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SCI投稿全过程信件模板与相关内容(2013版)


SCI 投稿全过程信件模板与相关内容

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很好的博客链接 ............................................................................................................................................... 2 SCI 投稿全过程信件模板一览 ....................................................................................................................... 2 2.1 一、最初投稿 Cover letter ................................................................................................................... 2 2.2 二、催稿信 ........................................................................................................................................... 3 2.3 三、修改稿 Cover letter ....................................................................................................................... 3 2.4 四、修改稿回答审稿人的意见(最重要的部分)............................................................................ 3 2.5 五、文章接受后可以考虑感谢一下负责你文章的编辑或主编(根据需要) ................................ 5 2.6 六、询问校稿信件(如果文章接受后时间较长)............................................................................ 5 2.7 七、文章校稿信件 ............................................................................................................................... 5 SCI 投稿信件的一些套话和模板 zz................................................................................................................ 6 3.1 一、投稿信 ........................................................................................................................................... 6 3.2 二、询问有无收到稿件 ....................................................................................................................... 6 3.3 三、询问论文审查回音 ....................................................................................................................... 7 3.4 四、关于论文的总体审查意见 ........................................................................................................... 7 3.5 五、给编辑的回信(很多方面的套话) ................................................................................................. 7 SCI 论文投稿常见句型和优美句子 1000 句 .................................................................................................. 9 英文论文投稿前应该进行的 28 个细节检查.................................................................................................. 9 中科院博士谈 SCI 论文投稿步骤及经验总结 ..............................................................................................11 6.1 (一)投稿程序 ................................................................................................................................. 12 6.2 (二)投稿经验总结 ......................................................................................................................... 13 SCI 论文写作实战技巧 .................................................................................................................................. 14 SCI 期刊稿件的准备与投送 .......................................................................................................................... 15 8.1 稿件的准备 ......................................................................................................................................... 16 8.2 首页或投稿函(cover letter)................................................................................................................. 16 8.2.1 著作权声明(authorship responsibility and con-tributions) ..................................................... 16 8.2.2 版权转让许可(license for publication) ................................................................................... 17 8.2.3 文章类型/栏目(article type) .................................................................................................... 17 8.2.4 基金和资金资助(funding disclosure) ..................................................................................... 17 8.2.5 利益冲突(conflict of interest).................................................................................................. 18 8.3 电子文档的准备 ................................................................................................................................. 20 一年三篇 IF 大于 7 的牛人告诉你怎么写 SCI ............................................................................................. 20 9.1 一、研究生必备四本 ......................................................................................................................... 20 9.2 二、论文写作要点 ............................................................................................................................. 21 9.3 三、如何撰写实验研究论文(唐朝枢).......................................................................................... 21 9.4 四、如何写好论文讨论部分:科学论文的讨论需要结构化.......................................................... 22 9.5 五、关于写英文文章的秘诀 ............................................................................................................. 22 9.6 六、写论文的技巧 ............................................................................................................................. 23 9.6.1 优秀论文的要素 ..................................................................................................................... 23 9.6.2 优秀论文的误区 ..................................................................................................................... 23 9.6.3 写文章的条件 ......................................................................................................................... 23 9.6.4 写论文的要点 ......................................................................................................................... 23 9.6.5 Reviewer Check List ................................................................................................................ 24
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9.6.6 IEEE Transactions on CSVT Review form.............................................................................. 24 七、论文写作技巧 ............................................................................................................................. 24 八、优秀论文结构范例 ..................................................................................................................... 25 处理被拒 ............................................................................................................................................. 26 常见问题 ......................................................................................................................................... 26

1 很好的博客链接
http://www.Antpedia.Com/?Uid-955-Action-Viewspace-Itemid-74015 (含多个连接, “SCI 论文投稿常见句型和优美句子 1000 句” )

2 SCI 投稿全过程信件模板一览

2.1 一、最初投稿 Cover letter
Dear Editors: We would like to submit the enclosed manuscript entitled “Paper Title”, which we wish to be considered for publication in “Journal Name”. No conflict of interest exits in the submission of this manuscript, and manuscript is approved by all authors for publication. I would like to declare on behalf of my co-authors that the work described was original research that has not been published previously, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere, in whole or in part. All the authors listed have approved the manuscript that is enclosed. In this work, we evaluated ?? (简要介绍一下论文的创新性). I hope this paper is suitable For “Journal Name”. The following is a list of possible reviewers for your consideration: 1) Name A E-mail: × × @× × ×× ×× 2) Name B E-mail: × × @× × ×× ×× We deeply appreciate Your consideration of our manuscript, and we look forward to receiving comments from the reviewers. If you have any queries, please don’t hesitate to contact me at the address below. Thank you and best regards. Yours sincerely, ×××××× Corresponding author: Name: × × ×
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E-mail: × × @× × ×× ××

2.2 二、催稿信
Dear Prof. × × ×: Sorry for disturbing you. I am not sure if it is the right time to contact you to inquire about the status of my submitted manuscript titled “Paper Title”. (ID: 文章稿号), although the status of “With Editor” has been lasting for more than two months, since submitted to journal three months ago. I am just wondering that my manuscript has been sent to reviewers or not? I would be greatly appreciated if you could spend some of your time check the status for us. I am very pleased to hear from you on the reviewer’s comments. Thank you very much for your consideration. Best regards! Yours sincerely, ×××××× Corresponding author: Name: × × × E-mail: × × @× × ×× ××

2.3 三、修改稿 Cover letter
Dear Dr/ Prof..(写上负责你文章编辑的姓名,显得尊重,因为第一次的投稿不知道具体负责 的编辑,只能用通用的 Editors): On behalf of my co-authors, we thank you very much for giving us an opportunity to revise our manuscript, we appreciate editor and reviewers very much for their positive and constructive comments and suggestions on our manuscript entitled “Paper Title”. (ID: 文章稿号).We have studied reviewer’s comments carefully and have made revision which marked in red in the paper. We have tried our best to revise our manuscript according to the comments. Attached please find the revised version, which we would like to submit for your kind consideration. We would like to express our great appreciation to you and reviewers for comments on our paper. Looking forward to hearing from you. Thank you and best regards. Yours sincerely, ×××××× Corresponding author: Name: × × × E-mail: × × @× × ×× ××

2.4 四、修改稿回答审稿人的意见(最重要的部分)
List of Responses
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Dear Editors and Reviewers: Thank you for your letter and for the reviewers’ comments concerning our manuscript entitled “Paper Title” (ID: 文章稿号). Those comments are all valuable and very helpful for revising and improving our paper, as well as the important guiding significance to our researches. We have studied comments carefully and have made correction which we hope meet with approval. Revised portion are marked in red in the paper. The main corrections in the paper and the responds to the reviewer’s comments are as flowing: Responds to the reviewer’s comments: Reviewer #1: 1. Response to comment: (??简要列出意见??) Response: × × × ××× 2. Response to comment: (??简要列出意见??) Response: × × × ××× 。。。 。。。 逐条意见回答,切忌一定不能有遗漏 针对不同的问题有下列几个礼貌术语可适当用用: We are very sorry for our negligence of ……... We are very sorry for our incorrect writing ……... It is really true as Reviewer suggested that…… We have made correction according to the Reviewer’s comments. We have re-written this part according to the Reviewer’s suggestion As Reviewer suggested that…… Considering the Reviewer’s suggestion, we have …… 最后特意感谢一下这个审稿人的意见: Special thanks to you for your good comments. Reviewer #2: 同上述 Reviewer #3: ××× ××× Other changes: 1. Line 60-61, the statements of “……” were corrected as “…………” 2. Line 107, “……” was added 3. Line 129, “……” was deleted ××× ××× We tried our best to improve the manuscript and made some changes in the manuscript. These changes will not influence the content and framework of the paper. And here we did not list the changes but marked in red in revised paper. We appreciate for Editors/Reviewers’ warm work earnestly, and hope that the correction will meet with approval. Once again, thank you very much for your comments and suggestions.

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2.5 五、文章接受后可以考虑感谢一下负责你文章的编辑或主编(根 据需要)
Dear Prof. × × × : ××× Thanks very much for your kind work and consideration on publication of our paper. On behalf of my co-authors, we would like to express our great appreciation to editor and reviewers. Thank you and best regards. Yours sincerely, ×××××× Corresponding author: Name: × × × E-mail: × × @× × ×× ××

2.6 六、询问校稿信件(如果文章接受后时间较长)
Dear × × ×: Sorry for disturbing you. I am not sure if it is the right time to contact you to inquire about the status of our accepted manuscript titled “Paper Title” (ID: 文章稿号), since the copyright agreement for publication has been sent to you two months ago. I am just wondering that how long I can receive the proof of our manuscript from you? I would be greatly appreciated if you could spend some of your time for a reply. I am very pleased to hear from you. Thank you very much for your consideration. Yours sincerely, ×××××× Corresponding author: Name: × × × E-mail: × × @× × ×× ××

2.7 七、文章校稿信件
Dear Mr. × × ×: Thanks very much for your kind letter about the proof of our paper titled “Paper Title” (ID: 文章稿号) for publication in “Journal Name”. We have finished the proof reading and checking carefully, and some corrections about the proof and the answers to the queries are provided below. Corrections: 1. In ****** should be **** (Page ***, Right column, line***) 2. In **** the “*****” should be “****” (Page ****, Right column, line****) Answers for “author queries”: 1. *********************. 2. ********************** 3. **********************
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We greatly appreciate the efficient, professional and rapid processing of our paper by your team. If there is anything else we should do, please do not hesitate to let us know. Thank you and best regards. Yours sincerely, ×××××× Corresponding author: Name: × × × E-mail: × × @× × ×× ××

3 SCI 投稿信件的一些套话和模板 zz
3.1 一、投稿信
1.Dear Dr. Defendi ML I am sending a manuscript. entitled “” by – which I should like to submit for possible publication in the journal of - . Yours sincerely 2. Dear Dr. A: Enclosed is a manuscript. entitled “” by sb, which we are submitting for publication in the journal of - . We have chosen this journal because it deals with - . We believe that sth would be of interest to the journal’s readers. 3. Dear Dr. A: Please find enclosed for your review an original research article, “” by sb. All authors have read and approve this version of the article, and due care has been taken to ensure the integrity of the work. No part of this paper has published or submitted elsewhere. No conflict of interest exits in the submission of this manuscript, and we have attached to this letter the signed letter granting us permission to use Figure 1 from another source. We appreciate your consideration of our manuscript, and we look forward to receiving comments from the reviewers.

3.2 二、询问有无收到稿件
Dear Editors, We dispatched our manuscript. to your journal on 3 August 2006 but have not, as yet, receive acknowledgement of their safe arrival. We fear that may have been lost and should be grateful if you would let us know whether or not you have received them. If not, we will send our manuscript. again. Thank you in advance for your help.

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3.3 三、询问论文审查回音
Dear Editors, It is more than 12 weeks since I submitted our manuscript. (No: ) for possible publication in your journal. I have not yet received a reply and am wondering whether you have reached a decision. I should appreciated your letting me know what you have decided as soon as possible.

3.4 四、关于论文的总体审查意见
1. This is a carefully done study and the findings are of considerable interest. A few minor revision are list below. 2. This is a well-written paper containing interesting results which merit publication. For the benefit of the reader, however, a number of points need clarifying and certain statements require further justification. There are given below. 3. Although these observation are interesting, they are rather limited and do not advance our knowledge of the subject sufficiently to warrant publication in PNAS. We suggest that the authors try submitting their findings to specialist journal such as – 4. Although this paper is good, it would be ever better if some extra data were added. 5. This manuscript. is not suitable for publication in the journal of – because the main observation it describe was reported 3 years ago in a reputable journal of - . 6. Please ask someone familiar with English language to help you rewrite this paper. As you will see, I have made some correction at the beginning of the paper where some syntax is not satisfactory. 7. We feel that this potentially interesting study has been marred by an inability to communicate the finding correctly in English and should like to suggest that the authors seek the advice of someone with a good knowledge of English, preferable native speaker. 8. The wording and style. of some section, particularly those concerning HPLC, need careful editing. Attention should be paid to the wording of those parts of the Discussion of and Summary which have been underlined. 9. Preliminary experiments only have been done and with exception of that summarized in Table 2, none has been repeated. This is clearly unsatisfactory, particularly when there is so much variation between assays. 10. The condition of incubation are poorly defined. What is the temperature? Were antibody used?

3.5 五、给编辑的回信(很多方面的套话)
1. In reply to the referee’s main criticism of paper, it is possible to say that – One minor point raised by the referee concerns of the extra composition of the reaction mixture in Figure 1. This has now been corrected. Further minor changes had been made on page 3, paragraph 1 (line 3-8) and 2 (line 6-11). These do not affect our interpretation of the result.
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2. I have read the referee’s comments very carefully and conclude that the paper has been rejected on the sole grounds that it lake toxicity data. I admit that I did not include a toxicity table in my article although perhaps I should have done. This was for the sake of brevity rather than an error or omission. 3. Thank you for your letter of – and for the referee’s comments concerning our manuscript. entitled ―‖. We have studied their comments carefully and have made correction which we hope meet with their approval. 4. I enclosed a revised manuscript. which includes a report of additional experiments done at the referee’s suggestion. You will see that our original findings are confirmed. 5. We are sending the revised manuscript. according to the comments of the reviewers. Revised portion are underlined in red. 6. We found the referee’s comments most helpful and have revised the manuscript. 7. We are pleased to note the favorable comments of reviewers in their opening sentence. 8. Thank you for your letter. I am very pleased to learn that our manuscript. is acceptable for publication in Cancer Research with minor revision. 9. We have therefore completed a further series of experiments, the result of which are summarized in Table 5. From this we conclude that intrinsic factor is not account. 10. We deleted the relevant passage since they are not essential to the contents of the paper. 11. I feel that the reviewer’s comments concerning Figures 1 and 2 result from a misinterpretation of the data. 12. We would have include a non-protein inhibitor in our system, as a control, if one had been available. 13. We prefer to retain the use of Table 4 for reasons that it should be clear from the new paragraph inserted at the end of the Results section. 14. Although reviewer does not consider it is important to measure the temperature of the cells, we consider it essential. 15. The running title has been changed to ―‖. 16. The Materials and Methods section now includes details for measuring uptake of isotope and assaying hexokinase. 17. The concentration of HAT media (page12 paragraph 2) was incorrectly stated in the original manuscript. This has been rectified. The authors are grateful to the referees for pointing out their error.
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18. As suggested by both referees, a discussion of the possibility of laser action on chromosome has been included (page16, paragraph 2). 19. We included a new set of photographs with better definition than those originally submitted and to which a scale has been added. 20. Following the suggestion of the referees, we have redraw Figure 3 and 4. 21. Two further papers, published since our original submission, have been added to the text and Reference section. These are: 22. We should like to thank the referees for their helpful comments and hope that we have now produced a more balance and better account of our work. We trust that the revised manuscript. is acceptable for publication. 23. I greatly appreciate both your help and that of the referees concerning improvement to this paper. I hope that the revised manuscript. is now suitable for publication. 24. I should like to express my appreciation to you and the referees for suggesting how to improve our paper. 25. I apologize for the delay in revising the manuscript. This was due to our doing an additional experiment, as suggested by referees.

4 SCI 论文投稿常见句型和优美句子 1000 句
链接如下: http://www.antpedia.com/?uid-955-action-viewspace-itemid-74015 SCI 论文投稿很重要一点就是用最专业的语言阐述自己的研究或发现,因此,平时的积累 尤为重要。很多时候,我们在表述结果时,可能了自己的语言,但是不是很地道,积累并吸 取英语为母语的学者的优美句子对论文的写作有着很好的借鉴作用。 我收集了 1000 句优秀论 文的常见句型和优美句子,希望对大家的英文投稿有所帮助。 SCI 优美句型-1 SCI 优美句型-2

5 英文论文投稿前应该进行的 28 个细节检查
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文章来源
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文章来源:转载 Have you ————–? 1 spell checked the whole paper? 2 rewritten your paper at least three times? 3 stopped working on your paper for a day? To see and hear your words better when you look at it again. 4 put your main point into your title? 5 put your most significant findings first? Your gold first? 6 made it easy for readers to tell from your title and your abstract what is new and important about your work? 7 made sure all your verbs and subjects match? Plural verbs have plural subjects? Singular verbs have singular subjects? 8 spelled the same name exactly the same way throughout your paper? NOT ―Bragg. . . .Brag‖ BUT BRAGG every time! 9 asked a friend or a native English speaker to read your paper and tell you what’s confusing or unclear? 10 changed nouns to adjectives when necessary? NOT ―three dimension ordered array‖ BUT ―three dimensional ordered array‖ 11 used active verbs rather than passive verbs as much as possible? NOT ―The effects were investigated. . .‖ BUT ―We investigated the effects‖ 12 found a way to break a sentence that’s much too long (over 4 lines) into two sentences? 13 broken up a paragraph that is way too long into two paragraphs? 14 tried to reduce your paper to its skeleton by making a one page outline of it? Might help you see if your paper is organized in the best possible way. 15 Made all equivalent items look the same? NOT ―scheme 1 . . . .Scheme 2‖ BUT ―Scheme 1. . . Scheme 2‖ 16 removed all contractions, such as ―can’t‖ or ―couldn’t‖? and changed them to ―cannot‖ or
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―could not‖? 17 checked the columns of numbers in your Tables and made all the decimal points in the same column line up vertically? 18 put a noun right after ―this‖ or ―these‖ every time you use one of those words? 19 moved ―however‖ away from the beginning of sentences to a spot later in a sentence where it sounds better? 20 made all your abbreviations the same? NOT 48 hrs 3 hours 2 h five h BUT 48 h 3 h 2 h 5 h 21 used strong definite words? NOT ―We have been interested in‖ BUT ―We have focused on‖ 22 used parallel wording where you lead your readers to expect it? NOT ―not only for fabricating. .but also for reduction‖ BUT ―not only for fabricating. . .but also for reducing. . .‖ OR ―not only for the formation of. . .but also for the elimination of. . ― Don’t mix words ending in ―ing‖ with ―ion‖ words. 23 proofread your paper 3 times? At least! 24 read your paper aloud to yourself? 25 Did you use ―later‖ when you meant ―latter‖? 26 looked for fruit in your figure captions? A fig is a fruit you can eat, but ―Fig.‖ is the correct abbreviation for ―Figure.‖ Don’t forget the period in the abbreviation. 27 proofread your references? Made sure that a journal title, no matter how often it occurs, is always spelled the same way? 28 followed the reference format for the journal you are submitting to?

Have fun!

6 中科院博士谈 SCI 论文投稿步骤及经验总结
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文章来源 文章来源:转载 SCI 论文投稿步骤及其经验总结

6.1 (一)投稿程序
1、选择合适的 SCI 期刊-Choose a journal。结合专业知识、2008 或 2007 年度影响因子表 和他人经验来综合选择要投递的期刊,并进入该期刊查询系统查询近年来的文章走向。 2、下载 Introduction for submission。只要到每个杂志的首页,打开 submit paper 一栏,点 击 Introduction 查看或下载即可。 3、稿件及其相关材料准备-Preparation:Manuscript.doc、Tables.doc、Figures.tiff(jpg 等) 、 Cover letter,有时还有 Title page、Copyright agreement、Conflicts of interest 等。 4、网上投稿-Submit a manuscript:先到每个杂志的首页,打开 submit paper 一栏,先以通 讯作者的身份 register 一个账号,然后以 author login 身份登录,按照提示依次完成:Select Article Type、Enter Title、Add/Edit/Remove Authors、Submit Abstract、Enter Keywords、 Select Classifications、Enter Comments、Request Editor、Attach Files,最后下载 pdf,查 看无误后,即可到投稿主页 approve submission 或直接 submit it。 5、 不定期关注稿件状态-Status: Submit New Manuscript、 Submissions Sent Back to Author、 Icomplete Submissions、Sbmissions Waiting for Author's Approval、Submissions Being Processed、Submissions Needing Revision、Rvisions Sent Back to Author、Icomplete Submissions Being Revised、Risions Waiting for Author's Approval、Revisions Being Processed、Declined Revisions。 6、 修回稿的投递-Submitted the revised manuscript: 主要修改 revised manuscript、 response to the reviewers、cover letter,还有其他修改的相关材料。程序是进入投稿主页 main menu, 点击 revise,仍然按照原先程序投递(近似于 4) ,切记把修改的标题、摘要和回复信等内容 要修改。最后上传附件时,先把留下来且未修改的材料前打钩(表示留下不变) ,然后点击 next,再上传已经修改的材料(主要包括 revised manuscript、response to the reviewers、 cover letter 等) ,最后下载 pdf,查看无误后,即可到投稿主页 approve submission 或直接 submit it。
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7、 校样-Correct the proof: 一般编辑部先寄出三个电子文档, 包括 Query、 Proofs、 p-annotate, 有时也可能伴有纸质文档校样,如一次 J pineal research。校样后通过 E-mail 寄出即可。 8、版权协议-Copyright agreement 和利益冲突-Conflicts of interest:一般首次投稿时就需要 提供,但也有少数杂志是 Accepted 之后才需要提供。

6.2 (二)投稿经验总结
1、正确选择对口的 SCI 期刊。原则上是先投递高影响因子的杂志,然后不断降低 IF,但是 大家都知道没改投一种杂志,我们可能光改变格式可能很长时间,除非你采用了文献管理软 件。我认为也不能盲目投递杂志,应该要结合专业知识、2008 或 2007 年度影响因子表和他 人经验来综合选择要投递的期刊,然后再进入该期刊文章查询系统查询近年来的文章走向, 包括专业内容、种属等。 2、不能进行一稿两投。这种投机取巧之事最好不要做,因为许多杂志之间的编委是相同的, 一旦同一篇文章两次发到同一个编委或审稿人手中,那后果就不堪设想,尤其那些投递手稿 时就需要转移协议的,切记主要版权问题。 3、 如何正确选择必需推荐的审稿人?一般编辑不会选择你推荐的审稿人,但你还是尽量选择 同行中的小专家。但这也与你的投稿目的有关,若十分自信文章的创新性和中肯意见,你可 以从参考文献中挑选大专家。 4、如何礼貌地向编辑咨询稿件状态?我曾经在 Toxicological Science 上投一篇文章,2 个月 时我―很不礼貌‖地向编辑咨询稿件状态,其实不是有意的,只是写英文信的口气完全按照中 文语气,不委婉。后来次日编辑就回信说 reject the paper,不知道这是巧合还是带着性格。 但与人相处时,是存在感情因素的,尤其是可以 accept 或者也可以 reject 时,很有用。 5、如何提高一次投稿的成功率?文章本身的创新性是第一位因素,对口期刊选择、文章格式 完美、语句通顺(尤其符合英文习惯)等也很重要。 6、版权协议和利益冲突表格要谨慎填写。签名时尽量不要代签,以免被编辑发现时的尴尬。 7、尽可能参照投稿说明,认真修改手稿格式。这一点是衡量一位科研工作者的严谨程度,建 议大家认真阅读 Introduction for submission,逐条地改正,以防延误同行评审时间。 8、修回后投稿一定要核对初稿中改正的地方:标题、摘要、cover letter 等。 9、 要了解此刊是否需要审稿费和版面费?大家都知道版面费一般都是用美元衡量的,建议最 好选择不需要版面费的(不用彩图也收版面费的) 。但是有些杂志,如 Endocrinology 等杂志 就需要版面费,多数杂志若有彩图印刷都要版面费的,大家谨慎选择。
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10、一般外文 SCI 杂志的审稿周期是 1-3 月。大家一方面耐心等待,若 2 月左右没有消息, 可以通过 e-mail 咨询一下稿件状态。我的感觉是好一点杂志审稿周期短一点,而往往是差一 点的杂志却老是拖,曾经遇到一个 IF2.5 的杂志 3 个多月后咨询:原因是找不到审稿人,多 少审稿人推脱最近很忙

7 SCI 论文写作实战技巧
http://www.antpedia.com/?uid-33467-action-viewspace-itemid-60273 上一篇 / 下一篇 2010-04-02 13:52:04 / 个人分类:投稿经历 查看( 23 ) / 评论( 0 ) / 评分( 0 / 0 )

文章来源 文章来源:转载 SCI 论文已经成职称评估,博士毕业所不可缺少的一部分了呀!针对于国内的种种需求,SCI 论文变得越来越受到重视。那么该论文的写作到底有什技巧呢?我个人针对于写作经验及其 各位老师的写作手法进行了概要,具体如下: 1. 在针对自己的要写论文的内容,进行文献检索,查到所有相关的论文;检索论文分为可

以网站上搜到全文的,再有就是需要找到杂志复印的;其实,还有一部分就 Online 的,也就 说还没有出版,但是马上要出版的呀! 2. 论文写作无外乎就那么几个部分: 2.1 题目-要全面概况论文的内容; 2.2 摘要尽量简练,这里需要模仿相关论文的摘要; 2.3 前言,不怎么好写,一般分为四段法,第一段总括,第二段具体研究概况,第三段你 论文的研究对象研究现状, 第四段你为什么做这个东西。

2.4 材料与方法,这个就是简单修改其他人写过的就可以了,因为都是大同小异,但要注 意细节。 2.5 结果,写论文第一件事就是处理结果,定位一下你论文的能否写成英文,能投到什么 刊物上,结果的处理很重要,既要说明问题,又要简练。 2.6 讨论, 比较难写, 针对于本文的主要 2-4 个问题展开讨论, 不要面面俱到, 什么都写, SCI 论文不想中文讨论很多。这里需要大量的文献作支撑。 2.7 致谢,把帮过你的人没能成为作者的致谢一下子就 OK 了,这个部分很容易。 2.8 参考文献,这个部分说容易很容易,说难了也不简单,需要完全按照要投的刊物来修
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订,决定不要这个刊物的标准用在哪个刊物上,这样会造成给主编不尊重的感觉,一定要小 心。 2.9 附加材料,有的时候论文需要附加材料比如分子测序等,这个部分作为很小的部分单 列。 3. 语言写作,这里的语言尽量用别人的话,你不要自己乱说话,除非没办法,否则就会受到 这样的审稿意见,作者不是 Native 语言之类的话;参照了别人,很容易被接受。 4. 论文新意,一篇论文一定有自己的画龙点睛的部分,重点突出这部分。尤其在结论部分就 是要讨论的最后一段上,说上那么 3 句话左右来强调你的最新成果。 5. 写作程序,可以每天写一部分,或者写上一段,每天都写,每天都看,一般一篇论文的写 作也就是 15-30 天。 6. 写作精神,这年头什么事情就怕坚持,只要你坚持住就一定会成功。祝各位博友 SCI 论文 写作顺利,投稿成功。

8 SCI 期刊稿件的准备与投送
上一篇 / 下一篇 2010-03-26 11:53:37 / 个人分类:SCL 查看( 37 ) / 评论( 0 ) / 评分( 0 / 0 )

文章来源 文章来源:转载 SCI(science citation index,科学引文索引)是美国 ISI(institute for scientific information,科 技信息所)使用的对科技期刊和论文进行评价的一种工具。 收录约 3600 种核心刊物, 其中 1000 余种为生命学科杂志。目前已有很多高等院校和科研单位都以被 SCI 收录的论文作为评价研 究人员水平的一个重要指标。国内核心刊物版面有限,投稿人多,国内刊物 SCI 收录杂志论 文发表相对更为困难,且国内刊物影响因子都较低。而大多数国际刊物没有版面费,国际刊 物从送审到发表时间周期短,因此向国外投稿不失为明智之举。 无论是临床医生还是进行基础研究的生物医学专业人员,中文医学科技论文的写作投稿 也许并非难事,但对于如何向国外期刊投英文医学论文,对不少人来说都比较陌生,更不用 说有经验和体会。因此,本文将系统地介绍文稿在准备投寄英文医学期刊时,中文期刊较少 涉及、而国外期刊较为注重的内容。这些内容也是国内作者比较陌生的部分。 稿件的写作是稿件发表的第一个环节,之后作者应慎重选择合适的目标期刊和选择适合 刊物投稿。然后仔细阅读目标期刊的投稿须知(Instructions for authors)和近期的杂志,以便了 解该刊的报道范围、读者对象、栏目设置、文体格式、版权声明、稿件要求、审稿流程等重 要信息。根据目标期刊投稿须知的要求,有针对性的对文章做进一步的修改和润色。对于文 体 格 式 上 的 要 求 , 英 文 生 物 医 学 期 刊 一 般 遵 循 温 哥 华 格 式 (Uniform. Requirements for Manuscripts Submitting to Biomedical Journal by ICMJE), 作者可以登录国际生物医学编辑委员 会的网站(http://www.icmje.org)获取更详细的规范要求。

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8.1 稿件的准备
国外期刊要求提供的文稿内容与国内的期刊的要求大同小异,普遍需要提供的内容包括: 首页、投稿函(cover letter);文题页(title page);文摘和关键词(abstract and keywords);正文;前 言(introduction);材料/对象和方法[materials(or patients)and methods]; 结果(results);讨论 (discussion);致谢(acknowledgements);参考文献(references);表(tables);图(figures)。 各部分内容按以上顺序在文档中另起页书写(正文各部分内容可在一起), 图表可置文后也 可另存为附件。最好在文稿前附一目次页,以便于编辑快速了解文稿的内容安排。其中文题 页、文摘和关键词、正文的写作与国内期刊的规范基本一致,不再赘述。

8.2 首页或投稿函(cover letter)
这是编辑部收到稿件最先看到的部分,作用是推荐稿件,说明稿件的真实性和介绍稿件 的有关情况。一般投稿函中包括下述内容(有些内容不是必须的,有些内容可能在网上投寄过 程中就输入了,不需在首页中体现)。

8.2.1 著作权声明(authorship responsibility and con-tributions)
在首页上要列出本文的作者和通讯作者,以及他们的详细联系方式(Email、地址、国家、 邮编、电话、传真等)。声明每个作者都有对该文的部分或全部贡献,所有作者保证本文的立 题和内容资料真实可靠并未在其他媒体上全文发表过,在必要时可以提供相关内容给编辑部 作为参考,也未涉及到保密的内容。参考英文表述如下: The manuscript. represents valid work and that neither this manuscript. nor one with substantially similar content under my authorship has been published or is being con- ?228? sidered for publication elsewhere ,except as described in an attachment;and if requested,I will provide the data or agree to allow the corresponding author to obtain and pro-vide the data on which the manuscript. is based examination by the editors or their assignees.I have participated suf-ficiently in the research(or review)and its writing to take public responsibility for part of(or whole)the content. 几乎所有期刊都要求有至少一名通讯作者,并授予该作者代表全体作者行使与编辑部沟 通,签署相关协议和完成稿件处理流程的权力。团体作者的时候尤其要注明这项信息。所以 通讯作者的资料要详尽,一般推荐文稿的英文撰写人或有一定英文交流能力的作者。参考英 文表述如下:
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The corresponding author has the right to grant on behalf of all authors and does grant on behalf of all au-thors , an exclusive license(or non exclusive for govern-ment employees)on a worldwide basis to your journal to permit this article(if accepted)to be published and any other products and sublicenses such use and exploit all subsidiary rights.

8.2.2 版权转让许可(license for publication)
许多国外期刊的版权转让声明比国内的期刊要求更严。作者承认将论文的所有版权[汇编 权(文章的部分或全部)、发行权、印刷版和电子版的复制权、翻译权、信息网络传播权及代 理许可国内外文献检索系统或数据库收录权等]独家授予所投期刊社。未经该期刊社书面许 可,不再授权他人以任何形式汇编、转载、出版本文的任何部分。通常国外的杂志提供了电 子版的版权转让许可证的下载,所有作者在认真阅读该许可后签署自己的名字。由于篇幅有 限,版权转让许可的文本又多,如有需要的读者请参看英国医学杂志(BMJ)关于版权转让的 许可说明(http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/advice/copyright.shtml)。 值得注意的是,近年来随着 OA(open access)出版模式的出现,以这种模式运营的期刊 对版权要求不是那么严格,作者可以保留文稿的所有或部分版权,进行适量的非商业性质的 拷贝、转发和保存。这给作者提供了更宽泛的版权占有方式,也加快了科技信息的快速流通。

8.2.3 文章类型/栏目(article type)
表明论文投向哪(几)个栏目的。通常在网上投寄过程中编辑部的投稿系统需要作者选择 要投的栏目。如需在文稿中体现,参考英文表述如下: This article is for Original Article for next year's theme issue.

8.2.4 基金和资金资助(funding disclosure)
说明本论文是否受政府、机构、公司或个人的基金资助。政府和机构的资助对提升文章 在编辑的印象上有一定的影响,但不是决定文章质量的决定性因素。公司或个人的资助的说 明有助于编辑和读者判断文章结论是否真实。该信息是必须如实提供的,参考的英文表述如 下: This research was supported by the Science and Technology Development Project Foundation (No.98754444)and part by National Youth Nature Science Foundation of
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China(No.302000284).

8.2.5 利益冲突(conflict of interest)
对利益冲突的声明有助于读者判断该文章是否有倾向性,国外期刊一般对原始论著、综 述和研究进展之类的文章有利益冲突声明要求。声明的内容通常包括以下内容,各编辑部要 求声明的内容和层次不尽相同,但多是非常重要的信息: (1)学术纷争和作者知情:学术纷争指作者内部就某个研究课题存在不同的学术理解;作者 知情是指在论文发表过程中部分作者没有获悉文章的受理消息,或者多位作者合作完成,但 互相之间缺乏交流。这些冲突可能不会导致文章的失实和偏颇。 (2)资金:说明文章的发表与否是否会对作者造成从某些机构获取薪水、设备、供给、参会 旅游费用等的影响。 (3)个人经济利益:说明文章的发表与否是否会导致个人的股票和分红的增加和损失, 以及 对专利保护和专利申请的影响。 (4)工作:说明文章的发表与否会造成作者现在、近期或预期工作的影响。 如果没有以上利益冲突或情节不重要,可在致谢中写上如下参考英文表述: All authors have no competing interestto declare.或 I have no relevant financial interests to disclose.如有的话,按上述情况进行说明,下面提供一份参考的英文表述:I certify that all my(and immediate family's)affilia-tions with or financial involvement(eg , employment,con-sultancies,honoraria,stock ownership or options,grants,contracts, patents received or pending,or royalties)with any organization or entity having a financial interest in or financial conflict with the subject matter or materials dis-cussed in the manuscript. are disclosed completely here.For purposes of disclosure , financial involvement is defined as having occurredwithin the last3years and being an amount greater than or equal to10,000RMB per year or having the potential to generate that amount per year in the future. (5)出版声明(publishing statement) 如果文献中涉及到的结果、数据、图表已在其他媒体上出版,编辑部要求作者事先获取 原作者的手写认可证明,证明原作者知晓并认可其在该刊上引用其内容。同时作者应在文中 的相应位置注明其来源。 (6)版面费减免声明(publishing fee)
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大部分作者都有能力支付编辑部要求的审稿费、版面费、修改费,彩图制作费和数字化 加工费等。如作者确实有资金方面的问题可在投稿函中向期刊申请减免全部或部分费用,同 时附上必要的证明。编辑部在接收申请后将对作者的经济状况进行调查,如情节属实,编辑 部会考虑作者减免出版费用的申请。 (7)推荐审稿专家(suggested reviewers) 有些编辑部允许读者推荐合适的审稿专家, 推荐时尽量提供详尽的专家信息, 比如名(first name)、中名(middle name)、姓(last name)、头衔、研究机构、Email、电话、传真、地址 等。推荐的原则是专业对口,地域相异,人数 2~3 名。 (8)回避审稿专家(avoided reviewers) 回避的审稿专家包括二个因素。一方面是由于某些专家在与作者存在学术上、经济上或 政治上的分歧和冲突。另一方面是由于某些专家与作者存在利益交织的情况。为避免上述原 因造成文章在审理过程的偏颇和失实,可在首页上标明哪些专家不适合本文的审查工作。 (9)知情同意和伦理学声明(informed consent and ethical approval) 以人作为研究对象时,应征得受试者(或其父母或监护人)书面的知情同意(informed consent)。同时在论文的材料与方法部分说明。 另外,未经同意,不得侵犯病人的隐私权,如不公布受试者的姓名、住院号等。在刊登 受试者的照片等资料,应征得受试者的同意,并采取适当措施(如遮住患者的眼睛等)进行加 密。为此目的,应让病人过目即将发表的稿件。 如有涉及到医学伦理学的问题,要慎重考虑目标期刊是否允许发表带有伦理学异议的稿 件。比如涉及到人类胚胎干细胞的敏感伦理学问题,要详细了解该 国的医学伦理方面的相关 法规和该刊的伦理学尺度。对于一般的人体研究要提供道德伦理委员会的许可证明。 如涉及上述问题,应在文后附上相关文件,也可在投稿函上声明本文已获得病人的知情 同意书、道德伦理委员会的许可证明,相关文件见附件。 We obtained all informed consent from subjects and a license from ethical committee(see attached files). (10)CONSORT 声明(CONSORT statement) 随机对照试验的统一报告格式(CONSORT)声明发表于 1996 年, 对规范 RCT 报告格式、 提高 RCT 报告质量发挥了重要作用。该声明现已得到国际上著名的 14 个组织机构和 120 余 家医学期刊的认可,并签约使用,作为 RCT 报告的作者、审稿人和编者撰写、评价及发表的 重要指南。 作者可登录 http://www.consort-statement.org 下载 CONSORT 文档, 填写后作为
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附件附在文后。 其他类似的声明还有 QUOROM 声明,STARD 声明等。 (11)文稿评述(summary points) 投稿函上还可附上简短的的内容描述,以便于编辑第一时间了解文章的内容。

8.3 电子文档的准备
可以上传的电子文档的类型比较多样,以 txt、gif、htm、doc、jpg、swf、xls、pdf、mov、 ppt、 wav 等为后缀的文件都可以作为附件进行上传, 但作者在上传前要认真阅读上传的要求, 一般的编辑部推荐用 Word(2000 或以上版本的为佳)和 PDF 的文档格式进行上传。文件在保 证内容的完备条件下,要尽可能的小,不至于造成网络的拥堵,Nature 要求文档的大小不要 超过 3M。 有些图表可以与文稿放在一个 Word 文档中,注明序号和名称,并配上图例和表注,同 时在正文中指明图表的位置。如有大图片,尽量以附件形式上传,附件的命名要规范。 为便于印刷,通常编辑部要求彩图的像素为 300dpi,黑白图的像素为 600dpi,线图的像 素为 1200dpi。半栏图控制在 8cm 以内,通栏图控制在 17cm 以内。如提供了原照,需在照 片的背后注上图片的序号和图例。

9 一年三篇 IF 大于 7 的牛人告诉你怎么写 SCI
上一篇 / 下一篇 2010-05-04 15:02:30 / 个人分类:论文资料 查看( 56 ) / 评论( 0 ) / 评分( 0 / 0 ) 文章来源

9.1 一、研究生必备四本
俗话说好记性不如烂笔头,所以一定要首先养成做笔记的好习惯! 作为研究生下面这几个本子是必不可少的 1.实验记录本(包括试验准备本) ,这当然首当其冲必不可少,我就不多说了; 2.Idea 记录本,每次看文献对自己有用的东西先记下,由此产生的 idea 更不能放过,这可是 做研究的本钱,好记性不如烂笔头,以后翻翻会更有想法的; 3.专业概念以及理论进展记录本,每个人不可能对自己领域的概念都了如指掌,初入门者更 是如此,这时候小小一个本子的作用就大了; 4.讲座记录本,这本本子可能有些零杂,记录听到的内容,更要记录瞬间的灵感,以及不懂 的地方,不可小视!
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这四本是你必不可少的,不过作为我们这些非英语专业的研究生来说,还有一个应该具备 的本子就是英语好句记录本。

9.2 二、论文写作要点
1.选题要小,开掘要深;不要题目很大,内容却很单薄。 2.写作前要读好书、翻阅大量资料、注意学术积累,在这个过程中,还要注重利用网络,特 别是一些专业数据库. 3. “选题新、方法新、资料新”的三新原则(老板教导的) 4. “新题新做”和“小题大做” 总之,一点之见即成文。

9.3 三、如何撰写实验研究论文(唐朝枢)
论文发表意识:基础研究成果的表达方式;是否急于发表(创新与严谨的关系) ;发表的 论文与学位论文的区别(反映科学事实而不是反映作者水平) 论文格式:原著、快报、简报、摘要。不同于教科书、讲义,更不同于工作总结。 撰写前的准备工作:复习和准备好相关文献;再次审定实验目的(学术思想,Idea);实验资料 完整并再次审核 1.Introduction: 问题的提出;研究的现状及背景;以前工作基础;本工作的目的;思路(可提假说) ;对 象;方法;结果。在? 模型上,观察 ? 指标, 以探讨 ? (目的) 2. M & M ⑴ 材料的写法和意义; 伦理. ⑵ 程序与指标。操作程序:能序贯,可操作性;方法: 多指标方法的排序;引出参照文 献简述;改良之处;哪些详或简?⑶ 统计学处理 3. Results ⑴指标归类描述,忌流水帐。不分析不解释,但要体现思路 ⑵ 文字、图、表相对独立,但避免重复 ⑶ 避免统计错误:对照,均衡,随即,重复。计量-计数、绝对值-相对值、专一指标 —综合指标的转换。盲判与非盲判。技术资料直接概率法与卡方检验;多组资料与两组资 料;等级相关与直线相关;多因素与单因素分析;配对资料与独立样本资料;非正态分布 资料;例数不当;平行管,混合样本;突出差异(绝对值, Δ 值,变化%; 联合×、÷ 比值,分亚组等)有效位数的保留。统计学结论与专业结论。 4. Discussion ⑴ 背景材料:展开问题的提出;有关本研究的一些基本知识内容(不要离题太远) ⑵ 本实验结果分析:各指标的意义(与文献值比较) ,结果说明什么问题 ⑶ 进一步对结果机理分析:结合文献 ⑷ 本工作的意义、结语或小结,进一步提出的新问题 其它注意点: ① 引证讨论文献知识太多(不同于学位论文),掩盖了本工作的贡献 ② 分析不合逻辑,结论不当 ③ 讨论太浮浅,文献知识不熟悉 ④ 写成工作总结,缺乏学术高度 ⑤ 要正确使用缩写词,尤其是组别缩写词
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5. 参考文献:为什么要引文献 ⑴ 立论依据的文献:新,权威性文献,不用快报或摘要 ⑵ 自己工作的自引:工作连续性 ⑶ 实验结果与文献资料比较:新,可用快报, 会议及个人咨询资料 ⑷ 方法学:经典文献,注意引文准确,不要转引 6. 摘要: 问题的提出(Background) ;本工作目的;对象;方法(指标,分组) ;主要结果(数据, 统计) ;结论与展望 7.再推敲文章题目:不切题,过大、过小 8.投稿:按杂志稿约修定(留底).引用该杂志文章. 忌一稿两投 9.致命伤:目的不明确;重复性工作无创新; 方法学问题致结果不可信 .临床研究:伦理;病例 和对照选择;临床关系充分分析

9.4 四、如何写好论文讨论部分:科学论文的讨论需要结构化
建议科学论文讨论部分使用的结构:陈述主要发现,本研究的长处和短处、同其它研究 比较的长处和短处;特别要讨论结果中的差别、研究的意义、未解答的问题及今后的研究方 向讨论一开始要重新说明主要发现,用一个句子表示较为理想。接着全面说明本研究的长处 和短处,两者不可偏废。实际上,编辑和读者最注意研究的短处,这是所有医学研究不可避 免的。编辑和读者一旦发现研究的短处,而作者未加讨论,他们对文章的信任会发生动摇, 心生疑窦:是否还有他们和作者都未发现的其它弱点呢? 其次,将该研究与以前的工作联系起来,不炫耀自己的工作比以前的工作如何好,而是 比较其优劣。与其它研究进行对照,切忌将自己的缺陷掩盖起来。重要的是应该讨论为什么 会得出不同于别人的结论,作者可以放开去推测;但是如果弄不清自己的研究结果为什么与 别人的结果有差别,就不便作这种推测,也不该断言自已的研究结果正确,而别人的错误。 接着应该讨论自己的研究“表明”什么,如何解释自己的研究发现,以及对临床医生或 决策者有什么意义?此刻,作者的境地是危险的,多数编辑和读者能够理解作者的谨慎,不 逾实证界限。由读者自己去判断研究的意义:他们是会做到的。作者甚至可以指出研究结果 证明不了什么,防止读者得出过度、不实的结论。最后,应点明哪些问题尚未解答,以及要 继续做的工作。显然,编辑和读者不喜欢夸大的作法。事实上,作者对论文的这一部分常常 写得乱糟糟的。虽然无法阻止作者写一篇充满推测的文章,但切不可因推测而毁了证据。 讨论部分有时也许需要别的小标题,但我们以为,现在提出的结构适合大多数研究论文。 尽管统一结构有难度,甚至受限制,我们相信这种结构会降低总的文字长度,防止不恰当的 推测和重复,减少报道偏差,提高报道的总体质量。这种设想是完全经得起检验的。我们欢 迎 BMJ 的作者和读者发表观点,如果反映好,我们将使用结构式讨论。

9.5 五、关于写英文文章的秘诀
我老板平均每个毕业的博士都有 6 篇以上的 SCI,他从来不强求学生发文章,只教如何 做研究。下面的问题,他只和我说过一次,之后我的行动与之不相符就会被骂。现在成了习 惯来这样思考,做事,发现真是事半功倍。 1. 你在做研究之前,想过结果能不能发表没有?往哪里发? 2. 写文章的高手是先把文章大框写好,空出数据来,等做完实验,填完空就可以发了。正谓 心中有沟壑。 3. 在想不清楚要写什么,要发到哪里去,自己做的与同行做的有什么出色之处,之前,就不
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要动手做事。去看文献,去想。想不清楚就做,不如不做 要想这样子做, 就得先看文献不是?要知道如何把文章架起来, 要知道别人是如何讨论的, 要知道你自己的数据是不是说明了与别人不一样的东东或别人没有做过。这个过程就是看文 献,想的过程,这些搞清楚了,写就简单了。要是先做事,做完发现别人做过,或无法用理 论解释,岂不是冤大头?

9.6 六、写论文的技巧 9.6.1 优秀论文的要素
1、正确选题; 2、合适的切入点; 3、简洁明了; 4、说清自己的贡献; 5、可靠的/可重现的结果; 6、可重复的过程; 7、好的文章结构和逻辑流程; 8、精选的参考文献

9.6.2 优秀论文的误区
1、Idea 越多越好; 2、一味追求革命性的,突破性的成果; 3、数学、理论和公式越复杂越好——显示自己的聪明; 4、追求最好,史无前例; 5、显示权威性,引文中大量引用自己的论文。

9.6.3 写文章的条件
1、与研究工作相关,确实有了好的想法,不是为了写而写; 2、取得了有价值的成果,对学术界有贡献; 3、实验成熟,经得起检验; 4、已经需要记录下来和其他人分享

9.6.4 写论文的要点
1、写出 3~4 层的纲要反复修改多次。 2、从 Introduction 开写,回顾已有的工作。 3、要声明文章结构,不要直接进入细节。 4、声明工作的动机和基本原理,提出潜在的问题,自己进行回答。 5、讲明自己工作与前人的不同,说明自己的贡献及其实际应用前景。 6、最后写 Summary 和 Abstract,反复斟酌后确定标题。
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9.6.5 Reviewer Check List
1、论文是否提出了一个新的问题或者给出了已有问题的一个新的 解决方案。 2、论文的主要结果是什么? 3、实验结果是否充分? 4、论文技术含量如何? 5、论文是否对所提出的技术/结果的有效性和局限性进行了评价? 6、论文写作是否清晰, 从而令本行业内多数研究人员可读? 7、论文是否适当地引用和介绍了与之相关的历史文献 8、论文是否应该给予嘉奖?

9.6.6 IEEE Transactions on CSVT Review form
1、在多大的程度上满足本期刊读者的兴趣? 2、论文所使用的方法的评价? 3、结果是否具有新颖性? 4、主要结果是否正确? 5、论述是否清晰? 6、是否具有一致性(前/后,论述/结果)? 7、引文是否充足? 8、Reviewer 的意见:(Accept / Accept after a minor revision / Reject / Reject but resubmit a fter a major revision / Submit to another journal)。

9.7 七、论文写作技巧
1、宣传自己——说明论文的重要性 流程: a)问题 X 是重要的; b)前人的工作 A、B 曾经研究过这个问题; c)A、B 有一些缺陷; d)我们提出了方法 D; e)对 D 进行实验,和 A、B 进行比较; f)实验证明 D 比 A、B 优越; g)解释为什么 D 是更优的,而其他的思路(比如 E)是不行的; h)阐述 D 的有效性和局限性;
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i)对 D 进一步发展的讨论。要点: j)简洁最重要; k)不犯粗心的错误,仔细验证结果和适当选择用词。 2、细心修改 步骤: a)30%的时间细心思考,70%的时间认真写作初稿; b)把写好的论文放一段时间; c)逐字逐句地阅读论文; d)请其他人帮助阅读和修改; e)在修改的时候,从别人的角度来审视论文(Reviewer / boss / colleagues / proof-reader) ; f)仔细修改的次数 > 3;修改的总次数 > 5。要点: g)自己读自己的论文很乏味,并且不易找到错误; h)为了论文的小的层次提升,要付出大量劳动。 3、优化英语 步骤: a)自顶向下地组织论文(大纲/逻辑/流程) ; b)用其他的优秀论文(尤其是同期刊/同系列的论文,优秀书籍)作为范例; c)请别人帮满阅读和修改语法和用词; d)记录自己用词和语法的错误,进行积累。要点: e)用词和语法固然重要,但是结构和逻辑更加重要。

9.8 八、优秀论文结构范例
1、Abstract—— 对自己工作及其贡献的总结:a)阐述问题;b)说明自己的解决方案和结果。 2、Introduction——背景,以及文章的大纲:a)题 X 是重要的;b)前人的工作 A、B 曾经研 究过这个问题;c)A、B 有一些缺陷;d)我们提出了方法 D;e)D 的基本特征,和 A、B 进行比较;f)实验证明 D 比 A、B 优越;g)文章的基本结构,大纲。 3、Previous Work——说明自己与前人的不同: a)将历史上前人的工作分成类别; b)对每项重要的历史工作进行简短的回顾(一到几句),注意要回顾正确,抓住要点,避免歧 义; c)和自己提出的工作进行比较; d)不要忽略前人的重要工作,要公正评价前人的工作,不要过于苛刻; e)强调自己的工作和前人工作的不同,最好举出各自适用例子。 4、Our Work——描述自己的工作,可分成多个部分: a)从读者角度阐明定义和表示法; b)提供算法的伪码,图解和相应解释; c)用设问的方式回答读者可能提出的潜在问题; d)复杂的冗长的证明和细节可以放在附录中,这里关键是把问题阐述清楚; e)特例和例外应该在脚注中给予说明。 5、Experiments——验证提出的方法和思路: a)合理地设计实验(简洁的实验和详尽的实验步骤) ; b)必要的比较,突出科学性; c)讨论,说明结果的意义;
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d)给出结论。 6、Conclusion——总结、前景及结文: a)快速简短的总结; b)未来工作的展望; c)结束全文。 7、References——对相关重要背景文献的全面引用: a)选择引文(众所周知的结论不必引用,其他人的工作要引用) ; b)与前文保持一致。 8、Others——致谢、附录、脚注。

9.9 处理被拒
1、理解被国际权威期刊拒稿是一件正常的事情(70%以上被拒),保持良好心态。 2、感谢编辑和 Reviewer 的意见和工作。 3、询问副主编,自己可以怎样处理这篇论文最合适(重投/改投/撤回)。 4、继续新的研究或补充修改后改投其他杂志。

9.10 常见问题
1、是否可以一稿多投?千万不要!但是一篇会议论文经过修改以后可以再投期刊。 2、是否可以建议副主编如何处理自己的论文呢?不行,但可建议他别让某人评阅。 3、如 4 月都未收到副主编回复怎么办?写一封友好的询问信,别催得太紧,别找主编。 4、如和副主编意见严重不和怎么办?可以找主编,但是别经常这样做。 5、如果和主编的最终决定严重不和怎么办?没有办法了。

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