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Unit 2
I. 单项填空

English around the world

从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. The Titanic sank on its first ________, and a great many people lost their lives. A. travel B. voyage C. trip D. journey

2. I’ll come ________ to the point — your work isn’t good enough. A. straightly B. right C. straight D. direct

3. The students ________ busily when the teacher went to get a book she ________ in the office. A. had written; has left C. had written; had left 4. — How long ________ in our city? — For just a few days. I’ll be back home next week. A. have you stayed B. do you stay C. did you stay D. are you staying B. were writing; has left D. were writing; had left

5. Of all my English teachers, ________ has been to Australia. A. none B. no one C. each D. neither

6. Which do you enjoy ________ your holiday, going abroad or staying at home? A. spend B. being spent C. to spend D. spending

7. The former point is the least important, while the ________ one is the most important. A. later B. latter C. late D. lately

8. The expert warns that it is necessary for every driver to make a(n) ________ to keep his emotion under control. A. belief B. effort C. sense D. idea

9. ________ production up by 60%, the company has had another excellent year. A. As B. For C. With D. Through

10. When it ________ in cinemas in 2003, it become a hit at once all over the world. A. was showing II. 完形填空 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项( A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳 选项。 Hello. This is as good a way as any to welcome you to this passage.
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B. had shown

C. is shown

D. was shown

The word “hello” is

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used more often than any other one in the English language. 2 the word, again and again, every day

Everybody in the United States and elsewhere of the week. The first thing you hear when you 3

the phone is “hello”.

Where did the word come from? There are all sorts of beliefs. Some say it came from the French, “ho” and “la”—“Ho, there!” This year 1066. “Ho, there” slowly became 5 that sounded like “hallow”, often heard in the 1300’s. 4 may have arrived in England during the

Two hundred years later, “hallow” had become “halloo”. And later, sounds like “halloa” and “hallo” were often used by sailors and huntsmen, “Halloo” is As time 7 6 used today by fox hunters.

, “halloo” and “halloa” changed into “hullo”. And during the 1800’s this

was how people greeted each other in America. The American inventor, Thomas Edison, is believed to be the “hello” in the late 1800’s, soon after the invention of the telephone. At first, people had greeted each other on the telephone were not sure the new instrument could really Thomas Edison, however, was a man of 10 11 voices. words. He wasted no time. The first 12 someone 9 “Are you there?” They 8 person to use

time he picked up the phone he did not ask if anyone was there. He was was, and simply said, “Hello”.

From that time on — only about 100 years ago, the “hullo” became “hello” as it is heard today. Of course, there are other 13 Americans greet one another. Not long ago, people

often said, “How are you?” when they first met someone. This later became “hiyah”. Then, someone thought that two syllables were too much and “hiyah” became “hi”. Laziness is a strong force in 14 language.

Answering a telephone call in America still presents problems; however, telephone companies think that Thomas Edison’s short “hello” is too long. Why waste time? The phone companies say. Simply pick up the phone, 1. A. possibly 2. A. uses B. maybe B. speaks 15 your name, and start talking. D. likely D. hears
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C. probably C. writes

3. A. take up 4. A. word 5. A. anything 6. A. also 7. A. passed 8. A. first 9. A. in 10. A. take 11. A. few 12. A. sure 13. A. means 14. A. changing 15. A. tell III. 短文改错

B. pick up B. phrase B. everything B. too B. passed by B. last B. with B. bring B. a few B. anxious B. ways B. making B. say

C. hold up C. letter C. something C. as well C. went C. clever C. through C. carry C. little C. glad C. methods C. fixing C. speak

D. put up D. greeting D. nothing D. still D. past D. happy D. by D. fetch D. a little D. nervous D. ideas D. having D. give

改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行做出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一 个勾(√),如有错误(每行只有一个错误),请指出来并改正。 The day before the speech contest (比赛) English teacher talked to me. She said that she and my schoolmate all wished me success, but it didn’t matter that I would win or not. When I was on the stage the next day, I felt so nervous(紧张) as I didn’t know what to say. There were so many people present! Suddenly, I saw my English teacher is standing in the crowd(人群). She was smiling but nodding at me. I remembered her words and calmed down. I did a good job and win the first prize. Now my picture and the prize is hanging in the library. Whenever I see them I will often think of my English teacher. IV. 汉译英 使用所给的提示将下列句子译成英语。 1. 我们应该充分利用时间努力学习。 (make use of) __________________________________________________________________________
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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

2. 这部小说是根据一个真实的故事而写的。 (be based on) __________________________________________________________________________ 3. 中国东北是一个美丽富饶的地方。 (northeastern) __________________________________________________________________________ 4. 美国英语和英国英语有一些区别。 (difference) __________________________________________________________________________ 5. 他问我们明天是否是晴天。 (whether) __________________________________________________________________________

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参考答案
I. 单项填空 1. B ①voyage 是航海和航天。②travel 是陆地旅行,传播。③trip(短途)旅行。④journey

长途旅行,旅程,路程(常指陆路)。 2. C 3. D ①straight 笔直走。②straightly 拼写错误,不能加 ly。③right 和 direct 不合题意。 前面是一个句型 sb. was doing sth. when sth. happened。在后面的 book 是先行词,后面

的定语从句中动作有明显先后次序,“老师将书放在办公室”发生在“返回”之前,所以 用过去完成时。 4. D are you staying 是现在进行时表示将来,通常指计划好的行动。 A 选项有很大干扰,

但是完成时强调动作的结果和影响。 5. A ①none of them 是搭配,none 可以指人,同时也可以指物体。②no one of them 搭配不

对。③neither 是两者都不。④of all 是指两者以上。 6. C enjoy 后面要接 doing sth. 但是本句中疑问代词 which 已经充当了 enjoy 的宾语,to

spend 是目的状语。 7. B ①latter 是“后者”。②later 是副词,表示“后来”,或某段时间以后。③late

是“迟到,晚点”。④lately 是“最近”,通常句子要用完成时。 8. B ①make an effort to do sth. 尽力做某事。②make sense 有意义,与句意不符。③其他选

项都与题意不符。 9. C ①with 构成独立主格结构。②as 是连词,后面要接一个句子。③for

不能表示随着某事的发展或变化。④through 不能构成独立主格结构。 10. D 句中有一个具体的时间“2003”,所以要用过去时,根据上下文来看,是在“电影

院放映”,所以用被动语态。 II. 完形填空 1. C ①probably 是极可能,概率大于 90%。②maybe 的可能性为 30%。③possibly 的可能

性为 50%。④likely 是形容词,此处需要副词做状语。 2. A ①uses 使用本词汇,可能是说或者书写。同时根据上文可知。②speaks 是说 hello, 不

包括书面语 hello。③writes 是书面语 hello,不包括说 hello。④hears 听到,词意范围狭窄。 3. B pick up 在文中指“拿起话筒”。pick up 还有其他意思:①收听:My radio can pick up

French. ②开车接人:I’ll pick you up tomorrow morning. ;take up ①开始从事;②专注于: He took up art while at school. ③继续;④接下:to take up one’s story;hold up ①举起; ②
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展示; ③阻挡, 拦截; ④提出(作榜样): His son was held up as a model of hard work.; put up ①举起,抬起: Put your hands up! 举起手来 ! ②张开(伞): to put up a tent 架起帐篷; ③张贴,公布:to put up a notice 张贴布告;Jasper has put up “No Parking” signs outside his gate, but these have not had any effect. ④接待; ⑤为······提供食宿, 供膳宿: We can put up ten people for the night. ⑥提供(资金),供应(某事所需之钱)。 4. D ①greeting 指这种打招呼方式传入英国。②word 用在这里不恰当,当时拼写方式还未

固定。③phrase 是短语,hello 是一个单词,不是一个短语。④letter 是字母,而 hello 是一 个单词。 5. C ①something 表示后面所提到的 hallow。②anything 和 everything 的词意范围太广。

③nothing 词意相反。 6. D ①从后面的 today 可以得知,仍然被用,所以选择 still。②also 指“亦,同样”,不

表示时间方面的仍然。③as well 和 too 指“也,还;同样”,用在句尾。 7. A ①passed(时间)流逝;消磨(时间):Spring passed quickly. ②passed by 走过:A coach

passed by just a moment ago. ③went 应为 by 连用,表示时间流逝。④past 用作形容词和名 词,指“过去的,过去”。 8. A ①由后面 soon after the invention ,可以判断是“第一人”。②hello 到现在还在使用,

所以“最后一人”还未出现,所以不能用 last。③选项 clever,happy 与使用 hello 无关。 9. B 10. C 11. A greet sb. with ... 是词组;in,through,by 搭配不符。 carry 携带,运送,传送,表示传送声音; take,bring,fetch 意思不符。 ①few 是否定意,表示 Edison 是一个“寡言少语”的人。②a few 指“一些”,是肯

定意,与文意不符。③little 和 a little 不能修饰可数名词。 12. A sure 前面有 he did not ask if anyone was there. 表示“他有把握”;anxious 担忧的,

glad 高兴的,nervous 焦虑的,这些选项都与文意不符。 13. B ①ways 打招呼的方法。②means (用作 sing.) 方法,方式,手段。a means to an end

达到目的的方法和手段。③methods 方法,办法,一般是用在科学的研究方面多一点。 ④ideas 是观念,不表示打招呼的方法。同时根据后面省略 that 的定语从句可确定答案。 14. A ①changing ,本文讲到语言的改变。②making 可以表示“塑造”,但没有改变的意

思。③fixing 是“固定下来”,与本文语言改变不符。④having 是“拥有”,与上下文 不符。 15. D ①give 强调电话两端互相交流,自报姓名。②tell 是辨别和讲述,过程太长。③say
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表示陈述的内容。④speak 是说的语言和说话的音量,与打电话不符。 III. 短文改错 1. English teacher→my English teacher 2. schoolmate →schoolmates 3. that→whether 4. √ 5. as→that 6. is standing →standing 7. but→and 8. win→won 9. is→are 10. 去掉 often IV. 汉译英 1. We should make full use of the time to work hard. 2. The novel is based on a true story. 3. The northeastern China is a beautiful and rich place. 4. There are some differences between American English and British English. 5. He asked us whether it would be fine the next day.

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