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望子成龙学校

2013 暑一期英语升初三学案

望子成龙学校 2013 年暑二期升初三英语学案(3) 校区 书城 年级 升初三 使用日期 7.30. 10:30――12:30 教师 龙老师 学生 曾黎 份数 1 学生学法提示: 1. 循序渐进师法数学:注重解题过程与思路,养成整体思考与细节把握之习惯。 2. 正确书写、规范笔画:从现在做起,不因笔画不清而失分;不因书写潦草而遗憾。 3. 推敲吃透教材内容:熟悉背记单词、词组、短语、句型;练习过手重点、难点、考点。 第一节
第一部分:扫清障碍 一.听写单词。 二、重点短语: 1.turn on/ off /up/ down 2.cut up 3.mix up4.pour…into… 5.add… to… 6.hang out 7.watch a dolphin show 8.at the end of 9.take a class/ have a class 10.sleep late 11.go for a drive 12.on my next off 13.in my opinion 14.in the future 15.free time 16.be born 17.ice skating18.a piece of music 19.win first prize 20.major in 21.one teaspoon of 22.a slice of 23.take a photo/photos 24.get one’s autograph 25.have a yard sale26.get wet 27.have a party 28.at the age of 29.because of 三、考点归纳: unit7 1.Turn on the blender. 1)turn on 打开(电器等) turn in 上交 反义词:turn off 关上(电器等) 。 turn to 转向 2)关于 turn 的词组:turn up(音量调大,调高) turn down (把音量调小,调低) turn into 使成为,翻译成 30.at the same time

复习八年级上册 Units 7—8

3)辨析:turn on/open turn on 表示打开(电灯,自来水开关,煤气,无线电等) 注意代词放中间:turn it on open 表示敞开,展开,使……;露在外面。open the window 2.Cut up the bananas. 将香蕉切成块。 1)cut up 切碎后跟代词宾语时应该放在 cut 和 up 的中间,接名词宾语时放在后面 2)cut…in two/half 把……切成两半/cut down 砍到/cut…into pieces 把……切成碎块 3.Pour the milk into the blender.把牛奶倒进果汁机里。 1)pour…into…把……倒进……里 2)pour 还意为: (雨)倾盆而下,下大雨。 4.Put the bananas and ice cream into the blender.把香蕉和冰淇淋放进果汁机里。 1)put..into…=put…in…:那……放进……里去 2)put…into…还有“把……译成……”的意思。Put the sentence into English,please. 有关 put 的词组:put away 把……收起来放好/put on 穿上/put off 推迟,延期/put out 熄灭 /put down 放下/put up 建造,挂起,举起/put…on…把……放在……上 5.How do you make a banana milk shake? 你是怎么样制作香蕉奶昔的? 1)就做某事的方法,方式,途径及动作程度等进行提问用 how: 意为“怎样,如何” 2)make: 制作。 make sb. sth=make sth for sb. 1

勤奋!博学!笃志!感恩!

望子成龙学校

2013 暑一期英语升初三学案

6.How many bananas do we need?/How much yogurt do we need? 1)How many…? 多少(可数名词) How much…? 多少(不可数名词)/多少钱? 2)need 当实义动词:需要,必须。 need sth./need to do sth.或 sth. needs doing need 当情态动词:一般用于否定句和疑问句中,need 后+动词原形 注意:--Must I go now? 1) 牢记:let sb. do sth. 2) Let’s…让我们……:表示向对方提建议,而又包括说话方和对方在内,反意疑问句用 shall we Let us…让我们……:不包括对方在内,具有请求允许的意味,反意疑问句用 will you 8.Finally mix it all up. 1)finally 态动词之后。 【辨析】 :finally, at last 和 in the end 三者都为“最后,终于”有时可以互换。 finally: 只指一系列事物或论点的顺序,一般不带感情色彩。 He tried many times,and finally succeeded. at last 有时可与 finally 互换,但往往用于一番拖延或曲折之后,因而带有较浓厚的感情色彩,表示不耐烦,放心,如愿等。 He has finished speaking at last. in the end 终于,可用于预测将来,finally, at last 不能。 He will be a scientist in the end. 2)mix it up 代词放中间,名词放前面,后面都可以。 9.Add salt to the noodles.把盐加到面条里。 1)add…to…把……加到……上 Add 4 to 6 and you have 10. 4+6=10 2)add to 增添,补充。The wonderful song added to our pleasure. 悦耳的歌声给我们增添了欢乐。 10..Do you like lettuce in sandwiches? 你喜欢三明治里面夹生菜吗? 1)like sth./sb. like to do sth. 喜欢某人/某物 like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事 习惯,爱好,长期地喜欢做某事 想要做某事 穿上,戴上。 一次性的喜欢某事/ like doing sth. 最后把它全部混合起来。 最后,终于。同义词组:in the end, at last 在句中作状语,通常位于句首,句末或实义动词之前,be 动词,助动词或情 --Yes,you must./---No,you needn’t. 7.Let’s make fruit salad.我们做水果沙拉吧。

2) like 还可以做介词

“像,与……一样” She looks like her mother. 她看上去像她的母亲。

3)注意: would like to do sth./feel like doing sth. 1) put…on…:把……放在……之上。

11.First,put some relish on a slice of bread. 首先在面包片上放些佐料。 注意: put on 2)slice 薄片,切片。 a slice of bread 一片面包 chicken slices 鸡肉薄片

three slices of chicken 三片鸡肉 12.Super Chicken Sandwich.超级鸡肉三明治。 1)super 超级的,极好的。 还可以用作前缀:supermaket 超市 puperpower 超级大国 keep chickens 养鸡 two 2)chicken 用作不可数名词,意为“鸡肉” 用作可数名词:意思是:小鸡。其复数形式是 chickens. 3) chicken 当名词做 sandwich 的定语。 一般情况下, 名词作定语时在数上不受它修饰的名词的影响而用单数。 a banana tree apple trees 但是当表示性别的 man, woman 作定语时,在数上要随它所修饰的名词的单复数而变化。 a man teacher two women doctor 另一个 再一个…… 13.Finally put another slice of bread on the top. 最后把另一片面包放在上面。 1)another+单数名词:

another+数词:”再,又几个”=数词+more 勤奋!博学!笃志!感恩! 2

望子成龙学校 I’m too hungry. I want to eat another two/two more(cakes). 2)on the top 在……上面,在……上方 at the top of : 在……顶部/顶端

2013 暑一期英语升初三学案

14.Here’s a recipe for a great turkey sandwich! 这是一份很棒的火鸡三明治的食谱! 这是一个倒装句。Here 置于句首。 若主语为名词,要完全倒装,即 Here+谓语动词+主语!Here comes the teacher! 若主语为代词,要不完全倒装,即 Here+主语+谓语动词!Here it is! 15.I need some help.我需要一些帮助。 1) help 为名词的时候 是不可数名词 2)与 help 有关的短语: with one’s help=with the help of sb. 在某人的帮助下 help oneself 请自便 can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事 help sb. with sth.=help sb.(to) do sth. 帮助某人做某事 16.First,check you have all the ingredients.首先,检查一下你是否有所有的配料。 1)check 动词:检查,核对。 2) check 名词:支票,账单。 Please check on the time at the information desk.请到问讯处核查下时间。 3)check on 检查 check one’s answers

4)check out 结账离开 The record shows that he checked in at the hotel on Monday,and checked out on Tuesday night. 记录表明他 于星期一登记住进旅店,星期二晚上结账离开。 unit8 1.Did you go to the zoo? 1)Did you??? 你做??了吗?是过去时态的一般疑问句,用于询问别人在过去某一时间是否做了某事。 Wang last Sunday? ----Yes,we did. —Did you visit Mr

2)did 做助动词,一般用于一般过去时态的疑问句及其答语和否定句中,相当于一般现在时中的 do 和 does.在句中没有实际意义, 只用来帮助完成疑问句和否定句。 He watched TV last night.(变一般疑问句)--- Did he watch TV last night? 注意:did 后面+动词原形 3)did 除了用作助动词以外,还可用作实义动词,即 do 的过去式,意为“做,干” He did his homework after supper last night. 当 did 做实义动词时,疑问句和否定句中切记把 did 恢复成动词原形 do. 2.hang out with her friends 和她的朋友们闲逛 hang out 闲逛(美国俚语) 1) hang 作为”悬挂”解时,是不规则动词,过去式和过去分词都是 hung. 2) hang 作“吊死,绞死”解时,是规则动词,过去式和过去分词均为 hanged. 3.bought a souvenir 买一件纪念品 buy sth. from?? :从??买某物 buy sb. sth=buy sth.for sb. 给某人买某物。 4.What else did you do? 你还做别的事了吗? else “另外,其他” 常用于修饰不定代词,疑问代词或副词,也可以修饰 all,much,little 等词,修饰这些词时,else 要放在后面, 做后置定语。 other 也是“其他的,别的”意思,但 other 是形容词,用来修饰名词时,需放在名词之前。 5.Did you win that hat? 辨析: win/beat win 通常跟 a game, a war, a prize 之类的词。 (1) on??trip:在??旅行期间 beat 后跟人。 6. Class 9 had a great time on the school trip. 九班的学生在学校旅行中过的很愉快。 on 表示“进行,从事于??” The book is on the desk. 3 关于 on 的用法:1)在??上(接触表面) 勤奋!博学!笃志!感恩! 你赢了那顶帽子了吗?

望子成龙学校 ①以??方式:

2013 暑一期英语升初三学案

He often goes to work on his bike.

②在??时间(指具体的某天或某天的早上,中午,晚上) It happened on the morning of May 1st. ③关于(专著性的)?? This book is on/about science. ④对??,朝??目标 (2)trip He hit the man on the head.他打了那个人的头。 ⑤接近??,面对??在??附近 The school is on your left hand. n.旅行 a weekend trip 周末旅行 go on a trip 去旅行 a school trip 学校旅行

make/take a trip to+地点,去某地旅行 7.First they visited the Vistors’ Center. 首先,他们参加了游客中心。 visit 为动词:参观,拜访。 visitor 为访问者,参观者,游客。 -or 表示“??者” auther 作家 : actor 男演员 doctor 大夫,医生 liberator 解放者 v. 给??看,领,带 a fashion show 时装展 conductor 售票员 neighbor 邻居 monitor 班长,监听员 elector 选民 collector 收集者 inventor 发明者 translator 翻译者

8.Then they watched a dolphin show. 然后他们观看了一场海豚表演。 1) show n.表演,演出,展览,展览会 dolphin show 海豚表演 2)on show 展览 3) show a picture show 图画展

His pictures are on show now.

sb. sth.=show sth.to sb. 给某人看某物

4) show sb. around 领某人参观 9.After lunch,they went to the Gift Shop and bought lots of gifts 。 午饭后,他们去了礼品店,并且买了许多礼品。. 辨析:gift/present 都是礼物的意思,一般可以通用 gift 常含有一定的感情色彩,通常指昂贵的“礼物” 强调送礼人的诚意,往往被当作慷慨的行为。 present 常指普通或有一定特殊意义的礼物,价格可高可低,多指送给亲友的礼品,多是出于礼貌,尊敬等。 注意:make sb. a present of “把某物赠送给某人”是固定说法,不适合用 gift 替换。 10. Finally,tired but happy,they took the bus back to school. 最后,他们虽然很累但很开心地坐着汽车回到了学校。 take the bus back to school=return to school by bus.意为“乘汽车返回学校” 关于 take 的词组:take off 起飞,脱掉 take over 接管,接任 take medicine 服药 take place 发生 take part in 参加 11.At the end of the day,the science teacher was happy because the class monitor cleaned the bus after the trip. 那 天结束时,科学老师很高兴,因为班长在郊游后把汽车打扫干净了。 1) at the ehd of 在??末端,在??尽头,可以表示时间,也可以表示地点。 at the end of the street 在街道末端(表示地点) at the end of January 在 1 月底(表示时间) 2)by the end of?? 到??末为止 3)in the end 最后,终于。 12.That sounds interesting.那听起来很有意思。 interesting interested adj.有趣的,有意思的。 adj.感兴趣的 名胜 4 an interesting book 一本有趣的书 对??感兴趣 take away 拿走,带走 take out 掏出/ take onr’s time 别着急 take down 写下,记下 take photos/pictures 照相 take care 当心 take a walk 散步 take turns 按顺序

be interested in

a place of interest

勤奋!博学!笃志!感恩!

望子成龙学校 13.sleep late 熬夜 词组: fall into a deep sleep 酣然入睡

2013 暑一期英语升初三学案 入睡,睡着

go to a sleep

14.On my next day off,I don’t want to go for a drive. 在我的下一个假日里,我不想开车去兜风。 1)on 用来表示时间里,用在表示具体的“某一天”或“某天的某个时间”的名词前。 on Tuesday on Tuesday afternoon 脱下,起飞 get off on the evening of the 3 rd fall off 从??掉下来 下车 turn off 关上 2) off 在句中是副词, be off 表示“休息,停止” 关于 off 的词组: take off break off 解除 1) think 的用法: ①think 之后+从句:即主语+think+从句 I don’t think you are right. 注意 think 的否定前移 “某人认为??如何” (本句型需牢记) 翻译成:我认为你不对。 pay off 付清

15.I think that sounds fun. 我认为那听起来很有趣。

②think it(形式宾语)+adj.+for sb.+to do sth. ③ think about sb./sth. 考虑某人/某事 ④think of +名词/动词 ing ⑤think over 仔细考虑 2) fun ①have fun n. 有趣, 有趣的事 玩得愉快 想出,想起

Do you think it useful for us to read more books?

It will be fun.

What fun!

have fun doing

做什么事很愉快

②for fun 开玩笑,不是认真地 ③make fun of sth.

He said so only for fun.他这样说只是开玩笑。

开某人的玩笑 We are making fun of Toby.

16.Can you believe it? 你相信吗? 此句型为情态动词构成的一般疑问句 1)believe v. 相信,认为 2)believe 的否定前移 3)believe sb./what sb.says 相信某人/某人所说的话。I believe what you said. 我相信你的话。 4)believe in 信任,信仰(多指品德上的相信) 然而,因为天气如此糟糕,没有人来买东西。 no one 为不定代词, “没有人” ,作主语时,看作第三人称单数。 辨析: no one ,nobody 和 none 1)on one 与 nobody 同义, “没有人”,只用于指人,单独做主语时,谓语用单数。 There was no one else around. 2)none 作为代词,意为“没有一个,毫无” ,指三者或三者以上的“没有”也可以指物,常和 of 连用,可以修饰可数名词复数,也 可以与不可数名词,可数名词单数,集体名词及代词连用, 。 none of+不可数名词,谓语动词用单数。none of+复数名词/代词/集体名词,谓语动词用单数或复数均可。 None of these pens work/works. 这些钢笔一支也不能用。 (接可数名词复数) He told me all the news but none of it was very exciting.他告诉了我所有的新闻,但没有一件是激动人心的。 (接代词,代替不可数名 词。 ) 注意:none 还可用于回答 how many 或 how much 引导的特殊疑问句。表示“一个也没有,毫无” --How many students are there in the classroom now? –None. 18. sale n. 卖,出售 1)on /for sale 出售,出卖 2)yard sale 庭院出售 Chickens are on sale at the market. 小鸡在市场上出售。 I believe in him. 17. However, no one came to the sale because the weather was so bad.

They had a yard sale yesterday.

3) sale 作可数名词时,意为“销路,销售量” Sales are up/down this year.今年销路上升/下降了。 19.Thanks for??: 因??而感谢 后面+名词/动词 ing. 20.unit8 的语法: 一般过去时 第二部分:基础训练 勤奋!博学!笃志!感恩! 5

望子成龙学校

2013 暑一期英语升初三学案

I、选择填空。 ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )1. Don’t forget to turn _____the TV before you go to bed. A. off A. peel A. peel, for A. up A. How much A. In A. Tomato A. are A. mix it all up A. as delicious as A. else somewhere A. else A. win A. got A. At the end B. up B. sell B. cut, up B. to B. how long B. For B. A tomato B. is C. on C. put C. put, in C. in C. How many C. To C. Tomatoes C. seems D. down D. wash D. pour, into D. up to D. how heavy D. On D. The tomato D. is like C. mix them up C. more delicious C. else anywhere D. anything D. won D. fetched D. to the end D. into the future D. everyone D. sang D. makes C. went, before D. goes, after D. mix it up D. delicious D. anywhere else )2. If you want to eat a banana, you must _______it first. )3. Could you please _____the pizza _______the oven? )4. If you add 5_________6, you will get 11. )5. ________slices of bread do you need? )6. _______the top of the house, there is a flag. )7. _______are the main vegetable in western countries. )8. Ten minutes _______an hour when one is waiting for another man. )9. After putting in two teaspoons of honey and a cup of yogurt, please_____________. B. mix them all up B. the most delicious B. somewhere else B. other B. winning B. brought B. In the end C. others C. winner C. took C. By the end C. in the future C. someone C. singing C. made )10. I think rolled pancakes are _____________super chicken sandwiches. )11.I’m going to take you _______________. )12. What _______things can you see? )13. Who is the _________of the match? )14. I met Vie on my last school trip, and I __________his autograph. )15. __________of the street I met my old friend, Jim. )16. __What do you want to be____________? A. for the future B. in future A. anyone A. sings A. make A. don’t go, until 第三部分:拔尖提高 II、完形填空 that We must do better. I went to Handan to visit my grandparents as soon as my holiday began. I really enjoy 1 __in that small city. During my 10_day visit I had an experience that I will never forget. One day I went to the New Century Shopping Mall by bus. The buses in Handan are much shabbier (破旧的) than seats are made 3___wood and the doors are always broken. But to my 6 2___in Beijing. The 5___. 4___, this bus was really nice. This made me feel much 阅读短文,掌握其大意,然后用所给的单词填空,使短文完整、通顺,其中有两项是多余的。 J. from K. How L. A. those B. better C. surprise D. myself E. nothing F. of G. off H. pointed I. until B. no one B. to sing B. making )17.The weather was so bad, so _________came to the sale that day. )18. Listen, and you can hear the girl________ in the next room. )19. Before New Year’s Day, the students in Grade Nine had fun___________dumplings at the dinning room. )20. Miss Wang _________home_______ all the students left. She was the last one who left the school. B. didn’t go, until

勤奋!博学!笃志!感恩!

望子成龙学校

2013 暑一期英语升初三学案

At one stop, an old man got on. There are no conductors on Handan’s buses to ask people to give up their seats to elderly passengers. The driver said man 6___. He didn’t need to. Almost all the passengers stood up. A young woman helped him over to her own seat. But a young 8___soon.” The old man sat down with a smile. Then the driver 9 everyone was seated. 10__considerate (考虑周到的) he was! 7__to his and said: “ My seat is more comfortable and I am getting

started the bus. He was careful not to start it Ⅲ、 阅读理解(30 分)

(A) The Beijing Olympics are on their way. What are you most looking forward to about the Games? Let’s take a look at what these teenagers have to say: Yan Shuang, 14, Beijing My parents have booked tickets to the opening ceremony (开幕式)of the Beijing Games. Hope we can be lucky enough. I want to watch the basketball to see Yao Ming and Yi Jianlian. And it’s really exciting that many foreign visitors will come to Beijing next year. I’ll be able to make lots of foreign friends and learn more about their cultures. Wu Bozhen, 13, Xi’an, Shaanxi I have a dream: sitting in the Bird’s Nest and watching the opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympics. But I can’t afford the trip, so there it is. I can watch my favorite sports on TV: the men’s 110m hurdles (跨栏) and the diving(跳水). I hope Liu Xiang can win again in 2008. I also want to introduce foreign visitors to Xi’an. 根据信息内容,选择最佳答案。 ( ( ( )1. Yan Shuang’s parents have booked tickets to _____________of the Beijing games. A. the opening ceremony A. The table tennis. B. the diving C. the basketball C. The basketball. D. the race D. The baseball. )2. Which sport does Yan Shuang want to watch at the 2008 Olympic Games? B. The football. )3. Many foreign visitors will come to Beijing next year. Why is Yan Shuang excited about that? A. Because she’ll be able to make lots of foreign friends and learn more about their cultures. B. Because she is interested in their appearance. C. Because she is interested in their dressing. D. Because she is interested in their customs. ( ) 4. Wu Bozhen’s dream is _______________________________. A. watching the Special Olympics B. sitting in the Bird’s Nest and watching the opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympics C. to be a volunteer ( D. to be a translator. ) 5. Wu Bozhen has two wishes. One is____________, the other is _____________. A. to watch the diving, to watch the basketball B. to get a ticket to the opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympics, to watch his favorite sports in the Bird’s Nest C. to go to Beijing to see Yao Ming and Yi Jianlian in 2008, to watch the men’s 110m hurdles D. to hope Liu Xiang can win again in 2008, to introduce foreign visitors to Xi’an (B) Hans is visiting London for the first time. He has been in London for a week now, and he has seen many great sights. But something strange happened to him yesterday. He wanted to go to the British Museum to read some old books, so he went to the bus stop, and waited for a bus. A No.3 bus soon came, and he got it on. He asked the conductor how he could get to the museum. The conductor told him to get off the bus at the third stop, and then walk down the street for five minutes. “ Go down New Oxford Street, turn left, then turn right, and the British Museum is on the left,” he said. Hans got off the bus and started to walk. But after five minutes he knew he was lost. At school his English teacher always said, “If you lose your way in London, ask a policeman. They are very friendly.” Suddenly, Hans saw a policeman in a very new uniform. He wanted to ask him a question, but before he opened his mouth, the policeman said, “Excuse me. Can you help me? Can you tell me the way to the nearest police station? It is my first day at work, and I’m lost!” 1). 根据短文内容,用适当的词填空, 每空一词。 1. Hans is on a _________to London for the first time. 2. The conductor told him that it _________him five minutes to get to the British Museum. 勤奋!博学!笃志!感恩! 7

望子成龙学校

2013 暑一期英语升初三学案

3. At school his English teacher said if he lost_________ in London, he might ask a policeman. 4. On the way he saw a policeman who was ___________in a very new uniform. 5. The policeman asked him ______he could tell him the way to the nearest police station. 2). 根据短文内容判断句子正(T)误(F)。(5 分) ( ( ( ( ( )1. Hans knows London very well. )2. Hans walked all the way to the British Museum. )3. Hans asked the conductor how to get to the museum. )4. If you lose your way in London, you can ask a policeman. The policemen in London are friendly and helpful. )5. The policeman in the new uniform was lost, too. 根据对话内容及方框中所给的句子补全对话。其中有一项是多余的。 分) (5 ( Xiao Hong and Xiao Fang are talking about cooking a whole turkey.) Hong: Do you know people in the western countries eat turkey on Thanksgiving Day? Fang: Yes, I do. It’s said that it’s very delicious. I want to eat, but I can’t cook. (1)______________________ Hong: Of course. (2)___________________________ Fang: What to do next? Hong: Before putting the turkey into the oven, you fill it with chopped__up (切碎) pieces of bread and herbs. (3)_______________________ Fang: And then? Hong: The bird is placed in an oven to cook for several hours. Fang: Can it be cooked in the pan? Hong: Sure. Some people use a special pan that keeps the meat moist(湿润). Fang: (4)__________________ Hong: Yeah. Finally when the turkey is ready, you’ll cut the slices. Fang: Thank you very much for your recipe. Hong: (5)_________________ A. This mixture is called “stuffing(佐料)” B. I’m sorry, I don’t like the recipe. C. Could you tell me how to cook it? D. It’s my pleasure. E. First the turkey has to be cleaned. F. Sounds good!.

Ⅳ、交际运用

V.书面表达 给 Jim 写一封,告诉他你和同学上周日去香山公园郊游的活动和感受。信的开头和结尾已给出。 你们早上七点钟在学校门口集合,大约八点钟到达香山公园….. ,字数 80。 所需用词:meet, arrive, at the foot of the hill, have a party, play games, climb on the top of, see, how, beautiful, feel proud, live in Beijing, the 2008 Olympic games, hold Dear Jim, Last Sunday my classmates and I went to Xiangshan Park. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________ I hope we will meet in Beijing in 2008. Best wishes. 勤奋!博学!笃志!感恩! 8

望子成龙学校

2013 暑一期英语升初三学案

Yours, 第二节课 形容词和副词的比较级和最高级

一.形容词和副词的比较级和最高级的变化方法如下 (1) 符合规则的: 情 况 加 法 例 all-taller-tallest nice-nicer-nicest dry-drier-driest heavy-heavier-heaviest thin-thinner-thinnest more delicious most delicious (2)几个不规则的 形容词和副词的比较 级和最高级如下表: 词

一 般 情 况 以 e 结尾的词 以“辅音+y”结尾的词 以一个辅音字母结尾的词 多音节和部分双音节单词

直接加 -er ; -est 加 –r ; -st 变 y 为 i 再加-er ; -est 辅音字母双写,再加-er ; -est 在词前加 more ; most





比较级 better worse more less farther / further

最高级 best worst most least farthest / furthest

good , well bad , ill many , much little far 二.形容词和副词比较级的用法

级别

比较程度 肯 定

表达方式和意义









As+原级+as (像……一样)

Art is as interesting as music. Play as well as you can.



同 等 程

形 式 否 定 形 式

English is not so difficult not + so (as) +原级+as (不如……那样) as science. She does not study so well as I do.





勤奋!博学!笃志!感恩!

9

望子成龙学校

2013 暑一期英语升初三学案

不同程度 (用于两者比较)

比较级+than (比……)

Jim is older than Luky. I like pork better than beef.

比较级前面可以加 much, far, even, still, a lot, a little, a bit 等

比较级 比较级+and+比较级 程度加深 (越来越……) The + 比较级,the + 比较级 (越……, 越……)

He is growing taller and taller. He studies better and better. The more books she reads, the better she understand. 最高程度 Spring is the best season The +最高级+of (in) (最……) of the year. Lin Tao jumped (the) farthest of all. 副词最高级前面的 the 往往省略

最高级

(用于三者或三 者以上)

注意:有些形容词,如 dead, empty, round, sure, woolen 等受本身含义的限制,没有比较级。
例题解析 1. He is ________ friends than I. A. much more B. many more C. very more D. too more 解析: 后面有可数名词复数时, many 的比较级形式为 many more 修饰。 应选 B. 2. Which is the _________ country, Japan or Australia? A. more developed B. more developing C. most developed D. most developing 解析: 两者比较用比较级, 表示"发达"用 developed, 而 developing 是 "发展中的" 意思 3. There were _______ shops in the city in 1982 than in 1990. A. little B. few C. fewer D. less 解析:little 不能修饰可数名词,两者比较需用比较级, 所以应选 C. 4. If you are not free today, come another day __________. A. too B. so C. instead D. yet 解析:instead 作副词用时意为"代替,顶替", 表示前面的事情没做, 而是做了后面的事。Instead 一般位于句首。应选 C. 5.He can't tell us ________, I think. A. important anything C. important something B. anything important D. something important.

解析:不定代词与形容词联用需后置,否定句中应该用 anything 而不是 something. 因此应选 B 6. The Huang River is the second __________ river in our country. A. long B. longer C. longest D. the longest 解析:"定冠词 the+ 序数词 + 形容词最高级 " 表示"第几大……" 应选 C. 7. The light in the office wasn't ________for him to read. A. enough bright B. bright enough C. brightly D. enough brightly 解析:enough 修饰名词时可前可后, 修饰形容词或副词时, 要后置。应选 B. 8. There was an accident at the corner. ________, the girl wasn't _________hurt. A. luckily, badly B. luck, hardly C. Lucky, heavily D. Lucky, strongly 解析:第一空修饰全句需用副词,第二空修饰形容词 hurt 也要用副词, 因此选 A. 勤奋!博学!笃志!感恩! 10

望子成龙学校

2013 暑一期英语升初三学案

9. You must keep your eyes _________ when you do eye exercises. A. close B. open C. closed D., opened 解析: 此处需用形容词做宾语补足语。 应选 C. 10. Five days has passed , but I haven't finished half of the work. ________, A. already B. still C. too D. yet 解析:already 与 yet 都可用于现在完成时态。Already 常用于肯定句, 而 yet 常用与否定句。应选 D. 三.形容词副词比较级最高级的其他用法 (1)和冠词连用 the +形容词原级+v(复),指一类人或物 the + 形容词比较级,指两者中“较…的”的那一个,eg. the younger of the two “非常…” eg. a most beautiful city a/ an +形容词比较级 eg. The pen is expensive. I want a cheaper one. ( a) +most+形容词最高级 ( 2 ) 相关结构 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

原级比较:肯定句 as….as…., 否定句 not so / as….as….. 比较句: 比较级 +than….或 more (less) ….than….. 比较级+ and+比较级 或 more and more+比较级 “越来越… ”
richer and richer, more and more interesting The more….., the more…..“越…, 越…” The more you look at the picture, the better you (all) other +n.(复) any +n.(单) He is taller than will like it.

The furniture in this shop is less beautiful than that in that shop.(注意代词 that 的用法)

比较级+than any other +n. (单) (适用于范围一致时) (适用于范围不一致时)

any other student / all other students in his class. any student in my class.

6) 倍数表达法。 A is three(four, etc.)times the size(height, length etc.)of B. A is three(four, etc.)times as big(high, long, etc.)as B. A is three (four, etc.)times bigger(higher, longer, etc.)than B.

用 times 表倍数通常用于三倍以上,两倍可以用 twice 或 double.
The new building is four times the size (the height)of the old one. 这座新楼比那座旧楼大三倍(高三倍) 。 Asia is four times as large as Europe.亚洲比欧洲大三倍。 Your school is three times bigger than ours.你们的学校比我们的学校大三倍。 7) more…than… 结构,其意往往是 …rather than… ,可译为“是……而不是……”或颠倒词序译作 “与其说是 …… ,不如说

是……”。
That little girl is more tired than hungry. 她是贤妻,更是良母。 8) A is to B what C is to D A 和 B 的关系就像 C 和 D 的关系 Air is to man what water is to fish. 空气 对于人类就像水和鱼的关系。 9) no more than= only “只不过”,言其少 not more than=at most not more…than… 勤奋!博学!笃志!感恩! “不多于”,“至少”,指事实。 如单音节使用比较级形式 no more …than… 和…一样不… 不比…更… “多达” 11 no less than= as much as 那个小姑娘是累了而不是饿了。 She is more a mother than a wife 或 She is more of a mother than a wife.

望子成龙学校 no fewer than= as many as

2013 暑一期英语升初三学案

例:I have no more than five yuan in my pocket. 我口袋里的钱只不过 5 元。
I have not more than five yuan in my pocket. He is no richer than I.他和我一样穷。 He is no less determined than you. He is not less determined than you. 10) 最高级+of/ in/ among…. He is the tallest of the three/ among them/ in is class. 四.相关词语辨析 1.very 和 much A)very 修饰形容词、副词的原级;much 修饰比较级;修饰动词用 much 或 very much , eg. I very like English.(× ),因改为:I like English very much. B) 表示状态的过去分词前用 very。a very frightened boy, a very tired child .一般的情况下,以-ed 结尾的分词多用 much、very much / greatly 等修饰。 如:We were greatly /much shocked by the news about Tom.. C) 已转化为形容词的现在分词前用 very。 如:very interesting / worrying / exciting D)too 前用 much/ far ,不用 very。 You are much / far / a lot too nice. 另外,在 too many / much, too few / little 前用 far。 We’ve got far too many eggs and far too few egg cups. E)还有修饰词既不用 very,也不用 much. eg. be well worth doing, be well above the tree 2. so 和 such A)so … that … 与 such … that … 的区别。 so + 形容词 / 副词 + that … so + 形容词 + a(n)+ 单数可数名词 + that … so + many / much / little / few + 名词 + that … such + a(n)+ 形容词+单数可数名词 + that … such + 形容词 + 不可数名词 + that … such + 形容词 + 复数名词 + that … 他的决心不亚于你。 他的决心不比你小。 (no less determined than 等于“其决心不亚于你”,言其大) (not less determined than 等于“其决心不小于”,无言其大或小的含义) 我口袋里的钱不多于 5 元。

注意: 但当 little 表示“小”时用 such。
如:These are such little boys that they can’t dress t hemselves.

下列 so 的用法是错误的:
so a difficult problem, so difficult problems, so hot weather。 B) some/ any/ every/ no/ each/ all/ another/ several/ few/ many/ one/ two +such+n. eg. no such word 3. be too much + n. be much too+ adj. be too much for sb. 对…太过分了 4. can’t be too +adj.= can’t be +adj.+ enough “无论…都不为过” You can never be careful enough.= You can never be too careful.你越小心越好。

[练习与巩固] 选择最佳答案填空: 1 Don't worry, sir. I'm sure I can run _________ to catch up with them. A. slowly enough B. enough slowly C. fast enough D. enough fast 2. The text is very easy for you. There are ________ new words in it.
勤奋!博学!笃志!感恩! 12

望子成龙学校

2013 暑一期英语升初三学案

A. a few B. a little C. few D. little 3. It's such an ________ film that all the students are ______ in it. A. interesting; interested B. interested; interesting C. interesting; interesting D. interested; interested; interested 4. Mingming got up very _______,so he came to school half an hour ______. A. late; lately B. lately; late C. lately; lately D. late; late 5. I am ________ worried about y parents' healthy conditions. A. some times B. sometime C. sometimes D. some times 6. We don't have ________ every day. A. a lot of school works B. many school work C. any school works D. much school work 7. -Look! How fast the two horses are running! --Oh, yes! They are nearly _______. A. up and down B. slower and slower C. more or less D. neck and neck 8. ______ children there are in family,_______ their life will be. A. The less; the better B. The fewer; the better C. Fewer; richer D. More; poorer 9. Most of the people in Guangdong are getting ________. A. more and more rich B. more rich and more rich C. richer and richer D. richer and richest 10. Which lesson is _______, this one or that one? A. difficult B. much difficult C. more difficult D. the most difficult 11. "A ______ accident happened at 7:30 a.m." said the policeman _______. A. serious, serious B. seriously, seriously C. seriously, serious D. serious, seriously 12. ________ is it from our school to Lupu Bridge? A. How long B. How often C. How far D. How much 13. In our city, it is ______ in July, but it is even _______ in August. A. hotter; hottest B. hot; hot C. hotter; hot D. hot; hotter 14. This pencil is ______ that one. A. so long as B. as longer as C. longer than D. not as longest as 15. The station is two kilometers _______ the hospital. A. away to B. far away C. far from D. away from 16. Beijing has ______ many buses that there is often a traffic jam in rush hours. A. so B. very C. too D. much 17. This box is ______ heavy ________ I can't carry it. A. too, to B. so, that C. very, that D. too, that 18. India has the second _______ population in the world. A. larger B. most C. smallest D. largest 19. Mary received ________ many postcards at Christmas. A. so B. such C. too D. even 20. The cake smells ______. Please throw it away. A. good B. badly C. bad D. well 21. --- What was the weather like yesterday? --- It was terrible. It rained so ________ that people could _______ go out. A. hardly…hard B. hardly… hardly C. hard… hardly D. hard… hard 22. The meeting will be held in half an hour, but they haven't got everything ready_____. A. ever B. already C. yet D. still
勤奋!博学!笃志!感恩! 13

望子成龙学校

2013 暑一期英语升初三学案

23. --- What about the English novel? --- It's not very difficult. There are only ________ new words in it. A. few B. a few C. many D. a little 24. How beautiful she sings! I've never heard ________. A. the better voice B. a good voice C. the best voice D. a better voice 25. Mr Smith always has ________ to tell us. A. some good pieces of news B. some pieces of good news C.some good piece of news D. some piece of good new 26. I'm afraid the headmaster is _________ busy to meet the visitors. A. too much B. much too C. so much D. very much 27. - Dad , when will you be free? You agreed to go to the seaside with me four days ago. -- I am sorry, Jean. But I think I will have a ______ holiday soon. A. four-days B. four-day C. four days D. four day 28. The scenery in Sanya looks ________, especially "Tian Ya Hai Jiao" is ________. A, well, best B. fine, the most famous C. nice, better D. beautifully, the best 29. What a _______ day it is! Let's go out for a walk. A. windy B. lovely C. rainy D.cloudy 30. Of the two Australian students , Masha is ________ one. I think you can find her easily. A, tallest B, the taller C. taller D. the tallest 望子成龙学校 2013 年暑一期升初三英语家庭作业(3) 校区: 蓝光 学生姓名: Ⅰ、选择合适的词, 并用其适当形式填空。 分) (5
win ,check ,visit ,instruction ,play ,monitor, hang ,sandwich ,drive, lucky

作业等级:

1.In ____________, I like putting turkey slices, relish, butter and lettuce on two slices of bread. 2. Please write a recipe for pizza and then give us some _________to make it. 3. __What did you do on your last day off? __I _______out with my friends at the mall. 4. Mrs Black is careful in everything. She always _________the door locks before she starts. 5. Bob ________first prize in last month’s writing competition. His parents were proud of him. 6. They are __________from Taiwan. Yesterday they visited the Great Wall. 7. __________I won a sheet (床单) before New Year’s Day. 8. In our school the __________in all the classes are very good. They organize class meetings on Thursday afternoons. 9. There are many good__________ in China, like YaoMing, Wang Hao and so on. 10. Last week Tom’s father _________him to school because his left leg was broken. II.默写短语 1.牛奶奶昔 3.把??切碎?? 5.好主意 8.照相 11.玩得开心 13.在我下一个休息日 15.举办一个庭院销售
勤奋!博学!笃志!感恩! 14

2.把??倒进?? 4.打开(电源) 6.两勺蜂蜜 9.去闲逛 12.睡懒觉 14.去兜风 7.一片面包 10.一场海豚表演

望子成龙学校

2013 暑一期英语升初三学案

III.语法专练 1. John told me that _____ nothing important have ever happened. A. hardly B. rarely C. nearly D. almost 2. ---Why don’t you like the shirt? ---Its neck is not big for me at all. Have you got a shirt of this kind with _____ neck? A. the biggest B. a far bigger C. by far the biggest D. a more bigger 3. ---The temperature today is 10℃ below zero. ---Oh, it’s ____cold. A. the most B. the more C. most D. much more 4. ---Do you think him naughty enough? ---I’m afraid he’s ___than naughty. A. more clever B. clever C. much clever D. much more clever 5. Exercise is _____as any other to lose unwanted weight. A. so useful a way B. as a useful way C. as useful a way D. such a useful way 6. ---What’s wrong? You seem restless. ---I was reduced to paying ____ price for it. A. double the B. double of the C. double D. double of 7. _____, the boys were shouting and singing. A. Happy and excited B. Happily and excitedly C. To be happy and excited D. To be happily and excitedly 8. I’m glad to say that he’s already finished _____50% of the book in these three days. A. no less than B. no more than C. not more than D. much less than 9. I’ll get there by six, if______. A. not sooner B. no sooner C. not more quickly D. no quick 10. The US is about the same size as China, but its population is five times ____. A. as little B. smaller C. as few D. fewer 家长反馈栏 家长签名 家长意见及建议

勤奋!博学!笃志!感恩!

15


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