supreme luxury. And it is a luxury,
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江苏省淮阴中学 2015 届高二英语学案

M6 U1

No.3

编制:钱正明

审定:沈培

for unlike any other bodily process, laughter does not seem to serve a biologically useful purpose. In a divided world, laughter is a unifying force. Human beings oppose each other on a great many issues. Nations may disagree about systems of government and human relations may be troubled by ideological factions (思想意识派别) and political camps, but we all share the ability to laugh. And laughter, in turn, depends on the sense of humor. Certain comic stereotypes have a universal appeal. This can best be seen from the world-wide popularity of Charlie Chaplin?s early films. The little man who was at odds with society never fails to amuse no matter which country we come from. As the great commentator on human affairs, Dr. Samuel Johnson, once remarked, ?Men have been wise in very different modes; but they have always laughed in the same way.? A sense of humor may take various forms and laughter may be anything from a refined tingle to an earth quaking roar, but the effect is always the same. Humor helps us to maintain a correct sense of values. It is the one quality which political enthusiasts appear to lack. If we can see the funny side, we never make the mistake of taking ourselves too seriously. We are always reminded that tragedy is not really far removed from comedy, so we never get a unbalanced view of things. This is one of the chief functions of satire (讽刺). Human pain and suffering are so depressing; we hestitate so often on the edge of war; political realities are usually enough to send us into total despair. In such circumstances, cartoons and satirical accounts of serious political events regain the balance. They take the wind out of over-confident politicians. They enable us to see that many of our most profound actions are merely comic or absurd. We laugh when a great satirist like Swift writes about war in Gulliver’s Travels. The Lilliputians and their neighbors attack each other because they can?t agree which end to break an egg. We laugh because we meant to laugh; but we are meant to weep too. It is too powerful a weapon to be allowed to flourish in totalitarian regimes (极权主义). The sense of humor must be singled out as man?s most important quality because it is associated with laughter. And laughter, in turn, is associated with happiness. Courage, determination, initiative – these are qualities we share with other forms of life. But the sense of humor is uniquely human. If happiness is one of the great goals of life, then it is the sense of humor that provides the key. 25. The most important of all human qualities is ________. A. a sense of humor B. A sense of satire C. A sense of laughter D. A sense of history 26. The author mentions about Charlie Chaplin?s early films because ________. A. they can amuse people B. Human beings are different from animals C. They show that people have the same ability to laugh D. They show that certain comic stereotypes have a universal appeal 27. One of the chief functions of satire is ________. A. to show absurdity of actions B. to regain the balance C. to take the wind out of politicians D. to show too much depression in the world 28. Who is Swift? A. A novelist. B. A poet. C. An essayist. D. A dramatist. 【C】 Pop stars today enjoy a style of living which was once the special right only of Royalty. Wherever they go, people turn out in their thousands to greet them. The crowds go wild trying to
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江苏省淮阴中学 2015 届高二英语学案

M6 U1

No.3

编制:钱正明

审定:沈培

catch a brief glimpse of their smiling, colorfully dressed idols. The stars are transported in their driver-driven Rolls-Royces, private helicopters or executive aeroplanes. They are surrounded by a permanent following of managers, press agents and bodyguards. Photographs of them appear regularly in the press and all their comings and goings are reported, for, like Royalty, pop stars are news. If they enjoy many of the privileges of Royalty, they certainly share many of the inconveniences as well. It is dangerous for them to make unscheduled appearances in public. They must be constantly protected from the adoring crowds which worship them. They are no longer private individuals, but public property. The financial rewards they receive for this sacrifice cannot be calculated, for their rates of pay are huge. And why not? Society has always rewarded its top entertainers generously. The great days of Hollywood have become legendary: famous stars enjoyed fame, wealth and adulation (奉承) to a larger degree. By today?s standards, the excesses of Hollywood do not seem quite so breathtaking. A single gramophone (灌音) record nowadays may earn much more in royalties (版税) than the films of the past ever did. The competition for the title ?Top of the Pops? is fierce, but the rewards are truly enormous. It is only right that the stars should be paid in this way. Don?t the top men in industry earn enormous salaries for the services they perform to their companies and their countries? Pop stars earn vast sums in foreign currency – often more than large industrial concerns – and the taxman can only be grateful for their massive annual contributions to the exchequer. So who would feel unhappy with their rewards? It?s all very well for people in ordinary jobs to complain about the successes and rewards of others. People who make envious remarks should remember that the most famous stars represent only the tip of the iceberg. For every famous star, there are hundreds of others struggling to earn a living. A man working in a steady job and looking forward to a pension at the end of it has no right to expect very high rewards. He has chosen security and peace of mind, so there will always be a limit to what he can earn. But a man who attempts to become a star is taking enormous risks. He knows at the outset that only a handful of competitors ever get to the very top. He knows that years of concentrated effort may be rewarded with complete failure. But he knows, too, that the rewards for success are very high indeed: they are the recompense for the huge risks involved and if he achieves them, he has certainly earned them. That?s the essence of private enterprise. 29. The underlined sentence in paragraph one means _______. A. they are rather rich B. their life was as luxurious as that of royalty C. they enjoy what once only belonged to the royalty D. their way of living was the same as that of the royalty 30. What is the author?s attitude toward top stars? high income? A. Approval. B. Disapproval. C. Ironical. D. Critical. 31. It can be inferred from the passage _______. A. there exists fierce competition in climbing to the top. B. People are blind in worshiping stars. C. Successful Pop stars give great entertainment. D. The tax they have paid are great. 32. Which paragraph covers the main idea? A. The first. B. The second. C. The third. D. The fourth.
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